Java图片分割与合并

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一张图片有的时候太大了之后,我们需要把大图分割成若干张小图存入数据库,在读取的时候,需要把若干张小图合成一张大图

因此有了如下的代码,首先分割


private static void splitImage() throws IOException {

        //String originalImg = "C:\\img\\split\\a380_1280x1024.jpg";
        String originalImg = "D:\\img\\1f90ec47-06f2-4de2-bc68-946d8f93595d-5456FC54C74A297CE994998C2873B370";
        // 读入大图
        File file = new File(originalImg);
        FileInputStream fis = new FileInputStream(file);
        BufferedImage image = ImageIO.read(fis);

        // 分割成4*4(16)个小图
        int rows = 3;
        int cols = 3;
        int chunks = rows * cols;

        // 计算每个小图的宽度和高度
        int chunkWidth = image.getWidth() / cols;
        int chunkHeight = image.getHeight() / rows;

        int count = 0;
        BufferedImage imgs[] = new BufferedImage[chunks];
        for (int x = 0; x < rows; x++) {
            for (int y = 0; y < cols; y++) {
                //设置小图的大小和类型
                imgs[count] = new BufferedImage(chunkWidth, chunkHeight, image.getType());

                //写入图像内容
                Graphics2D gr = imgs[count++].createGraphics();
                gr.drawImage(image, 0, 0,
                        chunkWidth, chunkHeight,
                        chunkWidth* y, chunkHeight * x,
                        chunkWidth * y + chunkWidth,
                        chunkHeight * x + chunkHeight, null);
                gr.dispose();
            }
        }

        // 输出小图
        for (int i = 0; i < imgs.length; i++) {
            //ImageIO.write(imgs[i], "jpg", new File("C:\\img\\split\\img" + i + ".jpg"));
            ImageIO.write(imgs[i], "jpg", new File("d:\\img\\img" + i + ".jpg"));
        }

        System.out.println("完成分割!");
    }

合并:

private static void mergeImage() throws IOException {

        int rows = 3;
        int cols = 3;
        int chunks = rows * cols;

        int chunkWidth, chunkHeight;
        int type;

        //读入小图
        File[] imgFiles = new File[chunks];
        for (int i = 0; i < chunks; i++) {
            imgFiles[i] = new File("d:\\img2\\img" + i + ".jpg");
        }

        //创建BufferedImage
        BufferedImage[] buffImages = new BufferedImage[chunks];
        for (int i = 0; i < chunks; i++) {
            buffImages[i] = ImageIO.read(imgFiles[i]);
        }
        type = buffImages[0].getType();
        chunkWidth = buffImages[0].getWidth();
        chunkHeight = buffImages[0].getHeight();

        //设置拼接后图的大小和类型
        BufferedImage finalImg = new BufferedImage(chunkWidth * cols, chunkHeight * rows, type);

        //写入图像内容
        int num = 0;
        for (int i = 0; i < rows; i++) {
            for (int j = 0; j < cols; j++) {
                finalImg.createGraphics().drawImage(buffImages[num], chunkWidth * j, chunkHeight * i, null);
                num++;
            }
        }

        //输出拼接后的图像
        ImageIO.write(finalImg, "jpeg", new File("d:\\img2\\finalImg.jpg"));
        InputStream is=(InputStream) ImageIO.createImageInputStream(finalImg);

        System.out.println("完成拼接!");
    }
 public static InputStream mergeImage_1(String path,String name,String prefix) throws IOException {

        int rows = 3;
        int cols = 3;
        int chunks = rows * cols;

        int chunkWidth, chunkHeight;
        int type;

        //读入小图
        File[] imgFiles = new File[chunks];
        for (int i = 0; i < chunks; i++) {
            imgFiles[i] = new File(path+name +"_"+ i+"."+prefix);
        }

        //创建BufferedImage
        BufferedImage[] buffImages = new BufferedImage[chunks];
        for (int i = 0; i < chunks; i++) {
            buffImages[i] = ImageIO.read(imgFiles[i]);
        }
        type = buffImages[0].getType();
        chunkWidth = buffImages[0].getWidth();
        chunkHeight = buffImages[0].getHeight();

        //设置拼接后图的大小和类型
        BufferedImage finalImg = new BufferedImage(chunkWidth * cols, chunkHeight * rows, type);

        //写入图像内容
        int num = 0;
        for (int i = 0; i < rows; i++) {
            for (int j = 0; j < cols; j++) {
                finalImg.createGraphics().drawImage(buffImages[num], chunkWidth * j, chunkHeight * i, null);
                num++;
            }
        }

        //输出拼接后的图像
        //ImageIO.write(finalImg, "jpeg", new File("d:\\img2\\finalImg.jpg"));
        //InputStream is=(InputStream) ImageIO.createImageInputStream(finalImg);
        finalImg.flush();
        ByteArrayOutputStream bs = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
        InputStream is=null;
        ImageOutputStream imOut;
        imOut = ImageIO.createImageOutputStream(bs);
        ImageIO.write(finalImg, prefix,imOut);
        is= new ByteArrayInputStream(bs.toByteArray());
        System.out.println("完成拼接!");
        return is;
    }


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