snmp网络监控程序问题

最近公司有个项目,其中有一块要求如下:


以WEB方式监控平台运行情况
监控对象包括:
监控对象 说明
ApplicationProgram 记录应用程序运行状态
CPU 记录cpu使用情况
Database 记录数据库运行状态
Disk 记录硬盘使用情况
Memory 记录内存使用情况
Network 记录网络运行状态
Service 记录服务运行状态
TableSpace 记录表空间使用情况

leader说要用到了SNMP,这方面以前没接触过,最近开始猛啃,但还是没有好的思路,各位兄弟多多指点,先谢过了。

 

需要系统开 snmp 服务,
写个网关采集信息保存到数据库,web浏览数据库。

snmp采集可用 uk.co.westhawk.snmp 或者 snmp4j

 

感谢hut给的思路

 

我找个例子,各位帮我看看:

package com.join.snmptext;


import org.snmp4j.CommunityTarget;
import org.snmp4j.PDU;
import org.snmp4j.Snmp;
import org.snmp4j.TransportMapping;
import org.snmp4j.event.ResponseEvent;
import org.snmp4j.mp.SnmpConstants;
import org.snmp4j.smi.OID;
import org.snmp4j.smi.OctetString;
import org.snmp4j.smi.VariableBinding;
import org.snmp4j.transport.DefaultUdpTransportMapping;
import org.snmp4j.smi.*;

import java.awt.*;

import javax.swing.*;

import java.net.*;
public class SendSnmp extends JFrame 
{

	private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;
    private JPanel jContentPane = null;
    
	private JLabel jLabel = null;
	private JLabel jLabel1 = null;
	private JLabel jLabel2 = null;
	private JLabel jLabel3 = null;
	
	private JTextField ipAddress = null;
	private JTextField Port = null;
	private JTextField Oid=null;
	private JTextArea  responseText=null;
	private JScrollPane jsp=null;
	
	private JComboBox version=null;
	private JButton Get=null;
	private JButton GetNext=null;
	private JButton End=null;

	private CommunityTarget target=new CommunityTarget();
	private static String ip="";//Ŀ��ip
	private int v;//�汾��
	
	public SendSnmp()
	{
		super();
		initialize();

	}
	private void initialize() 
	{
		this.setSize(428, 374);
		this.setContentPane(getJContentPane());
		this.setTitle("Send_Receive");
	}
	private JPanel getJContentPane()
	{
		if (jContentPane == null) {
			jLabel1 = new JLabel();
			jLabel1.setBounds(new Rectangle(0, 20, 107, 30));
			jLabel1.setText("����IP:");
			jLabel = new JLabel();
			jLabel.setBounds(new Rectangle(200, 20, 107, 30));
			jLabel.setText("Port:");
			
			jContentPane = new JPanel();
			jContentPane.setLayout(null);
			jContentPane.add(jLabel, null);
			jContentPane.add(getIpAddress(), null);
			jContentPane.add(jLabel1, null);
			jContentPane.add(getport(), null);
			
			jLabel2 = new JLabel();
			jLabel2.setBounds(new Rectangle(0, 60, 107, 30));
			jLabel2.setText("snmp�汾��:");
			jContentPane.add(jLabel2, null);
			
			jLabel3 = new JLabel();
			jLabel3.setBounds(new Rectangle(0, 150, 107, 30));
			jLabel3.setText("����OID:");
			jContentPane.add(jLabel3, null);
			
			jContentPane.add(getVersion(), null);
			jContentPane.add(getOid(), null);
           
