Flume NG源码分析(六)应用程序使用的RpcClient设计

上一篇Flume NG源码分析(五)使用ThriftSource通过RPC方式收集日志 介绍了ThriftSource利用Thrfit服务ThriftSourceProtocol来收集日志。这篇说说flume-ng-sdk中提供给应用层序使用的RpcClient的设计和实现。继续使用ThriftRpcClient来作例子。


先看看ThriftSourceProtocol提供的原生的客户端,它是Thrfit通过flume.thrift文件定义的Thrfit服务默认生成。这个原生的Client提供了网络传输和协议编解码等RPC客户端的基本功能。关于Thrift客户端可以参考这篇Thrift源码分析(三)-- IDL和生成代码分析

public static class Client extends org.apache.thrift.TServiceClient implements Iface {
    public static class Factory implements org.apache.thrift.TServiceClientFactory<Client> {
      public Factory() {}
      public Client getClient(org.apache.thrift.protocol.TProtocol prot) {
        return new Client(prot);
      }
      public Client getClient(org.apache.thrift.protocol.TProtocol iprot, org.apache.thrift.protocol.TProtocol oprot) {
        return new Client(iprot, oprot);
      }
    }

    public Client(org.apache.thrift.protocol.TProtocol prot)
    {
      super(prot, prot);
    }

    public Client(org.apache.thrift.protocol.TProtocol iprot, org.apache.thrift.protocol.TProtocol oprot) {
      super(iprot, oprot);
    }

    public Status append(ThriftFlumeEvent event) throws org.apache.thrift.TException
    {
      send_append(event);
      return recv_append();
    }

    public void send_append(ThriftFlumeEvent event) throws org.apache.thrift.TException
    {
      append_args args = new append_args();
      args.setEvent(event);
      sendBase("append", args);
    }

    public Status recv_append() throws org.apache.thrift.TException
    {
      append_result result = new append_result();
      receiveBase(result, "append");
      if (result.isSetSuccess()) {
        return result.success;
      }
      throw new org.apache.thrift.TApplicationException(org.apache.thrift.TApplicationException.MISSING_RESULT, "append failed: unknown result");
    }

    public Status appendBatch(List<ThriftFlumeEvent> events) throws org.apache.thrift.TException
    {
      send_appendBatch(events);
      return recv_appendBatch();
    }

    public void send_appendBatch(List<ThriftFlumeEvent> events) throws org.apache.thrift.TException
    {
      appendBatch_args args = new appendBatch_args();
      args.setEvents(events);
      sendBase("appendBatch", args);
    }

    public Status recv_appendBatch() throws org.apache.thrift.TException
    {
      appendBatch_result result = new appendBatch_result();
      receiveBase(result, "appendBatch");
      if (result.isSetSuccess()) {
        return result.success;
      }
      throw new org.apache.thrift.TApplicationException(org.apache.thrift.TApplicationException.MISSING_RESULT, "appendBatch failed: unknown result");
    }

  }

来看看Flume NG是如何封装Thrift客户端的。Flume NG支持Avro,Thrfit等多种RPC实现,它的RpcClient层次结构如下



RpcClient接口定义了给应用程序使用的RPC客户端的基本功能

public interface RpcClient {


  public int getBatchSize();

  
  public void append(Event event) throws EventDeliveryException;

  
  public void appendBatch(List<Event> events) throws
      EventDeliveryException;

  public boolean isActive();

  
  public void close() throws FlumeException;

}

AbstractRpcClient抽象类实现了RPCClient接口,提供了getBatchSize的默认实现,并增加了configure接口来支持配置

public abstract class AbstractRpcClient implements RpcClient {

  protected int batchSize =
      RpcClientConfigurationConstants.DEFAULT_BATCH_SIZE;
  protected long connectTimeout =
      RpcClientConfigurationConstants.DEFAULT_CONNECT_TIMEOUT_MILLIS;
  protected long requestTimeout =
      RpcClientConfigurationConstants.DEFAULT_REQUEST_TIMEOUT_MILLIS;

  @Override
  public int getBatchSize(){
    return batchSize;
  }
  @Override
  public abstract void append(Event event) throws EventDeliveryException;

  @Override
  public abstract void appendBatch(List<Event> events)
      throws EventDeliveryException;

