struts2中jsp页面传值到action方式总结

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jsp页面跟通常的html传值一样 通常有两种方式

1.form表单传值

2.url方式传值

通常后台接受前端传值 都是用的 request.getParameter("username")

但是在struts框架下 可以用set方法让action自动接收 也更方便

所以 action接收值也有两种方式

1.request.getParameter("username")

2.set 



下面记录多种组合方式,大家可以根据相应的情况选择使用:

方式一 jsp中form传值username,password, action中set方法接收

<%@taglib prefix="s" uri="/struts-tags" %>
<form action="getIp/login" method="post" name="form1">
		用户名:
		<s:textfield name="username" />
		<br /> 
		密 码:
		<s:password name="password" />
		<br />
		<s:submit value="提交" />
	</form>



login.jsp

<%@ page language="java" import="java.util.*" pageEncoding="utf-8"%>
<%
	String path = request.getContextPath();
	String basePath = request.getScheme() + "://"
			+ request.getServerName() + ":" + request.getServerPort()
			+ path + "/";
%>
<%@taglib prefix="s" uri="/struts-tags" %>
<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN">
<html>
<head>
<base href="<%=basePath%>">

<title>login page</title>

</head>
<body>
	<form action="getIp/login" method="post" name="form1">
		用户名:
		<s:textfield name="username" />
		<br /> 
		密 码:
		<s:password name="password" />
		<br />
		<s:submit value="提交" />
	</form>
</body>
</html>

loginAction.java

package action;

import com.opensymphony.xwork2.ActionSupport;

public class loginAction extends ActionSupport {
	/**
	 * 登录
	 */
	private static final long serialVersionUID = -6797327769546503535L;
	private String username;
	private String password;

	public String getUsername() {
		return username;
	}

	public void setUsername(String username) {
		this.username = username;
	}

	public String getPassword() {
		return password;
	}

	public void setPassword(String password) {
		this.password = password;
	}

	public String execute() {
		System.out.println("username:" + username);
		System.out.println("password:" + password);
		return SUCCESS;
	}

}


spring文件
action.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>  
<!-- 指定Spring配置文件的Schema信息 -->  
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"  
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop"  
    xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p" xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx"  
    xmlns:mongo="http://www.springframework.org/schema/data/mongo"  
    xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"  
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans  
    http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.1.xsd  
    http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx  
    http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx-3.0.xsd  
    http://www.springframework.org/schema/context  
    http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.1.xsd  
    http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop  
    http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop-3.1.xsd">  
  
   <!--  <bean id="testAction" class="action.TestAction">
    </bean>   -->
   <bean id="login" class="action.loginAction">
    </bean>
</beans>  

struts文件

action.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE struts PUBLIC
	"-//Apache Software Foundation//DTD Struts Configuration 2.1.7//EN"
	"http://struts.apache.org/dtds/struts-2.1.7.dtd">
<struts>
	<package name="getIp" extends="json-default" namespace="/getIp">
	<!-- 	<action name="testJson" class="testAction">
			<result type="json"></result>
		</action>		
		<action name="testJsp"  class="testAction">
			<result name="success">/index.jsp</result>
		</action>	 -->
		<action name="login"  class="login">
			<result type="json"></result>
		</action>	
	</package>
	
	
</struts>
结果

成功传值






方式二 jsp中a标签url传值username,password, action中set方法接收

<a href="getIp/login?username=123&password=123">点击传值</a>

其它部分与方式一一样 

完整jsp页面代码

<%@ page language="java" import="java.util.*" pageEncoding="utf-8"%>
<%
	String path = request.getContextPath();
	String basePath = request.getScheme() + "://"
			+ request.getServerName() + ":" + request.getServerPort()
			+ path + "/";
%>
<%@taglib prefix="s" uri="/struts-tags" %>
<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN">
<html>
<head>
<base href="<%=basePath%>">

<title>login page</title>

</head>
<body>
	<form action="getIp/login" method="post" name="form1">
		用户名:
		<s:textfield name="username" />
		<br /> 
		密 码:
		<s:password name="password" />
		<br />
		<s:submit value="提交" />
	</form>
	<a href="getIp/login?username=123&password=123">点击传值</a>
</body>
</html>


