Caffe研究之blob

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Caffe研究之blob
转载请注明:http://blog.csdn.net/forest_world
Caffe:Blob、Layer、Net。

Blob是一个四维的数组,用于存储数据,包括输入数据、输出数据、权值等;
Blob是Caffe中处理和传递实际数据的数据封装包,并且在CPU与GPU之间具有同步处理能力。从数学意义上说,blob是按C风格连续存储的N维数组。

template <typename Dtype>
class Blob {
 public:
  Blob()
       : data_(), diff_(), count_(0), capacity_(0) {}

  /// @brief Deprecated; use <code>Blob(const vector<int>& shape)</code>.
  explicit Blob(const int num, const int channels, const int height,
      const int width);
  explicit Blob(const vector<int>& shape);

  /// @brief Deprecated; use <code>Reshape(const vector<int>& shape)</code>.
  void Reshape(const int num, const int channels, const int height,
      const int width);
  /**
   * @brief Change the dimensions of the blob, allocating new memory if
   *        necessary.
   *
   * This function can be called both to create an initial allocation
   * of memory, and to adjust the dimensions of a top blob during Layer::Reshape
   * or Layer::Forward. When changing the size of blob, memory will only be
   * reallocated if sufficient memory does not already exist, and excess memory
   * will never be freed.
   *
   * Note that reshaping an input blob and immediately calling Net::Backward is
   * an error; either Net::Forward or Net::Reshape need to be called to
   * propagate the new input shape to higher layers.
   */
  void Reshape(const vector<int>& shape);
  void Reshape(const BlobShape& shape);
  void ReshapeLike(const Blob& other);
  inline string shape_string() const {
    ostringstream stream;
    for (int i = 0; i < shape_.size(); ++i) {
      stream << shape_[i] << " ";
    }
    stream << "(" << count_ << ")";
    return stream.str();
  }
  inline const vector<int>& shape() const { return shape_; }
  /**
   * @brief Returns the dimension of the index-th axis (or the negative index-th
   *        axis from the end, if index is negative).
   *
   * @param index the axis index, which may be negative as it will be
   *        "canonicalized" using CanonicalAxisIndex.
   *        Dies on out of range index.
   */
  inline int shape(int index) const {
    return shape_[CanonicalAxisIndex(index)];
  }
  inline int num_axes() const { return shape_.size(); }
  inline int count() const { return count_; }

  /**
   * @brief Compute the volume of a slice; i.e., the product of dimensions
   *        among a range of axes.
   *
   * @param start_axis The first axis to include in the slice.
   *
   * @param end_axis The first axis to exclude from the slice.
   */
  inline int count(int start_axis, int end_axis) const {
    CHECK_LE(start_axis, end_axis);
    CHECK_GE(start_axis, 0);
    CHECK_GE(end_axis, 0);
    CHECK_LE(start_axis, num_axes());
    CHECK_LE(end_axis, num_axes());
    int count = 1;
    for (int i = start_axis; i < end_axis; ++i) {
      count *= shape(i);
    }
    return count;
  }
  /**
   * @brief Compute the volume of a slice spanning from a particular first
   *        axis to the final axis.
   *
   * @param start_axis The first axis to include in the slice.
   */
  inline int count(int start_axis) const {
    return count(start_axis, num_axes());
  }

  /**
   * @brief Returns the 'canonical' version of a (usually) user-specified axis,
   *        allowing for negative indexing (e.g., -1 for the last axis).
   *
   * @param axis_index the axis index.
   *        If 0 <= index < num_axes(), return index.
   *        If -num_axes <= index <= -1, return (num_axes() - (-index)),
   *        e.g., the last axis index (num_axes() - 1) if index == -1,
   *        the second to last if index == -2, etc.
   *        Dies on out of range index.
   */
  inline int CanonicalAxisIndex(int axis_index) const {
    CHECK_GE(axis_index, -num_axes())
        << "axis " << axis_index << " out of range for " << num_axes()
        << "-D Blob with shape " << shape_string();
    CHECK_LT(axis_index, num_axes())
        << "axis " << axis_index << " out of range for " << num_axes()
        << "-D Blob with shape " << shape_string();
    if (axis_index < 0) {
      return axis_index + num_axes();
    }
    return axis_index;
  }

