Linux/Unix shell 自动发送AWR report

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       观察Oracle数据库性能,Oracle自带的awr 功能为我们提供了一个近乎完美的解决方案,通过awr特性我们可以随时从数据库提取awr报告。不过awrrpt.sql脚本执行时需要我们提供一些交互信息,因此可以将其整合到shell脚本中来实现自动产生指定时段的awr报告并发送给相关人员。本文即是描述linux shell脚本来实现此功能。    
   
1、shell脚本

robin@SZDB:~/dba_scripts/custom/awr> more autoawr.sh
#!/bin/bash
# --------------------------------------------------------------------------+
#                  CHECK ALERT LOG FILE                                     |
#   Filename: autoawr.sh                                                    |
#   Desc:                                                                   |
#       The script use to generate AWR report and send mail automatic.      |
#       The sql script autoawr.sql call by this shell script.               |                          
#       Default, the whole day AWR report will be gathered.                 |  
#       Deploy it to crontab at 00:30                                        |
#       If you want to change the snap interval,please change autoawr.sql   |
#          and crontab configuration                                        |
#   Usage:                                                                  |
#       ./autoawr.sh $ORACLE_SID                                            |  
#                                                                           |
#   Author : Robinson                                                       | 
#   Blog   : http://blog.csdn.net/robinson_0612                             |
# --------------------------------------------------------------------------+
#
# --------------------------
#   Check SID
# --------------------------

if [ -z "${1}" ];then
    echo "Usage: "
    echo "      `basename $0` ORACLE_SID"
    exit 1
fi

# -------------------------------
#  Set environment here 
# ------------------------------

if [ -f ~/.bash_profile ]; then
    . ~/.bash_profile
fi

export ORACLE_SID=$1
export MACHINE=`hostname`
export MAIL_DIR=/users/robin/dba_scripts/sendEmail-v1.56
export MAIL_LIST='Robinson.cheng@12306.com'
export AWR_CMD=/users/robin/dba_scripts/custom/awr
export AWR_DIR=/users/robin/dba_scripts/custom/awr/report
export MAIL_FM='oracle@szdb.com'
RETENTION=31

# ----------------------------------------------
# check if the database is running, if not exit
# ----------------------------------------------

db_stat=`ps -ef | grep pmon_$ORACLE_SID | grep -v grep| cut -f3 -d_`
if [ -z "$db_stat" ]; then
    #date >/tmp/db_${ORACLE_SID}_stauts.log
    echo " $ORACLE_SID is not available on ${MACHINE} !!!"   # >>/tmp/db_${ORACLE_SID}_stauts.log 
    MAIL_SUB=" $ORACLE_SID is not available on ${MACHINE} !!!"
    MAIL_BODY=" $ORACLE_SID is not available on ${MACHINE} at `date` when try to generate AWR."
    $MAIL_DIR/sendEmail -u $MAIL_SUB -f $MAIL_FM -t $MAIL_LIST -m $MAIL_BODY 
    exit 1
fi;

# ----------------------------------------------
# Generate awr report
# ----------------------------------------------
$ORACLE_HOME/bin/sqlplus /nolog<<EOF
connect / as sysdba;
@${AWR_CMD}/autoawr.sql;
exit;
EOF

status=$?
if [ $status != 0 ];then
    echo " $ORACLE_SID is not available on ${MACHINE} !!!"   # >>/tmp/db_${ORACLE_SID}_stauts.log
    MAIL_SUB=" Occurred error while generate AWR for ${ORACLE_SID}  !!!"
    MAIL_BODY=" Some exceptions encountered during generate AWR report for $ORACLE_SID on `hostname`."
    $MAIL_DIR/sendEmail -u $MAIL_SUB -f $MAIL_FM -t $MAIL_LIST -m $MAIL_BODY
    exit
fi

