Mini2440 DM9000 驱动分析(四)

Mini2440 DM9000 驱动分析(四)

net_device_ops中方法的相应说明

/*
 * This structure defines the management hooks for network devices.
 * The following hooks can be defined; unless noted otherwise, they are
 * optional and can be filled with a null pointer.
 *
 * int (*ndo_init)(struct net_device *dev);
 *     This function is called once when network device is registered.
 *     The network device can use this to any late stage initializaton
 *     or semantic validattion. It can fail with an error code which will
 *     be propogated back to register_netdev
 *
 * void (*ndo_uninit)(struct net_device *dev);
 *     This function is called when device is unregistered or when registration
 *     fails. It is not called if init fails.
 *
 * int (*ndo_open)(struct net_device *dev);
 *     This function is called when network device transistions to the up
 *     state.
 *
 * int (*ndo_stop)(struct net_device *dev);
 *     This function is called when network device transistions to the down
 *     state.
 *
 * netdev_tx_t (*ndo_start_xmit)(struct sk_buff *skb,
 *                               struct net_device *dev);
 *	Called when a packet needs to be transmitted.
 *	Must return NETDEV_TX_OK , NETDEV_TX_BUSY.
 *        (can also return NETDEV_TX_LOCKED iff NETIF_F_LLTX)
 *	Required can not be NULL.
 *
 * u16 (*ndo_select_queue)(struct net_device *dev, struct sk_buff *skb);
 *	Called to decide which queue to when device supports multiple
 *	transmit queues.
 *
 * void (*ndo_change_rx_flags)(struct net_device *dev, int flags);
 *	This function is called to allow device receiver to make
 *	changes to configuration when multicast or promiscious is enabled.
 *
 * void (*ndo_set_rx_mode)(struct net_device *dev);
 *	This function is called device changes address list filtering.
 *
 * void (*ndo_set_multicast_list)(struct net_device *dev);
 *	This function is called when the multicast address list changes.
 *
 * int (*ndo_set_mac_address)(struct net_device *dev, void *addr);
 *	This function  is called when the Media Access Control address
 *	needs to be changed. If this interface is not defined, the
 *	mac address can not be changed.
 *
 * int (*ndo_validate_addr)(struct net_device *dev);
 *	Test if Media Access Control address is valid for the device.
 *
 * int (*ndo_do_ioctl)(struct net_device *dev, struct ifreq *ifr, int cmd);
 *	Called when a user request an ioctl which can't be handled by
 *	the generic interface code. If not defined ioctl's return
 *	not supported error code.
 *
 * int (*ndo_set_config)(struct net_device *dev, struct ifmap *map);
 *	Used to set network devices bus interface parameters. This interface
 *	is retained for legacy reason, new devices should use the bus
 *	interface (PCI) for low level management.
 *
 * int (*ndo_change_mtu)(struct net_device *dev, int new_mtu);
 *	Called when a user wants to change the Maximum Transfer Unit
 *	of a device. If not defined, any request to change MTU will
 *	will return an error.
 *
 * void (*ndo_tx_timeout)(struct net_device *dev);
 *	Callback uses when the transmitter has not made any progress
 *	for dev->watchdog ticks.
 *
 * struct net_device_stats* (*ndo_get_stats)(struct net_device *dev);
 *	Called when a user wants to get the network device usage
 *	statistics. If not defined, the counters in dev->stats will
 *	be used.
 *
 * void (*ndo_vlan_rx_register)(struct net_device *dev, struct vlan_group *grp);
 *	If device support VLAN receive accleration
 *	(ie. dev->features & NETIF_F_HW_VLAN_RX), then this function is called
 *	when vlan groups for the device changes.  Note: grp is NULL
 *	if no vlan's groups are being used.
 *
 * void (*ndo_vlan_rx_add_vid)(struct net_device *dev, unsigned short vid);
 *	If device support VLAN filtering (dev->features & NETIF_F_HW_VLAN_FILTER)
 *	this function is called when a VLAN id is registered.
 *
 * void (*ndo_vlan_rx_kill_vid)(struct net_device *dev, unsigned short vid);
 *	If device support VLAN filtering (dev->features & NETIF_F_HW_VLAN_FILTER)
 *	this function is called when a VLAN id is unregistered.
 *
 * void (*ndo_poll_controller)(struct net_device *dev);
 */
#define HAVE_NET_DEVICE_OPS
struct net_device_ops {
	int			(*ndo_init)(struct net_device *dev);
	void			(*ndo_uninit)(struct net_device *dev);
	int			(*ndo_open)(struct net_device *dev);
	int			(*ndo_stop)(struct net_device *dev);
	netdev_tx_t		(*ndo_start_xmit) (struct sk_buff *skb,
						   struct net_device *dev);
	u16			(*ndo_select_queue)(struct net_device *dev,
						    struct sk_buff *skb);
#define HAVE_CHANGE_RX_FLAGS
	void			(*ndo_change_rx_flags)(struct net_device *dev,
						       int flags);
#define HAVE_SET_RX_MODE
	void			(*ndo_set_rx_mode)(struct net_device *dev);
#define HAVE_MULTICAST
	void			(*ndo_set_multicast_list)(struct net_device *dev);
#define HAVE_SET_MAC_ADDR
	int			(*ndo_set_mac_address)(struct net_device *dev,
						       void *addr);
#define HAVE_VALIDATE_ADDR
	int			(*ndo_validate_addr)(struct net_device *dev);
#define HAVE_PRIVATE_IOCTL
	int			(*ndo_do_ioctl)(struct net_device *dev,
					        struct ifreq *ifr, int cmd);
#define HAVE_SET_CONFIG
	int			(*ndo_set_config)(struct net_device *dev,
					          struct ifmap *map);
#define HAVE_CHANGE_MTU
	int			(*ndo_change_mtu)(struct net_device *dev,
						  int new_mtu);
	int			(*ndo_neigh_setup)(struct net_device *dev,
						   struct neigh_parms *);
#define HAVE_TX_TIMEOUT
	void			(*ndo_tx_timeout) (struct net_device *dev);

