Redirecting Standard Input/Output using the Process Class

Redirecting Standard Input/Output using the Process Class
Submitted ByUser LevelDate of Submission
Edwin LimaBeginner12/18/2001

Source Code:

When a program starts, a new process (a program in execution) is created by the operating system, and this process is identified by its process Id and also a name. A set of counters are set attached to this process by the OS in order to have some statistics about it.

In .NET, the process component is used to start a new process or even kill or suspend an existing one. Also we can get some statistics about the process already running through the following properties:.


The process component offers static and instance methods. Some very important static methods are:

EnterDebugMode: Put the process in debugging for interaction with the OS.
GetCurrentProcess: Returns the current running process.
GetProcessById: Returns a process instance of an existing process receiving as parameter the process id.
GetProcesses: Returns an array of Process instances of the currently running process in the host machine .
Start: Starts a new process.

The Process Class Methods: 
Close: Frees the resources associated with an instantiated process component.
Kill: Terminates a running process
CloseMainWindow: Close a process which a main windows by sending a message to its main window.

The Process Class Properties: 

Responding: Gets a value about the current status of a process: true for running false for not Responding.
StandardError: Gets a file descriptor for the standard error in order to be able to redirect to a normal Stream Reader and read as a file..
StandardInput: Gets the standard input of the process as file descriptor in order to be able to redirect and write to it as if writing to a StremWriter.
StandardOutput; Similir as the Standard error but used to read the standard output of the process.
StartInfo: This property has to be set with a ProcessStartInfo instance to pass initialization parameters to the process, before it starts. Altering this process after starting a process has no effect.

The list of properties and methods above show is not exhaustive, you can find some other ones through the help online.

In this example I'll try to illustrate some of the power of this component by starting a normal process (windows app) or also by redirecting the standard error, output and input of a DOS app. Also, you will see how to execute DOS commands by using the process component. You can also extend the example by 
reading some of the counters associated to a process and showing them in a window, like the Task Manager app. The let's see the example and some important details about it:

First of all we need to instantiate a ProcessStartInfo class passing as a constructor param the name of the app that we want to launch and to set some parameters to be passed to the Process instances (p):

ProcessStartInfo psI = new ProcessStartInfo("cmd");

The property psI.UseShellExecute was set as false, to be able to redirect the StandardInput, etc. After that, the properties


...are set to true.

To avoid the cmd annoying window we set as true the property psI.CreateNoWindow so no window will be created for the cmd app.Finally we set the p.StartInfo property to the instance of ProcessStartInfo 
that we have just created and voila , starts the process.

To be able to capture the p.StandardInput, p.StandardOutput and p.StandardError we get the File Descriptors (StreamReaders and StreamWriter classes) to read the StandardOutput and StandardError and to write to the StandardInput. The read and write operations are performed as we do it in a normal file. (Hmm, does this way of working with the IO remind you the unix world?) The process cmd is closed when we close the p.StandardInput file descriptor.

At the very end we read the p.StandardOutput and p.StandardError file descriptors into the text box. See the complete code of the method that implements the whole stuff.

private void start()
Process p = new Process();
StreamWriter sw;
StreamReader sr;
StreamReader err;

ProcessStartInfo psI = new ProcessStartInfo("cmd");
psI.UseShellExecute = false;
psI.RedirectStandardInput = true;
psI.RedirectStandardOutput = true;
psI.RedirectStandardError = true;
psI.CreateNoWindow = true;
p.StartInfo = psI;

sw = p.StandardInput;
sr = p.StandardOutput;
err = p.StandardError;

sw.AutoFlush = true;
if (tbComm.Text != "")
//execute default command
sw.WriteLine("dir //");


textBox1.Text = sr.ReadToEnd();
textBox1.Text += err.ReadToEnd();


About the Author:Edwin Lima is a software engineer working for NEC Computers International BV in the Netherlands. Most of his time he's busy with data integration tasks and in his free time he plays around with C# and .NET related stuff (You can contact me at:

  • 0
  • 0
  • 0
  • 一键三连
  • 扫一扫,分享海报

<p> <span style="font-size:14px;color:#337FE5;">【为什么学爬虫?】</span> </p> <p> <span style="font-size:14px;">       1、爬虫入手容易,但是深入较难,如何写出高效率的爬虫,如何写出灵活性高可扩展的爬虫都是一项技术活。另外在爬虫过程中,经常容易遇到被反爬虫,比如字体反爬、IP识别、验证码等,如何层层攻克难点拿到想要的数据,这门课程,你都能学到!</span> </p> <p> <span style="font-size:14px;">       2、如果是作为一个其他行业的开发者,比如app开发,web开发,学习爬虫能让你加强对技术的认知,能够开发出更加安全的软件和网站</span> </p> <p> <br /> </p> <span style="font-size:14px;color:#337FE5;">【课程设计】</span> <p class="ql-long-10663260"> <span> </span> </p> <p class="ql-long-26664262" style="font-size:11pt;color:#494949;"> 一个完整的爬虫程序,无论大小,总体来说可以分成三个步骤,分别是: </p> <ol> <li class="" style="font-size:11pt;color:#494949;"> 网络请求:模拟浏览器的行为从网上抓取数据。 </li> <li class="" style="font-size:11pt;color:#494949;"> 数据解析:将请求下来的数据进行过滤,提取我们想要的数据。 </li> <li class="" style="font-size:11pt;color:#494949;"> 数据存储:将提取到的数据存储到硬盘或者内存中。比如用mysql数据库或者redis等。 </li> </ol> <p class="ql-long-26664262" style="font-size:11pt;color:#494949;"> 那么本课程也是按照这几个步骤循序渐进的进行讲解,带领学生完整的掌握每个步骤的技术。另外,因为爬虫的多样性,在爬取的过程中可能会发生被反爬、效率低下等。因此我们又增加了两个章节用来提高爬虫程序的灵活性,分别是: </p> <ol> <li class="" style="font-size:11pt;color:#494949;"> 爬虫进阶:包括IP代理,多线程爬虫,图形验证码识别、JS加密解密、动态网页爬虫、字体反爬识别等。 </li> <li class="" style="font-size:11pt;color:#494949;"> Scrapy和分布式爬虫:Scrapy框架、Scrapy-redis组件、分布式爬虫等。 </li> </ol> <p class="ql-long-26664262" style="font-size:11pt;color:#494949;"> 通过爬虫进阶的知识点我们能应付大量的反爬网站,而Scrapy框架作为一个专业的爬虫框架,使用他可以快速提高我们编写爬虫程序的效率和速度。另外如果一台机器不能满足你的需求,我们可以用分布式爬虫让多台机器帮助你快速爬取数据。 </p> <p style="font-size:11pt;color:#494949;">   </p> <p class="ql-long-26664262" style="font-size:11pt;color:#494949;"> 从基础爬虫到商业化应用爬虫,本套课程满足您的所有需求! </p> <p class="ql-long-26664262" style="font-size:11pt;color:#494949;"> <br /> </p> <p> <br /> </p> <p> <span style="font-size:14px;background-color:#FFFFFF;color:#337FE5;">【课程服务】</span> </p> <p> <span style="font-size:14px;">专属付费社群+定期答疑</span> </p> <p> <br /> </p> <p class="ql-long-24357476"> <span style="font-size:16px;"><br /> </span> </p> <p> <br /> </p> <p class="ql-long-24357476"> <span style="font-size:16px;"></span> </p>
©️2020 CSDN 皮肤主题: 大白 设计师:CSDN官方博客 返回首页
钱包余额 0