# ------------------------------------------------
# Send email with AWR report
# ------------------------------------------------
dt=`date -d yesterday +%Y%m%d`
filename=`ls ${AWR_DIR}/${ORACLE_SID}_awrrpt_?_${dt}*`
if [ -e "${filename}" ];then
    MAIL_SUB="AWR report from ${ORACLE_SID} on `hostname`."
    MAIL_BODY="This is an AWR report from ${ORACLE_SID} on `hostname`."
    $MAIL_DIR/sendEmail -u $MAIL_SUB -f $MAIL_FM -t $MAIL_LIST -m $MAIL_BODY -a ${filename}
    echo ${filename}
fi

# ------------------------------------------------
# Removing files older than $RETENTION parameter 
# ------------------------------------------------

find ${AWR_DIR} -name "*awrrpt*" -mtime +$RETENTION -exec rm {} \;
exit    

2、产生awr report 的sql脚本

robin@SZDB:~/dba_scripts/custom/awr> more autoawr.sql
SET ECHO OFF;
SET VERI OFF;
SET FEEDBACK OFF;
SET TERMOUT ON;
SET HEADING OFF;

VARIABLE rpt_options NUMBER;
DEFINE no_options = 0;

define ENABLE_ADDM = 8;

REM according to your needs, the value can be 'text' or 'html'

DEFINE report_type='html';

BEGIN
   :rpt_options := &no_options;
END;
/

VARIABLE dbid NUMBER;
VARIABLE inst_num NUMBER;
VARIABLE bid NUMBER;
VARIABLE eid NUMBER;

BEGIN
  SELECT MIN (snap_id) INTO :bid
    FROM dba_hist_snapshot
   WHERE TO_CHAR (end_interval_time, 'yyyymmdd') = TO_CHAR (SYSDATE-1, 'yyyymmdd');

   SELECT MAX (snap_id) INTO :eid FROM dba_hist_snapshot WHERE TO_CHAR (begin_interval_time,'yyyymmdd') = TO_CHAR (SYSDATE-1, 'yyyymmdd');

   SELECT dbid INTO :dbid FROM v$database;

SELECT instance_number INTO :inst_num FROM v$instance;
END;
/

COLUMN ext NEW_VALUE ext NOPRINT
COLUMN fn_name NEW_VALUE fn_name NOPRINT;
COLUMN lnsz NEW_VALUE lnsz NOPRINT;
SELECT 'txt' ext
  FROM DUAL
 WHERE LOWER ('&report_type') = 'text';

SELECT 'html' ext
  FROM DUAL
 WHERE LOWER ('&report_type') = 'html';

SELECT 'awr_report_text' fn_name
  FROM DUAL
 WHERE LOWER ('&report_type') = 'text';

SELECT 'awr_report_html' fn_name
  FROM DUAL
 WHERE LOWER ('&report_type') = 'html';

SELECT '80' lnsz
  FROM DUAL
 WHERE LOWER ('&report_type') = 'text';

SELECT '1500' lnsz
  FROM DUAL
 WHERE LOWER ('&report_type') = 'html';

set linesize &lnsz;
COLUMN report_name NEW_VALUE report_name NOPRINT;

SELECT instance_name || '_awrrpt_' || instance_number || '_' || b.timestamp || '.' || '&ext'
          report_name
  FROM v$instance a,
       (SELECT TO_CHAR (begin_interval_time, 'yyyymmdd') timestamp
          FROM dba_hist_snapshot
         WHERE snap_id = :eid) b;

SET TERMOUT OFF;
SPOOL $AWR_DIR/&report_name;

SELECT output
  FROM TABLE (DBMS_WORKLOAD_REPOSITORY.&fn_name (:dbid,
                                                 :inst_num,
                                                 :bid,
                                                 :eid,
                                                 :rpt_options));
SPOOL OFF;
SET TERMOUT ON;
CLEAR COLUMNS SQL;
TTITLE OFF;
BTITLE OFF;
REPFOOTER OFF;

