Longest Substring Without Repeating Characters

Given a string, find the length of the longest substring without repeating characters.

Example 1:

Input: "abcabcbb"
Output: 3 
Explanation: The answer is "abc", with the length of 3. 

Example 2:

Input: "bbbbb"
Output: 1
Explanation: The answer is "b", with the length of 1.

Example 3:

Input: "pwwkew"
Output: 3
Explanation: The answer is "wke", with the length of 3. 
             Note that the answer must be a substring, "pwke" is a subsequence and not a substring.

这个题目有很多种解法,暴力的,两层循环遍历,但是时间复杂度太高。这个题目跟Two Sum还是很像的,这里我用C++ STL中的map来解答。

代码:

int lengthOfLongestSubstring(string s) {
    map<char,int> ss;
    int Max = 0;
    int lastPos = -1;
    for(int i=0;i<s.size();i++){
        if(ss.find(s[i])!=ss.end()&&lastPos<ss[s[i]])
        {
            lastPos = ss[s[i]];
        }
        if(Max < i-lastPos){
            Max = i-lastPos;
        }
        ss[s[i]] = i;
    }
    return Max;
}

因为ASCII表共能表示256个字符,所以可以开个256的数组来记录所有字符。

参考:http://www.cnblogs.com/grandyang/p/4480780.html

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