通过JfreeChart画柱状图、时序图、K线图

 import java.awt.Color;
import java.awt.Paint;
import java.io.*;
import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;

import org.jfree.data.*;
import org.jfree.data.category.*;
import org.jfree.data.general.DefaultPieDataset;
import org.jfree.data.time.Day;
import org.jfree.data.time.Month;
import org.jfree.data.time.TimeSeries;
import org.jfree.data.time.TimeSeriesCollection;
import org.jfree.data.time.ohlc.OHLCSeries;
import org.jfree.data.time.ohlc.OHLCSeriesCollection;
import org.jfree.chart.*;
import org.jfree.chart.axis.DateAxis;
import org.jfree.chart.axis.DateTickMarkPosition;
import org.jfree.chart.axis.DateTickUnit;
import org.jfree.chart.axis.NumberAxis;
import org.jfree.chart.axis.NumberTickUnit;
import org.jfree.chart.axis.SegmentedTimeline;
import org.jfree.chart.plot.*;
import org.jfree.chart.renderer.xy.CandlestickRenderer;
import org.jfree.chart.renderer.xy.XYBarRenderer;
import org.jfree.chart.renderer.xy.XYLineAndShapeRenderer;

/**
 * 该类用于演示最简单的柱状图生成
 * @author Winter Lau
 */
public class TestJFreeChart {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException{
        genCategory();
        genLine();
        genPie3D();
        genTimeSeries();
        KLineCombineChart();
    }

    /**
     * 获取一个演示用的简单数据集对象
     * @return
     */
    private static CategoryDataset getDataSet() {
        DefaultCategoryDataset dataset = new DefaultCategoryDataset();
        dataset.addValue(100, null, "苹果");
        dataset.addValue(200, null, "梨子");
        dataset.addValue(300, null, "葡萄");
        dataset.addValue(400, null, "香蕉");
        dataset.addValue(500, null, "荔枝");
        return dataset;
    }

    /**
     * 获取一个演示用的组合数据集对象
     * @return
     */
    private static CategoryDataset getDataSet2() {
        DefaultCategoryDataset dataset = new DefaultCategoryDataset();
        dataset.addValue(100, "北京", "苹果");
        dataset.addValue(100, "上海", "苹果");
        dataset.addValue(100, "广州", "苹果");
        dataset.addValue(200, "北京", "梨子");
        dataset.addValue(200, "上海", "梨子");
        dataset.addValue(200, "广州", "梨子");
        dataset.addValue(300, "北京", "葡萄");
        dataset.addValue(300, "上海", "葡萄");
        dataset.addValue(300, "广州", "葡萄");
        dataset.addValue(400, "北京", "香蕉");
        dataset.addValue(400, "上海", "香蕉");
        dataset.addValue(400, "广州", "香蕉");
        dataset.addValue(500, "北京", "荔枝");
        dataset.addValue(500, "上海", "荔枝");
        dataset.addValue(500, "广州", "荔枝");
        return dataset;
    }

    private static void genCategory(){
        CategoryDataset dataset = getDataSet2();
        JFreeChart chart = ChartFactory.createBarChart3D(
                "柱状图Category", // 图表标题
                "水果", // 目录轴的显示标签
                "产量", // 数值轴的显示标签
                dataset, // 数据集
                PlotOrientation.VERTICAL, // 图表方向:水平、垂直
                true,   // 是否显示图例(对于简单的柱状图必须是false)
                false,  // 是否生成工具
                false   // 是否生成URL链接
        );

        FileOutputStream fos_jpg = null;
        try {
            fos_jpg = new FileOutputStream("D:\\fruit.jpg");
            ChartUtilities.writeChartAsJPEG(fos_jpg,1,chart,400,300,null);
        }catch(Exception e) {}  
        finally {
            try {
                fos_jpg.close();
            } catch (Exception e) {}
        }
    }

    // 折线图
    private static void genLine(){
        CategoryDataset dataset = getDatasetLine();
        JFreeChart chart = ChartFactory.createLineChart(
                "折线图Line", // chart title
                "Type", // domain axis label
                "Value", // range axis label
                dataset, // data
                PlotOrientation.VERTICAL, // orientation
                true, // include legend
                true, // tooltips
                false // urls
        );

