MFC-使用opencv显示图像到控件的方法

opencv 专栏收录该内容
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目录

 

 第一种

 第二种


 第一种

opencv1.0时使用的方法,最近用到硬触发,60帧每秒,测了下效率,真够低的,居然要16-35ms...

CvvImage.h

#pragma once

#ifndef CVVIMAGE_CLASS_DEF
#define CVVIMAGE_CLASS_DEF

#include "opencv2/opencv.hpp"
using namespace cv;

class  CvvImage
{
public:
	CvvImage();
	virtual ~CvvImage();
	virtual bool  Create( int width, int height, int bits_per_pixel, int image_origin = 0 ); 
	virtual bool  Load( const char* filename, int desired_color = 1 );
	virtual bool  LoadRect( const char* filename,int desired_color, CvRect r );

#if defined WIN32 || defined _WIN32
	virtual bool  LoadRect( const char* filename,
		int desired_color, RECT r )
	{
		return LoadRect( filename, desired_color,
			cvRect( r.left, r.top, r.right - r.left, r.bottom - r.top ));
	}
#endif

	virtual bool  Save( const char* filename );
	virtual void  CopyOf( CvvImage& image, int desired_color = -1 );
	virtual void  CopyOf( IplImage* img, int desired_color = -1 );
	IplImage* GetImage() { return m_img; };
	virtual void  Destroy(void);
	int Width() { return !m_img ? 0 : !m_img->roi ? m_img->width : m_img->roi->width; };
	int Height() { return !m_img ? 0 : !m_img->roi ? m_img->height : m_img->roi->height;};
	int Bpp() { return m_img ? (m_img->depth & 255)*m_img->nChannels : 0; };
	virtual void  Fill( int color );
	virtual void  Show( const char* window );

#if defined WIN32 || defined _WIN32
	virtual void  Show( HDC dc, int x, int y, int width, int height,int from_x = 0, int from_y = 0 );
	virtual void  DrawToHDC( HDC hDCDst, RECT* pDstRect );
#endif

protected:
	IplImage*  m_img;
};

typedef CvvImage CImage;

#endif

CvvImage.cpp 

#include "pch.h"
#include "CvvImage.h"
//
// Construction/Destruction
//
CV_INLINE RECT NormalizeRect( RECT r );
CV_INLINE RECT NormalizeRect( RECT r )
{
	int t;
	if( r.left > r.right )
	{
		t = r.left;
		r.left = r.right;
		r.right = t;
	}
	if( r.top > r.bottom )
	{
		t = r.top;
		r.top = r.bottom;
		r.bottom = t;
	}


	return r;
}
CV_INLINE CvRect RectToCvRect( RECT sr );
CV_INLINE CvRect RectToCvRect( RECT sr )
{
	sr = NormalizeRect( sr );
	return cvRect( sr.left, sr.top, sr.right - sr.left, sr.bottom - sr.top );
}
CV_INLINE RECT CvRectToRect( CvRect sr );
CV_INLINE RECT CvRectToRect( CvRect sr )
{
	RECT dr;
	dr.left = sr.x;
	dr.top = sr.y;
	dr.right = sr.x + sr.width;
	dr.bottom = sr.y + sr.height;


	return dr;
}
CV_INLINE IplROI RectToROI( RECT r );
CV_INLINE IplROI RectToROI( RECT r )
{
	IplROI roi;
	r = NormalizeRect( r );
	roi.xOffset = r.left;
	roi.yOffset = r.top;
	roi.width = r.right - r.left;
	roi.height = r.bottom - r.top;
	roi.coi = 0;


	return roi;
}
void  FillBitmapInfo( BITMAPINFO* bmi, int width, int height, int bpp, int origin )
{
	assert( bmi && width >= 0 && height >= 0 && (bpp == 8 || bpp == 24 || bpp == 32));


