# 今天的习题又来了

–SId 学生编号,Sname 学生姓名,Sage 出生年月,Ssex 学生性别

–2.课程表 Course(CId,Cname,TId) --CId --课程编号,Cname 课程名称,TId 教师编号

–3.教师表 Teacher(TId,Tname) --TId 教师编号,Tname 教师姓名

–4.成绩表 SC(SId,CId,score) --SId 学生编号,CId 课程编号,score 分数

create table Student(SId varchar(10),Sname varchar(10),Sage datetime,Ssex varchar(10));
insert into Student values(‘01’ , ‘赵雷’ , ‘1990-01-01’ , ‘男’);
insert into Student values(‘02’ , ‘钱电’ , ‘1990-12-21’ , ‘男’);
insert into Student values(‘03’ , ‘孙风’ , ‘1990-05-20’ , ‘男’);
insert into Student values(‘04’ , ‘李云’ , ‘1990-08-06’ , ‘男’);
insert into Student values(‘05’ , ‘周梅’ , ‘1991-12-01’ , ‘女’);
insert into Student values(‘06’ , ‘吴兰’ , ‘1992-03-01’ , ‘女’);
insert into Student values(‘07’ , ‘郑竹’ , ‘1989-07-01’ , ‘女’);
insert into Student values(‘09’ , ‘张三’ , ‘2017-12-20’ , ‘女’);
insert into Student values(‘10’ , ‘李四’ , ‘2017-12-25’ , ‘女’);
insert into Student values(‘11’ , ‘李四’ , ‘2017-12-30’ , ‘女’);
insert into Student values(‘12’ , ‘赵六’ , ‘2017-01-01’ , ‘女’);
insert into Student values(‘13’ , ‘孙七’ , ‘2018-01-01’ , ‘女’);

create table Course(CId varchar(10),Cname nvarchar(10),TId varchar(10))
insert into Course values(‘01’ , ‘语文’ , ‘02’);
insert into Course values(‘02’ , ‘数学’ , ‘01’);
insert into Course values(‘03’ , ‘英语’ , ‘03’);

create table Teacher(TId varchar(10),Tname varchar(10))
insert into Teacher values(‘01’ , ‘张三’);
insert into Teacher values(‘02’ , ‘李四’);
insert into Teacher values(‘03’ , ‘王五’);

create table SC(SId varchar(10),CId varchar(10),score decimal(18,1))
insert into SC values(‘01’ , ‘01’ , 80);
insert into SC values(‘01’ , ‘02’ , 90);
insert into SC values(‘01’ , ‘03’ , 99);
insert into SC values(‘02’ , ‘01’ , 70);
insert into SC values(‘02’ , ‘02’ , 60);
insert into SC values(‘02’ , ‘03’ , 80);
insert into SC values(‘03’ , ‘01’ , 80);
insert into SC values(‘03’ , ‘02’ , 80);
insert into SC values(‘03’ , ‘03’ , 80);
insert into SC values(‘04’ , ‘01’ , 50);
insert into SC values(‘04’ , ‘02’ , 30);
insert into SC values(‘04’ , ‘03’ , 20);
insert into SC values(‘05’ , ‘01’ , 76);
insert into SC values(‘05’ , ‘02’ , 87);
insert into SC values(‘06’ , ‘01’ , 31);
insert into SC values(‘06’ , ‘03’ , 34);
insert into SC values(‘07’ , ‘02’ , 89);
insert into SC values(‘07’ , ‘03’ , 98);

–1. 查询” 01 “课程比” 02 "课程成绩高的学生的信息及课程分数

select * from
(select SC.SId, SC.score from SC where SC.CId = ‘01’) as t1 inner join
(select SC.SId, SC.score from SC where SC.CId = ‘02’) as t2 on t1.SId = t2.SId
where t1.score > t2.score