        FileOutputStream fos_jpg = null;
        try {
            fos_jpg = new FileOutputStream("D:\\fruitLine.jpg");
            ChartUtilities.writeChartAsJPEG(fos_jpg,1,chart,400,300,null);
        }catch(Exception e) {}  
        finally {
            try {
                fos_jpg.close();
            } catch (Exception e) {}
        }
    }
    private static CategoryDataset getDatasetLine() {  

//      row keys...  
        final String series1 = "First";  
        final String series2 = "Second";  
        final String series3 = "Third";  

//      column keys...  
        final String type1 = "Type 1";  
        final String type2 = "Type 2";  
        final String type3 = "Type 3";  
        final String type4 = "Type 4";  
        final String type5 = "Type 5";  
        final String type6 = "Type 6";  
        final String type7 = "Type 7";  
        final String type8 = "Type 8";  

//      create the dataset...  
        final DefaultCategoryDataset dataset = new DefaultCategoryDataset();  

        dataset.addValue(1.0, series1, type1);  
        dataset.addValue(4.0, series1, type2);  
        dataset.addValue(3.0, series1, type3);  
        dataset.addValue(5.0, series1, type4);  
        dataset.addValue(5.0, series1, type5);  
        dataset.addValue(7.0, series1, type6);  
        dataset.addValue(7.0, series1, type7);  
        dataset.addValue(8.0, series1, type8);  

        dataset.addValue(5.0, series2, type1);  
        dataset.addValue(7.0, series2, type2);  
        dataset.addValue(6.0, series2, type3);  
        dataset.addValue(8.0, series2, type4);  
        dataset.addValue(4.0, series2, type5);  
        dataset.addValue(4.0, series2, type6);  
        dataset.addValue(2.0, series2, type7);  
        dataset.addValue(1.0, series2, type8);  

        dataset.addValue(4.0, series3, type1);  
        dataset.addValue(3.0, series3, type2);  
        dataset.addValue(2.0, series3, type3);  
        dataset.addValue(3.0, series3, type4);  
        dataset.addValue(6.0, series3, type5);  
        dataset.addValue(3.0, series3, type6);  
        dataset.addValue(4.0, series3, type7);  
        dataset.addValue(3.0, series3, type8);  

        return dataset;  

    }  

    // 饼状图
    private static void genPie3D() {
        DefaultPieDataset data = getDataSetPie3D();
        JFreeChart chart = ChartFactory.createPieChart3D("饼图Pie3D",  // 图表标题
                data,  
                true, // 是否显示图例
                false,
                false
        );
        FileOutputStream fos_jpg = null;
        try{
            fos_jpg = new FileOutputStream("D:\\fruit3D.jpg");
            ChartUtilities.writeChartAsJPEG(fos_jpg,1,chart,400,300,null);
        }catch (Exception e) {}
        finally {
            try {
                fos_jpg.close();
            }catch(Exception e) {}
        }

    }
    private static DefaultPieDataset getDataSetPie3D() {
        DefaultPieDataset dataset = new DefaultPieDataset();
        dataset.setValue("苹果",100);
        dataset.setValue("梨子",200);
        dataset.setValue("葡萄",300);
        dataset.setValue("香蕉",400);
        dataset.setValue("荔枝",500);
        return dataset;
    }