			jContentPane.add(getGetNext(), null);
			jContentPane.add(getEnd(), null);
			jContentPane.add(getGet(), null);
			jContentPane.add(getJScrollPane(),null);
		}
		return jContentPane;
	}
	private JTextField getIpAddress() 
	{
		if (ipAddress == null) {
			ipAddress = new JTextField();
			ipAddress.setBounds(new Rectangle(40, 20, 100, 20));
         try{
         		InetAddress address=InetAddress.getLocalHost();
		       	String IP_name=address.getHostAddress();
		       	ipAddress.setText(IP_name);
		     }
		     catch(UnknownHostException e){ }
		}
		return ipAddress;
	}
	private JTextField getport()
{
		if (Port == null) {
			Port = new JTextField();
			Port.setBounds(new Rectangle(240, 20, 100, 20));
			Port.setText("161");
		}
		return Port;
	}
	private JTextField getOid()
	{
			if (Oid== null) {
				Oid = new JTextField();
				Oid.setBounds(new Rectangle(100, 150, 200, 20));
			}
			return Oid;
		}
	private JScrollPane getJScrollPane() {
		if (jsp == null) {
			jsp = new JScrollPane();
			jsp.setBounds(new Rectangle(100, 200, 250, 100));
			jsp.setViewportView(getReply());
		}
		return jsp;
	}
	private JTextArea getReply()
	{
			if (responseText== null) {
				responseText= new JTextArea();
				responseText.setLineWrap(true);
			}
			return responseText;
		}
	private JButton getGetNext() 
	{
	  if (GetNext == null) {
			GetNext = new JButton();
			GetNext.setBounds(new Rectangle(0, 230, 80, 20));
			GetNext.setText("GetNext");
			GetNext.addActionListener(new java.awt.event.ActionListener() {
				public void actionPerformed(java.awt.event.ActionEvent e) {
				Set("GetNext");
			}});
		}
		return GetNext;
	}
	private JButton getEnd() 
	{
		if (End == null) {
			End = new JButton();
			End.setBounds(new Rectangle(0, 260, 80, 20));
			End.setText("End");
			End.addActionListener(new java.awt.event.ActionListener() {
				public void actionPerformed(java.awt.event.ActionEvent e) {
					System.exit(1);
				}
			});
		}
		return End;
	}
	private JButton getGet() 
	{
		if (Get == null) {
			Get = new JButton();
			Get.setBounds(new Rectangle(0, 200, 80, 20));
			Get.setText("Get");
			Get.addActionListener(new java.awt.event.ActionListener() {
			public void actionPerformed(java.awt.event.ActionEvent e) {
				Set("Get");
				}
			});
		}
		return Get;
	}
   	private JComboBox getVersion() 
   	{
		if (version== null) {
			String s[]={"SnmpV1","SnmpV2","SnmpV3"};
			version = new JComboBox(s);
			version.setBounds(new Rectangle(100, 60, 107, 20));
			version.addItemListener(new java.awt.event.ItemListener()  {
				public void itemStateChanged(java.awt.event.ItemEvent e) {
					if(version.getSelectedIndex()==0)
					{
						v=1;
					}	
					if(version.getSelectedIndex()==1)
					{
						v=2;
					}
					if(version.getSelectedIndex()==2)
					{
						v=3;
					}
				}
			});
		}
		return version;
	}
    public void Set(String type)
    {
       try{
       Snmp snmp = new Snmp(new DefaultUdpTransportMapping());
       target = new CommunityTarget();
       target.setCommunity(new OctetString("public"));
       if(v==1)
       {
           target.setVersion(SnmpConstants.version1);
       }
       if(v==2)
       {
           target.setVersion(SnmpConstants.version2c);
       }
       if(v==3)
       {
           target.setVersion(SnmpConstants.version3);
       }
       ip=ipAddress.getText();
       String port=Port.getText();
       target.setAddress(new UdpAddress(ip+"/"+port));
       target.setRetries(1);
       target.setTimeout(1000);
       long l=System.currentTimeMillis();
       int iii=0;
       snmp.listen();
       PDU request = new PDU();
       String OID=Oid.getText();
       if(type.equals("Get"))
       {
    	   request.setType(PDU.GET);
           request.add(new VariableBinding(new OID(OID)));
       }
      if(type.equals("GetNext"))
      {
    	  request.setType(PDU.GETNEXT);
          request.add(new VariableBinding(new OID(OID)));
      }
      
    //request.setRequestID(new Integer32(-1111));
    //request.add(new VariableBinding(new OID(OID),new Integer32(Integer.parseInt("01111000011110000",2))));//����Ӧ�������Ҫ���õ�ֵ
    System.out.println("���͵�UDP:" + request);
    PDU response = null;
    ResponseEvent responseEvent = snmp.send(request, target);
    iii=1;
    long ll=System.currentTimeMillis()-l;
    System.out.println("����ʱ��<=>:"+ll+"    "+iii);
    response = responseEvent.getResponse();
    ll=System.currentTimeMillis()-l;
    if(response!=null){
        if(response.getErrorStatus()==response.noError){
            String pause=responseEvent.getResponse().getVariableBindings().toString();
            /*getvalue��ֵΪ��ӦOID��ֵ*/
            String getvalue=pause.substring( pause.indexOf("= ")+2,pause.indexOf(']'));
            String oid=pause.substring(pause.indexOf("VBS[")+2,pause.indexOf("=")-1);
            System.out.println(oid+"::");
            System.out.println(response);
            if(type.equals("Get"))
            {
            	responseText.setText("");
                responseText.append(change(getvalue));
            }
            if(type.equals("GetNext"))
            {
            	Oid.setText(oid);
            	responseText.setText("");
            	responseText.append(change(getvalue));
            }
        }
        
