Activiti 分配组任务(三种方式)

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上一章我们讲到用户任务分为个人任务和组任务,这一章我们来具体看看怎么使用组任务。
这里我们用到的流程还是最简单的审批流程:
这里写图片描述

方式一:定义流程时指定组任务候选人(该方式不够灵活,使用较少)

这里写图片描述

方式二:使用流程变量指定组任务候选人

这里写图片描述

流程图代码

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<definitions xmlns="http://www.omg.org/spec/BPMN/20100524/MODEL" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" xmlns:activiti="http://activiti.org/bpmn" xmlns:bpmndi="http://www.omg.org/spec/BPMN/20100524/DI" xmlns:omgdc="http://www.omg.org/spec/DD/20100524/DC" xmlns:omgdi="http://www.omg.org/spec/DD/20100524/DI" typeLanguage="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" expressionLanguage="http://www.w3.org/1999/XPath" targetNamespace="http://www.activiti.org/test">
  <process id="groupTask1" name="GroupTask1" isExecutable="true">
    <startEvent id="startevent1" name="Start"></startEvent>
    <userTask id="usertask1" name="审批" activiti:candidateUsers="#{userIds}"></userTask>
    <sequenceFlow id="flow1" sourceRef="startevent1" targetRef="usertask1"></sequenceFlow>
    <endEvent id="endevent1" name="End"></endEvent>
    <sequenceFlow id="flow2" sourceRef="usertask1" targetRef="endevent1"></sequenceFlow>
  </process>
  <bpmndi:BPMNDiagram id="BPMNDiagram_groupTask1">
    <bpmndi:BPMNPlane bpmnElement="groupTask1" id="BPMNPlane_groupTask1">
      <bpmndi:BPMNShape bpmnElement="startevent1" id="BPMNShape_startevent1">
        <omgdc:Bounds height="35.0" width="35.0" x="410.0" y="40.0"></omgdc:Bounds>
      </bpmndi:BPMNShape>
      <bpmndi:BPMNShape bpmnElement="usertask1" id="BPMNShape_usertask1">
        <omgdc:Bounds height="55.0" width="105.0" x="375.0" y="120.0"></omgdc:Bounds>
      </bpmndi:BPMNShape>
      <bpmndi:BPMNShape bpmnElement="endevent1" id="BPMNShape_endevent1">
        <omgdc:Bounds height="35.0" width="35.0" x="410.0" y="220.0"></omgdc:Bounds>
      </bpmndi:BPMNShape>
      <bpmndi:BPMNEdge bpmnElement="flow1" id="BPMNEdge_flow1">
        <omgdi:waypoint x="427.0" y="75.0"></omgdi:waypoint>
        <omgdi:waypoint x="427.0" y="120.0"></omgdi:waypoint>
      </bpmndi:BPMNEdge>
      <bpmndi:BPMNEdge bpmnElement="flow2" id="BPMNEdge_flow2">
        <omgdi:waypoint x="427.0" y="175.0"></omgdi:waypoint>
        <omgdi:waypoint x="427.0" y="220.0"></omgdi:waypoint>
      </bpmndi:BPMNEdge>
    </bpmndi:BPMNPlane>
  </bpmndi:BPMNDiagram>
</definitions>