方式三  jsp中js的ajax或者jquery用url传值username,password, action中set方法接收

添加jquery框架


<script type="text/javascript" src="js/jquery-1.10.2.min.js"></script>
	<script>
$(function() {
<span style="white-space:pre">	</span>bindLogin();
});
function bindLogin() {
<span style="white-space:pre">	</span>$("#btnSubmit").bind("click",
<span style="white-space:pre">	</span>function() {<span style="white-space:pre">		</span>
<span style="white-space:pre">		</span>var txtUserName = $("#username3").val();
<span style="white-space:pre">		</span>var txtPwd = $("#password3").val();
<span style="white-space:pre">		</span>if (! (txtUserName && txtPwd)) {
<span style="white-space:pre">			</span>alert("请输入帐号和密码;");
<span style="white-space:pre">			</span>return;
<span style="white-space:pre">		</span>}
<span style="white-space:pre">		</span>$.getJSON("<%=basePath%>getIp/login?username=" + txtUserName + "&password=" + txtPwd,
<span style="white-space:pre">		</span>function(data) {<span style="white-space:pre">	</span>
<span style="white-space:pre">		</span>alert(data);<span style="white-space:pre">	</span>
<span style="white-space:pre">			</span>if (data.aaa == "fail") {
<span style="white-space:pre">				</span>alert("很抱歉,用户名不存在或者密码错误。---请确认密码");
<span style="white-space:pre">			</span>}else {
<span style="white-space:pre">				</span>window.location.href = "<%=basePath%>index.jsp";
<span style="white-space:pre">				</span>sessionValuesTemp = data.userId;
<span style="white-space:pre">			</span>} 
<span style="white-space:pre">		</span>});
<span style="white-space:pre">	</span>});


}
<span style="white-space:pre">	</span></script>
<div class="login_box_wrapper">
<span style="white-space:pre">		</span><div class="login_box">
<span style="white-space:pre">			</span><ul>
<span style="white-space:pre">			</span><li class="devideLine"><span>用户名</span><input type="text" class="userName" id="username3" /></li>
<span style="white-space:pre">			</span><li><span>密码</span><input type="password" class="passWord" id="password3" /></li>
<span style="white-space:pre">			</span></ul>
<span style="white-space:pre">			</span><button type="button"  id="btnSubmit">方式三提交</button>
<span style="white-space:pre">		</span></div>
<span style="white-space:pre">	</span></div>

其它部分与方式一一样 

完整jsp页面代码

<%@ page language="java" import="java.util.*" pageEncoding="utf-8"%>
<%
	String path = request.getContextPath();
	String basePath = request.getScheme() + "://"
			+ request.getServerName() + ":" + request.getServerPort()
			+ path + "/";
%>
<%@taglib prefix="s" uri="/struts-tags" %>
<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN">
<html>
<head>

<base href="<%=basePath%>">

<title>login page</title>
<script type="text/javascript" src="js/jquery-1.10.2.min.js"></script>

	<script>
$(function() {
	bindLogin();
});
function bindLogin() {
	$("#btnSubmit").bind("click",
	function() {		
		var txtUserName = $("#username3").val();
		var txtPwd = $("#password3").val();
		if (! (txtUserName && txtPwd)) {
			alert("请输入帐号和密码;");
			return;
		}
		$.getJSON("<%=basePath%>getIp/login?username=" + txtUserName + "&password=" + txtPwd,
		function(data) {	
		alert(data);	
			if (data.aaa == "fail") {
				alert("很抱歉,用户名不存在或者密码错误。---请确认密码");
			}else {
				window.location.href = "<%=basePath%>index.jsp";
				sessionValuesTemp = data.userId;
			} 
		});
	});

}
	</script>
</head>
<body>
	<form action="getIp/login" method="post" name="form1">
		用户名:
		<s:textfield name="username" />
		<br /> 
		密 码:
		<s:password name="password" />
		<br />
		<s:submit value="提交" />
	</form>
	<a href="getIp/login?username=123&password=123">点击传值</a>
	<div class="login_box_wrapper">
		<div class="login_box">
			<ul>
			<li class="devideLine"><span>用户名</span><input type="text" class="userName" id="username3" /></li>
			<li><span>密码</span><input type="password" class="passWord" id="password3" /></li>
			</ul>
			<button type="button"  id="btnSubmit">方式三提交</button>
		</div>
	</div>
</body>
</html>



传值为封装类

例如我们把用户名密码封装成用户 User

User.java

package entity;

public class User {

	private String username;
	private String password;

	public String getUsername() {
		return username;
	}

	public void setUsername(String username) {
		this.username = username;
	}

	public String getPassword() {
		return password;
	}

	public void setPassword(String password) {
		this.password = password;
	}

}


方式一

LoginAction.java中 

public class loginAction extends ActionSupport{
private User user; 
public  User getUser()
{ return user; } 
public void setUser(User user)
{ this.user=user; } }
jsp页面中

<form action="login" method="post"name="form1"> 
用户名:<s:textfield name="user.username"/><br/>
密 码:<s:password  name="user.password"/><br/>
<s:submit value="提交"/>
</form> 



方式二

Action类必须实现ModelDriven接口,同样把表单传来的数据封装起来,Action类中必须实例化该对象,并且要重写getModel()方法

public class loginAction extends ActionSupport implements ModelDriven<User>{
private User user =new User();
public User getModel(){
 return user;
 }
 }






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