Mac上安装Mysql配置文件的添加及修改配置文件

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安装

Mysql默认安装在/usr/local目录下,这个目录可以通过command+shift+G进入:
这里写图片描述
进入后选择mysql安装文件夹。

配置文件

Mac上Mysql默认没有配置文件,需要自己添加,可以support-file 文件目录下的my-default.cnf复制一份到桌面上,可以把文件中的内容全部替换为一下内容

# Example MySQL config file for small systems.  
#  
# This is for a system with little memory (<= 64M) where MySQL is only used  
# from time to time and it's important that the mysqld daemon  
# doesn't use much resources.  
#  
# MySQL programs look for option files in a set of  
# locations which depend on the deployment platform.  
# You can copy this option file to one of those  
# locations. For information about these locations, see:  
# http://dev.mysql.com/doc/mysql/en/option-files.html  
#  
# In this file, you can use all long options that a program supports.  
# If you want to know which options a program supports, run the program  
# with the "--help" option.  

# The following options will be passed to all MySQL clients  
[client]  
default-character-set=utf8  
#password   = your_password  
port        = 3306 
socket      = /tmp/mysql.sock  

# Here follows entries for some specific programs  

# The MySQL server   
[mysqld]  
default-storage-engine=INNODB  
character-set-server=utf8  
collation-server=utf8_general_ci  
port        = 3306 
socket      = /tmp/mysql.sock  
skip-external-locking  
key_buffer_size = 16K  
max_allowed_packet = 1M  
table_open_cache = 4 
sort_buffer_size = 64K  
read_buffer_size = 256K  
read_rnd_buffer_size = 256K  
net_buffer_length = 2K  
thread_stack = 128K  

# Don't listen on a TCP/IP port at all. This can be a security enhancement,  
# if all processes that need to connect to mysqld run on the same host.  
# All interaction with mysqld must be made via Unix sockets or named pipes.  
# Note that using this option without enabling named pipes on Windows  
# (using the "enable-named-pipe" option) will render mysqld useless!  
#   
#skip-networking  
server-id   = 1 

# Uncomment the following if you want to log updates  
#log-bin=mysql-bin  

# binary logging format - mixed recommended  
#binlog_format=mixed  

# Causes updates to non-transactional engines using statement format to be  
# written directly to binary log. Before using this option make sure that  
# there are no dependencies between transactional and non-transactional  
# tables such as in the statement INSERT INTO t_myisam SELECT * FROM  
# t_innodb; otherwise, slaves may diverge from the master.  
#binlog_direct_non_transactional_updates=TRUE  

# Uncomment the following if you are using InnoDB tables  
#innodb_data_home_dir = /usr/local/mysql/data  
#innodb_data_file_path = ibdata1:10M:autoextend  
#innodb_log_group_home_dir = /usr/local/mysql/data  
# You can set .._buffer_pool_size up to 50 - 80 %  
# of RAM but beware of setting memory usage too high  
#innodb_buffer_pool_size = 16M  
#innodb_additional_mem_pool_size = 2M  
# Set .._log_file_size to 25 % of buffer pool size  
#innodb_log_file_size = 5M  
#innodb_log_buffer_size = 8M  
#innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit = 1 
#innodb_lock_wait_timeout = 50 

[mysqldump]  
quick  
max_allowed_packet = 16M  

[mysql]  
no-auto-rehash  
# Remove the next comment character if you are not familiar with SQL  
#safe-updates  

[myisamchk]  
key_buffer_size = 8M  
sort_buffer_size = 8M  

[mysqlhotcopy]  
interactive-timeout 

来源:https://www.tuicool.com/articles/QBFZV3R
然后保存,将文件名my-default.cnf 改为my.cnf,然后将其放到etc目录下,关于如何进入etc目录,和前面的方法一样:
这里写图片描述
注意,这个etc目录不是在Mysql安装目录下的,所以在安装目录下找不到!然后重启Mysql即可。

后续配置文件的修改

如果以后还要修改配置文件中的内容怎么办?也是找到etc目录下的my.cnf文件,如果直接打开编辑,会发现没有修改权限。当然,有一种方法是和前面一样,把文件复制到桌面上,修改里面的内容,然后重新替换掉原来etc目录下的文件,还有一种解决方法:通过控制台用vim打开该文件,在控制台输入如下指令:

cd /private/etc
sudo vim my.cnf

然后输入开机密码,即可打开my.cnf :
这里写图片描述
打开后按下键盘I,最下方会出现INSERT 单词,进入编辑模式,代表现在可以修改该文件,只需要修改你想修改的配置即可,注意要在英文输入的状态下按键盘I,修改完成后按下esc,退出编辑模式。然后按下shift+Q,输入wq 保存并退出:
这里写图片描述

常用指令:

:wq   保存后退出vim
:wq!  强制储存后退出
:w    保存但不退出
:w!   若文件属性为只读时,强制写入该档案
:q    退出vi
:q!   若曾修改过档案,又不想储存,使用 ! 为强制离开不储存档案。
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