方式三:使用监听类设置组成员

这里写图片描述
这里写图片描述

流程图代码

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<definitions xmlns="http://www.omg.org/spec/BPMN/20100524/MODEL" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" xmlns:activiti="http://activiti.org/bpmn" xmlns:bpmndi="http://www.omg.org/spec/BPMN/20100524/DI" xmlns:omgdc="http://www.omg.org/spec/DD/20100524/DC" xmlns:omgdi="http://www.omg.org/spec/DD/20100524/DI" typeLanguage="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" expressionLanguage="http://www.w3.org/1999/XPath" targetNamespace="http://www.activiti.org/test">
  <process id="groupTask3" name="GroupTask3" isExecutable="true">
    <startEvent id="startevent1" name="Start"></startEvent>
    <userTask id="usertask1" name="审批">
      <extensionElements>
        <activiti:taskListener event="create" class="com.activiti.test.GroupTaskListenerImpl"></activiti:taskListener>
      </extensionElements>
    </userTask>
    <sequenceFlow id="flow1" sourceRef="startevent1" targetRef="usertask1"></sequenceFlow>
    <endEvent id="endevent1" name="End"></endEvent>
    <sequenceFlow id="flow2" sourceRef="usertask1" targetRef="endevent1"></sequenceFlow>
  </process>
  <bpmndi:BPMNDiagram id="BPMNDiagram_groupTask3">
    <bpmndi:BPMNPlane bpmnElement="groupTask3" id="BPMNPlane_groupTask3">
      <bpmndi:BPMNShape bpmnElement="startevent1" id="BPMNShape_startevent1">
        <omgdc:Bounds height="35.0" width="35.0" x="390.0" y="40.0"></omgdc:Bounds>
      </bpmndi:BPMNShape>
      <bpmndi:BPMNShape bpmnElement="usertask1" id="BPMNShape_usertask1">
        <omgdc:Bounds height="55.0" width="105.0" x="355.0" y="120.0"></omgdc:Bounds>
      </bpmndi:BPMNShape>
      <bpmndi:BPMNShape bpmnElement="endevent1" id="BPMNShape_endevent1">
        <omgdc:Bounds height="35.0" width="35.0" x="390.0" y="220.0"></omgdc:Bounds>
      </bpmndi:BPMNShape>
      <bpmndi:BPMNEdge bpmnElement="flow1" id="BPMNEdge_flow1">
        <omgdi:waypoint x="407.0" y="75.0"></omgdi:waypoint>
        <omgdi:waypoint x="407.0" y="120.0"></omgdi:waypoint>
      </bpmndi:BPMNEdge>
      <bpmndi:BPMNEdge bpmnElement="flow2" id="BPMNEdge_flow2">
        <omgdi:waypoint x="407.0" y="175.0"></omgdi:waypoint>
        <omgdi:waypoint x="407.0" y="220.0"></omgdi:waypoint>
      </bpmndi:BPMNEdge>
    </bpmndi:BPMNPlane>
  </bpmndi:BPMNDiagram>
</definitions>

java测试代码

package com.activiti.test;

import org.activiti.engine.delegate.DelegateTask;
import org.activiti.engine.delegate.TaskListener;

public class GroupTaskListenerImpl implements TaskListener {

    /**
     * 指定个人任务和组任务的办理人
     */
    @Override
    public void notify(DelegateTask delegateTask) {
        delegateTask.addCandidateUser("crystal");//分配组任务的办理人
        delegateTask.addCandidateUser("barry");
    }
}
package com.activiti.test;

import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;

import org.activiti.engine.ProcessEngine;
import org.activiti.engine.ProcessEngines;
import org.activiti.engine.history.HistoricIdentityLink;
import org.activiti.engine.runtime.ProcessInstance;
import org.activiti.engine.task.IdentityLink;
import org.activiti.engine.task.Task;
import org.junit.Test;

public class GroupTask {
ProcessEngine processEngine = ProcessEngines.getDefaultProcessEngine();

    /**
     * 部署流程定义,启动流程实例
     */
    @Test
    public void deployAndStart() {
        processEngine.getRepositoryService()
            .createDeployment()
            .name("指定组任务")
            .addClasspathResource("diagrams/groupTask3.bpmn")
            .addClasspathResource("diagrams/groupTask3.png")
            .deploy();
        System.out.println("部署成功!");
        // 方式一
        /*ProcessInstance pi = processEngine.getRuntimeService()
                .startProcessInstanceByKey("groupTask1");*/
        // 方式二
        /*Map<String, Object> variables = new HashMap<String, Object>();
        variables.put("userIds", "crystal,lina,barry");
        ProcessInstance pi = processEngine.getRuntimeService()
                .startProcessInstanceByKey("groupTask1", variables);*/
        // 方式三
        ProcessInstance pi = processEngine.getRuntimeService()
                .startProcessInstanceByKey("groupTask3");
        System.out.println("流程实例启动成功!实例ID:" + pi.getId());
    }

