# bfs训练 uva 10384

http://uva.onlinejudge.org/index.php?option=com_onlinejudge&Itemid=8&page=show_problem&problem=1325

dfs实现，有2种实现方法，代码如下：

#include <iostream>
#include <cstring>
#include <cstdio>

using namespace std;

int g[6][8],dx[]={0,-1,0,1},dy[]={-1,0,1,0};
char res[10010],op[]="WNES";
int x,y,maxdepth;

inline bool get(int x,int k)
{
return (x>>k)&1;
}

inline void set(int &x,int k,int v)
{
if(v)x|=(1<<k);
else x&=(~(1<<k));
}

bool dfs(int depth,int x,int y)
{
if(depth==maxdepth)
return x==0||x==5||y==0||y==7;

for(int d=0,nx,ny;d<4;d++)
{
nx=x+dx[d],ny=y+dy[d];
if(!get(g[x][y],d))
{
res[depth]=op[d];
if(dfs(depth+1,nx,ny))return true;
}
else if(!get(g[nx][ny],d))
{
set(g[x][y],d,0),set(g[nx][ny],d,1),set(g[nx][ny],d^2,0),set(g[nx+dx[d]][ny+dy[d]],d^2,1);
res[depth]=op[d];
if(dfs(depth+1,nx,ny))return true;
set(g[x][y],d,1),set(g[nx][ny],d,0),set(g[nx][ny],d^2,1),set(g[nx+dx[d]][ny+dy[d]],d^2,0);
}
}

return false;
}

int main()
{
for(int i=0;i<6;i++)g[i][0]=g[i][7]=15;
for(int j=0;j<8;j++)g[0][j]=g[5][j]=15;

while(scanf("%d%d",&y,&x),x)
{
memset(res,0,sizeof(res));

for(int i=1;i<=4;i++)for(int j=1;j<=6;j++)
scanf("%d",&g[i][j]);

for(maxdepth=2;;maxdepth++)
if(dfs(0,x,y))break;

printf("%s\n",res);
}

return 0;
}

#include<cstdio>
#include<cstring>
#include<algorithm>
#include<vector>
#define N 10
char dir[]="WNES";
int dirv[4]={1,2,4,8};
int dirv2[4]={4,8,1,2};
int dx[]={0,-1,0,1};
int dy[]={-1,0,1,0};
int grid[N][N];
int ans[N*N];
bool vis[N][N];
int nn=4,mm=6,maxd;
using namespace std;
bool dfs(int x,int y,int deep)
{
int x1,y1,x2,y2;
if (deep==maxd||vis[x][y]) return false;
if (x==0||x==nn+1||y==0||y==mm+1)
return true;
vis[x][y]=true;
for (int i=0;i<4;i++)
{
x1=x+dx[i];y1=y+dy[i];
x2=x1+dx[i];y2=y1+dy[i];
if ((grid[x][y]&dirv[i])==0)
{
ans[deep]=i;
if (dfs(x1,y1,deep+1))
{
vis[x][y]=false;
return true;
}
}
else if ((grid[x1][y1]&dirv[i])==0)
{
ans[deep]=i;
grid[x2][y2]+=dirv2[i];
grid[x1][y1]+=dirv[i]-dirv2[i];
grid[x][y]-=dirv[i];
if (dfs(x1,y1,deep+1))
{
vis[x][y]=false;
grid[x2][y2]-=dirv2[i];
grid[x1][y1]-=dirv[i]-dirv2[i];
grid[x][y]+=dirv[i];
return true;
}
grid[x2][y2]-=dirv2[i];
grid[x1][y1]-=dirv[i]-dirv2[i];
grid[x][y]+=dirv[i];
}
}
vis[x][y]=false;
return false;
}
int main()
{
int x,y;

for (int i=1;i<=nn;i++)
{
grid[i][0]=1;
grid[i][mm+1]=4;
}
for (int i=1;i<=mm;i++)
{
grid[0][i]=2;
grid[nn+1][i]=8;
}
while (scanf("%d%d",&y,&x))
{
if (x+y==0) break;
for (int i=1;i<=nn;i++)
for (int j=1;j<=mm;j++)
scanf("%d",grid[i]+j);
maxd=1;
while (!dfs(x,y,0)) maxd++;
for (int i=0;i<maxd-1;i++)
printf("%c",dir[ans[i]]);
putchar('\n');
}
return 0;
}

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