# 决策树-ID3算法代码

#ID3算法
from math import log
import operator
import pickle
import treePlotter

#计算香农熵
def calcShannonEnt(dataSet):
numEntries = len(dataSet)
labelCounts = {}
for featVec in dataSet:
currentLabel = featVec[-1]
if currentLabel not in labelCounts.keys():
labelCounts[currentLabel] = 0
labelCounts[currentLabel] += 1
shannonEnt = 0.0
for key in labelCounts:
prob = float(labelCounts[key])/numEntries
shannonEnt -= prob*log(prob,2)
return shannonEnt

#按照给定特征划分数据集
def splitDataSet(dataSet,axis,value):
retDataSet = []
for featVec in dataSet:
if featVec[axis] == value:
reducedFeatVec = featVec[:axis]
reducedFeatVec.extend(featVec[axis+1:])
retDataSet.append(reducedFeatVec)
return retDataSet

#计算信息增益选择最优数据集划分方式
def chooseBestFeatureToSplit(dataSet):
numFeatures = len(dataSet[0]) - 1
baseEntropy = calcShannonEnt(dataSet)
bestInfoGain = 0.0
bestFeature = -1
for i in range(numFeatures):
featList = [example[i] for example in dataSet]
uniqueVals = set(featList)
newEntropy = 0.0
for value in uniqueVals:
subDataSet = splitDataSet(dataSet,i,value)
prob = len(subDataSet)/float(len(dataSet))
newEntropy += prob*calcShannonEnt(subDataSet)
infoGain = baseEntropy - newEntropy
if (infoGain > bestInfoGain):
bestInfoGain = infoGain
bestFeature = i
return bestFeature

def majorityCnt(classList):
classCount = {}
for vote in classList:
if vote not in classCount.keys():
classCount[vote] = 0
classCount[vote] += 1
sortedClassCount = sorted(classCount.iteritems(),key=operator.itemgetter(1),reverse=True)
return sortedClassCount[0][0]

def createTree(dataSet,labels):
classList = [example[-1] for example in dataSet]
if classList.count(classList[0]) == len(classList):
return classList[0]
if len(dataSet[0]) == 1:
return majorityCnt(classList)
bestFeat = chooseBestFeatureToSplit(dataSet)
bestFeatLabel = labels[bestFeat]
myTree = {bestFeatLabel:{}}
del(labels[bestFeat])
featValues = [example[bestFeat] for example in dataSet]
uniqueVals = set(featValues)
for value in uniqueVals:
subLabels = labels[:]
myTree[bestFeatLabel][value] = createTree(splitDataSet(dataSet,bestFeat,value),subLabels)
return myTree

def classify(inputTree,featLabels,testVec):
firstStr = inputTree.keys()[0]
secondDict = inputTree[firstStr]
featIndex = featLabels.index(firstStr)
key = testVec[featIndex]
valueOfFeat = secondDict[key]
#判断valueOfFeat的数据类型若为dict则返回True
if isinstance(valueOfFeat, dict):
classLabel = classify(valueOfFeat, featLabels, testVec)
else:
classLabel = valueOfFeat
return classLabel

#pickle模块存储决策树
def storeTree(inputTree,filename):
fw = open(filename,'w')
pickle.dump(inputTree,fw)
fw.close()

def grabTree(filename):
fr = open(filename)