–1.1 查询同时存在" 01 “课程和” 02 "课程的情况

select * from
(select SC.SId, SC.score from SC where SC.CId = ‘01’) as t1 inner join
(select SC.SId, SC.score from SC where SC.CId = ‘02’) as t2 on t1.SId = t2.SId

–1.2 查询存在" 01 “课程但可能不存在” 02 "课程的情况(不存在时显示为 null )

select * from
(select SC.SId, SC.score from SC where SC.CId = ‘01’) as t1 left join
(select SC.SId, SC.score from SC where SC.CId = ‘02’) as t2 on t1.SId = t2.SId

– 1.3 查询不存在" 01 “课程但存在” 02 "课程的情况

select *
from sc
where SId not in (select SId from sc where CId = ‘01’)
and CId = ‘02’

– 2. 查询平均成绩大于等于 60 分的同学的学生编号和学生姓名和平均成绩

select t1.sid, t1.sname, t2.avgscore
from student as t1 inner join (
select sc.sid, avg(sc.score) as avgscore from sc group by sc.sid
having avgscore >= 60) as t2
on t1.sid = t2.sid

– 3. 查询在 SC 表存在成绩的学生信息 注意⚠️DISTINCT⚠️关键字

select DISTINCT student.*
from student, sc
where student.sid = sc.sid

– 4. 查询所有同学的学生编号、学生姓名、选课总数、所有课程的总成绩(没成绩的显示为null)

select student.sid, student.sname, t1.coursecount, t1.sumscore
from student inner join (
select sc.sid, count(sc.cid) as coursecount, sum(sc.score) as sumscore from sc group by sc.sid) as t1
on student.sid = t1.sid

– 4.1 查有成绩的学生信息 注意⚠️EXISTS⚠️关键字

select student.*
from student
where student.sid in (
select DISTINCT sc.sid from sc)

select *
from student
where EXISTS(select * from sc where student.SId=sc.SId)

– 5. 查询「李」姓老师的数量

select count(*)
from teacher
where teacher.Tname like ‘李%’

– 6. 查询学过「张三」老师授课的同学的信息

select student.*
from student, sc
where student.sid = sc.sid
and sc.cid in (select cid from course, teacher where course.tid = teacher.tid and Tname = ‘张三’)

– 同时连接多张表
select student.*
from teacher ,course ,student, sc
where teacher.Tname=‘张三’
and teacher.TId=course.TId
and course.CId=sc.CId
and sc.SId=student.SId

– 7. 查询没有学全所有课程的同学的信息

– 这种解法不包括什么课都没选的学生
select student.* from student, (select sid, count(cid) as coursecount from sc group by sid) as t1
where student.sid = t1.sid
and t1.coursecount<>3

select student.*
from sc ,student
where sc.SId=student.SId
GROUP BY sc.SId
Having count()<(select count() from course)

– 利用笛卡尔积可以把什么课都没选的同学查询出来
select DISTINCT student.*
from
(select student.SId,course.CId
from student,course ) as t1 LEFT JOIN (SELECT sc.SId,sc.CId from sc)as t2 on t1.SId=t2.SId and t1.CId=t2.CId,student
where t2.SId is null
and t1.SId=student.SId

select student.* from student
where student.sid not in (
select student.sid from sc, student
where sc.sid = student.sid
group by sid
having count() = (select count() from course))

– 8. 查询至少有一门课与学号为" 01 "的同学所学相同的同学的信息

select DISTINCT student.*
from sc, student
where sc.CId in (
select CId from sc where SId=‘01’)
and sc.SId = student.SId

– 9. 查询和" 01 "号的同学学习的课程完全相同的其他同学的信息

select DISTINCT student.*
from (
select student.SId, t.CId
from student ,(select sc.CId from sc where sc.SId=‘01’) as t)
as t1 LEFT JOIN sc on t1.SId=sc.SId and t1.CId=sc.CId,student
where sc.SId is not null
and t1.SId=student.SId
and t1.SId <>‘01’

