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嵌入式LED驱动程序

标签: 嵌入式led驱动
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<span style="font-size:18px;">#include <linux/config.h>//配置头文件
#include <linux/kernel.h>//内核头文件
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/timer.h>//时钟头文件
#include <linux/init.h>//用户定义模块初始函数名需引用的头文件
#include <linux/module.h>//模块加载的头文件
#include <asm/hardware.h>

// GPIO_LED DEVICE MAJOR
#define GPIO_LED_MAJOR	97 //定义设备号

// define LED
#define LED1	(GPF4)  //声明四个LED灯的I/O端口
#define LED2	(GPF5)
#define LED3	(GPF6)
#define LED4	(GPF7)

//define LED STATUS 
#define LED_ON  0 //定义LED灯的状态
#define LED_OFF 1

// define cmd
#define ctl_GPIO_LED1 1

struct file_operations GPIO_LED_ctl_ops ={

	open:		GPIO_LED_open,
	read:		GPIO_LED_read,
	write:		GPIO_LED_write,
	ioctl:		GPIO_LED_ioctl,
	release:	GPIO_LED_release,
};

// ------------------- READ ------------------------
ssize_t GPIO_LED_read (struct file * file ,char * buf, size_t count, loff_t * f_ops)
{
	return count;
}	

// ------------------- WRITE -----------------------
ssize_t GPIO_LED_write (struct file * file ,const char * buf, size_t count, loff_t * f_ops)
{
	return count;
}	

// ------------------- IOCTL -----------------------
ssize_t GPIO_LED_ioctl (struct inode * inode ,struct file * file, unsigned int cmd, long data)
{
	switch (cmd)
    {
		case LED_ON : { GPFDAT &=0x0f; break;}
		case LED_OFF: { GPFDAT |=0xf0; break;}
        default :
                {printk ("lcd control : no cmd run  [ --kernel-- ]\n"); return (-EINVAL);}
    }
	return 0;
	
}

// ------------------- OPEN ------------------------
ssize_t GPIO_LED_open (struct inode * inode ,struct file * file)
{
	MOD_INC_USE_COUNT;
	
	return 0;
}	

// ------------------- RELEASE/CLOSE ---------------
ssize_t GPIO_LED_release (struct inode  * inode ,struct file * file)
{
	MOD_DEC_USE_COUNT;

	return 0;
}
// -------------------------------------------------

// ------------------- INIT ------------------------
static int GPIO_LED_CTL_init(void)
{
    int ret = -ENODEV;
	

	printk("--------------------------------------------\n\n");
	// init GPIO
	//=== PORT F GROUP
    //Ports  : GPF7   GPF6   GPF5   GPF4      GPF3     GPF2  GPF1   GPF0
    //Signal : nLED_8 nLED_4 nLED_2 nLED_1 nIRQ_PCMCIA EINT2 KBDINT EINT0
    //Setting: Output Output Output Output    EINT3    EINT2 EINT1  EINT0
    //Binary :  01      01 ,  01     01  ,     10       10  , 10     10
    GPFCON = 0x55aa; // 设置端口为I/O输出模式
    GPFUP  = 0xff;     // 关闭上拉功能
	GPFDAT =0xf0;//初始值为高电平熄灭LED灯

	ret = devfs_register_chrdev(GPIO_LED_MAJOR, "gpio_led_ctl", &GPIO_LED_ctl_ops);

	if( ret < 0 )
	{
		printk (" S3C2410: init_module failed with %d\n", ret);	
		return ret;
	}
	else
	{
		printk("S3C2410 gpio_led_driver register success!!! \n");
	}


	return ret;
}


static int __init S3C2410_GPIO_LED_CTL_init(void) 
{
    int  ret = -ENODEV;
     	
    ret = GPIO_LED_CTL_init();
    if (ret)
      return ret;
    return 0;
}

static void __exit cleanup_GPIO_LED_ctl(void)
{
	devfs_unregister_chrdev (GPIO_LED_MAJOR, "gpio_led_ctl" );
	
}
module_init(S3C2410_GPIO_LED_CTL_init);
module_exit(cleanup_GPIO_LED_ctl);</span>


在GPIO_LED_CTL_init()函数里初始化对应IO口的寄存器:




在GPIO_LED_ioctl ()函数中根据传入的cmd设置相应的寄存器控制IO口输出。

测试程序如下:

#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdlib.h>

#include <fcntl.h>      // open() close()
#include <unistd.h>     // read() write()

#define DEVICE_NAME "/dev/gpio_led_ctl"

//define LED STATUS
#define LED_ON  0
#define LED_OFF 1


//------------------------------------- main ---------------------------------------------
int main(void)
{
        int fd;
	int ret;
	char *i;

        printf("\nstart gpio_led_driver test\n\n");

        fd = open(DEVICE_NAME, O_RDWR);
	
	printf("fd = %d\n",fd);
	

        if (fd == -1)
        {
                printf("open device %s error\n",DEVICE_NAME);
        }
        else
        {
		while(1)
		{	ioctl(fd,LED_OFF);
			sleep(1);//等待1秒再做下一步操作
			ioctl(fd,LED_ON);
			sleep(1);

		}
	        // close 
		ret = close(fd);
		printf ("ret=%d\n",ret);
		printf ("close gpio_led_driver test\n");
        }

        return 0;
}// end main



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