	BITMAPINFOHEADER* bmih = &(bmi->bmiHeader);


	memset( bmih, 0, sizeof(*bmih));
	bmih->biSize = sizeof(BITMAPINFOHEADER);
	bmih->biWidth = width;
	bmih->biHeight = origin ? abs(height) : -abs(height);
	bmih->biPlanes = 1;
	bmih->biBitCount = (unsigned short)bpp;
	bmih->biCompression = BI_RGB;
	if( bpp == 8 )
	{
		RGBQUAD* palette = bmi->bmiColors;
		int i;
		for( i = 0; i < 256; i++ )
		{
			palette[i].rgbBlue = palette[i].rgbGreen = palette[i].rgbRed = (BYTE)i;
			palette[i].rgbReserved = 0;
		}
	}
}
CvvImage::CvvImage()
{
	m_img = 0;
}
void CvvImage::Destroy()
{
	cvReleaseImage( &m_img );
}
CvvImage::~CvvImage()
{
	Destroy();
}
bool  CvvImage::Create( int w, int h, int bpp, int origin )
{
	const unsigned max_img_size = 10000;


	if( (bpp != 8 && bpp != 24 && bpp != 32) ||
		(unsigned)w >=  max_img_size || (unsigned)h >= max_img_size ||
		(origin != IPL_ORIGIN_TL && origin != IPL_ORIGIN_BL))
	{
		assert(0); // most probably, it is a programming error
		return false;
	}
	if( !m_img || Bpp() != bpp || m_img->width != w || m_img->height != h )
	{
		if( m_img && m_img->nSize == sizeof(IplImage))
			Destroy();

		m_img = cvCreateImage( cvSize( w, h ), IPL_DEPTH_8U, bpp/8 );
	}
	if( m_img )
		m_img->origin = origin == 0 ? IPL_ORIGIN_TL : IPL_ORIGIN_BL;
	return m_img != 0;
}
void  CvvImage::CopyOf( CvvImage& image, int desired_color )
{
	IplImage* img = image.GetImage();
	if( img )
	{
		CopyOf( img, desired_color );
	}
}
#define HG_IS_IMAGE(img)                                                  \
	((img) != 0 && ((const IplImage*)(img))->nSize == sizeof(IplImage) && \
	((IplImage*)img)->imageData != 0)
void  CvvImage::CopyOf( IplImage* img, int desired_color )
{
	if( HG_IS_IMAGE(img) )
	{
		int color = desired_color;
		//CvSize size = cvGetSize( img ); 
		CvSize size = cvSize(img->width, img->height);
		if( color < 0 )
			color = img->nChannels > 1;
		if( Create( size.width, size.height,
			(!color ? 1 : img->nChannels > 1 ? img->nChannels : 3)*8,
			img->origin ))
		{
			cvConvertImage( img, m_img, 0 );//wxf
		}
	}
}
bool  CvvImage::Load( const char* filename, int desired_color )
{
	IplImage* img = cvLoadImage( filename, desired_color );
	if( !img )
		return false;


	CopyOf( img, desired_color );
	cvReleaseImage( &img );


	return true;
}
bool  CvvImage::LoadRect( const char* filename,
						 int desired_color, CvRect r )
{
	if( r.width < 0 || r.height < 0 ) return false;


	IplImage* img = cvLoadImage( filename, desired_color );
	if( !img )
		return false;
	if( r.width == 0 || r.height == 0 )
	{
		r.width = img->width;
		r.height = img->height;
		r.x = r.y = 0;
	}
	if( r.x > img->width || r.y > img->height ||
		r.x + r.width < 0 || r.y + r.height < 0 )
	{
		cvReleaseImage( &img );
		return false;
	}

	if( r.x < 0 )
	{
		r.width += r.x;
		r.x = 0;
	}
	if( r.y < 0 )
	{
		r.height += r.y;
		r.y = 0;
	}
	if( r.x + r.width > img->width )
		r.width = img->width - r.x;