– 10. 查询没学过"张三"老师讲授的任一门课程的学生姓名

– solution1
select *
from student
where student.SId not in (
select student.SId from (
select student.SId, t.CId from (
select course.CId from course, teacher
where course.TId = teacher.TId and teacher.Tname = ‘张三’) as t, student) as t1
right join sc on t1.SId=sc.SId and t1.CId=sc.CId, student
where t1.SId=student.SId)

– solution2
select *
from student
where student.SId not in
(
select student.SId
from student left join sc on student.SId=sc.SId
where EXISTS
(select *
from teacher ,course
where teacher.Tname=‘张三’
and teacher.TId=course.TId
and course.CId=sc.CId))

– 11.查询两门及其以上不及格课程的同学的学号，姓名及其平均成绩

select student.SId, student.Sname, t2.avgscore
from student, (select sc.SId, avg(sc.score) as avgscore from sc group by sc.SId) as t2
where student.SId = t2.SId
and student.SId in (
select t1.SId from
(select * from sc
where sc.score < 60) as t1
group by t1.SId
having count(*) >= 2)

– 12. 检索" 01 "课程分数小于60，按分数降序排列的学生信息

select student.*, t1.score from student, (
select * from sc
where sc.CId = ‘01’ and sc.score < 60) as t1
where student.SId = t1.SId
order by t1.score DESC

– 13. 按平均成绩从高到低显示所有学生的所有课程的成绩以及平均成绩

select sc.*, t1.avgscore from sc left join
(select sc.SId, avg(sc.score) as avgscore
from sc group by sc.SId) as t1
on sc.SId = t1.SId
order by t1.avgscore DESC

– 14. 查询各科成绩最高分、最低分和平均分： 以如下形式显示：
– 课程 ID，课程 name，最高分，最低分，平均分，及格率，中等率，优良率，优秀率
– 及格为>=60，中等为：70-80，优良为：80-90，优秀为：>=90
– 要求输出课程号和选修人数，查询结果按人数降序排列，若人数相同，按课程号升序排列

select sc.CId, max(sc.score) as ‘最高分’, min(sc.score) as ‘最低分’, avg(sc.score) as ‘平均分’,
count() as ‘选修人数’, sum(case when sc.score >= 60 then 1 else 0 end)/count() as ‘及格率’,
sum(case when sc.score >= 70 and sc.score < 80 then 1 else 0 end)/count() as ‘中等率’,
sum(case when sc.score >= 80 and sc.score < 90 then 1 else 0 end)/count(
) as ‘优良率’,
sum(case when sc.score >= 90 then 1 else 0 end)/count() as ‘优秀率’
from sc
group by sc.CId
order by count(
) DESC, sc.CId ASC

– 15. 按各科成绩进行排序，并显示排名，Score 重复时保留名次空缺

SELECT *, RANK() OVER(PARTITION BY sc.cid ORDER BY sc.score DESC)排名
FROM sc;

– 15.1 按各科成绩进行排序，并显示排名， Score 重复时合并名次

SELECT *, DENSE_RANK() OVER(PARTITION BY sc.cid ORDER BY sc.score DESC)排名
FROM sc;

– 16. 查询学生的总成绩，并进行排名，总分重复时保留名次空缺

SELECT sc.SId, RANK() OVER(ORDER BY sum(sc.score) DESC)排名, sum(sc.score) as sumscore

FROM sc

GROUP BY sc.SId

ORDER BY sumscore DESC;

– 16.1 查询学生的总成绩，并进行排名，总分重复时不保留名次空缺

SELECT sc.SId, DENSE_RANK() OVER(ORDER BY sum(sc.score) DESC)排名, sum(sc.score) as sumscore

FROM sc

GROUP BY sc.SId

ORDER BY sumscore DESC;