  /// @brief Deprecated legacy shape accessor num: use shape(0) instead.
  inline int num() const { return LegacyShape(0); }
  /// @brief Deprecated legacy shape accessor channels: use shape(1) instead.
  inline int channels() const { return LegacyShape(1); }
  /// @brief Deprecated legacy shape accessor height: use shape(2) instead.
  inline int height() const { return LegacyShape(2); }
  /// @brief Deprecated legacy shape accessor width: use shape(3) instead.
  inline int width() const { return LegacyShape(3); }
  inline int LegacyShape(int index) const {
    CHECK_LE(num_axes(), 4)
        << "Cannot use legacy accessors on Blobs with > 4 axes.";
    CHECK_LT(index, 4);
    CHECK_GE(index, -4);
    if (index >= num_axes() || index < -num_axes()) {
      // Axis is out of range, but still in [0, 3] (or [-4, -1] for reverse
      // indexing) -- this special case simulates the one-padding used to fill
      // extraneous axes of legacy blobs.
      return 1;
    }
    return shape(index);
  }

  inline int offset(const int n, const int c = 0, const int h = 0,
      const int w = 0) const {
    CHECK_GE(n, 0);
    CHECK_LE(n, num());
    CHECK_GE(channels(), 0);
    CHECK_LE(c, channels());
    CHECK_GE(height(), 0);
    CHECK_LE(h, height());
    CHECK_GE(width(), 0);
    CHECK_LE(w, width());
    return ((n * channels() + c) * height() + h) * width() + w;
  }

  inline int offset(const vector<int>& indices) const {
    CHECK_LE(indices.size(), num_axes());
    int offset = 0;
    for (int i = 0; i < num_axes(); ++i) {
      offset *= shape(i);
      if (indices.size() > i) {
        CHECK_GE(indices[i], 0);
        CHECK_LT(indices[i], shape(i));
        offset += indices[i];
      }
    }
    return offset;
  }
  /**
   * @brief Copy from a source Blob.
   *
   * @param source the Blob to copy from
   * @param copy_diff if false, copy the data; if true, copy the diff
   * @param reshape if false, require this Blob to be pre-shaped to the shape
   *        of other (and die otherwise); if true, Reshape this Blob to other's
   *        shape if necessary
   */
  void CopyFrom(const Blob<Dtype>& source, bool copy_diff = false,
      bool reshape = false);

  inline Dtype data_at(const int n, const int c, const int h,
      const int w) const {
    return cpu_data()[offset(n, c, h, w)];
  }

  inline Dtype diff_at(const int n, const int c, const int h,
      const int w) const {
    return cpu_diff()[offset(n, c, h, w)];
  }

  inline Dtype data_at(const vector<int>& index) const {
    return cpu_data()[offset(index)];
  }

  inline Dtype diff_at(const vector<int>& index) const {
    return cpu_diff()[offset(index)];
  }

  inline const shared_ptr<SyncedMemory>& data() const {
    CHECK(data_);
    return data_;
  }

  inline const shared_ptr<SyncedMemory>& diff() const {
    CHECK(diff_);
    return diff_;
  }

  const Dtype* cpu_data() const;
  void set_cpu_data(Dtype* data);
  const int* gpu_shape() const;
  const Dtype* gpu_data() const;
  const Dtype* cpu_diff() const;
  const Dtype* gpu_diff() const;
  Dtype* mutable_cpu_data();
  Dtype* mutable_gpu_data();
  Dtype* mutable_cpu_diff();
  Dtype* mutable_gpu_diff();
  void Update();
  void FromProto(const BlobProto& proto, bool reshape = true);
  void ToProto(BlobProto* proto, bool write_diff = false) const;

  /// @brief Compute the sum of absolute values (L1 norm) of the data.
  Dtype asum_data() const;
  /// @brief Compute the sum of absolute values (L1 norm) of the diff.
  Dtype asum_diff() const;
  /// @brief Compute the sum of squares (L2 norm squared) of the data.
  Dtype sumsq_data() const;
  /// @brief Compute the sum of squares (L2 norm squared) of the diff.
  Dtype sumsq_diff() const;

  /// @brief Scale the blob data by a constant factor.
  void scale_data(Dtype scale_factor);
  /// @brief Scale the blob diff by a constant factor.
  void scale_diff(Dtype scale_factor);

  /**
   * @brief Set the data_ shared_ptr to point to the SyncedMemory holding the
   *        data_ of Blob other -- useful in Layer%s which simply perform a copy
   *        in their Forward pass.
   *
   * This deallocates the SyncedMemory holding this Blob's data_, as
   * shared_ptr calls its destructor when reset with the "=" operator.
   */
  void ShareData(const Blob& other);
  /**
   * @brief Set the diff_ shared_ptr to point to the SyncedMemory holding the
   *        diff_ of Blob other -- useful in Layer%s which simply perform a copy
   *        in their Forward pass.
   *
   * This deallocates the SyncedMemory holding this Blob's diff_, as
   * shared_ptr calls its destructor when reset with the "=" operator.
   */
  void ShareDiff(const Blob& other);

  bool ShapeEquals(const BlobProto& other);

 protected:
  shared_ptr<SyncedMemory> data_;
  shared_ptr<SyncedMemory> diff_;
  shared_ptr<SyncedMemory> shape_data_;
  vector<int> shape_;
  int count_;
  int capacity_;

