okhttp的视频下载

今天咱们来了解一个特别简单的视频下载,可以说是非常好用了

做视频的下载是需要在AndroidManifest.xml里加权限的

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET" />
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_NETWORK_STATE" />
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.KILL_BACKGROUND_PROCESSES" />
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE"/>
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.READ_EXTERNAL_STORAGE"

首先先建一个工具类,在用到的地方直接调用就行了

public class DownloadUtil {
    private static DownloadUtil downloadUtil;
    private final OkHttpClient okHttpClient;

    public static DownloadUtil get() {
        if (downloadUtil == null) {
            downloadUtil = new DownloadUtil();
        }
        return downloadUtil;
    }

    private DownloadUtil() {
        okHttpClient = new OkHttpClient();
    }

    /**
     * @param url      下载连接
     * @param saveDir  储存下载文件的SDCard目录
     * @param listener 下载监听
     */
    public void download(final String url, final String saveDir, final OnDownloadListener listener) {
        Request request = new Request.Builder().url(url).build();
        okHttpClient.newCall(request).enqueue(new Callback() {
            @Override
            public void onFailure(Call call, IOException e) {
                // 下载失败
                listener.onDownloadFailed();
            }

            @Override
            public void onResponse(Call call, Response response) throws IOException {
                InputStream is = null;
                byte[] buf = new byte[2048];
                int len = 0;
                FileOutputStream fos = null;
                // 储存下载文件的目录
                String savePath = isExistDir(saveDir);
                try {
                    is = response.body().byteStream();
                    long total = response.body().contentLength();
                    File file = new File(savePath, getNameFromUrl(url));
                    fos = new FileOutputStream(file);
                    long sum = 0;
                    while ((len = is.read(buf)) != -1) {
                        fos.write(buf, 0, len);
                        sum += len;
                        int progress = (int) (sum * 1.0f / total * 100);
                        // 下载中
                        listener.onDownloading(progress);
                    }
                    fos.flush();
                    // 下载完成
                    listener.onDownloadSuccess();
                } catch (Exception e) {
                    listener.onDownloadFailed();
                } finally {
                    try {
                        if (is != null)
                            is.close();
                    } catch (IOException e) {
                    }
                    try {
                        if (fos != null)
                            fos.close();
                    } catch (IOException e) {
                    }
                }
            }
        });
    }

    /**
     * @param saveDir
     * @return
     * @throws IOException 判断下载目录是否存在
     */
    private String isExistDir(String saveDir) throws IOException {
        // 下载位置
        File downloadFile = new File(Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory(), saveDir);
        if (!downloadFile.mkdirs()) {
            downloadFile.createNewFile();
        }
        String savePath = downloadFile.getAbsolutePath();
        return savePath;
    }

    /**
     * @param url
     * @return 从下载连接中解析出文件名
     */
    @NonNull
    private String getNameFromUrl(String url) {
        return url.substring(url.lastIndexOf("/") + 1);
    }

    public interface OnDownloadListener {
        /**
         * 下载成功
         */
        void onDownloadSuccess();

        /**
         * @param progress 下载进度
         */
        void onDownloading(int progress);

        /**
         * 下载失败
         */
        void onDownloadFailed();
    }
}
在调用的时候

DownloadUtil.get().download(“url”, new DownloadUtil.OnDownloadListener() {
    @Override
    public void onDownloadSuccess() {
        runOnUiThread(new Runnable() {
            @Override
            public void run() {
                Toast.makeText(DownLoadActivity.this, "下载完成", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
            }
        });
    }

    @Override
    public void onDownloading(final int progress) {
        runOnUiThread(new Runnable() {
            @Override
            public void run() {
                progressBar.setProgress(progress);
            }
        });
    }

    @Override
    public void onDownloadFailed() {
        runOnUiThread(new Runnable() {
            @Override
            public void run() {
                Toast.makeText(DownLoadActivity.this, "下载失败", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
            }
        });
    }
});

还有最重要的一点,在安卓6.0和6.0以上的版本都需要加动态权限

public void requestAllPower() {
    if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(this,
            Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)
            != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
        if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(this,
                Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE)) {
        } else {
            ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(this,
                    new String[]{Manifest.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE,
                            Manifest.permission.READ_EXTERNAL_STORAGE}, 1);
        }
    }
}



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