# 【BZOJ 1679】 [Usaco2005 Jan]Moo Volume 牛的呼声

## 1679: [Usaco2005 Jan]Moo Volume 牛的呼声

Time Limit: 1 Sec   Memory Limit: 64 MB
Submit: 774   Solved: 375
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## Description

Farmer John has received a noise complaint from his neighbor, Farmer Bob, stating that his cows are making too much noise. FJ's N cows (1 <= N <= 10,000) all graze at various locations on a long one-dimensional pasture. The cows are very chatty animals. Every pair of cows simultaneously carries on a conversation (so every cow is simultaneously MOOing at all of the N-1 other cows). When cow i MOOs at cow j, the volume of this MOO must be equal to the distance between i and j, in order for j to be able to hear the MOO at all. Please help FJ compute the total volume of sound being generated by all N*(N-1) simultaneous MOOing sessions.

约翰的邻居鲍勃控告约翰家的牛们太会叫．
约翰的N(1≤N≤10000)只牛在一维的草场上的不同地点吃着草．她们都是些爱说闲话的奶牛，每一只同时与其他N-1只牛聊着天．一个对话的进行，需要两只牛都按照和她们间距离等大的音量吼叫，因此草场上存在着N（N-1）/2个声音．  请计算这些音量的和．

## Input

* Line 1: N * Lines 2..N+1: The location of each cow (in the range 0..1,000,000,000).

第1行输入N，接下来输入N个整数，表示一只牛所在的位置．

## Output

* Line 1: A single integer, the total volume of all the MOOs.

一个整数，表示总音量．

## Sample Input

5
1
5
3
2
4

INPUT DETAILS:

There are five cows at locations 1, 5, 3, 2, and 4.

## Sample Output

40

OUTPUT DETAILS:

Cow at 1 contributes 1+2+3+4=10, cow at 5 contributes 4+3+2+1=10, cow at 3
contributes 2+1+1+2=6, cow at 2 contributes 1+1+2+3=7, and cow at 4
contributes 3+2+1+1=7. The total volume is (10+10+6+7+7) = 40.

## Source

#include <iostream>
#include <algorithm>
#include <cmath>
#include <cstdio>
#include <cstdlib>
#define LL long long
using namespace std;
int n,a[10005];
int main()
{
scanf("%d",&n);
for (int i=1;i<=n;i++)
scanf("%d",&a[i]);
sort(a+1,a+1+n);
LL ans=0LL;
for (int i=2;i<=n;i++)
{
ans=ans+(LL)((LL)a[i]-a[i-1])*((LL)(i-1)*(n+1-i));
}
cout<<ans*2LL<<endl;
return 0;
}