    // time 时序图
    private static TimeSeriesCollection getDataSetTimeSeries() {
        TimeSeries s1 = new TimeSeries("L&G European Index Trust", Month.class);
        s1.add(new Month(2, 2001), 181.8);
        s1.add(new Month(3, 2001), 167.3);
        s1.add(new Month(4, 2001), 153.8);
        s1.add(new Month(5, 2001), 167.6);
        s1.add(new Month(6, 2001), 158.8);
        s1.add(new Month(7, 2001), 148.3);
        s1.add(new Month(8, 2001), 153.9);
        s1.add(new Month(9, 2001), 142.7);
        s1.add(new Month(10, 2001), 123.2);
        s1.add(new Month(11, 2001), 131.8);
        s1.add(new Month(12, 2001), 139.6);
        s1.add(new Month(1, 2002), 142.9);
        s1.add(new Month(2, 2002), 138.7);
        s1.add(new Month(3, 2002), 137.3);
        s1.add(new Month(4, 2002), 143.9);
        s1.add(new Month(5, 2002), 139.8);
        s1.add(new Month(6, 2002), 137.0);
        s1.add(new Month(7, 2002), 132.8);
        TimeSeries s2 = new TimeSeries("L&G UK Index Trust", Month.class);
        s2.add(new Month(2, 2001), 129.6);
        s2.add(new Month(3, 2001), 123.2);
        s2.add(new Month(4, 2001), 117.2);
        s2.add(new Month(5, 2001), 124.1);
        s2.add(new Month(6, 2001), 122.6);
        s2.add(new Month(7, 2001), 119.2);
        s2.add(new Month(8, 2001), 116.5);
        s2.add(new Month(9, 2001), 112.7);
        s2.add(new Month(10, 2001), 101.5);
        s2.add(new Month(11, 2001), 106.1);
        s2.add(new Month(12, 2001), 110.3);
        s2.add(new Month(1, 2002), 111.7);
        s2.add(new Month(2, 2002), 111.0);
        s2.add(new Month(3, 2002), 109.6);
        s2.add(new Month(4, 2002), 113.2);
        s2.add(new Month(5, 2002), 111.6);
        s2.add(new Month(6, 2002), 108.8);
        s2.add(new Month(7, 2002), 101.6);

        TimeSeriesCollection dataset = new TimeSeriesCollection();
        dataset.addSeries(s1);
        dataset.addSeries(s2);
        return dataset;
    }

    private static void genTimeSeries() {
        TimeSeriesCollection dataset = getDataSetTimeSeries();
        JFreeChart chart = ChartFactory.createTimeSeriesChart(
                "时序图TimeSeries",
                "Date",
                "Price Per Unit",
                dataset,
                true,
                true,
                false
        );
        FileOutputStream fos_jpg = null;
        try{
            fos_jpg = new FileOutputStream("D:\\fruittime.jpg");
            ChartUtilities.writeChartAsJPEG(fos_jpg,1,chart,400,300,null);
            FileOutputStream output = new FileOutputStream("D:\\fruittime2.png");
            //设置背景色
            chart.setBackgroundPaint(Color.WHITE);
            //设置时序图中线条的颜色
            XYLineAndShapeRenderer xylinerenderer=(XYLineAndShapeRenderer)chart.getXYPlot().getRenderer();
            //以下分别给同一个曲线图中3条曲线设置颜色,0为第一条1为第二条,......
            xylinerenderer.setSeriesPaint(0,Color.YELLOW);
            //chart.setBorderPaint(Color.BLUE);
            ChartUtilities.writeChartAsPNG(output, chart, 800, 600);
        }catch (Exception e) {}
        finally {
            try {
                fos_jpg.close();
            }catch(Exception e) {}
        }
    }

    /*
    private static TimeSeriesCollection genTimeSeries2() {
        TimeSeriesCollection data = getDataSetTimeSeries();

        XYBarRenderer xyBarRender = new XYBarRenderer();

//      volume range
        NumberAxis y2Axis = new NumberAxis("");
        y2Axis.setAutoRangeIncludesZero(false);
        // setVolumnAxis(y2Axis);
        XYPlot plot2 = new XYPlot(data, null, y2Axis, xyBarRender);

        // combine two plot
        CombinedDomainXYPlot combineddomainxyplot = new CombinedDomainXYPlot(x1Axis);
        combineddomainxyplot.add(plot1, 2);
        combineddomainxyplot.add(plot2, 1);
        combineddomainxyplot.setGap(4);

        String title = String.format("%s - %s", stockInfo.getCode().getCode()
                , stockInfo.getStockName());
        JFreeChart chart = new JFreeChart(title,
                JFreeChart.DEFAULT_TITLE_FONT, combineddomainxyplot, false);
        try{
            FileOutputStream output = new FileOutputStream("D:\\fruittime2.png");
            ChartUtilities.writeChartAsPNG(output, chart, 800, 600);
        }catch (Exception e) {}
        finally { }
    }
     */