	if( r.y + r.height > img->height )
		r.height = img->height - r.y;
	cvSetImageROI( img, r );
	CopyOf( img, desired_color );
	cvReleaseImage( &img );
	return true;
}
bool  CvvImage::Save( const char* filename )
{
	if( !m_img )
		return false;
	cvSaveImage( filename, m_img );
	return true;
}
void  CvvImage::Show( const char* window )
{
	if( m_img )
		cvShowImage( window, m_img );
}
void  CvvImage::Show( HDC dc, int x, int y, int w, int h, int from_x, int from_y )
{
	if( m_img && m_img->depth == IPL_DEPTH_8U )
	{
		uchar buffer[sizeof(BITMAPINFOHEADER) + 1024];
		BITMAPINFO* bmi = (BITMAPINFO*)buffer;
		int bmp_w = m_img->width, bmp_h = m_img->height;
		FillBitmapInfo( bmi, bmp_w, bmp_h, Bpp(), m_img->origin );
		from_x = MIN( MAX( from_x, 0 ), bmp_w - 1 );
		from_y = MIN( MAX( from_y, 0 ), bmp_h - 1 );
		int sw = MAX( MIN( bmp_w - from_x, w ), 0 );
		int sh = MAX( MIN( bmp_h - from_y, h ), 0 );
		SetDIBitsToDevice(
			dc, x, y, sw, sh, from_x, from_y, from_y, sh,
			m_img->imageData + from_y*m_img->widthStep,
			bmi, DIB_RGB_COLORS );
	}
}
void  CvvImage::DrawToHDC( HDC hDCDst, RECT* pDstRect ) 
{
	if( pDstRect && m_img && m_img->depth == IPL_DEPTH_8U && m_img->imageData )
	{
		uchar buffer[sizeof(BITMAPINFOHEADER) + 1024];
		BITMAPINFO* bmi = (BITMAPINFO*)buffer;
		int bmp_w = m_img->width, bmp_h = m_img->height;
		CvRect roi = cvGetImageROI( m_img );
		CvRect dst = RectToCvRect( *pDstRect );
		if( roi.width == dst.width && roi.height == dst.height )
		{
			Show( hDCDst, dst.x, dst.y, dst.width, dst.height, roi.x, roi.y );
			return;
		}
		if( roi.width > dst.width )
		{
			SetStretchBltMode(
				hDCDst,           // handle to device context
				HALFTONE );
		}
		else
		{
			SetStretchBltMode(
				hDCDst,           // handle to device context
				COLORONCOLOR );
		}
		FillBitmapInfo( bmi, bmp_w, bmp_h, Bpp(), m_img->origin );
		::StretchDIBits(
			hDCDst,
			dst.x, dst.y, dst.width, dst.height,
			roi.x, roi.y, roi.width, roi.height,
			m_img->imageData, bmi, DIB_RGB_COLORS, SRCCOPY );
	}
}
void  CvvImage::Fill( int color )
{
	cvSet( m_img, cvScalar(color&255,(color>>8)&255,(color>>16)&255,(color>>24)&255) );
}

 使用:

CvvImage m_cimg;

void XXX::DisplayImgOnCtrlWins(cv::Mat DImg, int winsId)
{
	CDC* pDC = NULL;
	HDC			hDC;
	CRect		rect;
	pDC = GetDlgItem(winsId)->GetDC();
	hDC = pDC->GetSafeHdc();
	(GetDlgItem(winsId))->GetClientRect(&rect);
	IplImage* img_src = (IplImage*)&IplImage(DImg);
	m_cimg.CopyOf(img_src, 3);//IplImage* pSrcImage
	m_cimg.DrawToHDC(hDC, &rect);
	ReleaseDC(pDC);
}

DisplayImgOnCtrlWins(img, IDC_STATIC_IMG_DISPLAY);

 第二种

将opencv创建的窗口直接移动到对话框上,隐藏原来的窗口,这种方法比较取巧,并不是直接在指定的控件上写。效率比第一种高,测试执行效率大概3ms左右,

cv::namedWindow("Display", 1);//命名一个窗口"Display"

HWND hWnd = (HWND)cvGetWindowHandle("Display");//获得opencv创建窗口的句柄

HWND hParent = ::GetParent(hWnd);//貌似得到这个窗口的父句柄

::SetParent(hWnd, GetDlgItem(IDC_STATIC_IMG_DISPLAY)->m_hWnd);//将要用来显示的窗口绑定为opencv创建的窗口的父窗口

::ShowWindow(hParent, SW_HIDE);//隐藏父窗口并激活opencv的窗口

// ---使用---
imshow("Display", img);

 具体项目,如果相机sdk有关联控件显示的函数 还是调用sdk吧,我用海康的,平均2ms吧 基本不大于3ms

 

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