Hive项目实战三

创建表

这里总共需要创建4张表,明明只有两个数据文件,为什么要创建4张表呢?因为这里创建的表要使用orc的压缩方式,而不使用默认的textfile的方式,orc的压缩方式要想向表中导入数据需要使用子查询的方式导入,即把从另一张表中查询到的数据插入orc压缩格式的表汇中,所以这里需要四张表,两张textfile类型的表user和video,两张orc类型的表user_orc和video_orc

1.先创建textfile类型的表

create table user(
videoId string,
uploader string,
age int,
category array<string>,
length int,
views int,
rate float,
ratings int,
comments int,
relatedId array<string>)
row format delimited
fields terminated by "\t"
collection items terminated by "&"
stored as textfile;
create table video(
uploader string,
videos int,
friends int)
row format delimited
fields terminated by "\t"
stored as textfile;

向两张表中导入数据,从hdfs中导入

load data inpath '数据文件在hdfs中的位置' into table user;

2.创建两张orc类型的表

create table user_orc(
videoId string,
uploader string,
age int,
category array<string>,
length int,
views int,
rate float,
ratings int,
comments int,
relatedId array<string>)
clustered by (uploader) into 8 buckets
row format delimited fields terminated by "\t"
collection items terminated by "&"
stored as orc;
create table video_orc(
uploader string,
videos int,
friends int)
clustered by (uploader) into 24 buckets
row format delimited
fields terminated by "\t"
stored as orc;

向两张表中导入数据

insert into table user_orc select *from user;
insert into table video_orc select *from video;

这时候数据就加载到两张表中了,可以进行简单的查看

select *from user_orc limit 10;
select *from video_orc limit 10;

 

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