Sun的新版开发工具——救世主还是噱头?

Sun即将在JavaOne大会上发布的新款开发工具竟然是针对Visual Basic用户的!——很抱歉,我说这个话并没有歧视VB开发者的意思。大家都知道,VB通常被认为是最容易入门的一种开发工具。而Sun的新工具希望争取的目标用户正是用VB用得不爽的那一部分人。换句话说,Sun希望这个新玩意有相当于VB(或者,至少是Visual Studio .NET)的易用性。
这样的一个大片预告足以把我的胃口吊到天上,特别是对于缺乏做IDE天分的Sun公司。现在的Java IDE做GUI的能力普遍差劲,也就JBuilder勉强可以用,用Eclipse做GUI简直就是在犯罪——而我这个星期一直在犯罪。
现在的技术领域就像NBA,任何可能有料的东西都会被预先炒到天上,几乎令人无法再期待84年的MJ23和96年的KB8。低调了很久的Sun这次如此猛烈地爆炒这个IDE,它是新的Java救世主还是又一个噱头?
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Sun tool targets Microsoft

By Martin LaMonica
Staff Writer, CNET News.com
May 22, 2003, 11:53 AM PT

Sun Microsystems will show off a new, simplified Java development tool next month intended to steal programmers from rival Microsoft's camp.

Executives from Sun said Wednesday that the tool will be geared toward developers who are proficient with the Java language but are not trained in the most advanced capabilities in the Java specifications. As previously reported, Sun officials have said this simpler Java tool will be displayed at the company's JavaOne conference in San Francisco next month, in part to garner feedback from Java developers.

Sun's Java is employed in a broad range of applications, including complex systems such as financial programs that demand fast performance or e-commerce setups that deal with a high volume of data. The new tool will be appropriate for building relatively simple applications, such as those that might serve a single company department, executives said.

 

At JavaOne, Sun will also highlight changes to the Java specification itself that are aimed at easing programming. The Mountain View, Calif.-based company and its customers will use the venue to discuss the use of Java in mobile applications and to announce extensions to its developer relations programs, including its open-source NetBeans tools initiative, according to Sun executives.

Sun's quest to simplify Java development is important to expanding the population of programmers that use Java to build custom applications, according to analysts. By making Java more "approachable" to a larger group of programmers, Sun and others can drive sales of Java-based products, such as portal applications or integration software, analysts said.

Simplifying Java is also a key element in deflecting developers from Microsoft's Visual Studio.Net line of tools. Sun, along with IBM, Oracle, BEA Systems and other software makers, sells products that are based on Java and the Java 2 Enterprise Edition (J2EE) specification, while Microsoft promotes its .Net tools and software.

Programmers who are versed in the J2EE specification can build more sophisticated applications. But professionals trained in the latest Java specs, particularly J2EE, can be expensive to employ or difficult to find.

Sun executives said that, until now, Sun and other Java-tools companies have not adequately addressed the large contingent of people who are comfortable with Microsoft's Visual Basic tool. Visual Basic, which is used by an estimated 3 million developers worldwide, is regularly used to build applications that need to be constructed rapidly and do not involve a great deal of complexity.

The tool that Sun will demonstrate at JavaOne is aimed at developers who have a skill level equivalent to that needed to use Visual Basic tools, said Rich Green, vice president of tools at Sun. It will include a more visual development method and have an appropriate design for working with Web services, or modular application components that adhere to a set of XML-based standards, he said.

"Going forward, we plan to ensure that, for the masses, Java can be viable--or more so than any other programming environment," said Green.

The easier Java tool is also designed to work in conjunction with Sun ONE Studio, which is targeted at more highly skilled developers. Green said developers who use Sun's simpler tool and Sun ONE Studio can transfer Java code between the two tools.

Sun may have an opportunity in targeting the Visual Basic developers, according to a recent report. Evans Data last month released the results of a survey that found that 43 percent of Visual Basic developers were considering alternatives, including Java, for future projects.

