Android中使用selector动态改变imageView或ImageButton的背景和在GridView中应用

我们做应用时,可能会需要动态改变控件的背景图片,如果仅仅是简单的点击,选中之类的事件,如果靠程序中写监听的代码就显得太麻烦了,在这种情况下,你可以使用selector动态改变控件背景啦 ^_^ 


1.在res/drawable目录下建一个mybutton.xml文件,根据需要,不同的状态下建立不同的item,并对应相应的图片
<selector xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"> 

<item android:state_window_focused="false" 
android:drawable="@color/transparent" /> 

<!-- Even though these two point to the same resource, have two states so the drawable will invalidate itself when coming out of pressed state. 注意这句话--> 

<item android:state_focused="true" android:state_enabled="false" 
android:state_pressed="true" 
android:drawable="@drawable/selector_background_disabled" /> 
<item android:state_focused="true" android:state_enabled="false" 
android:drawable="@drawable/lselector_background_disabled" /> 

<item android:state_focused="true" android:state_pressed="true" 
android:drawable="@drawable/selector_background_transition" /> 
<item android:state_focused="false" android:state_pressed="true" 
android:drawable="@drawable/selector_background_transition" /> 

<item android:state_focused="true" 
android:drawable="@drawable/selector_background_focus" /> 

</selector> 


2.在构造layout是引用这个xml 
<ImageButton 
android:id="@+id/ImageButton01" 
android:layout_width="wrap_content" 
android:layout_height="wrap_content" 
android:background="@drawable/mybutton"> 

</ImageButton> 


3. selector在GridView中的应用

<GridView xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
android:id="@+id/main_gridview"
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"

android:listSelector="@drawable/mypicture" 
/>

mypicture.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<selector xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">
  <item android:state_focused="true" android:state_pressed="false" android:drawable="@drawable/grid_bg_pressed" /> 
  <item android:state_focused="true" android:state_pressed="true" android:drawable="@drawable/grid_bg_pressed" /> 
  <item android:state_focused="false" android:state_pressed="true" android:drawable="@drawable/grid_bg_pressed" /> 
  <item android:drawable="@drawable/grid_bg_normal" /> 
</selector>
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