	struct net_device_stats* (*ndo_get_stats)(struct net_device *dev);

	void			(*ndo_vlan_rx_register)(struct net_device *dev,
						        struct vlan_group *grp);
	void			(*ndo_vlan_rx_add_vid)(struct net_device *dev,
						       unsigned short vid);
	void			(*ndo_vlan_rx_kill_vid)(struct net_device *dev,
						        unsigned short vid);
#ifdef CONFIG_NET_POLL_CONTROLLER
#define HAVE_NETDEV_POLL
	void                    (*ndo_poll_controller)(struct net_device *dev);
#endif
#if defined(CONFIG_FCOE) || defined(CONFIG_FCOE_MODULE)
	int			(*ndo_fcoe_enable)(struct net_device *dev);
	int			(*ndo_fcoe_disable)(struct net_device *dev);
	int			(*ndo_fcoe_ddp_setup)(struct net_device *dev,
						      u16 xid,
						      struct scatterlist *sgl,
						      unsigned int sgc);
	int			(*ndo_fcoe_ddp_done)(struct net_device *dev,
						     u16 xid);
#endif
};

ethtool_ops 中方法的相应说明

/**
 * ðtool_ops - Alter and report network device settings
 * get_settings: Get device-specific settings
 * set_settings: Set device-specific settings
 * get_drvinfo: Report driver information
 * get_regs: Get device registers
 * get_wol: Report whether Wake-on-Lan is enabled
 * set_wol: Turn Wake-on-Lan on or off
 * get_msglevel: Report driver message level
 * set_msglevel: Set driver message level
 * nway_reset: Restart autonegotiation
 * get_link: Get link status
 * get_eeprom: Read data from the device EEPROM
 * set_eeprom: Write data to the device EEPROM
 * get_coalesce: Get interrupt coalescing parameters
 * set_coalesce: Set interrupt coalescing parameters
 * get_ringparam: Report ring sizes
 * set_ringparam: Set ring sizes
 * get_pauseparam: Report pause parameters
 * set_pauseparam: Set pause parameters
 * get_rx_csum: Report whether receive checksums are turned on or off
 * set_rx_csum: Turn receive checksum on or off
 * get_tx_csum: Report whether transmit checksums are turned on or off
 * set_tx_csum: Turn transmit checksums on or off
 * get_sg: Report whether scatter-gather is enabled
 * set_sg: Turn scatter-gather on or off
 * get_tso: Report whether TCP segmentation offload is enabled
 * set_tso: Turn TCP segmentation offload on or off
 * get_ufo: Report whether UDP fragmentation offload is enabled
 * set_ufo: Turn UDP fragmentation offload on or off
 * self_test: Run specified self-tests
 * get_strings: Return a set of strings that describe the requested objects 
 * phys_id: Identify the device
 * get_stats: Return statistics about the device
 * get_flags: get 32-bit flags bitmap
 * set_flags: set 32-bit flags bitmap
 * 
 * Description:
 *
 * get_settings:
 *	@get_settings is passed an ðtool_cmd to fill in.  It returns
 *	an negative errno or zero.
 *
 * set_settings:
 *	@set_settings is passed an ðtool_cmd and should attempt to set
