springmvc(基础二) Springmvc 配置过程及详解

一、在pom.xml配置

添加依赖相应的jar包

二、web.xml配置

添加spring监听器:

<listener>
    <listener-class>org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener</listener-class>
</listener>

添加spring容器(父容器)配置文件:

<span style="font-weight: normal;"><context-param>
    <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
    <param-value>
        /WEB-INF/config/application-context.xml     <!--声明数据库连接参数和事务管理-->
        /WEB-INF/config/customer-admin-manage.xml   <!--dao和service-->
    </param-value>
</context-param></span>

三、spring配置文件application-context.xml配置
数据库配置文件 jdbc.properties:
jdbc.driverClassName=com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
jdbc.url=jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/cms?characterEncoding=UTF-8
jdbc.username=root
jdbc.password=123456
...

添加到spring父容器的配置文件application-context.xml中:
<bean id="propertyConfigurer" class="org.springframework.beans.factory.config.PropertyPlaceholderConfigurer">
    <property name="locations">
        <list>
            <value>/WEB-INF/config/jdbc.properties</value>
        </list>
    </property>
</bean>

配置dataSource:
<bean id="dataSource" class="com.mchange.v2.c3p0.ComboPooledDataSource">
    <property name="driverClass" value="${jdbc.driverClassName}" />
    <property name="jdbcUrl" value="${jdbc.url}" />
    <property name="user" value="${jdbc.username}" />
    <property name="password" value="${jdbc.password}" />
    <property name="autoCommitOnClose" value="true"/>
    <property name="checkoutTimeout" value="${cpool.checkoutTimeout}"/>
    <property name="initialPoolSize" value="${cpool.minPoolSize}"/>
    <property name="minPoolSize" value="${cpool.minPoolSize}"/>
    <property name="maxPoolSize" value="${cpool.maxPoolSize}"/>
    <property name="maxIdleTime" value="${cpool.maxIdleTime}"/>
    <property name="acquireIncrement" value="${cpool.acquireIncrement}"/>
    <property name="maxIdleTimeExcessConnections" value="${cpool.maxIdleTimeExcessConnections}"/>
</bean>

配置sessionFactory:
<bean id="sessionFactory" class="org.springframework.orm.hibernate3.LocalSessionFactoryBean">
    <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource"/>  
    <property name="mappingLocations">
        <list>
            <value>classpath*:/com/cms/customer/entity/hbm/*.hbm.xml</value>
        </list>
    </property>
    <property name="hibernateProperties">
        <value>
        hibernate.dialect=org.hibernate.dialect.MySQLInnoDBDialect
        hibernate.show_sql=false
        hibernate.format_sql=false
        hibernate.query.substitutions=true 1, false 0
        hibernate.jdbc.batch_size=20
        hibernate.cache.use_query_cache=true
        </value>
    </property>
    <property name="entityInterceptor">< !-- 配置Hibernate拦截器,自动填充数据的插入、更新时间(不知道什么意思)-->
        <ref local="treeInterceptor"/>
    </property>
    <property name="cacheProvider">< !-- 为WEB应用提供缓存。 -->
        <ref local="cacheProvider"/>
    </property>
    <property name="lobHandler">< !-- spring提供的操作lob字段。<bean id="lobHandler" class="org.springframework.jdbc.support.lob.DefaultLobHandler" lazy-init="true"/> -->
        <ref bean="lobHandler" />
    </property>
</bean>

基于全注解的事务声明管理:
<bean id="transactionManager" class="org.springframework.orm.hibernate3.HibernateTransactionManager">
    <property name="sessionFactory" ref="sessionFactory" />
</bean>
<context:annotation-config/>
<tx:annotation-driven transaction-manager="transactionManager" />

对于context:annotation-config:
他的作用是隐式地向 Spring 容器注册   
AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor(想使用Autowired注解)、CommonAnnotationBeanPostProcessor、PersistenceAnnotationBeanPostProcessor、RequiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor这 4 个BeanPostProcessor。
另外,<context:component-scan base-package=”XX.XX”/>(用于自动扫描需要注入的bean) 包含了<context:annotation-config/>的功能,
在这里没有使用<context:component-scan base-package=”XX.XX”/>,则必须将bean添加到父容器的(dao,service,manager之类的)xml中

四、对于tx:annotation-driven ,则表示所有Transactional注解了的manager都使用这个事务管理

配置springmvc(子容器)

添加springmvc的Servlet:

<servlet>
    <servlet-name>admin</servlet-name>
    <servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>
    <init-param>
        <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name><!--指定注入action的配置文件,如果没有指定,则默认在web-inf下查找admin-servlet.xml    -->
        <param-value>/WEB-INF/config/admin.xml</param-value>
    </init-param>
    <load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
</servlet>

每一个servlet对应一个配置文件,用于映射不同的请求路径集合

<servlet>
    <servlet-name>front</servlet-name>
    <servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>
    <init-param>
        <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
        <param-value>/WEB-INF/config/front.xml</param-value>
    </init-param>
    <load-on-startup>2</load-on-startup>
</servlet>
admin.xml:

<value>/WEB-INF/languages/core_admin/messages</value>
<bean id="messageSource" class="org.springframework.context.support.ReloadableResourceBundleMessageSource">
    <property name="cacheSeconds" value="-1"/>
    <property name="basenames">
        <list>
            <value>/WEB-INF/languages/core_admin/messages</value>
        </list>
    </property>
</bean>

