Java多线程下载文件

Java多线程下载文件

优化:合理利用服务器资源,将资源利用最大化,加快下载速度

一般有两种方式:

  • 线程池里面有N个线程,多线程下载单个文件,将网络路径的文件流切割成多快,每个线程下载一小部分,然后写入到文件里面,组成一个文件
  • 当有很多个文件需要下载的时候,调用某个方法,有个线程池,线程池大小假定是10,当有10个文件过来的时候,每个线程去下载一个文件即可

多线程如果只知道Thread和Runnable,那你就Out了,Java1.5以后有个concurrent包,就是Java并发编程。

N个线程下载单个文件

定义一个单个线程下载的部分

public class DownloadWithRange implements Runnable {
    private String urlLocation;

    private String filePath;

    private long start;

    private long end;

    DownloadWithRange(String urlLocation, String filePath, long start, long end) {
        this.urlLocation = urlLocation;
        this.filePath = filePath;
        this.start = start;
        this.end = end;
    }

    @Override
    public void run() {
        try {
            HttpURLConnection conn = getHttp();
            conn.setRequestProperty("Range", "bytes=" + start + "-" + end);

            File file = new File(filePath);
            RandomAccessFile out = null;
            if (file != null) {
                out = new RandomAccessFile(file, "rw");
            }
            out.seek(start);
            InputStream in = conn.getInputStream();
            byte[] b = new byte[1024];
            int len = 0;
            while ((len = in.read(b)) >= 0) {
                out.write(b, 0, len);
            }
            in.close();
            out.close();
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.getMessage();
        }

    }

    public HttpURLConnection getHttp() throws IOException {
        URL url = null;
        if (urlLocation != null) {
            url = new URL(urlLocation);
        }
        HttpURLConnection conn = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
        conn.setReadTimeout(5000);
        conn.setRequestMethod("GET");

        return conn;
    }

}

定义线程Pool

public class DownloadFileWithThreadPool {

    public void getFileWithThreadPool(String urlLocation, String filePath, int poolLength) throws IOException {
        ExecutorService threadPool = Executors.newCachedThreadPool();

        long len = getContentLength(urlLocation);
        System.out.println(len);
        for (int i = 0; i < poolLength; i++) {
            long start = i * len / poolLength;
            long end = (i + 1) * len / poolLength - 1;
            if (i == poolLength - 1) {
                end = len;
            }
            System.out.println(start+"---------------"+end);
            DownloadWithRange download = new DownloadWithRange(urlLocation, filePath, start, end);
            threadPool.execute(download);
        }
        threadPool.shutdown();
    }

    public static long getContentLength(String urlLocation) throws IOException {
        URL url = null;
        if (urlLocation != null) {
            url = new URL(urlLocation);
        }
        HttpURLConnection conn = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
        conn.setReadTimeout(5000);
        conn.setRequestMethod("GET");
        long len = conn.getContentLength();

        return len;
    }

}

测试下载单个文件

public static void main(String[] args) {
        Date startDate = new Date();
        DownloadFileWithThreadPool pool = new DownloadFileWithThreadPool();
        try {
            pool.getFileWithThreadPool("http://mpge.5nd.com/2016/2016-11-15/74847/1.mp3", "D:\\1.mp3", 100);
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        System.out.println(new Date().getTime() - startDate.getTime());
    }

测试发现,我目前的网速,下载一个3.6M左右mp3音频文件,使用多线程,下载大概需要800ms左右,而不使用多线程,则需要1600ms以上,有时候甚至3000ms

多文件下载,单文件单线程

/**
 * @author Nick 带线程池的文件下载类,线程大小10
 *      文件数少的情况下,体现不大
 * @version V1.0.0
 * @Date 2017/8/2 20:43
 */
public class FileDownConnManager {

    private static final Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(FileDownConnManager.class);

    private static final FileDownConnManager connManager = new FileDownConnManager();

    private static ExecutorService executorService = Executors.newFixedThreadPool(10); //10个线程跑

    public static FileDownConnManager getDefaultManager() {
        return connManager;
    }

    public static byte[] fileDown(final String netURL) throws ExecutionException, InterruptedException {
        Future<byte[]> future = executorService.submit(new Callable<byte[]>() {
            @Override
            public byte[] call() throws Exception {
                Date date = new Date();
                URL url;
                byte[] getData = new byte[0];
                InputStream is = null;
                try {
                    url = new URL(netURL);
                    URLConnection connection = url.openConnection();
                    is = connection.getInputStream();
                    getData = readInputStream(is);

                } catch (IOException e) {
                    logger.error("从URL获得字节流数组失败 " + ExceptionUtils.getMessage(e));
                } finally {
                    try {
                        is.close();
                    } catch (IOException e) {
                        logger.error("从URL获得字节流数组流释放失败 " + ExceptionUtils.getMessage(e));
                    }
                }
                return getData;
            }
        });
        return future.get();
    }

}

测试

@Test
    public void test2() throws ExecutionException, InterruptedException, IOException {
        long time1 = System.currentTimeMillis();
        for(int i = 0; i < 15; i++) {
            byte[] by1 = FileDownConnManager.fileDown("http://mpge.5nd.com/2016/2016-11-15/74847/1.mp3");
            FileUtils.writeByteArrayToFile(new File("D:\\test2_"+i+".mp3"), by1);
        }
        System.out.println(System.currentTimeMillis() - time1);
    }

    @Test
    public void test3() throws IOException {
        long time1 = System.currentTimeMillis();
        for(int i = 0; i < 15; i++) {
            byte[] by1 = FileFromUrlUtil.getInputStreamFromUrl("http://mpge.5nd.com/2016/2016-11-15/74847/1.mp3");
            FileUtils.writeByteArrayToFile(new File("D:\\test3_"+i+".mp3"), by1);
        }
        System.out.println(System.currentTimeMillis() - time1);
    }

结论:同样的文件,测试发现,在一定数量(文件数量大概15)的文件下载的时候,每个文件是3.6M的情况下,使用多线程大概时间是30xxxms,而不实用多线程大概是38xxxms,还是有一定时间上的提升

此处的测试还是会存在一定的误差,因为ExecutorService线程池的创建是需要时间,类的初始化也是需要一定的时间,假如在Web应用中,第一次创建出来了,第二次不需要创建,优势还是稍微能够体现出来!!

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