【C++】使用共享内存实现进程间通信

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// ServerCom.cpp : Defines the entry point for the console application.
//

#include "stdafx.h"

#include <stdio.h>
#include <windows.h>
#pragma endregion
#define MAP_PREFIX          L"Local\\"
#define MAP_NAME            L"SampleMap"
#define FULL_MAP_NAME       MAP_PREFIX MAP_NAME

// Max size of the file mapping object.
#define MAP_SIZE            65536

// File offset where the view is to begin.
#define VIEW_OFFSET         0

// The number of bytes of a file mapping to map to the view. All bytes of the 
// view must be within the maximum size of the file mapping object (MAP_SIZE). 
// If VIEW_SIZE is 0, the mapping extends from the offset (VIEW_OFFSET) to  
// the end of the file mapping.
#define VIEW_SIZE           1024

// Unicode string message to be written to the mapped view. Its size in byte 
// must be less than the view size (VIEW_SIZE).
#define MESSAGE             L"Message from the first process."


int _tmain(int argc, _TCHAR* argv[])
{
	HANDLE hMapFile = NULL;
	PVOID pView = NULL;

	// Create the file mapping object.
	hMapFile = CreateFileMapping(
		INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE,   // Use paging file - shared memory
		NULL,                   // Default security attributes
		PAGE_READWRITE,         // Allow read and write access
		0,                      // High-order DWORD of file mapping max size
		MAP_SIZE,               // Low-order DWORD of file mapping max size
		FULL_MAP_NAME           // Name of the file mapping object
		);
	if (hMapFile == NULL) 
	{
		wprintf(L"CreateFileMapping failed w/err 0x%08lx\n", GetLastError());
		goto Cleanup;
	}
	wprintf(L"The file mapping (%s) is created\n", FULL_MAP_NAME);

	// Map a view of the file mapping into the address space of the current 
	// process.
	pView = MapViewOfFile(
		hMapFile,               // Handle of the map object
		FILE_MAP_ALL_ACCESS,    // Read and write access
		0,                      // High-order DWORD of the file offset 
		VIEW_OFFSET,            // Low-order DWORD of the file offset 
		VIEW_SIZE               // The number of bytes to map to view
		);
	if (pView == NULL)
	{ 
		wprintf(L"MapViewOfFile failed w/err 0x%08lx\n", GetLastError()); 
		goto Cleanup;
	}
	wprintf(L"The file view is mapped\n");

	// Prepare a message to be written to the view.
	PWSTR pszMessage = MESSAGE;
	DWORD cbMessage = (wcslen(pszMessage) + 1) * sizeof(*pszMessage);

	// Write the message to the view.
	memcpy_s(pView, VIEW_SIZE, pszMessage, cbMessage);

	wprintf(L"This message is written to the view:\n\"%s\"\n",
		pszMessage);

	// Wait to clean up resources and stop the process.
	wprintf(L"Press ENTER to clean up resources and quit");
	getchar();

Cleanup:

	if (hMapFile)
	{
		if (pView)
		{
			// Unmap the file view.
			UnmapViewOfFile(pView);
			pView = NULL;
		}
		// Close the file mapping object.
		CloseHandle(hMapFile);
		hMapFile = NULL;
	}

	return 0;
}



// ClientCom.cpp : Defines the entry point for the console application.
//

#include "stdafx.h"
#include <stdio.h>
#include <windows.h>
#pragma endregion
#define MAP_PREFIX          L"Local\\"
#define MAP_NAME            L"SampleMap"
#define FULL_MAP_NAME       MAP_PREFIX MAP_NAME

// File offset where the view is to begin.
#define VIEW_OFFSET         0

// The number of bytes of a file mapping to map to the view. All bytes of the 
// view must be within the maximum size of the file mapping object. If 
// VIEW_SIZE is 0, the mapping extends from the offset (VIEW_OFFSET) to the 
// end of the file mapping.
#define VIEW_SIZE           1024


int _tmain(int argc, _TCHAR* argv[])
{
	HANDLE hMapFile = NULL;
	PVOID pView = NULL;

	// Try to open the named file mapping identified by the map name.
	hMapFile = OpenFileMapping(
		FILE_MAP_READ,          // Read access
		FALSE,                  // Do not inherit the name
		FULL_MAP_NAME           // File mapping name 
		);
	if (hMapFile == NULL) 
	{
		wprintf(L"OpenFileMapping failed w/err 0x%08lx\n", GetLastError());
		goto Cleanup;
	}
	wprintf(L"The file mapping (%s) is opened\n", FULL_MAP_NAME);

	// Map a view of the file mapping into the address space of the current 
	// process.
	pView = MapViewOfFile(
		hMapFile,               // Handle of the map object
		FILE_MAP_READ,          // Read access
		0,                      // High-order DWORD of the file offset 
		VIEW_OFFSET,            // Low-order DWORD of the file offset
		VIEW_SIZE               // The number of bytes to map to view
		);
	if (pView == NULL)
	{
		wprintf(L"MapViewOfFile failed w/err 0x%08lx\n", GetLastError()); 
		goto Cleanup;
	}
	wprintf(L"The file view is mapped\n");

	// Read and display the content in view.
	wprintf(L"Read from the file mapping:\n\"%s\"\n", (PWSTR)pView);

	// Wait to clean up resources and stop the process.
	wprintf(L"Press ENTER to clean up resources and quit");
	getchar();

Cleanup:

	if (hMapFile)
	{
		if (pView)
		{
			// Unmap the file view.
			UnmapViewOfFile(pView);
			pView = NULL;
		}
		// Close the file mapping object.
		CloseHandle(hMapFile);
		hMapFile = NULL;
	}

	return 0;
}


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