<!--文件上传-->
<bean id="multipartResolver" class="org.springframework.web.multipart.commons.CommonsMultipartResolver"/>

<!--通过注解,把一个URL映射到Controller类的方法上-->
<bean class="org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.annotation.AnnotationMethodHandlerAdapter">
    <property name="webBindingInitializer"><!--重写WebBindingInitializer-->
        <bean class=" com.cms.common.web.springmvc.BindingInitializer"/>
    </property>
</bean>

<!--用于Spring 从外部属性文件中载入属性,并使用这些属性值替换Spring 配置文件中的占位符变量(${varible})。 -->
<bean id="propertyConfigurer" class="org.springframework.beans.factory.config.PropertyPlaceholderConfigurer">
    <property name="locations">
        <list>
            <value>/WEB-INF/config/firewall.properties</value>
        </list>
    </property>
</bean>

<!--    DefaultAnnotationHandlerMapping-映射url到被RequestMapping注解的controller或者下面的方法-->
<bean class="org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.annotation.DefaultAnnotationHandlerMapping">
    <property name="interceptors">
        <list>
            <ref bean="adminContextInterceptor"/>
            <ref bean="adminLocaleIntercept"/>
            <ref bean="fireWallInterceptor"/>
        </list>
    </property>
</bean>
<!--拦截器-->
<bean id="adminContextInterceptor" class="com.cms.cms.web.AdminContextInterceptor">
    <property name="auth" value="true"/>
    <property name="loginUrl" value="/admin/cms/login.do"/>
    <property name="returnUrl" value="/admin/cms/index.do"/>
    <property name="excludeUrls">
        <list>
            <value>/login.do</value>
            <value>/logout.do</value>
        </list>
    </property>
</bean>
<bean id="adminLocaleIntercept" class="com.cms.cms.web.AdminLocaleInterceptor"/>
<bean id="fireWallInterceptor" class="com.cms.cms.web.FireWallInterceptor"></bean>

<!--Cookie相关-->
<bean id="localeResolver" class="org.springframework.web.servlet.i18n.CookieLocaleResolver">
    <property name="cookieName" value="clientlanguage"/>
    <property name="cookieMaxAge" value="-1"/>
</bean>

<!--定义一场处理-->
<bean class="org.springframework.web.servlet.handler.SimpleMappingExceptionResolver">
    <property name="exceptionMappings">
        <props>
            <prop key="org.springframework.web.bind.MissingServletRequestParameterException">/error/requiredParameter</prop>
            <prop key="org.springframework.beans.TypeMismatchException">/error/mismatchParameter</prop>
            <prop key="org.springframework.web.bind.ServletRequestBindingException">/error/bindException</prop>
            <prop key="org.springframework.dao.DataIntegrityViolationException">/error/integrityViolation</prop>
        </props>
    </property>
</bean>
<!--freemarker配置-->
<bean id="freemarkerViewResolver" class="com.cms.common.web.springmvc.RichFreeMarkerViewResolver">
    <property name="prefix" value="/cms_sys/"/>
    <property name="suffix" value=".html"/>
    <property name="contentType" value="text/html; charset=UTF-8"/>
    <property name="exposeRequestAttributes" value="false"/>
    <property name="exposeSessionAttributes" value="false"/>
    <property name="exposeSpringMacroHelpers" value="true"/>
</bean>
<bean id="freemarkerConfig" class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.freemarker.FreeMarkerConfigurer">
    <property name="templateLoaderPath" value="/WEB-INF"/>
    <property name="freemarkerVariables">
        <map>
            <!--在FCK编辑器中需要用到appBase,以确定connector路径。-->
            <entry key="appBase" value="/admin/cms"/>
            <!--后台管理权限控制-->
            <entry key="cms_perm" value-ref="cms_perm"/>
            <entry key="text_cut" value-ref="text_cut"/>
            <entry key="html_cut" value-ref="html_cut"/>
        </map>
    </property>
    <property name="freemarkerSettings">
        <props>
            <prop key="template_update_delay">0</prop>
            <prop key="defaultEncoding">UTF-8</prop>
            <prop key="url_escaping_charset">UTF-8</prop>
            <prop key="locale">zh_CN</prop>
            <prop key="boolean_format">true,false</prop>
            <prop key="datetime_format">yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss</prop>
            <prop key="date_format">yyyy-MM-dd</prop>
            <prop key="time_format">HH:mm:ss</prop>
            <prop key="number_format">0.######</prop>
            <prop key="whitespace_stripping">true</prop>
            <prop key="auto_import">/ftl/cms/index.ftl as p,/ftl/spring.ftl as s</prop>
        </props>
    </property>
</bean>

<!--见89行-->
<context:annotation-config/>

<!--action注入配置文件-->
<import resource="admin-action.xml"/>
admin-action.xml:

<bean id="customerAct" class="com.customer.action.CustomerAct"/>
<bean id="basedataAct" class="com.customer.action.BasedataAct"/>
<bean id="employeeAct" class="com.customer.action.EmployeeAct"/>
<bean id="projectAct" class="com.customer.action.ProjectAct"/>
<bean id="productAct" class="com.customer.action.ProductAct"/>
每一个action都要用Controller注解,其中使用的manager属性用Autowired注解,每一个方法都要用RequestMapping注解 
每一个manager都要用Service,Transactional注解
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