– 17. 统计各科成绩各分数段人数：课程编号，课程名称，[100-85]，[85-70]，[70-60]，[60-0] 及所占百分比

select sc.CId, sum(case when sc.score >=85 then 1 else 0 end) as num_100_85,
sum(case when sc.score >=70 and sc.score <85 then 1 else 0 end) as num_85_70,
sum(case when sc.score >= 60 and sc.score < 70 then 1 else 0 end) as num_70_60,
sum(case when sc.score < 60 then 1 else 0 end) as num_60_0,
sum(case when sc.score >=85 then 1 else 0 end)/count() as p_100_85,
sum(case when sc.score >=70 and sc.score <85 then 1 else 0 end) /count(
) as p_85_70,
sum(case when sc.score >= 60 and sc.score < 70 then 1 else 0 end)/count() as p_70_60,
sum(case when sc.score < 60 then 1 else 0 end)/count(
) as p_60_0
from sc
group by sc.CId

– 18. 查询各科成绩前三名的记录

SELECT *

FROM(

SELECT *, RANK() OVER (PARTITION BY sc.CId ORDER BY sc.score) as r

FROM sc) as A

WHERE A.r <= 3

– 19. 查询每门课程被选修的学生数
SELECT sc.CId, COUNT(*)

FROM sc

GROUP BY(sc.CId)

– 20. 查询出只选修两门课程的学生学号和姓名

SELECT DISTINCT student.SId, student.Sname

FROM student, (

SELECT sc.SId, COUNT(*) as a

FROM sc

GROUP BY(sc.SId)) as A

WHERE student.SId = A.SId

AND A.a = 2

SELECT Distinct student.Sid, student.Sname

FROM student

where student.SId in (

SELECT sc.SId

FROM sc

GROUP BY sc.SId

having count(*)=2)

– 21. 查询男生、女生人数

SELECT Ssex, count(*)

FROM student

GROUP BY student.Ssex

– 22. 查询名字中含有「风」字的学生信息

SELECT *

FROM student

WHERE student.sname LIKE ‘%风%’;

– 23. 查询同名同姓学生名单，并统计同名人数

SELECT Sname, count(*)

FROM student

GROUP BY Sname

HAVING COUNT(*) >1;

– 24. 查询 1990 年出生的学生名单

SELECT *

FROM student

WHERE sage LIKE ‘1990-%’;

– 25.查询每门课程的平均成绩，结果按平均成绩降序排列，平均成绩相同时，按课程编号升序排列

SELECT sc.CId, avg(sc.score) as avgscore

FROM sc

GROUP BY sc.CId

ORDER BY avg(sc.score) DESC, sc.CId

– 26.查询平均成绩大于等于 85 的所有学生的学号、姓名和平均成绩

SELECT student.Sid, student.Sname, t.avgscore

FROM student, (

SELECT sc.SId, avg(sc.score) as avgscore

FROM sc

GROUP BY sc.SId) as t

WHERE student.SId = t.SId

AND t.avgscore >= 85

– 27.查询课程名称为「数学」，且分数低于 60 的学生姓名和分数

SELECT student.Sname, t.score

FROM student, (

SELECT sc.SId, sc.score

FROM sc

WHERE sc.score < 60

AND sc.CId = (SELECT CId FROM course WHERE course.Cname='数学')) as t

WHERE student.SId = t.SId

– 28.查询所有学生的课程及分数情况（存在学生没成绩，没选课的情况）

SELECT st.*, sc.CId, sc.score

FROM student AS st

LEFT JOIN sc

ON st.SId = sc.SId

ORDER BY st.SId, sc.CId;

– 29.查询任何一门课程成绩在 70 分以上的姓名、课程名称和分数

SELECT student.Sname, course.Cname, sc.score

FROM student, course, sc

WHERE student.SId = sc.SId

AND course.CId = sc.CId

AND sc.score > 70

ORDER BY sc.CId

– 30.查询不及格的课程

SELECT sc.CId, sc.score

FROM sc

WHERE sc.score <60

ORDER BY sc.CId;

– 31.查询课程编号为 01 且课程成绩在 80 分以上的学生的学号和姓名

SELECT student.SId, student.Sname

FROM student, sc

WHERE student.SId = sc.SId

AND sc.CId = ‘01’