 *	all the settings this device supports.  It may return an error value
 *	if something goes wrong (otherwise 0).
 *
 * get_eeprom:
 *	Should fill in the magic field.  Don't need to check len for zero
 *	or wraparound.  Fill in the data argument with the eeprom values
 *	from offset to offset + len.  Update len to the amount read.
 *	Returns an error or zero.
 *
 * set_eeprom:
 *	Should validate the magic field.  Don't need to check len for zero
 *	or wraparound.  Update len to the amount written.  Returns an error
 *	or zero.
 */
struct ethtool_ops {
	int	(*get_settings)(struct net_device *, struct ethtool_cmd *);
	int	(*set_settings)(struct net_device *, struct ethtool_cmd *);
	void	(*get_drvinfo)(struct net_device *, struct ethtool_drvinfo *);
	int	(*get_regs_len)(struct net_device *);
	void	(*get_regs)(struct net_device *, struct ethtool_regs *, void *);
	void	(*get_wol)(struct net_device *, struct ethtool_wolinfo *);
	int	(*set_wol)(struct net_device *, struct ethtool_wolinfo *);
	u32	(*get_msglevel)(struct net_device *);
	void	(*set_msglevel)(struct net_device *, u32);
	int	(*nway_reset)(struct net_device *);
	u32	(*get_link)(struct net_device *);
	int	(*get_eeprom_len)(struct net_device *);
	int	(*get_eeprom)(struct net_device *, struct ethtool_eeprom *, u8 *);
	int	(*set_eeprom)(struct net_device *, struct ethtool_eeprom *, u8 *);
	int	(*get_coalesce)(struct net_device *, struct ethtool_coalesce *);
	int	(*set_coalesce)(struct net_device *, struct ethtool_coalesce *);
	void	(*get_ringparam)(struct net_device *, struct ethtool_ringparam *);
	int	(*set_ringparam)(struct net_device *, struct ethtool_ringparam *);
	void	(*get_pauseparam)(struct net_device *, struct ethtool_pauseparam*);
	int	(*set_pauseparam)(struct net_device *, struct ethtool_pauseparam*);
	u32	(*get_rx_csum)(struct net_device *);
	int	(*set_rx_csum)(struct net_device *, u32);
	u32	(*get_tx_csum)(struct net_device *);
	int	(*set_tx_csum)(struct net_device *, u32);
	u32	(*get_sg)(struct net_device *);
	int	(*set_sg)(struct net_device *, u32);
	u32	(*get_tso)(struct net_device *);
	int	(*set_tso)(struct net_device *, u32);
	void	(*self_test)(struct net_device *, struct ethtool_test *, u64 *);
	void	(*get_strings)(struct net_device *, u32 stringset, u8 *);
	int	(*phys_id)(struct net_device *, u32);
	void	(*get_ethtool_stats)(struct net_device *, struct ethtool_stats *, u64 *);
	int	(*begin)(struct net_device *);
	void	(*complete)(struct net_device *);
	u32     (*get_ufo)(struct net_device *);
	int     (*set_ufo)(struct net_device *, u32);
	u32     (*get_flags)(struct net_device *);
	int     (*set_flags)(struct net_device *, u32);
	u32     (*get_priv_flags)(struct net_device *);
	int     (*set_priv_flags)(struct net_device *, u32);
	int	(*get_sset_count)(struct net_device *, int);

