BZOJ 1646: [Usaco2007 Open]Catch That Cow 抓住那只牛

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#include<set>
#include<map>
#include<cmath>
#include<ctime>
#include<queue>
#include<stack>
#include<cstdio>
#include<vector>
#include<cstdlib>
#include<cstring>
#include<iostream>
#include<algorithm>
#define g getchar()
#define ll long long
#define inf 0x3f3f3f3f
using namespace std;
inline ll read(){
    ll x=0,f=1;char ch=g;
    for(;ch<'0'||ch>'9';ch=g)if(ch=='-')f=-1;
    for(;ch>='0'&&ch<='9';ch=g)x=x*10+ch-'0';
    return x*f;
}
inline void out(ll x){
    int a[25],wei=0;
    if(x<0)putchar('-'),x=-x;
    for(;x;x/=10)a[++wei]=x%10;
    if(wei==0){puts("0");return;}
    for(int j=wei;j>=1;--j)putchar('0'+a[j]);
    putchar('\n');
}
int n,m,pd[1000000],dis[1000000],dui[1000000],ans[1000000];
int bfs(int n,int m){
    memset(pd,0,sizeof(pd));
    memset(ans,inf,sizeof(ans));
    int tou=1,wei=1;
    dui[1]=n;ans[n]=0;
    for(;tou<=wei;pd[dui[tou++]]=0){
        int u=dui[tou];
        if(u&&ans[u-1]>ans[u]+1){
            ans[u-1]=ans[u]+1;
            if(!pd[u-1]){
                dui[++wei]=u-1;
                pd[u-1]=1;
            }
        }
        if(u<m&&ans[u*2]>ans[u]+1){
            ans[u*2]=ans[u]+1;
            if(!pd[u*2]){
                dui[++wei]=u*2;
                pd[u*2]=1;
            }
        }
        if(u<m*2&&ans[u+1]>ans[u]+1){
            ans[u+1]=ans[u]+1;
            if(!pd[u+1]){
                dui[++wei]=u+1;
                pd[u+1]=1;
            }
        }
    }
}
int main(){
//  freopen("","r",stdin);
//  freopen("","w",stdout);
    n=read();m=read();
    bfs(n,m);
    out(ans[m]);
    return 0;
}
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