AND sc.score > 80

– 32.求每门课程的学生人数

SELECT sc.CId, count(sc.SId)

FROM sc

GROUP BY sc.CId

– 33.成绩不重复，查询选修「张三」老师所授课程的学生中，成绩最高的学生信息及其成绩

SELECT student.*, sc.score, sc.CId

FROM student, sc

WHERE sc.CId = (SELECT course.CId

FROM course, teacher

WHERE course.TId = teacher.TId

AND teacher.Tname = ‘张三’)

AND student.SId = sc.SId

ORDER BY sc.score DESC

LIMIT 1

– 34.成绩有重复的情况下，查询选修「张三」老师所授课程的学生中，成绩最高的学生信息及其成绩

SELECT * FROM(

SELECT student.*, sc.score, sc.CId, DENSE_RANK() OVER (ORDER BY sc.score DESC)排名

FROM student, sc

WHERE sc.CId = (SELECT course.CId

FROM course, teacher

WHERE course.TId = teacher.TId

AND teacher.Tname = ‘张三’)

AND student.SId = sc.SId) as t

WHERE t.排名=‘1’

– 35.查询不同课程成绩相同的学生的学生编号、课程编号、学生成绩

SELECT sc.SId, sc.CId, sc.score

FROM sc

WHERE sc.score in (

SELECT score FROM(

SELECT sc.score, count(sc.score) as count_people

FROM sc

GROUP BY sc.score) A

WHERE A.count_people > 1)

SELECT s,c,score

FROM

(

SELECT max(score),avg(score),COUNT(score),student.s,c,score

FROM student

LEFT JOIN sc

ON student.s=sc.s

GROUP BY student.s

HAVING max(score)=avg(score) AND COUNT(score)>=2

) A;

– 36.查询每门功成绩最好的前两名

SELECT *
FROM (SELECT sc.SId, sc.CId, sc.score, row_number() over (PARTITION BY sc.CId ORDER BY sc.score DESC)排名
FROM sc
ORDER BY sc.score DESC) A
WHERE 排名 <= 2
ORDER BY A.CId, A.排名

– 37.统计每门课程的学生选修人数（超过 5 人的课程才统计)

SELECT *

FROM (

SELECT sc.CId, count(sc.SId) as count_people

FROM sc

GROUP BY sc.CId) A

WHERE A.count_people > 5

SELECT sc.CId,COUNT(sc.CId)

FROM sc

GROUP BY sc.CId

HAVING COUNT(sc.CId)>5 ;

– 38.检索至少选修两门课程的学生学号

SELECT sc.SId, COUNT(sc.SId)

FROM sc

GROUP BY sc.SId

HAVING COUNT(sc.SId) >= 2

– 39.查询各学生的年龄，只按年份来算

SELECT SId, Sname, (year(curdate())-year(Sage)) as age

FROM student

ORDER BY age

– 40.按照出生日期来算，当前月日 < 出生年月的月日则，年龄减一

SELECT SId, Sname,timestampdiff(year,Sage,curdate())年龄

FROM student

ORDER BY 年龄;

– 41. 查询本周过生日的学生

SET @day =8-dayofweek(curdate());

SELECT *

FROM student

WHERE date_format(Sage, ‘%m%d’)

BETWEEN date_format(curdate(),’%m%d’)

AND date_format (date_add(curdate(),interval @day day), ‘%m%d’);

– 42.查询下周过生日的学生

set @day =9-dayofweek(curdate());

SELECT *

FROM student

WHERE date_format(sage, ‘%m%d’)

BETWEEN date_format (date_add(curdate(),interval @day day), ‘%m%d’)

AND date_format (date_add(curdate(),interval @day+6 day), ‘%m%d’);

– 43.查询本月过生日的学生

SELECT *

FROM student

WHERE date_format(Sage,’%m’)=date_format(curdate(),’%m’);

– 44.查询下月过生日的学生

SELECT *

FROM student