  @Override
  public abstract boolean isActive();

  @Override
  public abstract void close() throws FlumeException;

  protected abstract void configure(Properties properties)
      throws FlumeException;

}

对于一个设计良好的服务框架的客户端来说,有几个基本的特性

1. 服务寻址

2. 连接池管理

3. 客户端实现RPC调用的负载均衡

4. 缓存

5. 容灾处理,失效转移


我们来看看Flume NG是如何设计它的服务客户端的。基本的组件如下:



服务寻址

Flume NG的RPC客户端的服务寻址实现比较简单,只是在Properties配置文件里设置Thrift服务器的IP和端口,然后用这个值来创建TSocket。这里是一个可以扩展点,使服务寻址的能力更强,更灵活

      HostInfo host = HostInfo.getHostInfoList(properties).get(0);
      hostname = host.getHostName();
      port = host.getPortNumber();

// ClientWrapper
      public ClientWrapper() throws Exception{
      // 使用hostname, port来构建TSocket
      transport = new TFastFramedTransport(new TSocket(hostname, port));
      transport.open();
      client = new ThriftSourceProtocol.Client(new TCompactProtocol
        (transport));
      // Not a great hash code, but since this class is immutable and there
      // is at most one instance of the components of this class,
      // this works fine [If the objects are equal, hash code is the same]
      hashCode = random.nextInt();
    }


连接池管理

首先是使用ClientWrapper类来封装Thrift生成的原生的Client,可以通过Properties配置来设置Client的值,设置socket连接和protocol编解码协议

private class ClientWrapper {
    public final ThriftSourceProtocol.Client client;
    public final TFastFramedTransport transport;
    private final int hashCode;

    public ClientWrapper() throws Exception{
      transport = new TFastFramedTransport(new TSocket(hostname, port));
      transport.open();
      client = new ThriftSourceProtocol.Client(new TCompactProtocol
        (transport));
      // Not a great hash code, but since this class is immutable and there
      // is at most one instance of the components of this class,
      // this works fine [If the objects are equal, hash code is the same]
      hashCode = random.nextInt();
    }
} 

ConnectionPoolManager实现了一个简单的连接池管理类,提供了checkOut和checkIn两个方法来借出和归还连接对象ClientWrapper。使用ReentrantLock和它的条件队列Condition来实现管程的功能,自管理同步操作。当availableClients为空,并且已经达到连接池的最大值时,checkOut操作会阻塞。当checkIn归还连接对象时,唤醒在checkOut上阻塞的线程。

 private class ConnectionPoolManager {
    private final Queue<ClientWrapper> availableClients;
    private final Set<ClientWrapper> checkedOutClients;
    private final int maxPoolSize;
    private int currentPoolSize;
    private final Lock poolLock;
    private final Condition availableClientsCondition;

    public ConnectionPoolManager(int poolSize) {
      this.maxPoolSize = poolSize;
      availableClients = new LinkedList<ClientWrapper>();
      checkedOutClients = new HashSet<ClientWrapper>();
      poolLock = new ReentrantLock();
      availableClientsCondition = poolLock.newCondition();
      currentPoolSize = 0;
    }

    public ClientWrapper checkout() throws Exception {

      ClientWrapper ret = null;
      poolLock.lock();
      try {
        if (availableClients.isEmpty() && currentPoolSize < maxPoolSize) {
          ret = new ClientWrapper();
          currentPoolSize++;
          checkedOutClients.add(ret);
          return ret;
        }
        while (availableClients.isEmpty()) {
          availableClientsCondition.await();
        }
        ret = availableClients.poll();
        checkedOutClients.add(ret);
      } finally {
        poolLock.unlock();
      }
      return ret;
    }

    public void checkIn(ClientWrapper client) {
      poolLock.lock();
      try {
        availableClients.add(client);
        checkedOutClients.remove(client);
        availableClientsCondition.signal();
      } finally {
        poolLock.unlock();
      }
    }

    public void destroy(ClientWrapper client) {
      poolLock.lock();
      try {
        checkedOutClients.remove(client);
        currentPoolSize--;
      } finally {
        poolLock.unlock();
      }
      client.transport.close();
    }

    public void closeAll() {
      poolLock.lock();
      try {
        for (ClientWrapper c : availableClients) {
          c.transport.close();
          currentPoolSize--;
        }
      /*
       * Be cruel and close even the checked out clients. The threads writing
       * using these will now get an exception.
       */
        for (ClientWrapper c : checkedOutClients) {
          c.transport.close();
          currentPoolSize--;
        }
      } finally {
        poolLock.unlock();
      }
    }
  }
}

