《文法俱乐部》读书笔记之分词--LG二进制

这里分词的都作形容词来处理
一般而言
1现在分词,表示持续
2过去分词表示被动
例如:
a barking dog does not bite
Boiled water is safe to drink
当然有些动词比如不及物动词的过去分词,并不是表示“被动”而是表示完成
it is gone。i can not find the dog(gone “已经的”感觉)

(一)表示感觉的分词
我记得貌似高中的时候,对于表示感觉的分词,老师说过去分词形容人,现在分词形容其他的。
例如
he is disappointed at his scores
his scores are disappointing
实际上,将分词还原成动词,上面的例句应该是
his scores disappoint him
因此,如果把主语换成he,显然要变成”被动“(相对于“受词”)。
(二)现在分词与过去分词混合使用
表示正在被的意思
The case is being investigated
(三)形容词子句简化成分词。
Toys (which are)made in China is pretty good
Peoples (who are)living in China are happy
The vase (which is)being auctioned now is a Ming China
都是形容词子句的简化 .
(四)副词子句的简化(副词子句与主句主词相同的时候,通过省去主词,和be动词,可以简化副词从句)
The bird ,after flying 200 miles,was tired
原句是 after it was flying 200 miles The bird was tired( 省去it 和 be 动词,做好)
wounded in war,the soldier was send home
原句是 because he is wounded in war,the soldier was send home(省去he 以及 is,because也省去)
Having finished the day‘work 。he went home
(he had finished the day’s work,he went home)主词一样,但是又没有be动词可以省略。所以改成 Having finished the day‘work 。he went home


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