  DISABLE_COPY_AND_ASSIGN(Blob);
};  // class Blob

Layer层则是神经网络中具体的各层结构,主要是计算的作用,在根据配置文件初始化结构后,前向计算结果,反向更新参数,都是它要做的,而它的输入和输出都是Blob数据;

Net层,多个Layer组合而成的有向无环图结构,具体的网络。

caffe实现了差不多40种不同的Layer层,里面有不同的激活函数。

Classifier::Classifier(const string& model_file,
                       const string& trained_file,
                       const string& mean_file,
                       const string& label_file) {
#ifdef CPU_ONLY
  Caffe::set_mode(Caffe::CPU);
#else
  Caffe::set_mode(Caffe::GPU);
#endif

  /* Load the network. */
  net_.reset(new Net<float>(model_file, TEST));
  net_->CopyTrainedLayersFrom(trained_file);

  CHECK_EQ(net_->num_inputs(), 1) << "Network should have exactly one input.";
  CHECK_EQ(net_->num_outputs(), 1) << "Network should have exactly one output.";

  Blob<float>* input_layer = net_->input_blobs()[0];
  num_channels_ = input_layer->channels();
  CHECK(num_channels_ == 3 || num_channels_ == 1)
    << "Input layer should have 1 or 3 channels.";
  input_geometry_ = cv::Size(input_layer->width(), input_layer->height());

  /* Load the binaryproto mean file. */
  SetMean(mean_file);

  /* Load labels. */
  std::ifstream labels(label_file.c_str());
  CHECK(labels) << "Unable to open labels file " << label_file;
  string line;
  while (std::getline(labels, line))
    labels_.push_back(string(line));

  Blob<float>* output_layer = net_->output_blobs()[0];
  CHECK_EQ(labels_.size(), output_layer->channels())
    << "Number of labels is different from the output layer dimension.";
}

函数说明:
Reshape()可以改变一个blob的大小:

template <typename Dtype>
void Blob<Dtype>::Reshape(const int num, const int channels, const int height,
    const int width) {
  vector<int> shape(4);
  shape[0] = num;
  shape[1] = channels;
  shape[2] = height;
  shape[3] = width;
  Reshape(shape);
}

template <typename Dtype>
void Blob<Dtype>::Reshape(const vector<int>& shape) {
  CHECK_LE(shape.size(), kMaxBlobAxes);
  count_ = 1;
  shape_.resize(shape.size());
  if (!shape_data_ || shape_data_->size() < shape.size() * sizeof(int)) {
    shape_data_.reset(new SyncedMemory(shape.size() * sizeof(int)));
  }
  int* shape_data = static_cast<int*>(shape_data_->mutable_cpu_data());
  for (int i = 0; i < shape.size(); ++i) {
    CHECK_GE(shape[i], 0);
    if (count_ != 0) {
      CHECK_LE(shape[i], INT_MAX / count_) << "blob size exceeds INT_MAX";
    }
    count_ *= shape[i];
    shape_[i] = shape[i];
    shape_data[i] = shape[i];
  }
  if (count_ > capacity_) {
    capacity_ = count_;
    data_.reset(new SyncedMemory(capacity_ * sizeof(Dtype)));
    diff_.reset(new SyncedMemory(capacity_ * sizeof(Dtype)));
  }
}

template <typename Dtype>
void Blob<Dtype>::Reshape(const BlobShape& shape) {
  CHECK_LE(shape.dim_size(), kMaxBlobAxes);
  vector<int> shape_vec(shape.dim_size());
  for (int i = 0; i < shape.dim_size(); ++i) {
    shape_vec[i] = shape.dim(i);
  }
  Reshape(shape_vec);
}

ReshapeLike()为data和diff重新分配一块空间,大小和另一个blob的一样:

template <typename Dtype>
void Blob<Dtype>::ReshapeLike(const Blob<Dtype>& other) {
  Reshape(other.shape());
}

