数据结构探险——数组和广义表

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/DanielDingshengli/article/details/81158918

1.

//稀疏矩阵三元组顺序表示
#include <iostream>
using namespace std;

#define capacity 1024 
typedef int Datatype;//矩阵中的元素类型
struct TriType
{
    int row,col;
    Datatype value;
};

class TriArray
{
public:
    TriArray(Datatype *arr,int r,int c);
    virtual ~TriArray();
    bool GetValue(Datatype &element,int r,int c)const;
    void Assign(Datatype element,int r,int c);
private:
    TriType *m_pTriArray;
    int rows;
    int cols;
    int m_isize;
};


TriArray::TriArray(Datatype *arr,int r,int c)
{
    rows = r;
    cols = c;
    m_pTriArray = new TriType[capacity];
    m_isize = 0;
    for (int i = 0; i < r; ++i)
    {
        for (int j = 0; j < c; ++j)
        {
            if(*(arr+i*c+j) != 0)
            {
                m_pTriArray->row = i +1;
                m_pTriArray->col = j +1;
                m_pTriArray->value = *(arr+i*c+j);
                m_isize ++;
            }
        }
    }

}

TriArray::~TriArray()
{
    delete []m_pTriArray;
    m_pTriArray = NULL;
}

bool TriArray::GetValue(Datatype &element,int r,int c)const
{
    if (r <= 0 || c <= 0 || r > rows || c > cols)
    {
        cout << "parament error !" << endl;
        return false;
    }
    int i = 0;
    while(i < m_isize)
    {
        if(m_pTriArray[i].row == r && m_pTriArray[i].col == c)
        {
            element = m_pTriArray[i].value;
            return true;;
        i ++;
    }
    return false;
}

void TriArray::Assign(Datatype element,int r,int c)
{
    if (r <= 0 || c <= 0 || r > rows || c > cols) cout << "parament error !" << endl;
    while(i < rows && r > m_pTriArray[i].row ) i ++;
    while(i < cols && c > m_pTriArray[i].col ) i ++;
    if(m_pTriArray[i].row == r && m_pTriArray[i].col == c)
    {
        m_pTriArray[i].value = element;
    }
    else
    {
        for (int j = m_isize - 1; j >= i; ++i)
        {
            m_pTriArray[j+1].row = m_pTriArray[j].row;
            m_pTriArray[j+1].col = m_pTriArray[j].col;
            m_pTriArray[j+1].value = m_pTriArray[j].value;
        }
        m_pTriArray[i].row = r;
        m_pTriArray[i].col = c;
        m_pTriArray[i].value = element;
        m_isize ++;
    }       
}

int FastTransMatrix(TriArray TA,TriArray *TB)
{
    TB->rows = TA.cols;
    TB->cols = TA.rows;
    TB->m_isize = TA.m_isize;
    int pos[TA.cows] = { 0 },num[TA.cows] = { 0 };
    if (TA.m_isize == 0) cout << "Matrix is Empty!" << endl;
    for (int i = 0; i < TA.m_isize; ++i) ++ num[TA.m_pTriArray[i].col] ;
    pos[1] = 1;
    for (int j = 2;j <= TA.cols; ++j) num[j] = pos[j - 1] + num[j - 1];
    for(int i = 0;i < TA.m_isize;i ++)
    {
        j = TA.m_pTriArray[i].col;
        k = pos[j];
        TB->m_pTriArray[k -1].row = TA.m_pTriArray[i].row;
        TB->m_pTriArray[k -1].col = TA.m_pTriArray[i].col;
        TB->m_pTriArray[k -1].value = TA.m_pTriArray[i].value;
        pos[j] ++;
    }

矩阵转置的快速算法:
这里写图片描述

2.十字链表

//十字链表
#include <stdio.h>

typedef int DataType;
typedef struct Node
{
    int row,col;
    DataType value;
    struct Node *down,*right;
} CNode,*PNode;

typedef struct
{
    PNode *m_prow;
    PNode *m_pcol;
    int rows,cols,nums;
}*CrossLink;

int InitCrossLink(CrossLink *CL,DataType *array,int r,int c)
{
    (*CL) = (CrossLink)malloc(sizeof(CrossLink));
    if((*CL) == NULL) {printf("Error!");return -1;}
    (*CL)->rows = r;
    (*CL)->cols = c;
    (*CL)->nums = 0;
    (*CL)->m_prow = (PNode *)malloc(r*sizeof(PNode));
    if((*CL)->m_prow == NULL) {printf("Error!");return -1;}
    for (int i = 0; i < r; ++i) (*CL)->m_prow[i] = NULL;
    (*CL)->m_pcol = (PNode *)malloc(c*sizeof(PNode));
    if((*CL)->m_pcol == NULL) {printf("Error!");return -1;}
    for (int i = 0; i < c; ++i) (*CL)->m_pcol[i] = NULL;
    PNode p,q;
    for (int j = 0; j < r; ++j)
        for (int j = 0; j < c; ++j)
        {
            if(*(array+i*r+j) != 0)
            {
                p = (PNode)malloc(sizeof(CNode));
                p->row = i + 1;
                p->col = j + 1;
                p->value = *(array+i*r+j);
                p->down = NULL;
                P->right = NULL;
                (*Cl)->nums ++;
                if((*CL)->m_prow[i]!=NULL)
                {
                    q = (*CL)->m_prow[i];
                    while(q->right != NULL && q->col < j + 1)
                        q = q->right;
                    p -> right = q ->right;
                    q -> right = p;
                }
                else (*CL)->m_prow[i] = p;
                if((*CL)->m_pcol[j]!= NULL)
                {
                    q = (*CL)->m_pcol[j];
                    while(q->down != NULL && q->row < i + 1)
                        q = q->down;
                    p->down = q->down;
                    q->down = p;
                }
                else (*CL)->m_pcol[j]=p;
            }
        }
    return 1;
}
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