TensorFlow写自编码器

TensorFlow写自编码器
#Python
import numpy as np
import sklearn.preprocessing as prep
import tensorflow as tf
from tensorflow.examples.tutorials.mnist import input_data
def xavier_init(fan_in, fan_out, constant = 1):
low = -constant * np.sqrt(6.0 / (fan_in + fan_out))
high = constant * np.squrt(6.0 / (fan_in + fan_out))
return tf.random_uniform((fan_in, fan_out), minval = low, maxval = high, dtype = tf.float32)
class AdditiveGaussianNoiseAutoencoder(object):
def init(self, n_input, n_hidden, transfer_function=tf.nn.softplus, optimizer = tf.train.AdamOptimizer(), scale=0.1):
self.n_input = n_input
self.n_hidden = n_hidden
self.transfer = transfer_function
self.scale = tf.placeholder(tf.float32)
self.training_scale = scale
network_weights = self._initialize_weights()
self.weight = network_weights
self.x = tf.placeholder(tf.float32,[None,self.n_input])
self.hidden = self.transfer(tf.add(tf.matmul(self.x + scale * tf.random_nomal((n_input,)), self.weights[‘w1’]), self.weight[‘b1’]))
self.reconstruction = tf.add(tf.matmul(self.hidden, self.weights[‘w2’]), self.weights[‘b2’])
self.cost = 0.5 * tf.reduce_sum(tf.pow(tf.subtract(self.reconstruction, self.x), 2.0))
self.optimizer = optimizer.minimize(self.cost)
init = tf.global_variables_initializer()
self.sess = tf.Session()
self.sess.run(init)
def _initialize_weights(self):
all_weights = dict()
all_weights[‘w1’] = tf.Variable(xavier_init(self.n_input, self.n_hidden))
all_weights[‘b1’] = tf.Variable(tf.zeros([self.n_hidden], dtype = tf.float32))
all_weights[‘w2’] = tf.Variable(tf.zeros([self.n_hidden, self.n_input], dtype = tf.float32))
all_weights[‘b2’] = tf.Variable(tf.zeros([self.n_input], dtype = tf.float32))
return all_weights
def partial_fit(self, X):
cost, opt = self.sess.run((self.cost, self.optimizer), feed_dict = {self.x: X, self.scale: self.training_scale})
return cost
def calc_total_cost(self, X):
return self.sess.run(self.cost, feed_dict = {self.x: X, self.scale: self.training_scale})
def transfrom(self, X):
return self.sess.run(self.hidden, feed_dict = {self.x: X, self.scale: self.training_scale})
def generate(self, hidden = None):
if hidden is None:
hidden = np.random.normal(size = self.weights[“b1”])
return self.sess.run(self.reconstruction, feed_dict = {self.hidden: hidden})
def reconstruct(self, X):
return self.sess.run(self.reconstruction, feed_dict = {self.x: X, self.scale: self.training_scale})
def getWeights(self):
return self.sess.run(self.weights[‘w1’])
def getBiases(self):
return self.sess.run(self.weights[‘b1’])
mnist = input_data.read_data_sets(‘MNIST_data’, one_hot = True)
def standard_scale(X_train, X_test):
preprocessor = prep.StandardScaler().fit(X_train)
X_train = prep.StandardScaler().fit(X_train)
X_test = preprocessor.transform(X_test)
return X_train, X_test
def get_random_block_from_data(data, batch_size):
start_index = np.random.randint(0, len(data) - batch_size)
return data[start_index:(start_index + batch_size)]
X_train, X_test = standard_scale(mnist.train.images, mnist.test.images)
n_samples = int(mnist.train.num_examples)
training_epochs = 20
batch_size = 128
display_step = 1
autoencoder = AdditiveGaussianNoiseAutoencoder(n_input = 784, n_hidden = 200, transfer_function = tf.nn.softplus, optimizer = tf.train.AdamOptimizer(learning_rate = 0.001),scale = 0.01)
for epoch in range(training_epochs):
avg_cost = 0.
total_batch = int(n_samples / batch_size)
for i in range(total_batch):
batch_xs = get_random_block_from_data(X_train, batch_size)
cost = autoencoder.partial_fit(batch_xs)
avg_cost += cost / n_samples * batch_size
if epoch % display_step == 0:
print(“Epoch:”, ‘%04d’ % (epoch + 1),“cost=”, “{:.9f}”.format(avg_cost))
print("Total cost: " + str(autoencoder.calc_total_cost(X_test)))

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