Num_axes()返回的是blob的大小;
Count()计算得到count=num*channels*height*width。
Offset()可得到输入blob数据(n,c,h,w)的偏移量位置;
CopyFrom()从source拷贝数据,copy_diff来作为标志区分是拷贝data还是diff

template <typename Dtype>
void Blob<Dtype>::CopyFrom(const Blob& source, bool copy_diff, bool reshape) {
  if (source.count() != count_ || source.shape() != shape_) {
    if (reshape) {
      ReshapeLike(source);
    } else {
      LOG(FATAL) << "Trying to copy blobs of different sizes.";
    }
  }
  switch (Caffe::mode()) {
  case Caffe::GPU:
    if (copy_diff) {
      caffe_copy(count_, source.gpu_diff(),
          static_cast<Dtype*>(diff_->mutable_gpu_data()));
    } else {
      caffe_copy(count_, source.gpu_data(),
          static_cast<Dtype*>(data_->mutable_gpu_data()));
    }
    break;
  case Caffe::CPU:
    if (copy_diff) {
      caffe_copy(count_, source.cpu_diff(),
          static_cast<Dtype*>(diff_->mutable_cpu_data()));
    } else {
      caffe_copy(count_, source.cpu_data(),
          static_cast<Dtype*>(data_->mutable_cpu_data()));
    }
    break;
  default:
    LOG(FATAL) << "Unknown caffe mode.";
  }
}

FromProto()从proto读数据进来,其实就是反序列化:
这里写图片描述

这里写图片描述

template <typename Dtype>
void Blob<Dtype>::FromProto(const BlobProto& proto, bool reshape) {
  if (reshape) {
    vector<int> shape;
    if (proto.has_num() || proto.has_channels() ||
        proto.has_height() || proto.has_width()) {
      // Using deprecated 4D Blob dimensions --
      // shape is (num, channels, height, width).
      shape.resize(4);
      shape[0] = proto.num();
      shape[1] = proto.channels();
      shape[2] = proto.height();
      shape[3] = proto.width();
    } else {
      shape.resize(proto.shape().dim_size());
      for (int i = 0; i < proto.shape().dim_size(); ++i) {
        shape[i] = proto.shape().dim(i);
      }
    }
    Reshape(shape);
  } else {
    CHECK(ShapeEquals(proto)) << "shape mismatch (reshape not set)";
  }
  // copy data
  Dtype* data_vec = mutable_cpu_data();
  if (proto.double_data_size() > 0) {
    CHECK_EQ(count_, proto.double_data_size());
    for (int i = 0; i < count_; ++i) {
      data_vec[i] = proto.double_data(i);
    }
  } else {
    CHECK_EQ(count_, proto.data_size());
    for (int i = 0; i < count_; ++i) {
      data_vec[i] = proto.data(i);
    }
  }
  if (proto.double_diff_size() > 0) {
    CHECK_EQ(count_, proto.double_diff_size());
    Dtype* diff_vec = mutable_cpu_diff();
    for (int i = 0; i < count_; ++i) {
      diff_vec[i] = proto.double_diff(i);
    }
  } else if (proto.diff_size() > 0) {
    CHECK_EQ(count_, proto.diff_size());
    Dtype* diff_vec = mutable_cpu_diff();
    for (int i = 0; i < count_; ++i) {
      diff_vec[i] = proto.diff(i);
    }
  }
}

ToProto()把blob数据保存到proto中:

template <>
void Blob<double>::ToProto(BlobProto* proto, bool write_diff) const {
  proto->clear_shape();
  for (int i = 0; i < shape_.size(); ++i) {
    proto->mutable_shape()->add_dim(shape_[i]);
  }
  proto->clear_double_data();
  proto->clear_double_diff();
  const double* data_vec = cpu_data();
  for (int i = 0; i < count_; ++i) {
    proto->add_double_data(data_vec[i]);
  }
  if (write_diff) {
    const double* diff_vec = cpu_diff();
    for (int i = 0; i < count_; ++i) {
      proto->add_double_diff(diff_vec[i]);
    }
  }
}

template <>
void Blob<float>::ToProto(BlobProto* proto, bool write_diff) const {
  proto->clear_shape();
  for (int i = 0; i < shape_.size(); ++i) {
    proto->mutable_shape()->add_dim(shape_[i]);
  }
  proto->clear_data();
  proto->clear_diff();
  const float* data_vec = cpu_data();
  for (int i = 0; i < count_; ++i) {
    proto->add_data(data_vec[i]);
  }
  if (write_diff) {
    const float* diff_vec = cpu_diff();
    for (int i = 0; i < count_; ++i) {
      proto->add_diff(diff_vec[i]);
    }
  }
}

ShareDate()/ShareDiff()从other的blob复制data和diff的值;

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