	/* the following hooks are obsolete */
	int	(*self_test_count)(struct net_device *);/* use get_sset_count */
	int	(*get_stats_count)(struct net_device *);/* use get_sset_count */
	int	(*get_rxnfc)(struct net_device *, struct ethtool_rxnfc *, void *);
	int	(*set_rxnfc)(struct net_device *, struct ethtool_rxnfc *);
	int     (*flash_device)(struct net_device *, struct ethtool_flash *);
};
dm9000_open()

进行的工作有 向内核注册中断,复位并初始化dm9000,检查MII接口,使能传输等。

/*
 *  Open the interface.
 *  The interface is opened whenever "ifconfig" actives it.
 */
static int
dm9000_open(struct net_device *dev)
{
	board_info_t *db = netdev_priv(dev);
	unsigned long irqflags = db->irq_res->flags & IRQF_TRIGGER_MASK;
	
	/* 使用netif_msg_ifup方法判断net是否出在up message level */
	if (netif_msg_ifup(db))
		dev_dbg(db->dev, "enabling %s\n", dev->name);

	/* 从这里开始检查IRQ flag,未设置则提示用户设置,正常则注册中断处理函数 */
	/* If there is no IRQ type specified, default to something that
	 * may work, and tell the user that this is a problem */

	if (irqflags == IRQF_TRIGGER_NONE)
		dev_warn(db->dev, "WARNING: no IRQ resource flags set.\n");

	irqflags |= IRQF_SHARED;

	if (request_irq(dev->irq, &dm9000_interrupt, irqflags, dev->name, dev))
		return -EAGAIN;

	/* Initialize DM9000 board */
	/* 这里reset dm9000,前面已经分析过这个方法 */
	dm9000_reset(db);
	dm9000_init_dm9000(dev);

	/* Init driver variable */
	db->dbug_cnt = 0;

	mii_check_media(&db->mii, netif_msg_link(db), 1);
	netif_start_queue(dev);
	
	/*之前在probe函数中已经使用INIT_DELAYED_WORK来初始化一个延迟工作队列,
	并关联了一个操作函数dm9000_poll_work(), 此时运行schedule来调用这个函数*/
	dm9000_schedule_poll(db);

	return 0;
}

有关message level的说明

enum {
	NETIF_MSG_DRV		= 0x0001,
	NETIF_MSG_PROBE		= 0x0002,
	NETIF_MSG_LINK		= 0x0004,
	NETIF_MSG_TIMER		= 0x0008,
	NETIF_MSG_IFDOWN	= 0x0010,
	NETIF_MSG_IFUP		= 0x0020,
	NETIF_MSG_RX_ERR	= 0x0040,
	NETIF_MSG_TX_ERR	= 0x0080,
	NETIF_MSG_TX_QUEUED	= 0x0100,
	NETIF_MSG_INTR		= 0x0200,
	NETIF_MSG_TX_DONE	= 0x0400,
	NETIF_MSG_RX_STATUS	= 0x0800,
	NETIF_MSG_PKTDATA	= 0x1000,
	NETIF_MSG_HW		= 0x2000,
	NETIF_MSG_WOL		= 0x4000,
};

