Python中的向量相加和numpy中的向量相加效率比较

直接使用Python来实现向量的相加

# -*-coding:utf-8-*-
#向量相加
def pythonsum(n):
    a = range(n)
    b = range(n)
    c = []
    for i in range(len(a)):
        a[i] = i**2
        b[i] = i**3
        c.append(a[i]+b[i])
    return a,b,c

print pythonsum(4),type(pythonsum(4))
for arg in pythonsum(4):
    print arg

从这里这个输出结果可以看得出来,return多个值时,是以列表的形式返回的

([0, 1, 4, 9], [0, 1, 8, 27], [0, 2, 12, 36]) <type 'tuple'>
[0, 1, 4, 9]
[0, 1, 8, 27]
[0, 2, 12, 36]

使用numpy包实现两个向量的相加

def numpysum(n):
    a = np.arange(n) ** 2
    b = np.arange(n) ** 3
    c = a + b
    return a,b,c
(array([0, 1, 4, 9]), array([ 0,  1,  8, 27]), array([ 0,  2, 12, 36])) <type 'function'>
[0 1 4 9]
[ 0  1  8 27]
[ 0  2 12 36]

比较用Python实现两个向量相加和用numpy实现两个向量相加的情况

size = 1000
start = datetime.now()
c = pythonsum(size)
delta = datetime.now() - start
# print 'The last 2 elements of the sum',c[-2:]
print 'pythonSum elapsed time in microseconds',delta.microseconds

size = 1000
start1 = datetime.now()
c1 = numpysum(size)
delta1 = datetime.now() - start1
# print 'The last 2 elements of the sum',c1[-2:]
print 'numpySum elapsed time in microseconds',delta1.microseconds

从下面程序运行结果我们可以看到在处理向量是numpy要比Python计算高出不知道多少倍

pythonSum elapsed time in microseconds 1000
numpySum elapsed time in microseconds 0
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