客户端负载均衡

LoadBalancingRpcClient继承了AbstractRpcClient类,提供了RPC客户端的负载均衡。这是一个装饰器模式的实现。

HostSelector接口定义了负载均衡的接口,它是对HostInfo进行负载均衡,再由HostInfo找到对应的RpcClient对象。

public interface HostSelector {

    void setHosts(List<HostInfo> hosts);

    Iterator<HostInfo> createHostIterator();

    void informFailure(HostInfo failedHost);
  }

HostSelector有两个默认的实现

RoundRobinHostSelector是轮询方式的负载均衡实现

RandomOrderHostSelector是随机方式的负载均衡实现


看下RoundRobinHostSelector的实现,它的逻辑主要在OrderSelector这个类中实现

 private static class RoundRobinHostSelector implements HostSelector {

    private OrderSelector<HostInfo> selector;

    RoundRobinHostSelector(boolean backoff, long maxBackoff){
      selector = new RoundRobinOrderSelector<HostInfo>(backoff);
      if(maxBackoff != 0){
        selector.setMaxTimeOut(maxBackoff);
      }
    }
    @Override
    public synchronized Iterator<HostInfo> createHostIterator() {
      return selector.createIterator();
    }

    @Override
    public synchronized void setHosts(List<HostInfo> hosts) {
      selector.setObjects(hosts);
    }

    public synchronized void informFailure(HostInfo failedHost){
      selector.informFailure(failedHost);
    }
  }

OrderSelector是一个支持回退backoff算法的顺序选择容器,它的类层次结构如下


父类OrderSelector是抽象类,定义了回退算法,子类RoundRobinOrderSelector和RandomOrderSelector实现了创建迭代器的算法。

RoundRobinOrderSelector的代码如下

1. getIndexList()返回状态正常的对象列表

2. nextHead索引指向当前位置,作为轮询的起点

public class RoundRobinOrderSelector<T> extends OrderSelector<T> {

  private int nextHead = 0;

  public RoundRobinOrderSelector(boolean shouldBackOff) {
    super(shouldBackOff);
  }

  @Override
  public Iterator<T> createIterator() {
    List<Integer> activeIndices = getIndexList();
    int size = activeIndices.size();
    // possible that the size has shrunk so gotta adjust nextHead for that
    if (nextHead >= size) {
      nextHead = 0;
    }
    int begin = nextHead++;
    if (nextHead == activeIndices.size()) {
      nextHead = 0;
    }

    int[] indexOrder = new int[size];

    for (int i = 0; i < size; i++) {
      indexOrder[i] = activeIndices.get((begin + i) % size);
    }

    return new SpecificOrderIterator<T>(indexOrder, getObjects());
  }
}

对于LoadBalanceRpcClient来说,它的配置文件里,同一个RPC服务的服务器列表至少有两个服务端信息才能使用负载均衡。在配置文件中还配置了回退算法和负载均衡算法相关的配置

 protected void configure(Properties properties) throws FlumeException {
    clientMap = new HashMap<String, RpcClient>();
    configurationProperties = new Properties();
    configurationProperties.putAll(properties);
    hosts = HostInfo.getHostInfoList(properties);
    if (hosts.size() < 2) {
      throw new FlumeException("At least two hosts are required to use the "
          + "load balancing RPC client.");
    }
     String lbTypeName = properties.getProperty(
        RpcClientConfigurationConstants.CONFIG_HOST_SELECTOR,
        RpcClientConfigurationConstants.HOST_SELECTOR_ROUND_ROBIN);

    boolean backoff = Boolean.valueOf(properties.getProperty(
            RpcClientConfigurationConstants.CONFIG_BACKOFF,
            String.valueOf(false)));

