.NET 自带的压缩和解压

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System.IO.Compression命名空间包含如下的基本的文件和流压缩和解压缩服务的类型, 还可以使用这些类型来读取和修改压缩文件的内容,主要有以下类:
ZipFile

ZipArchive

ZipArchiveEntry

DeflateStream

GZipStream

1.使用 ZipFile 类创建和提取有一个 .zip 文件扩展名的压缩文件:必须引用System.IO.Compression.FileSystem 程序集。

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.IO.Compression;

namespace ConsoleApplication
{
    class Program
    {
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            string startPath = @"c:\example\start";
            string zipPath = @"c:\example\result.zip";
            string extractPath = @"c:\example\extract";

            ZipFile.CreateFromDirectory(startPath, zipPath);

            ZipFile.ExtractToDirectory(zipPath, extractPath);
        }
    }
}

2.通过现存的.zip文件的内容重复存档并提取有一个 .txt 扩展名的文件。 它使用 ZipArchive 类访问现有的 .zip 文件与 ZipArchiveEntry 类来检查压缩文件的各个项,必须引用项目的System.IO.Compression.FileSystem 程序集。

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.IO.Compression;

namespace ConsoleApplication1
{
    class Program
    {
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            string zipPath = @"c:\example\start.zip";
            string extractPath = @"c:\example\extract";

            using (ZipArchive archive = ZipFile.OpenRead(zipPath))
            {
                foreach (ZipArchiveEntry entry in archive.Entries)
                {
                    if (entry.FullName.EndsWith(".txt", StringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase))
                    {
                        entry.ExtractToFile(Path.Combine(extractPath, entry.FullName));
                    }
                }
            } 
        }
    }
}
3.使用 ZipArchive 类访问现有的 .zip 文件,然后添加新文件到压缩文件。 当添加到现有的 .zip 文件时,新文件获取压缩。

namespace ConsoleApplication
{
    class Program
    {
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            using (FileStream zipToOpen = new FileStream(@"c:\users\exampleuser\release.zip", FileMode.Open))
            {
                using (ZipArchive archive = new ZipArchive(zipToOpen, ZipArchiveMode.Update))
                {
                    ZipArchiveEntry readmeEntry = archive.CreateEntry("Readme.txt");
                    using (StreamWriter writer = new StreamWriter(readmeEntry.Open()))
                    {
                            writer.WriteLine("Information about this package.");
                            writer.WriteLine("========================");
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }
}
4.使用 GZipStream 和 DeflateStream 类压缩和解压缩数据。 它们使用相同的压缩算法。 写入文件扩展名为 .gz 的压缩GZipStream 对象可以通过使用许多常用工具,除了 GZipStream提供的方法之外,被解压
  public class Program
    {
        private static string directoryPath = @"c:\temp";
        public static void Main()
        {
            DirectoryInfo directorySelected = new DirectoryInfo(directoryPath);
            Compress(directorySelected);

            foreach (FileInfo fileToDecompress in directorySelected.GetFiles("*.gz"))
            {
                Decompress(fileToDecompress);
            }
        }

        public static void Compress(DirectoryInfo directorySelected)
        {
            foreach (FileInfo fileToCompress in directorySelected.GetFiles())
            {
                using (FileStream originalFileStream = fileToCompress.OpenRead())
                {
                    if ((File.GetAttributes(fileToCompress.FullName) & 
                       FileAttributes.Hidden) != FileAttributes.Hidden & fileToCompress.Extension != ".gz")
                    {
                        using (FileStream compressedFileStream = File.Create(fileToCompress.FullName + ".gz"))
                        {
                            using (GZipStream compressionStream = new GZipStream(compressedFileStream, 
                               CompressionMode.Compress))
                            {
                                originalFileStream.CopyTo(compressionStream);

                            }
                        }
                        FileInfo info = new FileInfo(directoryPath + "\\" + fileToCompress.Name + ".gz");
                        Console.WriteLine("Compressed {0} from {1} to {2} bytes.",
                        fileToCompress.Name, fileToCompress.Length.ToString(), info.Length.ToString());
                    }

                }
            }
        }

        public static void Decompress(FileInfo fileToDecompress)
        {
            using (FileStream originalFileStream = fileToDecompress.OpenRead())
            {
                string currentFileName = fileToDecompress.FullName;
                string newFileName = currentFileName.Remove(currentFileName.Length - fileToDecompress.Extension.Length);

                using (FileStream decompressedFileStream = File.Create(newFileName))
                {
                    using (GZipStream decompressionStream = new GZipStream(originalFileStream, CompressionMode.Decompress))
                    {
                        decompressionStream.CopyTo(decompressedFileStream);
                        Console.WriteLine("Decompressed: {0}", fileToDecompress.Name);
                    }
                }
            }
        }

http://blog.csdn.net/allsharps/article/details/7357328

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