    public static void KLineCombineChart() {
        SimpleDateFormat dateFormat = new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy-MM-dd");//设置日期格式
        double highValue = Double.MIN_VALUE;//设置K线数据当中的最大值
        double minValue = Double.MAX_VALUE;//设置K线数据当中的最小值
        double high2Value = Double.MIN_VALUE;//设置成交量的最大值
        double min2Value = Double.MAX_VALUE;//设置成交量的最低值
        OHLCSeries series = new OHLCSeries("");//高开低收数据序列,股票K线图的四个数据,依次是开,高,低,收
        series.add(new Day(28, 9, 2007), 9.2, 9.58, 9.16, 9.34);
        series.add(new Day(27, 9, 2007), 8.9, 9.06, 8.83, 8.96);
        series.add(new Day(26, 9, 2007), 9.0, 9.1, 8.82, 9.04);
        series.add(new Day(25, 9, 2007), 9.25, 9.33, 8.88, 9.00);
        series.add(new Day(24, 9, 2007), 9.05, 9.50, 8.91, 9.25);
        series.add(new Day(21, 9, 2007), 8.68, 9.05, 8.40, 9.00);
        series.add(new Day(20, 9, 2007), 8.68, 8.95, 8.50, 8.69);
        series.add(new Day(19, 9, 2007), 8.80, 8.94, 8.50, 8.66);
        series.add(new Day(18, 9, 2007), 8.88, 9.17, 8.69, 8.80);
        series.add(new Day(17, 9, 2007), 8.26, 8.98, 8.15, 8.89);
        series.add(new Day(14, 9, 2007), 8.44, 8.45, 8.13, 8.33);
        series.add(new Day(13, 9, 2007), 8.13, 8.46, 7.97, 8.42);
        series.add(new Day(12, 9, 2007), 8.2, 8.4, 7.81, 8.13);
        series.add(new Day(11, 9, 2007), 9.0, 9.0, 8.1, 8.24);
        series.add(new Day(10, 9, 2007), 8.6, 9.03, 8.40, 8.95);
        series.add(new Day(7, 9, 2007), 8.89, 9.04, 8.70, 8.73);
        series.add(new Day(6, 9, 2007), 8.4, 9.08, 8.33, 8.88);
        series.add(new Day(5, 9, 2007), 8.2, 8.74, 8.17, 8.36);
        series.add(new Day(4, 9, 2007), 7.7, 8.46, 7.67, 8.27);
        series.add(new Day(3, 9, 2007), 7.5, 7.8, 7.48, 7.69);
        series.add(new Day(31, 8, 2007), 7.4, 7.6, 7.28, 7.43);
        series.add(new Day(30, 8, 2007), 7.42, 7.56, 7.31, 7.40);
        series.add(new Day(29, 8, 2007), 7.42, 7.66, 7.22, 7.33);
        series.add(new Day(28, 8, 2007), 7.31, 7.70, 7.15, 7.56);
        series.add(new Day(27, 8, 2007), 7.05, 7.46, 7.02, 7.41);
        series.add(new Day(24, 8, 2007), 7.05, 7.09, 6.90, 6.99);
        series.add(new Day(23, 8, 2007), 7.12, 7.16, 7.00, 7.03);
        series.add(new Day(22, 8, 2007), 6.96, 7.15, 6.93, 7.11);
        series.add(new Day(21, 8, 2007), 7.10, 7.15, 7.02, 7.07);
        series.add(new Day(20, 8, 2007), 7.02, 7.19, 6.94, 7.14);
        final OHLCSeriesCollection seriesCollection = new OHLCSeriesCollection();//保留K线数据的数据集,必须申明为final,后面要在匿名内部类里面用到
        seriesCollection.addSeries(series);
        TimeSeries series2=new TimeSeries("");//对应时间成交量数据
        series2.add(new Day(28, 9, 2007), 260659400/100);
        series2.add(new Day(27, 9, 2007), 119701900/100);
        series2.add(new Day(26, 9, 2007), 109719000/100);
        series2.add(new Day(25, 9, 2007), 178492400/100);
        series2.add(new Day(24, 9, 2007), 269978500/100);
        series2.add(new Day(21, 9, 2007), 361042300/100);
        series2.add(new Day(20, 9, 2007), 173912600/100);
        series2.add(new Day(19, 9, 2007), 154622600/100);
        series2.add(new Day(18, 9, 2007), 200661600/100);
        series2.add(new Day(17, 9, 2007), 312799600/100);
        series2.add(new Day(14, 9, 2007), 141652900/100);
        series2.add(new Day(13, 9, 2007), 221260400/100);
        series2.add(new Day(12, 9, 2007), 274795400/100);
        series2.add(new Day(11, 9, 2007), 289287300/100);
        series2.add(new Day(10, 9, 2007), 289063600/100);
        series2.add(new Day(7, 9, 2007), 351575300/100);
        series2.add(new Day(6, 9, 2007), 451357300/100);
        series2.add(new Day(5, 9, 2007), 442421200/100);
        series2.add(new Day(4, 9, 2007), 671942600/100);
        series2.add(new Day(3, 9, 2007), 349647800/100);
        series2.add(new Day(31, 8, 2007), 225339300/100);
        series2.add(new Day(30, 8, 2007), 160048200/100);
        series2.add(new Day(29, 8, 2007), 247341700/100);
        series2.add(new Day(28, 8, 2007), 394975400/100);
        series2.add(new Day(27, 8, 2007), 475797500/100);
        series2.add(new Day(24, 8, 2007), 297679500/100);
        series2.add(new Day(23, 8, 2007), 191760600/100);
        series2.add(new Day(22, 8, 2007), 232570200/100);
        series2.add(new Day(21, 8, 2007), 215693200/100);
        series2.add(new Day(20, 8, 2007), 200287500/100);
        TimeSeriesCollection timeSeriesCollection=new TimeSeriesCollection();//保留成交量数据的集合
        timeSeriesCollection.addSeries(series2);