#define netif_msg_drv(p)	((p)->msg_enable & NETIF_MSG_DRV)
#define netif_msg_probe(p)	((p)->msg_enable & NETIF_MSG_PROBE)
#define netif_msg_link(p)	((p)->msg_enable & NETIF_MSG_LINK)
#define netif_msg_timer(p)	((p)->msg_enable & NETIF_MSG_TIMER)
#define netif_msg_ifdown(p)	((p)->msg_enable & NETIF_MSG_IFDOWN)
#define netif_msg_ifup(p)	((p)->msg_enable & NETIF_MSG_IFUP)
#define netif_msg_rx_err(p)	((p)->msg_enable & NETIF_MSG_RX_ERR)
#define netif_msg_tx_err(p)	((p)->msg_enable & NETIF_MSG_TX_ERR)
#define netif_msg_tx_queued(p)	((p)->msg_enable & NETIF_MSG_TX_QUEUED)
#define netif_msg_intr(p)	((p)->msg_enable & NETIF_MSG_INTR)
#define netif_msg_tx_done(p)	((p)->msg_enable & NETIF_MSG_TX_DONE)
#define netif_msg_rx_status(p)	((p)->msg_enable & NETIF_MSG_RX_STATUS)
#define netif_msg_pktdata(p)	((p)->msg_enable & NETIF_MSG_PKTDATA)
#define netif_msg_hw(p)		((p)->msg_enable & NETIF_MSG_HW)
#define netif_msg_wol(p)	((p)->msg_enable & NETIF_MSG_WOL)

对dm9000_init_dm9000的分析

/*
 * Initilize dm9000 board
 */
static void
dm9000_init_dm9000(struct net_device *dev)
{
	board_info_t *db = netdev_priv(dev);
	unsigned int imr;

	dm9000_dbg(db, 1, "entering %s\n", __func__);

	/* I/O mode */
	/* 这里读取ISR寄存器的数值,寄存器的7-6位用来指示I/0的读写模式
	00 16-bit-mode
	01 32-bit-mode
	10 8-bit-mode
	11 reserved*/
	db->io_mode = ior(db, DM9000_ISR) >> 6;	/* ISR bit7:6 keeps I/O mode */

	/* Checksum mode */
	dm9000_set_rx_csum(dev, db->rx_csum);

	/* GPIO0 on pre-activate PHY */
	iow(db, DM9000_GPR, 0);	/* REG_1F bit0 activate phyxcer */
	iow(db, DM9000_GPCR, GPCR_GEP_CNTL);	/* Let GPIO0 output */
	iow(db, DM9000_GPR, 0);	/* Enable PHY */
	
	/* 选择使用外部PHY */
	if (db->flags & DM9000_PLATF_EXT_PHY)
		iow(db, DM9000_NCR, NCR_EXT_PHY);

	/* Program operating register */
	iow(db, DM9000_TCR, 0);	        /* TX Polling clear */
	iow(db, DM9000_BPTR, 0x3f);	/* Less 3Kb, 200us */
	iow(db, DM9000_FCR, 0xff);	/* Flow Control */
	iow(db, DM9000_SMCR, 0);        /* Special Mode */
	/* clear TX status */
	iow(db, DM9000_NSR, NSR_WAKEST | NSR_TX2END | NSR_TX1END);
	iow(db, DM9000_ISR, ISR_CLR_STATUS); /* Clear interrupt status */

	/* Set address filter table */
	dm9000_hash_table(dev);

	/* 设置中断允许寄存器 */
	imr = IMR_PAR | IMR_PTM | IMR_PRM;
	if (db->type != TYPE_DM9000E)
		imr |= IMR_LNKCHNG;

	db->imr_all = imr;

	/* Enable TX/RX interrupt mask */
	iow(db, DM9000_IMR, imr);

	/* Init Driver variable */
	/* 初始化状态,传输包数量为零,等待包的长度为零,start状态为零 */	
	db->tx_pkt_cnt = 0;
	db->queue_pkt_len = 0;
	dev->trans_start = 0;
}

最後看一下dm9000_stop方法

/*
 * Stop the interface.
 * The interface is stopped when it is brought.
 */
static int
dm9000_stop(struct net_device *ndev)
{
	board_info_t *db = netdev_priv(ndev);

	if (netif_msg_ifdown(db))
		dev_dbg(db->dev, "shutting down %s\n", ndev->name);
	/* 強制結束工作隊列 */
	cancel_delayed_work_sync(&db->phy_poll);

	/* 強制設備停止傳輸包 */
	netif_stop_queue(ndev);
	/* 強制清空carrier */
	netif_carrier_off(ndev);

	/* free interrupt */
	free_irq(ndev->irq, ndev);

	dm9000_shutdown(ndev);

	return 0;
}

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