Elasticsearch学习笔记(一) DSL语句

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1. index
1.1 查询所有index

GET /_cat/indices?v


1.2 新增index
#新增一个名为pigg的index

PUT /pigg


1.3 删除index
#删除pigg这个index,产线千万别这么做,删了就完了

DELETE /pigg


2. document
2.1 新增document

PUT /pigg/_doc/1
{
  "name": "三爷",
  "age": 29,
  "hometown": "盐城",
  "gender": "male"
}

PUT /pigg/_doc/2
{
  "name": "珣爷",
  "age": 28,
  "hometown": "徐州",
  "gender": "female"
}

PUT /pigg/_doc/3
{
  "name": "米可",
  "age": 1,
  "hometown": "苏州",
  "gender": "female"
}


2.2 查询document
2.2.1 查询index的所有document

GET /pigg/_search


2.2.1 根据id查询document

GET /pigg/_doc/1?pretty


返回结果:

{
  "_index": "pigg",
  "_type": "_doc",
  "_id": "1",
  "_version": 4,
  "found": true,
  "_source": {
    "name": "三爷",
    "age": 29,
    "hometown": "盐城",
    "gender": "male"
  }
}


2.2.2 用sort排序查询

#对age进行倒序查询
GET /pigg/_search
{
  "query": {"match_all": {}},
  "sort": [
    {
      "age": {
        "order": "desc"
      }
    }
  ]
}


2.2.3 用from和size分页查询

#查询前2条数据, from是从0开始的
GET /pigg/_search
{
  "query": {"match_all": {}},
  "sort": [
    {
      "age": {
        "order": "desc"
      }
    }
  ],
  "from": 0,
  "size": 2
}


2.3 修改document
2.3.1 用put替换document
查询当前pigg表里id=1的文档

GET /pigg/_doc/1?pretty


返回如下:

{
  "_index": "pigg",
  "_type": "_doc",
  "_id": "1",
  "_version": 4,
  "found": true,
  "_source": {
    "name": "三爷",
    "age": 29,
    "hometown": "盐城",
    "gender": "male"
  }
}


用put方式更新id=1的文档

PUT /pigg/_doc/1
{
  "name": "盐城三爷"
}


再次查询id=1的文档

{
  "_index": "pigg",
  "_type": "_doc",
  "_id": "1",
  "_version": 5,
  "found": true,
  "_source": {
    "name": "盐城三爷"
  }
}


通过上面发现用put是替换了整个文档,而不是更新name这一个字段

2.3.2 用post更新document
先恢复id=1的文档为一开始的数据,然后执行如下语句
修改name,并新增interesting这个字段

POST /pigg/_doc/1/_update?pretty
{
  "doc":{
      "name": "盐城冬冬",
      "interesting": "watching TV"
  }
}


再次查询id=1的文档

{
  "_index": "pigg",
  "_type": "_doc",
  "_id": "1",
  "_version": 8,
  "found": true,
  "_source": {
    "name": "盐城冬冬",
    "age": 29,
    "hometown": "盐城",
    "gender": "male",
    "interesting": "watching TV"
  }
}


这时发现用post更新的是文档的局部字段,原来有的字段更新,没有的字段则新增这个字段

2.3.3 用script更新document
查询当前id=1的人的age是29,现在要对age加1

POST /pigg/_doc/1/_update
{
  "script": "ctx._source.age += 1"
}
再次查询id=1的文档,发现age已经是30了

{
  "_index": "pigg",
  "_type": "_doc",
  "_id": "1",
  "_version": 9,
  "found": true,
  "_source": {
    "name": "盐城冬冬",
    "age": 30,
    "hometown": "盐城",
    "gender": "male",
    "interesting": "watching TV"
  }
}


2.4 删除document
DELETE /pigg/_doc/1
--------------------- 
作者:盐城三爷 
来源:CSDN 
原文:https://blog.csdn.net/winterking3/article/details/82896738 
版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,转载请附上博文链接!

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