But Sun does face competition from other Java-tools companies. IBM's Rational division this week introduced a Java-based tool targeted at easing J2EE application development. Borland is building a suite of Java development tools that spans the development process, from upfront design to testing.

In tandem with tool enhancements, Sun's Green said that over the next six to 12 months, Sun and other Java companies will be adding improvements to the Java specifications that will speed up development.

The planned features for Java 2 Standard Edition (J2SE), for example, are focused on ease of development, better performance and Web services. This update to the Java specification, code-named Tiger, is set for release some time this year.

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### 回答1: JAVA 开发常用的开发工具有: 1. Eclipse: 一款功能强大的跨平台 JAVA 集成开发环境,是 JAVA 开发者的首选。 2. NetBeans: 另一款功能强大的跨平台 JAVA 集成开发环境。 3. IntelliJ IDEA: 一款功能强大的 JAVA 集成开发环境,特别适合大型项目开发。 4. Android Studio: 专为 Android 开发设计的集成开发环境。 5. Visual Studio Code: 一款轻量级的代码编辑器,也可以用作 JAVA 开发工具。 6. JDeveloper: Oracle 提供的免费 JAVA 集成开发环境。 7. BlueJ: 一款简单易用的 JAVA 开发工具,特别适合初学者。 ### 回答2: JAVA开发中常用的开发工具有多种。以下是一些常见的JAVA开发工具: 1. Eclipse:是一种流行的集成开发环境(IDE),有助于编写、调试和运行JAVA程序。它提供了丰富的功能,如代码自动补全、调试器和项目管理工具。 2. IntelliJ IDEA:是另一种流行的JAVA开发环境,也是一个功能强大的IDE。它提供了智能代码完成、重构支持以及代码检查等功能。IntelliJ IDEA也支持多种其他语言的开发。 3. NetBeans:是一个免费、开源的JAVA开发环境,提供了许多辅助开发的工具和特性。它可以用于编写JAVA应用程序、WEB应用程序和企业级应用程序。 4. JDeveloper:是Oracle公司开发的一款JAVA开发环境。它支持JAVA EE开发,提供了集成的开发、调试和部署工具。JDeveloper还支持与Oracle数据库的集成。 5. Android Studio:是专门用于开发Android应用程序的集成开发环境。它基于IntelliJ IDEA,并提供了与Android平台相关的工具和库。 6. JGrasp:是一款轻量级的JAVA开发环境,具有简单易用的界面和强大的编辑器功能。它支持多种编程语言,包括JAVA、C、C++等。 7. BlueJ:是一种面向初学者的集成开发环境,用于学习和教授JAVA编程。它以可视化界面展示类和对象的关系,并提供了交互式调试功能。 以上是一些常用的JAVA开发工具,开发人员可以根据自己的需要和偏好选择适合自己的工具进行开发。 ### 回答3: JAVA开发常用的开发工具有:Eclipse、IntelliJ IDEA、NetBeans和Visual Studio Code。 1. Eclipse是最常用的JAVA开发工具之一,它是一个开放源代码的集成开发环境(IDE),提供了丰富的插件和工具,支持JAVA开发的各种功能,如代码编辑、调试、自动补齐、代码导航等。 2. IntelliJ IDEA是一款功能强大的JAVA集成开发环境,它具有智能代码编辑、代码生成、代码重构、版本控制等功能,可帮助开发者提高开发效率和质量。 3. NetBeans是SUN公司开发的JAVA集成开发环境,它支持多种编程语言,包括JAVA、C++、PHP等,提供了丰富的工具和插件,可以帮助开发者高效地开发JAVA程序。 4. Visual Studio Code是微软开发的轻量级代码编辑器,支持JAVA开发,并且具有丰富的扩展插件,可以满足JAVA开发的需求。 以上是JAVA开发常用的开发工具,开发者可以根据自己的需求和偏好选择合适的工具进行开发。

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