@SuppressWarnings的使用、作用、用法

简介:java.lang.SuppressWarnings是J2SE 5.0中标准的Annotation之一。可以标注在类、字段、方法、参数、构造方法,以及局部变量上。
作用:
告诉编译器忽略指定的警告,不用在编译完成后出现警告信息。
使用:
@SuppressWarnings(“”)
@SuppressWarnings({})
@SuppressWarnings(value={})

根据sun的官方文档描述:
value - 将由编译器在注释的元素中取消显示的警告集。允许使用重复的名称。忽略第二个和后面出现的名称。出现未被识别的警告名 不是 错误:编译器必须忽略无法识别的所有警告名。但如果某个注释包含未被识别的警告名,那么编译器可以随意发出一个警告。
各编译器供应商应该将它们所支持的警告名连同注释类型一起记录。鼓励各供应商之间相互合作,确保在多个编译器中使用相同的名称。
示例:
·    @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
告诉编译器忽略 unchecked 警告信息,如使用List,ArrayList等未进行参数化产生的警告信息。
·    @SuppressWarnings("serial")
如果编译器出现这样的警告信息:The serializable class WmailCalendar does not declare a static final serialVersionUID field of type long
          使用这个注释将警告信息去掉。
·    @SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
如果使用了使用@Deprecated注释的方法,编译器将出现警告信息。
          使用这个注释将警告信息去掉。
·    @SuppressWarnings("unchecked", "deprecation")
告诉编译器同时忽略unchecked和deprecation的警告信息。
·    @SuppressWarnings(value={"unchecked", "deprecation"})
等同于@SuppressWarnings("unchecked", "deprecation")

具体的XXXX的意义可以参考博文

http://www.thebuzzmedia.com/supported-values-for-suppresswarnings/


Update #1: All these annotations are still valid in Eclipse 3.4 and 3.5, there have been no new SuppressWarning arguments added in those versions of the JDT compiler.

If you are a Java developer and use the new @SuppressWarnings annotation in your code from time-to-time to suppress compiler warnings you, like me, have wondered probably about a million times alreadyjust exactly what are the supported values that can be used with this annotation.

The reason the list isn’t easy to find is because it’s compiler specific, which means Sun may have a different set of supported values than say IBM, GCJ or Apache Harmony.

Fortunately for us, the Eclipse folks have documented the values they support (As of Eclipse 3.3), here they are for reference:

  • all to suppress all warnings
  • boxing to suppress warnings relative to boxing/unboxing operations
  • cast to suppress warnings relative to cast operations
  • dep-ann to suppress warnings relative to deprecated annotation
  • deprecation to suppress warnings relative to deprecation
  • fallthrough to suppress warnings relative to missing breaks in switch statements
  • finally to suppress warnings relative to finally block that don’t return
  • hiding to suppress warnings relative to locals that hide variable
  • incomplete-switch to suppress warnings relative to missing entries in a switch statement (enum case)
  • nls to suppress warnings relative to non-nls string literals
  • null to suppress warnings relative to null analysis
  • rawtypes to suppress warnings relative to un-specific types when using generics on class params
  • restriction to suppress warnings relative to usage of discouraged or forbidden references
  • serial to suppress warnings relative to missing serialVersionUID field for a serializable class
  • static-access to suppress warnings relative to incorrect static access
  • synthetic-access to suppress warnings relative to unoptimized access from inner classes
  • unchecked to suppress warnings relative to unchecked operations
  • unqualified-field-access to suppress warnings relative to field access unqualified
  • unused to suppress warnings relative to unused code

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