    String maxBackoffStr = properties.getProperty(
        RpcClientConfigurationConstants.CONFIG_MAX_BACKOFF);

    long maxBackoff = 0;
    if(maxBackoffStr != null) {
      maxBackoff     = Long.parseLong(maxBackoffStr);
    }

    if (lbTypeName.equalsIgnoreCase(
        RpcClientConfigurationConstants.HOST_SELECTOR_ROUND_ROBIN)) {
      selector = new RoundRobinHostSelector(backoff, maxBackoff);
    } else if (lbTypeName.equalsIgnoreCase(
        RpcClientConfigurationConstants.HOST_SELECTOR_RANDOM)) {
      selector = new RandomOrderHostSelector(backoff, maxBackoff);
    } else {
      try {
        @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
        Class<? extends HostSelector> klass = (Class<? extends HostSelector>)
            Class.forName(lbTypeName);

        selector = klass.newInstance();
      } catch (Exception ex) {
        throw new FlumeException("Unable to instantiate host selector: "
            + lbTypeName, ex);
      }
    }

    selector.setHosts(hosts);
    isOpen = true;
}


客户端负载均衡的主要组件如下



客户端缓存

客户端缓存比较简单,使用了一个Map结构,保存了HostInfo和对应的RPCClient对象,这样可以复用RPCClient对象,这是一个重对象,包含了一个连接池的实例。

clientMap = new HashMap<String, RpcClient>();


private synchronized RpcClient getClient(HostInfo info)
      throws FlumeException, EventDeliveryException {
    throwIfClosed();
    String name = info.getReferenceName();
    RpcClient client = clientMap.get(name);
    if (client == null) {
      client = createClient(name);
      clientMap.put(name, client);
    } else if (!client.isActive()) {
      try {
        client.close();
      } catch (Exception ex) {
        LOGGER.warn("Failed to close client for " + info, ex);
      }
      client = createClient(name);
      clientMap.put(name, client);
    }

    return client;
  }

客户端容灾处理

FailoverRpcClient类实现了客户端的容灾处理,它也是装饰器模式的实现,基础了AbstractRpcClient,实现了RpcClient接口FailoverRpcClient主要是实现了失效转移,利用重试机制,当一个RpcClient失效,就使用下一个RpcClient重试RPC请求,直到成功,或者全部失败

FailoverRpcClient也维护了一个HostInfo列表,由HostInfo再找到对应的RpcClient。还维护了一个最大的重试次数maxTries

private synchronized void configureHosts(Properties properties)
      throws FlumeException {
    if(isActive){
      logger.error("This client was already configured, " +
          "cannot reconfigure.");
      throw new FlumeException("This client was already configured, " +
          "cannot reconfigure.");
    }
    hosts = HostInfo.getHostInfoList(properties);
    String tries = properties.getProperty(
        RpcClientConfigurationConstants.CONFIG_MAX_ATTEMPTS);
    if (tries == null || tries.isEmpty()){
      maxTries = hosts.size();
    } else {
      try {
        maxTries = Integer.parseInt(tries);
      } catch (NumberFormatException e) {
        maxTries = hosts.size();
      }
    }
......
}

看一下它的append方法,实现了重试机制来做失效转移

public void append(Event event) throws EventDeliveryException {
    //Why a local variable rather than just calling getClient()?
    //If we get an EventDeliveryException, we need to call close on
    //that specific client, getClient in this case, will get us
    //the next client - leaving a resource leak.
    RpcClient localClient = null;
    synchronized (this) {
      if (!isActive) {
        logger.error("Attempting to append to an already closed client.");
        throw new EventDeliveryException(
            "Attempting to append to an already closed client.");
      }
    }
    // Sit in an infinite loop and try to append!
    int tries = 0;
    while (tries < maxTries) {
      try {
        tries++;
        localClient = getClient();
        localClient.append(event);
        return;
      } catch (EventDeliveryException e) {
        // Could not send event through this client, try to pick another client.
        logger.warn("Client failed. Exception follows: ", e);
        localClient.close();
        localClient = null;
      } catch (Exception e2) {
        logger.error("Failed to send event: ", e2);
        throw new EventDeliveryException(
            "Failed to send event. Exception follows: ", e2);
      }
    }
    logger.error("Tried many times, could not send event."
    throw new EventDeliveryException("Failed to send the event!");
  }


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