        //获取K线数据的最高值和最低值
        int seriesCount = seriesCollection.getSeriesCount();//一共有多少个序列,目前为一个
        for (int i = 0; i < seriesCount; i++) {
            int itemCount = seriesCollection.getItemCount(i);//每一个序列有多少个数据项
            for (int j = 0; j < itemCount; j++) {
                if (highValue < seriesCollection.getHighValue(i, j)) {//取第i个序列中的第j个数据项的最大值
                    highValue = seriesCollection.getHighValue(i, j);
                }
                if (minValue > seriesCollection.getLowValue(i, j)) {//取第i个序列中的第j个数据项的最小值
                    minValue = seriesCollection.getLowValue(i, j);
                }
            }
        }
        //获取最高值和最低值
        int seriesCount2 = timeSeriesCollection.getSeriesCount();//一共有多少个序列,目前为一个
        for (int i = 0; i < seriesCount2; i++) {
            int itemCount = timeSeriesCollection.getItemCount(i);//每一个序列有多少个数据项
            for (int j = 0; j < itemCount; j++) {
                if (high2Value < timeSeriesCollection.getYValue(i,j)) {//取第i个序列中的第j个数据项的值
                    high2Value = timeSeriesCollection.getYValue(i,j);
                }
                if (min2Value > timeSeriesCollection.getYValue(i, j)) {//取第i个序列中的第j个数据项的值
                    min2Value = timeSeriesCollection.getYValue(i, j);
                }
            }
        }

