PAT_A1009 Product of Polynomials

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PAT学习笔记之A1009 Product of Polynomials (25 分)

This time, you are supposed to find A×B where A and B are two polynomials.

Input Specification:

Each input file contains one test case. Each case occupies 2 lines, and each line contains the information of a polynomial:
K N1​ aN1 N2​ aN2 … NK aNK

where K is the number of nonzero terms in the polynomial, Ni and aNi (i=1,2,⋯,K) are the exponents and coefficients, respectively. It is given that 1≤K≤10,0≤NK <⋯<N2 <N1≤1000.

Output Specification:

For each test case you should output the sum of A and B in one line, with the same format as the input. Notice that there must be NO extra space at the end of each line. Please be accurate to 1 decimal place.

Sample Input:

2 1 2.4 0 3.2
2 2 1.5 1 0.5

Sample Output:

3 3 3.6 2 6.0 1 1.6

思路:

两多项式相乘,根据幂次自大到小输出各项系数。
注意:此处的幂次可以取到1000,就要注意乘积的次数可以取到2000,s1、s2数组大小至少为1001,s数组大小至少为2001。

完整代码:

#include <iostream>
using namespace std;

int main() {
     double s1[1001]={},s2[1001]={},s[2001]={},d;
     int i,j,k1,k2,n,sum=0;
     if(scanf("%d",&k1)){};
     for(i=0;i<k1;i++){
         if(scanf("%d %lf",&n,&d)){};
         s1[n]+=d;
         
     }
     if(scanf("%d",&k2)){};
     for(i=0;i<k2;i++){
         if(scanf("%d %lf",&n,&d)){};
         s2[n]+=d;
     }
     for(i=0;i<1001;i++){
         for(j=0;j<1001;j++){
             if(s1[i]!=0&&s2[j]!=0){
                 s[i+j]+=(s1[i]*s2[j]);
             }
         }
     }
     for(i=0;i<2001;i++){
         if(s[i]!=0){
             sum++;
         }
     }
     printf("%d",sum);
     for(i=2000;i>=0;i--){
         if(s[i]!=0){
             printf(" %d %.1lf",i,s[i]);
         }
     }
     return 0;
}
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