UNDEFINE report_name
UNDEFINE report_type
UNDEFINE fn_name
UNDEFINE lnsz
UNDEFINE no_options 

3、补充说明
a、shell脚本中首先判断指定的实例是否处于available,如果不可用则退出
b、接下来调用autoawr.sql脚本来产生awr report
c、产生awr report后,如果文件存在则自动发送邮件
d、autoawr.sql脚本中是产生awr report的主要部分,主要是调用了DBMS_WORKLOAD_REPOSITORY.&fn_name过程
e、该脚本是生成一整天awr report,即从当天的零点至第二天零点
f、sql脚本的几个参数需要确定的是dbid,实例号,以及snap的开始与结束id,rpt_options用于确定报告是否带addm项
g、可以根据需要定制所需的snap的起止id,需修改SQL来获取正确的snap id,来生成所需的报告
h、根据需要修改fn_name定制生成awr报告为txt或html类型,report_name则是确定最终文件名
i、AWR 报告的两个snap 之间不能有重启DB的操作,否则有可能错误(未测试过)
j、该脚本支持Oracle 10g/11g,有关详细的产生awr report脚本说明请参考oracle自带的awrrpt.sql,awrrpti.sql

 

更多参考:

有关Oracle RAC请参考
     使用crs_setperm修改RAC资源的所有者及权限
     使用crs_profile管理RAC资源配置文件
     RAC 数据库的启动与关闭
     再说 Oracle RAC services
     Services in Oracle Database 10g
     Migrate datbase from single instance to Oracle RAC
     Oracle RAC 连接到指定实例
     Oracle RAC 负载均衡测试(结合服务器端与客户端)
     Oracle RAC 服务器端连接负载均衡(Load Balance)
     Oracle RAC 客户端连接负载均衡(Load Balance)
     ORACLE RAC 下非缺省端口监听配置(listener.ora tnsnames.ora)
     ORACLE RAC 监听配置 (listener.ora tnsnames.ora)
     配置 RAC 负载均衡与故障转移
     CRS-1006 , CRS-0215 故障一例 
     基于Linux (RHEL 5.5) 安装Oracle 10g RAC
     使用 runcluvfy 校验Oracle RAC安装环境

有关Oracle 网络配置相关基础以及概念性的问题请参考:
     配置非默认端口的动态服务注册
     配置sqlnet.ora限制IP访问Oracle
     Oracle 监听器日志配置与管理
     设置 Oracle 监听器密码(LISTENER)
     配置ORACLE 客户端连接到数据库

有关基于用户管理的备份和备份恢复的概念请参考
     Oracle 冷备份
     Oracle 热备份
     Oracle 备份恢复概念
     Oracle 实例恢复
     Oracle 基于用户管理恢复的处理
     SYSTEM 表空间管理及备份恢复
     SYSAUX表空间管理及恢复
     Oracle 基于备份控制文件的恢复(unsing backup controlfile)

有关RMAN的备份恢复与管理请参考
     RMAN 概述及其体系结构
     RMAN 配置、监控与管理
     RMAN 备份详解
     RMAN 还原与恢复
     RMAN catalog 的创建和使用
     基于catalog 创建RMAN存储脚本
     基于catalog 的RMAN 备份与恢复
     RMAN 备份路径困惑
     使用RMAN实现异机备份恢复(WIN平台)
     使用RMAN迁移文件系统数据库到ASM
     linux 下RMAN备份shell脚本
     使用RMAN迁移数据库到异机

有关ORACLE体系结构请参考
     Oracle 表空间与数据文件
     Oracle 密码文件
     Oracle 参数文件
     Oracle 联机重做日志文件(ONLINE LOG FILE)
     Oracle 控制文件(CONTROLFILE)
     Oracle 归档日志
     Oracle 回滚(ROLLBACK)和撤销(UNDO)
     Oracle 数据库实例启动关闭过程
     Oracle 10g SGA 的自动化管理
     Oracle 实例和Oracle数据库(Oracle体系结构)

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