poj2965The Pilots Brothers' refrigerator DFS+枚举

The Pilots Brothers' refrigerator
Time Limit: 1000MS   Memory Limit: 65536K
Total Submissions: 20858   Accepted: 8048   Special Judge

Description

The game “The Pilots Brothers: following the stripy elephant” has a quest where a player needs to open a refrigerator.

There are 16 handles on the refrigerator door. Every handle can be in one of two states: open or closed. The refrigerator is open only when all handles are open. The handles are represented as a matrix 4х4. You can change the state of a handle in any location [i, j] (1 ≤ i, j ≤ 4). However, this also changes states of all handles in row i and all handles in column j.

The task is to determine the minimum number of handle switching necessary to open the refrigerator.

Input

The input contains four lines. Each of the four lines contains four characters describing the initial state of appropriate handles. A symbol “+” means that the handle is in closed state, whereas the symbol “−” means “open”. At least one of the handles is initially closed.

Output

The first line of the input contains N – the minimum number of switching. The rest N lines describe switching sequence. Each of the lines contains a row number and a column number of the matrix separated by one or more spaces. If there are several solutions, you may give any one of them.

Sample Input

-+--
----
----
-+--

Sample Output

6
1 1
1 3
1 4
4 1
4 3
4 4


#include<iostream>
#include<cstring>
#include<cstdio>
#include<queue>

using namespace std;

int num=0x3f3f3f3f;
int a[10][10],b[10][10],flag;
int fanzhuan(int x,int y)
{
    a[x][y]=!a[x][y];
    for(int i=0; i<4; i++)
        a[x][i]=!a[x][i];

    for(int j=0; j<4; j++)
        a[j][y]=!a[j][y];
}
int panduan()
{
    for(int i=0; i<4; i++)
        for(int j=0; j<4; j++)
            if(!a[i][j])
                return 0;
    return 1;
}
struct node
{
    int a,b;
} p[20];
void DFS(int x,int y,int ans)//将所有的num步的情况都跑一遍判断是否有符合的
{
    if(num==ans)
    {
        flag=panduan();
        return ;
    }

    if(flag||x>=4||y>=4)
        return ;

    int fy=(y+1)%4;   //按行移动的
    int fx=x+(y+1)/4;

    fanzhuan(x,y);
    DFS(fx,fy,ans+1);
    p[ans].a=x;
    p[ans].b=y;
    fanzhuan(x,y);//原路返回
    DFS(fx,fy,ans);

}
int main()
{
    string s[4];
    while(cin>>s[0])
    {
        for(int i=1; i<4; i++)
            cin>>s[i];
        for(int i=0; i<4; i++)
            for(int j=0; j<4; j++)//格式转换
                if(s[i][j]=='+')
                    a[i][j]=0;
                else
                    a[i][j]=1;
        flag=0;
        for(int i=0; i<=16; i++)//枚举
        {
            num=i;
            DFS(0,0,0);
            if(flag)
                break;
        }
        cout<<num<<endl;
        for(int i=0; i<num; i++)
            cout<<p[i].a+1<<" "<<p[i].b+1<<endl;
    }
}

//方式2状态压缩+bfs
//..


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