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# PAT学习笔记之A1046 Shortest Distance (20 分)

The task is really simple: given N exits on a highway which forms a simple cycle, you are supposed to tell the shortest distance between any pair of exits.

## Input Specification:

Each input file contains one test case. For each case, the first line contains an integer N (in [3,105]), followed by N integer distances D1 D2 ⋯ DN , where DI is the distance between the i-th and the (i+1)-st exits, and DN is between the N-th and the 1st exits. All the numbers in a line are separated by a space. The second line gives a positive integer M (≤104) , with M lines follow, each contains a pair of exit numbers, provided that the exits are numbered from 1 to N. It is guaranteed that the total round trip distance is no more than 107.

## Output Specification:

For each test case, print your results in M lines, each contains the shortest distance between the corresponding given pair of exits.

5 1 2 4 14 9
3
1 3
2 5
4 1

3
10
7

## 思路：

1. 刚开始想构造int类型dis[]数组存放输入的D1 D2 ⋯ DN，再顺时针累加得r与逆时针累加得l，比较得两点间最小距离。但这样的时间复杂度过大，第三个case超时。
2. 调整思路，在输入各距离时顺便累加，得总距离sum，在后面的代码中只顺时针累加两点间的距离得r，逆时针的距离l由sum-r得到，减少计算量。提交测试，第三个case仍然超时，好吧，看来第三个case的点不少。
3. 再调整思路，此时将dis[]数组改为存放各点到1的距离，即每次累加得的sum赋值给dis[]，输入的*D1 D2 ⋯ DN*由d过渡，这样在需要求得两点间距离时 r=dis[b-1]-dis[a-1]，l=sum-r，时间复杂度大大降低，答案正确。

tip:注意 a b 的次序问题，a=min(a,b)，b=max(a,b)，如果不对需互换。

## 完整代码：

#include <iostream>
using namespace std;

int main() {
int n,m,d,dis;
int i,a,b,l,r,sum=0;
if(scanf("%d",&n)){};
for(i=1;i<=n;i++){
if(scanf("%d",&d)){
sum+=d;
dis[i]=sum;
}
}
if(scanf("%d",&m)){};
while (m--) {
if(scanf("%d%d",&a,&b)){};
l=0;
r=0;
if(a>b){
swap(a, b);
}
r=dis[b-1]-dis[a-1];
l=sum-r;
printf("%d\n",r<=l?r:l);
}
return 0;
}

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