使用HttpURLConnection通过POST方式提交请求数据,并上传文件

import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.DataOutputStream;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.InputStreamReader;
import java.net.HttpURLConnection;
import java.net.URL;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.UUID;

public class MyHttpUploader {


    /**
     * 使用HttpURLConnection通过POST方式提交请求,并上传文件。
     * 
     * @param actionUrl
     *            访问的url
     * @param textParams
     *            文本类型的POST参数(key:value)
     * @param filePaths
     *            文件路径的集合
     * @return 服务器返回的数据,出现异常时返回 null
     */
    public static String httpPostWithFiles(String actionUrl, Map<String, String> textParams, List<String> filePaths) {
        BufferedReader br = null;
        DataOutputStream outStream = null;
        HttpURLConnection conn = null;
        InputStream is=null;
        try {
            final String BOUNDARY = UUID.randomUUID().toString();
            final String PREFIX = "--";
            final String LINE_END = "\r\n";

            final String MULTIPART_FROM_DATA = "multipart/form-data";
            final String CHARSET = "UTF-8";

            URL uri = new URL(actionUrl);
            conn = (HttpURLConnection) uri.openConnection();

            // 缓存大小
            conn.setChunkedStreamingMode(1024 * 64);
            // 超时
            conn.setReadTimeout(50 * 1000);
            conn.setDoInput(true);
            conn.setDoOutput(true);
            conn.setUseCaches(false);
            conn.setRequestMethod("POST");

            conn.setRequestProperty("connection", "keep-alive");
            conn.setRequestProperty("Charset", "UTF-8");
            conn.setRequestProperty("Content-Type", MULTIPART_FROM_DATA + ";boundary=" + BOUNDARY);

            // 拼接文本类型的参数
            StringBuilder textSb = new StringBuilder();
            if (textParams != null && textParams.size()>0) {
                for (Map.Entry<String, String> entry : textParams.entrySet()) {
                    textSb.append(PREFIX).append(BOUNDARY).append(LINE_END);
                    textSb.append("Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\"" + entry.getKey() + "\"" + LINE_END);
                    textSb.append("Content-Type: text/plain; charset=" + CHARSET + LINE_END);
                    textSb.append("Content-Transfer-Encoding: 8bit" + LINE_END);
                    textSb.append(LINE_END);
                    textSb.append(entry.getValue());
                    textSb.append(LINE_END);
                }
            }

            outStream = new DataOutputStream(conn.getOutputStream());
            outStream.write(textSb.toString().getBytes());
            //System.out.println(textSb.toString());

            // 发送文件数据
            if (filePaths != null && filePaths.size()>0) {
                for (int i = 0; i < filePaths.size(); i++) {
                    String _filePath = filePaths.get(i);
                    StringBuilder fileSb = new StringBuilder();
                    fileSb.append(PREFIX).append(BOUNDARY).append(LINE_END);
                    fileSb.append("Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\"files" + (i + 1) + "\"; filename=\""
                            + _filePath.substring(_filePath.lastIndexOf("/") + 1) + "\"" + LINE_END);
                    fileSb.append("Content-Type: application/octet-stream; charset=" + CHARSET + LINE_END);
                    fileSb.append(LINE_END);
                    //System.out.println(fileSb.toString());
                    outStream.write(fileSb.toString().getBytes());

                    is = new FileInputStream(_filePath);
                    byte[] buffer = new byte[1024 * 8];
                    int len;
                    while ((len = is.read(buffer)) != -1) {
                        outStream.write(buffer, 0, len);
                    }
                    outStream.write(LINE_END.getBytes());
                }
            }

            // 请求结束标志
            outStream.write((PREFIX + BOUNDARY + PREFIX + LINE_END).getBytes());
            outStream.flush();

            // 得到响应码
            int responseCode = conn.getResponseCode();
            br = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(conn.getInputStream(), CHARSET));

            StringBuilder resultSb = null;
            String line;
            if (responseCode == 200) {
                resultSb = new StringBuilder();
                while ((line = br.readLine()) != null) {
                    resultSb.append(line).append("\n");
                }
            }

            return resultSb == null ? null : resultSb.toString();
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            if(is!=null){
                try {
                    is.close();
                } catch (IOException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
            }

            if (br != null) {
                try {
                    br.close();
                } catch (IOException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
            }
            if (outStream != null) {
                try {
                    outStream.close();
                } catch (IOException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
            }
            if (conn != null) {
                conn.disconnect();
            }
        }

        return null;
    }
}

下面的测试类

package sy.controller.news;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.TreeMap;

import sy.common.exception.LcsTipException;
import sy.util.HttpClientUtils;
import sy.util.MD5;

public class Main {

    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        main2();
    }

    public static void main2() {        
        String url="http://localhost/demoWeb/fileUpload/fileAccept.do";
        List<String> filePathsList=new ArrayList<String>();
        filePathsList.add("C:\\aa\\bb\\eee.png");
        filePathsList.add("C:\\aa\\bb\\shala2016.png");

        Map<String, String> params=new HashMap<String, String>();
        params.put("content", "这里是content内容哦");
        params.put("mobile", "185XXXXXXXX");

        String aaa=new MyHttpUploader().httpPostWithFiles(url, params, filePathsList);
        System.out.println("返回结果:"+aaa);        
    }
}
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