河南专升本公共英语语法考点分析---名词从句

名词从句有四类:宾语从句、主语从句、表语从句、同位语从句。例如:
宾语从句:I don’t know where he will go.
主语从句:Where he will go is unknown.
表语从句:The problem is how we can get so much money.
同位语从句:We all feel sorry about the news that he failed in the game.

名词从句注意点

下面几点是学习名词从句要加以注意的:

1.whether和if都可以引导宾语从句表达“是否”意,(即引导宾语从句时if和whether可以互换)但以下几种名词从句要用whether(不用if)引导:

(1)引导主语从句,且在句首时。例:Whether he has won the tennis is not known.(但It is not known whether/if he has won the tennis).
(2)引导表语从句时。例The problem is whether he can get a job.
(3)引导同位语从句时。例:I have no idea whether he will come.
(4)介词后的whether从句。例:I worry about whether I hurt her feelings.

2.位于句首引导主语从句的that不可忘。

例如:That he got the first place in the competition surprised all of us.

3.在“It is suggested/proposed/ordered/a pity/no wonder/necessary/strange/…+that从句”结构中,that从句谓语有时用(should)do这样的虚拟语气形式。

例如:It is suggested that we(should) improve the relations between us.
It is a pity that one(should) stay in one place all ones life.
It is strange that she should have failed to see her own shortcomings(缺点).

4.在“The reason why…is that…”句式中that不要误为because.

例如:The reason why he didnt go to school yesterday is that he was ill.

5.名词从句中that,what用法比较:

引导名词从句的that是连词,在句中无成份,无意义,而what是连接代词,what=the thing(s) that.
在这里插入图片描述

6.where在名词从句中的使用特点:

where在名词从句中有时可以变为“the place where”,有时可以变为“介词+the place where” 形式。例如:
主从:Where(=The place where)she has gone is still unknown.
宾从:Would you please tell me where(=the place where) Mr Smith lives?
表从:Your dictionary remains where(=in/at the place where)you put.
同位从:Have you any idea where(=of the place where) she is spending her holidays?

7.无论是哪种名词从句都是陈述语序。例如:

I know where he lives./Please tell me what her name is.
当一个特殊疑问句本身就是陈述语序(即“主+谓+(宾)”或“主+系+表”结构),将其变为间接引语(即宾语从句)时,无需改变语序。例如:
Whats the matter with him? → She asked me what was the matter with him.
Who looks after your grandfather? → He asked me who looked after my grandfather.

8.下面几点是学习名词从句要加以注意的:

<1>whether和if都可以引导宾语从句表达"是否"意,(即引导宾语从句时if和
whether可以互换)但以下几种名词从句要用whether(不用if)引导:
(1)引导主语从句,且在句首时。例:Whether he has won the tennis is not known.(但 It is not known whether/ if he has won the tennis.)
(2)引导表语从句时。例:The problem is whether he can get a job.
(3)引导同位语从句时。例:I have no idea whether he will come .
(4)词后的whether从句 。例:I worry about whether I hurt her feelings.
<2>位于句首引导主语从句的that不可忘。
例如:That he got the first place in the competition surprised all of us.
<3>在“It is suggested / proposed /ordered /a pity /no wonder /necessary /
strange / …+that从句”结构中,that从句谓语有时用( should )do这样的
虚拟语气形式。
例如:It is suggested that we (should)improve the relations between us.
It is a pity that one (should )stay in one place all one’s life.
It is strange that she should have failed to see her own shortcomings(缺点).
<4>在“The reason why …is that …”句式中that不要误用because.
例如:The reason why he didn’t go to school yesterday is that he was ill.
<5>名词从句中that, what用法比较:
引导名词从句的that是连词,在句中无成份,无意义,而what是连接代词,what = the thing(s) that.
例如:It was told in yesterday’s newspaper that what the students had done was praised by the factory.

名词从句考点分析

1.They want to know ______ do to help us.
A. what they can B. how they can C. how can they D. what can they
析:此题要选陈述语序项,故应排除C、D。又因how they can do不完整,do后无宾语,故也应排除,只有A项既是陈述语序,且what they can do完整正确地表达出“他们能做些什么”这一意思,故答案为A。
2.His teacher ______ he ______ bright and ______ he was worth teaching.
A.didn’t think;was;that B.thought;was;whether
C.didn’t think;was;× D.thought;wasnt;×
析:观察题目,可知think后跟有and连接的两个并列宾语从句,这时前一个宾语从句的引导语that可以省略,但引导后一宾语从句的that不可省略,据此,可排除C、D两个选项。若选B项,全句意思不通,而选择A项可表达“他的老师认为他不聪明,不值得教”这一意思,且语法结构无误,故可定A是正确答案。
3.______ is done cannot be undone.
A.How B.That C.What D.Where
析:do一般作及物动词使用,从题干看,需选一词作主语(逻辑上是done的宾语)。而A.How,D.Where均是副词,不能作主语,故应排除。B项that一词只能在定语从句中作主语,不能在主语从句中作主语,也应排除。只有选what(=the thing that),才能正确表述“凡是做的不可不做”这一意思。
4.Take care ______ you dont make mistakes in the coming exam.
A.of that B.about that C.for what D.that
析:take care是“注意”、“当心”意,后面可跟that引导的宾语从句来表达“当心不要…”意思,据此,该题应选D。
5.To his surprise,the umbrella was not ______ he had put.
A.which B.where C.the place D.that
析:观察题干,was not后是表语,根据where在表语从句中相当于in/at the place where,将其置于空白处则可表达“伞不在他当初放的地方”这一意思,而C选项缺少词,不可选。A、D项皆不合用。
6.______ we cant get seems better than ______ we have.
A.what;what B.what;that C.that;that D.that;what
析:此题显然是要表达“我们得不到的东西似乎比我们得到的东西好。”这一意思,即“A seems better that B”结构,根据what=the thing(s) that这一特点,将其置于两空白处正好可以表达出前者比后者好这一意思,故答案为A。
7.______ we’ll go camping tomorrow depends on the weather.
A.If B.Whether C.That D.Where
析:此题depends前的主语从句是一个不肯定的内容,在句首表“是否”意时,只能用Whether,不可用If。故答案为B。
8.______ they are most interested in is ______ they can produce more and better cars.
A.That;how B.What;how C.What;what D.That;that
析:is前面是一个主语从句,要表达“他们最感兴趣的(东西)”这一意思,只能选what填入空白;is是表语从句,显然只有选how才能表达“如何生产更多更好的汽车”,故答案为B。
9.He made a suggestion that the English test ______ until next Wednesday.
A.will be put off B.be put off C.will put off D.put off
析:suggestion,order,adivce等词后的同位语从句谓语要用(should)do的形式,且该句中test与put off为被动关系,故选B。
10.I dont think ______ he said something like that is right.
A.that B.what C.whether D.when
析:此句think后是一宾语从句,这个宾语从句的主语在is之前,它是一个被动句。因为he said something like that已经含有主、谓、宾、状等成分,只有选不表意义,不做成分的that才合适,故选A。

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