Debain系统修改IP地址步骤

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/yunzhonghefei/article/details/76526810

1.修改 etc/network 下的 interfaces 文件
/etc/network# cat interfaces
原来的内容为:
# interfaces(5) file used by ifup(8) and ifdown(8)
# Include files from /etc/network/interfaces.d:
source-directory /etc/network/interfaces.d
allow-hotplug eth0
iface eth0 inet dhcp
allow-hotplug wlan0
iface wlan0 inet dhcp
wpa-conf /etc/wpa_supplicant/wpa_supplicant.conf

注释掉原来的配置信息:

# interfaces(5) file used by ifup(8) and ifdown(8)
# Include files from /etc/network/interfaces.d:
# source-directory /etc/network/interfaces.d
#
# allow-hotplug eth0
# iface eth0 inet dhcp
#
# allow-hotplug wlan0
# iface wlan0 inet dhcp
# wpa-conf /etc/wpa_supplicant/wpa_supplicant.conf

修改ip的获取方式为静态绑定ip,在上边的基础上添加配置信息:
# interfaces(5) file used by ifup(8) and ifdown(8)
# Include files from /etc/network/interfaces.d:
# source-directory /etc/network/interfaces.d
#
# allow-hotplug eth0
# iface eth0 inet dhcp
#
# allow-hotplug wlan0
# iface wlan0 inet dhcp
# wpa-conf /etc/wpa_supplicant/wpa_supplicant.conf
auto lo
iface lo inet loopback
auto eth0
iface eth0 inet static
address 10.0.200.242
netmask 255.255.255.0
gateway 10.0.200.1
broadcast 10.0.200.255

2.修改 /etc/resolv.conf ,其中可能有多个servername属性,更改最边的servername为网关地址(gateway).
nameserver 10.0.200.1
nameserver xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx
nameserver yyy.yyy.yyy.yyy

3.重启网络
/etc/init.d/networking restart

4.绑定arp表
使用dhcp方式获取的ip,会自动在arp中生成对应的路由信息,如果手动绑定ip地址,需要手动在arp中将该机器的mac地址和ip进行绑定,否则不能访问外网。即使可以ping通。

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