    }
   
    iii=0;
}
catch(Exception e){e.printStackTrace();}
}
    public String change(String ss){
        byte[] b=ss.getBytes();
        if(b.length==1){
            ss=String.valueOf(Integer.toHexString(b[0]));
        }
        return ss;
    }
	
  
	public static void main(String[] args) 
	{
		SendSnmp ss=new SendSnmp();
		ss.setVisible(true);
	}

}

 

运行后:

 

我的开发环境是winxp ,我配置snmp服务,运行上面的程序:

 

点击getnext按钮  在eclipse控制台显示结果如下:

 

RESPONSE[requestID=1884906071, errorStatus=Success(0), errorIndex=0, VBS[1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.9.1 = 0:00:00.00]]
?????UDP:GETNEXT[requestID=0, errorStatus=Success(0), errorIndex=0, VBS[1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.9.1 = Null]]
???????<=>:0    1
1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.9.2::
RESPONSE[requestID=2037320774, errorStatus=Success(0), errorIndex=0, VBS[1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.9.2 = 0:00:00.00]]
?????UDP:GETNEXT[requestID=0, errorStatus=Success(0), errorIndex=0, VBS[1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.9.2 = Null]]
???????<=>:0    1
1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.10.1::
RESPONSE[requestID=2119481164, errorStatus=Success(0), errorIndex=0, VBS[1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.10.1 = 160092]]
?????UDP:GETNEXT[requestID=0, errorStatus=Success(0), errorIndex=0, VBS[1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.10.1 = Null]]
???????<=>:0    1
1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.10.2::
RESPONSE[requestID=2024271974, errorStatus=Success(0), errorIndex=0, VBS[1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.10.2 = 8659471]]
?????UDP:GETNEXT[requestID=0, errorStatus=Success(0), errorIndex=0, VBS[1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.10.2 = Null]]
???????<=>:16    1
1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.11.1::
RESPONSE[requestID=802354818, errorStatus=Success(0), errorIndex=0, VBS[1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.11.1 = 5319]]
?????UDP:GETNEXT[requestID=0, errorStatus=Success(0), errorIndex=0, VBS[1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.11.1 = Null]]
???????<=>:0    1
1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.11.2::
RESPONSE[requestID=1494985237, errorStatus=Success(0), errorIndex=0, VBS[1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.11.2 = 8265]]
?????UDP:GETNEXT[requestID=0, errorStatus=Success(0), errorIndex=0, VBS[1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.11.2 = Null]]
???????<=>:0    1
1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.12.1::
RESPONSE[requestID=1804022706, errorStatus=Success(0), errorIndex=0, VBS[1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.12.1 = 0]]
?????UDP:GETNEXT[requestID=0, errorStatus=Success(0), errorIndex=0, VBS[1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.12.1 = Null]]
???????<=>:0    1
1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.12.2::
RESPONSE[requestID=2093407011, errorStatus=Success(0), errorIndex=0, VBS[1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.12.2 = 2983]]
?????UDP:GETNEXT[requestID=0, errorStatus=Success(0), errorIndex=0, VBS[1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.12.2 = Null]]
???????<=>:0    1
1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.13.1::
RESPONSE[requestID=1788293473, errorStatus=Success(0), errorIndex=0, VBS[1.3.6.1.2.1.2.2.1.13.1 = 0]]

 

 

 如何解析上述的OID(对象标识符)和返回状态值,

 

 如何获取:

ApplicationProgram 记录应用程序运行状态
CPU 记录cpu使用情况
Database 记录数据库运行状态
Disk 记录硬盘使用情况
Memory 记录内存使用情况
Network 记录网络运行状态
Service 记录服务运行状态
TableSpace 记录表空间使用情况

 

各位帮忙分析一下,我对这不太熟悉,非常谢谢

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文章标签: snmp网络监控程序
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