SAP 《MM学习指南》操作记录---- 采购合同

Contract and Release Order(合同关系的采购订单)

为了降低采购成本、维护与供应商的长期合作关系、简化采购中间环节控制(例如反复的询价报价),企业可以与供应商签订长期采购合同Contract。在产生了实际的物料需求时,可以根据采购合同issue Release Order(即Create Release Order against Contact)。

1.创建采购合同(Tcode: ME31K)

Path: Logistics->Material Management->Purchasing->Outline Agreement->Contract->Create

前台->后勤->物料管理->采购->框架协议->合同->ME31K-创建

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创建Contract有很多的方式:Manual、Copy Document、Reference to PReq、Reference to RFQ。

Agreement Type:

数量合同:目标数量已知,系统强制要求输入Target Quantity。

价值合同:目标价值已知,系统强制要求输入Target Value。

· Quantity contracts

Use this type of contract if the total quantity to be ordered during the validity period of the contract is known in advance. The contract is regarded as fulfilled when release orders totaling a given quantity have been issued.

· Value contracts

Use this type of contract if the total value of all release orders issued against the contract is not to exceed a certain predefined value. The contract is regarded as fulfilled when release orders totaling a given value have been issued.

回车:

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在这里主要输入 “有效期限末”=2009-12-30,

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,和“付款条款”=0001,
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,通常采购合同都是一年一签。Enter,

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输入物料B-16MNR-10 ,目标数量 = 20000KG ,净价 = 6.6(价格上当然要比前面的6.7RMB/KG优惠一点)。Save,系统提示:数量合同在号4600000000下被创建,

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执行ME35K来Release Contact,(路径:后勤->物料管理->采购->框架协议->合同->ME35K-批准)

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【注:由于本系统并未设置审批策略,此步省略,如果有读者知道怎么设置审批策略,还请周知一下,谢谢!】

2.创建Release Order(Tcode: ME21N)

Path: Logistics->Material Management->Purchasing->Purchase Order->Create->ME21N

前台->后勤->物料管理->采购->采购订单->创建->ME21N-已知供应商/供应工厂

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参照合同创建的采购订单都叫做Contact Release Order,简称Release Order,也可以叫做Call-off Order。

Over the contract validity period, certain quantities of the materials or services covered are released (called off) against the contract as and when required through the issue of purchase orders referencing the latter. Such purchase orders are thus termed "contract release orders" or simply "release orders". (Outside SAP, particularly in the UK; they may also be referred to as "call-off orders".)

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在左侧查询出之前创建的采购合同4600000000,拖放到Header上方的小车内,系统将自动创建出一张采购订单。

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输入本次采购数量120KG,当然价格6.60可以根据需要进行二次调整(默认带出的是采购合同的Net Price)。从这里也可以看出对于数量采购合同,目标数量是一定的,但是Value可能会有所变化。

保存,系统提示:“标准采购订单在号4500000001下被创建”,

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后续的操作在之前的例子中已经做过详细的介绍,这里就不再重复了。

Over。

SAP秀才-《MM学习指南》操作记录---- 4.采购合同(完)。

 

此处,再补做一下:

补1采购收货(Tcode: MIGO_GR)

Path: Logistics->Material Management->Inventory Management->Goods Movement->Goods Receipt->For Purchase Order->GR for Purchase Order

前台->后勤->物料管理->库存管理->货物移动->收货->对采购订单->MIGO_GR-采购订单的GR(MIGO)

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输入采购订单编号4500000001,Enter,

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在“数量”标签页中输入到货的数量:120KG;

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在“何处” 标签页中输入目的仓库“库存地点” = 材料库。

Item OK (项目确定)= Yes,

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,然后点击“Post”
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,系统提示:“物料凭证 5000000001 已过帐”,
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补1完。

补2:发票验证(Tcode: MIRO)

路径:前台->后勤->物料管理->采购->采购订单->后继功能->MIRO-后勤发票校验

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输入: 发票日期:2009-08-03,采购订单号:4500000001,回车,系统自动带出详细信息,勾选:“计算税额”,系统自动计算出税额:134.64 RMB,加上金额:792 RMB,共:926.64 RMB,将此金额输入 “金额”栏里,回车。

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保存。系统提示:“凭证号5105600753已建立”,

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补2完。

后继步骤也已OK!

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