# bzoj 1645: [Usaco2007 Open]City Horizon 城市地平线（离散化+扫描线）

## 1645: [Usaco2007 Open]City Horizon 城市地平线

Time Limit: 5 Sec   Memory Limit: 64 MB
Submit: 541   Solved: 255
[ Submit][ Status][ Discuss]

## Description

Farmer John has taken his cows on a trip to the city! As the sun sets, the cows gaze at the city horizon and observe the beautiful silhouettes formed by the rectangular buildings. The entire horizon is represented by a number line with N (1 <= N <= 40,000) buildings. Building i's silhouette has a base that spans locations A_i through B_i along the horizon (1 <= A_i < B_i <= 1,000,000,000) and has height H_i (1 <= H_i <= 1,000,000,000). Determine the area, in square units, of the aggregate silhouette formed by all N buildings.

N个矩形块，交求面积并.

## Input

* Line 1: A single integer: N

* Lines 2..N+1: Input line i+1 describes building i with three space-separated integers: A_i, B_i, and H_i

## Output

* Line 1: The total area, in square units, of the silhouettes formed by all N buildings

4
2 5 1
9 10 4
6 8 2
4 6 3

## Sample Output

16

OUTPUT DETAILS:

The first building overlaps with the fourth building for an area of 1
square unit, so the total area is just 3*1 + 1*4 + 2*2 + 2*3 - 1 = 16.

## Source

[ Submit][ Status][ Discuss]
﻿

#include<iostream>
#include<cstdio>
#include<cstring>
#include<algorithm>
#include<cmath>
#define N 200000
#define LL long long
using namespace std;
int  n,m;
LL len[N*4],h[N],ans;
int a[N],b[N],v[N],cnt,num[N],tot,tree[N*4];
struct data
{
int l,r,x,pd;
}c[N];
int cmp(int x,int y)
{
return h[x]<h[y];
}
int cmp1(data a,data b)
{
return a.x<b.x;
}
void update(int now,int l,int r)
{
if (tree[now]>0)
len[now]=(LL)(v[r]-v[l-1]);
else if (l==r)  len[now]=0;
else len[now]=len[now<<1]+len[now<<1|1];
}
void qjchange(int now,int l,int r,int ll,int rr,int v)
{
if (l>=ll&&r<=rr)
{
tree[now]+=v;
update(now,l,r);
return;
}
int mid=(l+r)/2;
if (ll<=mid)  qjchange(now<<1,l,mid,ll,rr,v);
if (rr>mid)  qjchange(now<<1|1,mid+1,r,ll,rr,v);
update(now,l,r);
}
int main()
{
scanf("%d",&n);
for (int i=1;i<=n;i++)
{
int x,y; scanf("%d%d",&x,&y);
++tot;  c[tot].l=1; c[tot].x=x; c[tot].pd=1;
++tot;  c[tot].l=1; c[tot].x=y; c[tot].pd=-1;
scanf("%lld",&h[i]); b[i]=i;
}
b[n+1]=n+1; h[n+1]=1;
b[n+2]=n+2; h[n+2]=0;
sort(b+1,b+n+3,cmp);
h[b]=1000000001;
for (int i=1;i<=n+2;i++)
if (h[b[i]]!=h[b[i-1]])
++cnt,v[cnt]=h[b[i]],num[b[i]]=cnt;
else num[b[i]]=cnt;
for (int i=1;i<=2*n;i++)
c[i].r=num[(i-1)/2+1],c[i].l=num[n+1];
sort(c+1,c+2*n+1,cmp1);
for (int i=1;i<=2*n;i++)
{
if (i!=1)  ans+=(LL)(c[i].x-c[i-1].x)*len;
qjchange(1,1,cnt,c[i].l,c[i].r,c[i].pd);
}
printf("%lld\n",ans);
}

11-13 1108                                                                          04-24 718
06-22 1820
07-15 342
08-07 296
04-27 1105
10-23 912
08-12 1064
07-25 314
10-06 3827
04-14 957
04-09 1404
07-17 947
08-11 1715
08-23 1466
08-14 597
01-02 816
02-14 56
©️2020 CSDN 皮肤主题: 大白 设计师:CSDN官方博客