        final CandlestickRenderer candlestickRender=new CandlestickRenderer();//设置K线图的画图器,必须申明为final,后面要在匿名内部类里面用到
        candlestickRender.setUseOutlinePaint(true); //设置是否使用自定义的边框线,程序自带的边框线的颜色不符合中国股票市场的习惯
        candlestickRender.setAutoWidthMethod(CandlestickRenderer.WIDTHMETHOD_AVERAGE);//设置如何对K线图的宽度进行设定
        candlestickRender.setAutoWidthGap(0.001);//设置各个K线图之间的间隔
        candlestickRender.setUpPaint(Color.RED);//设置股票上涨的K线图颜色
        candlestickRender.setDownPaint(Color.GREEN);//设置股票下跌的K线图颜色
        DateAxis x1Axis=new DateAxis();//设置x轴,也就是时间轴
        x1Axis.setAutoRange(false);//设置不采用自动设置时间范围
        try{
            x1Axis.setRange(dateFormat.parse("2007-08-20"),dateFormat.parse("2007-09-29"));//设置时间范围,注意时间的最大值要比已有的时间最大值要多一天
        }catch(Exception e){
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        x1Axis.setTimeline(SegmentedTimeline.newMondayThroughFridayTimeline());//设置时间线显示的规则,用这个方法就摒除掉了周六和周日这些没有交易的日期(很多人都不知道有此方法),使图形看上去连续
        x1Axis.setAutoTickUnitSelection(false);//设置不采用自动选择刻度值
        x1Axis.setTickMarkPosition(DateTickMarkPosition.MIDDLE);//设置标记的位置
        x1Axis.setStandardTickUnits(DateAxis.createStandardDateTickUnits());//设置标准的时间刻度单位
        x1Axis.setTickUnit(new DateTickUnit(DateTickUnit.DAY,7));//设置时间刻度的间隔,一般以周为单位
        x1Axis.setDateFormatOverride(new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy-MM-dd"));//设置显示时间的格式
        NumberAxis y1Axis=new NumberAxis();//设定y轴,就是数字轴
        y1Axis.setAutoRange(false);//不不使用自动设定范围
        y1Axis.setRange(minValue*0.9, highValue*1.1);//设定y轴值的范围,比最低值要低一些,比最大值要大一些,这样图形看起来会美观些
        y1Axis.setTickUnit(new NumberTickUnit((highValue*1.1-minValue*0.9)/10));//设置刻度显示的密度
        XYPlot plot1=new XYPlot(seriesCollection,x1Axis,y1Axis,candlestickRender);//设置画图区域对象

        XYBarRenderer xyBarRender=new XYBarRenderer(){
            private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;//为了避免出现警告消息,特设定此值
            public Paint getItemPaint(int i, int j){//匿名内部类用来处理当日的成交量柱形图的颜色与K线图的颜色保持一致
                if(seriesCollection.getCloseValue(i,j)>seriesCollection.getOpenValue(i,j)){//收盘价高于开盘价,股票上涨,选用股票上涨的颜色
                    return candlestickRender.getUpPaint();
                }else{
                    return candlestickRender.getDownPaint();
                }
            }};

            xyBarRender.setMargin(0.1);//设置柱形图之间的间隔
            NumberAxis y2Axis=new NumberAxis();//设置Y轴,为数值,后面的设置,参考上面的y轴设置
            y2Axis.setAutoRange(false);
            y2Axis.setRange(min2Value*0.9, high2Value*1.1);
            y2Axis.setTickUnit(new NumberTickUnit((high2Value*1.1-min2Value*0.9)/4));
            XYPlot plot2=new XYPlot(timeSeriesCollection,null,y2Axis,xyBarRender);//建立第二个画图区域对象,主要此时的x轴设为了null值,因为要与第一个画图区域对象共享x轴
            CombinedDomainXYPlot combineddomainxyplot = new CombinedDomainXYPlot(x1Axis);//建立一个恰当的联合图形区域对象,以x轴为共享轴
            combineddomainxyplot.add(plot1, 2);//添加图形区域对象,后面的数字是计算这个区域对象应该占据多大的区域2/3
            combineddomainxyplot.add(plot2, 1);//添加图形区域对象,后面的数字是计算这个区域对象应该占据多大的区域1/3
            combineddomainxyplot.setGap(10);//设置两个图形区域对象之间的间隔空间
            JFreeChart chart = new JFreeChart("中国联通", JFreeChart.DEFAULT_TITLE_FONT, combineddomainxyplot, false);
            ChartFrame frame = new ChartFrame("中国联通股票", chart);
            frame.pack();
            frame.setVisible(true);
    }

}
如何设置jfreechart时间序列图曲线颜色

  chart = ChartFactory.createTimeSeriesChart(......);

XYPlot xyplot=(XYPlot) chart.getPlot();

XYLineAndShapeRenderer xylinerenderer=(XYLineAndShapeRenderer)xyplot.getRenderer();

//以下分别给同一个曲线图中3条曲线设置颜色,0为第一条1为第二条,......

    xylinerenderer.setSeriesPaint(0, new Color(0, 0 ,255 ));
    xylinerenderer.setSeriesPaint(1, new Color(255 ,215, 0 ));
    xylinerenderer.setSeriesPaint(2, new Color(0, 238, 118));
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