74 Search a 2D Matrix

题目链接:https://leetcode.com/problems/search-a-2d-matrix/

题目:

Write an efficient algorithm that searches for a value in an m x n matrix. This matrix has the following properties:

Integers in each row are sorted from left to right.
The first integer of each row is greater than the last integer of the previous row.
For example,

Consider the following matrix:

[
  [1,   3,  5,  7],
  [10, 11, 16, 20],
  [23, 30, 34, 50]
]
Given target = 3, return true.

解题思路:
题目给定的数组不论是行还是列都是有序的,有序数组的查找自然要想到二分查找
先按行(对第一列)进行二分查找,找到某一行。
再按列(对上述行)进行第二次二分查找。

代码实现:

public class Solution {
    public boolean searchMatrix(int[][] matrix, int target) {
        if(matrix == null || matrix.length == 0)
            return false;
        int high = matrix.length - 1;
        int low = 0;
        int mid = 0;
        while(low <= high) {
            mid = (low + high) / 2;
            if(matrix[mid][0] == target)
                return true;
            else if(matrix[mid][0] > target)
                high = mid - 1;
            else
                low = mid + 1;
        }
        int row = mid;
        if(matrix[mid][0] > target) {
            if(mid > 0)
                row = mid - 1;
            else
                return false;
        }
        low = 1;
        high = matrix[0].length - 1;
        while(low <= high) {
            mid = (low + high) / 2;
            if(matrix[row][mid] == target)
                return true;
            else if(matrix[row][mid] > target)
                high = mid - 1;
            else
                low = mid + 1;
        }
        return false;
    }
}
134 / 134 test cases passed.
Status: Accepted
Runtime: 1 ms
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版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/ChilseaSai/article/details/49338495
个人分类: LeetCode
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