    /**
     * 查询我的个人任务列表
     */
    @Test
    public void findMyTaskList(){
        String userId = "张三";
        List<Task> list = processEngine.getTaskService()
                        .createTaskQuery()
                        .taskAssignee(userId)//指定个人任务查询
                        .list();
        if (list != null && list.size()>0) {
            for(Task task : list){
                System.out.println("task id="+task.getId());
                System.out.println("name="+task.getName());
                System.out.println("assinee="+task.getAssignee());
                System.out.println("executionId="+task.getExecutionId());
                System.out.println("=====================================");
            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * 查看组任务
     * 个人认领任务后,组任务不再存在,若将个人任务回退到组任务,又可以看到组任务
     */
    @Test
    public void findMyGroupTask() {
        String userId = "crystal";
        List<Task> list = processEngine.getTaskService()
                .createTaskQuery()
                .taskCandidateUser(userId)// 指定组任务查询
                .list();
        if (list != null && list.size()>0) {
            for(Task task : list){
                System.out.println("task id="+task.getId());
                System.out.println("name="+task.getName());
                System.out.println("assinee="+task.getAssignee());
                System.out.println("executionId="+task.getExecutionId());
                System.out.println("=====================================");
            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * 查看组任务成员列表
     */
    @Test
    public void findGroupUser() {
        String taskId = "20008";
        List<IdentityLink> list = processEngine.getTaskService()
                .getIdentityLinksForTask(taskId);// 获取列表
        if (list != null && list.size() > 0) {
            for (IdentityLink il : list) {
                System.out.println("用户ID:" + il.getUserId());
            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * 查询组任务成员历史列表
     */
    @Test
    public void findHisGroupUser() {
        String taskId = "20008";
        List<HistoricIdentityLink> list = processEngine.getHistoryService()
                .getHistoricIdentityLinksForTask(taskId);
        if (list != null && list.size() > 0) {
            for (HistoricIdentityLink il : list) {
                System.out.println("用户ID:" + il.getUserId());
            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * 将组任务分配给个人任务,拾取任务
     * 注意:认领任务的时候,可以是组任务成员中的人,也可以不是组任务成员的人,此时通过Type的类型为participant来指定任务的办理人
     * 由1个人去完成任务
     */
    @Test
    public void claim() {
        String taskId = "20008";//任务ID
        String userId = "crystal";//分配的办理人
        processEngine.getTaskService()
                    .claim(taskId, userId);
    }

    /**
     * 完成我的个人任务
     */
    @Test
    public void complete() {
        String taskId = "20008";
        processEngine.getTaskService().complete(taskId);
        System.out.println("完成任务");
    }

    /**
     * 可以分配个人任务回退到组任务,(前提:之前是个组任务)
     */
    @Test
    public void setAssigneeTask(){
        String taskId = "20008";//任务ID
        processEngine.getTaskService()//
                .setAssignee(taskId, null);
    }

    /**
     * 添加组成员
     */
    @Test
    public void addGroupUser(){
        String taskId = "20008";
        String userId = "ken";
        processEngine.getTaskService().addCandidateUser(taskId, userId);
    }

    /**
     * 删除组成员
     */
    @Test
    public void deleteGroupUser(){
        String taskId = "2509";
        String userId = "ken";
        processEngine.getTaskService()
            .deleteCandidateUser(taskId, userId);
    }
}

总结:

组任务及三种分配方式:
1:在taskProcess.bpmn中直接写 candidate-users=“张三,李四,王五”
2:在taskProcess.bpmn中写 candidate-users =“#{userIds}”,变量的值要是String的(使用流程变量指定办理人)。
3:使用TaskListener接口,使用类实现该接口,在类中定义添加组任务的用户
个人任务和组任务存放办理人对应的表:
act_ru_identitylink表存放任务的办理人,包括个人任务和组任务,表示正在执行的任务
act_hi_identitylink表存放任务的办理人,包括个人任务和组任务,表示历史任务
区别在于:如果是个人任务TYPE的类型表示participant(参与者), 如果是组任务TYPE的类型表示candidate(候选者)和participant(参与者)

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