港台术语与内地术语之对照

在使用计算机的过程中,你可能会碰到各种各样的专业术语,特别是那些英文缩写常让我们不知所云,下面收集了各方面的词组,希望对大家有帮助。&|
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   一、港台术语与内地术语之对照efry;R
   由于港台的计算机发展相对快一些,许多人都去香港或台湾寻找资料,但是港台使用的电脑专业术语与内地不尽相同,你也许曾被这些东西弄得糊里糊涂的。&j>
---------------------------9
港台术语内地术语ty'
埠            接口z/s
位元          位^
讯号          信号5IBdJ~
数码          数字SX,Sy
类比          模拟c09
高阶          高端V4~f
低阶          低端oIDTU$
时脉          时钟8
频宽          带宽|I2%3{
光碟          光盘sA=D01
磁碟          磁盘/$
硬碟          硬盘C
程式          程序aSo=|
绘图          图形@vV],p
数位          数字+m
网路          网络6s?*
硬体          硬件'*UGn@
软体          软件rY/
介面          接口X1!;
母板          主板;2e
主机板        主板pd&]r)
软碟机        软驱r+Fq
记忆体        内存.
绘图卡        显示卡ETj5
监视器        显示器2R`z
声效卡        音效卡m2#
解析度        分辨率3Eh
相容性        兼容性*>
数据机        调制解调器/Y7nj
---------------------------&jow5(
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  二、英文术语完全介绍'&qPp
  在每组术语中,我按照英文字母的排列顺序来分类。E
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  1、CPUH
3DNow!(3D no waiting,无须等待的3D处理)AZ[/n
AAM(AMD Analyst Meeting,AMD分析家会议)_/XI:?
ABP(Advanced Branch Prediction,高级分支预测){=3
ACG(Aggressive Clock Gating,主动时钟选择)]
AIS(Alternate Instruction Set,交替指令集)tPOabO
ALAT(advanced load table,高级载入表):
ALU(Arithmetic Logic Unit,算术逻辑单元)Y,DOyE
Aluminum(铝)*ZnE{
AGU(Address Generation Units,地址产成单元)yk[
APC(Advanced Power Control,高级能源控制)YRT>D0
APIC(Advanced rogrammable Interrupt Controller,高级可编程中断控制器)dH%!"
APS(Alternate Phase Shifting,交替相位跳转)~
ASB(Advanced System Buffering,高级系统缓冲)/rFEI
ATC(Advanced Transfer Cache,高级转移缓存)dK"^v
ATD(Assembly Technology Development,装配技术发展)//AF
BBUL(Bumpless Build-Up Layer,内建非凹凸层)K A
BGA(Ball Grid Array,球状网阵排列)Q4N6R@
BHT(branch prediction table,分支预测表)0iK
Bops(Billion Operations Per Second,10亿操作/秒)ZJ8
BPU(Branch Processing Unit,分支处理单元)-0K'Z
BP(Brach Pediction,分支预测)FUpr ;
BSP(Boot Strap Processor,启动捆绑处理器)id>/IL
BTAC(Branch Target Address Calculator,分支目标寻址计算器)oW1nk}
CBGA (Ceramic Ball Grid Array,陶瓷球状网阵排列)+
CDIP (Ceramic Dual-In-Line,陶瓷双重直线)t|
Center Processing Unit Utilization,中央处理器占用率wws
CFM(cubic feet per minute,立方英尺/秒)0
CMT(course-grained multithreading,过程消除多线程)/Jr?dW
CMOS(Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor,互补金属氧化物半导体)/
CMOV(conditional move instruction,条件移动指令)Z
CISC(Complex Instruction Set Computing,复杂指令集计算机)p5r@
CLK(Clock Cycle,时钟周期)sd[a^
CMP(on-chip multiprocessor,片内多重处理)h,+$
CMS(Code Morphing Software,代码变形软件)FL
co-CPU(cooperative CPU,协处理器)k
COB(Cache on board,板上集成缓存,做在CPU卡上的二级缓存,通常是内核的一半速度))9:
COD(Cache on Die,芯片内核集成缓存)pdpV
Copper(铜)7`>
CPGA(Ceramic Pin Grid Array,陶瓷针型栅格阵列)/mJ=
CPI(cycles per instruction,周期/指令)^Z@B
CPLD(Complex Programmable Logic Device,複雜可程式化邏輯元件)ph
CPU(Center Processing Unit,中央处理器)X(6!j'
CRT(Cooperative Redundant Threads,协同多余线程)~;i
CSP(Chip Scale Package,芯片比例封装) 8
CXT(Chooper eXTend,增强形K6-2内核,即K6-3)^.wwe
Data Forwarding(数据前送)jGs
dB(decibel,分贝)Fk2y
DCLK(Dot Clock,点时钟)hpE
DCT(DRAM Controller,DRAM控制器)uuL3
DDT(Dynamic Deferred Transaction,动态延期处理)sN
Decode(指令解码)";
DIB(Dual Independent Bus,双重独立总线)T~75
DMT(Dynamic Multithreading Architecture,动态多线程结构)#DU8
DP(Dual Processor,双处理器)>R- i}
DSM(Dedicated Stack Manager,专门堆栈管理))
DSMT(Dynamic Simultaneous Multithreading,动态同步多线程)7Pb
DST(Depleted Substrate Transistor,衰竭型底层晶体管)RH
DTV(Dual Threshold Voltage,双重极限电压)M
DUV(Deep Ultra-Violet,纵深紫外光)dL
EBGA(Enhanced Ball Grid Array,增强形球状网阵排列)t"x
EBL(electron beam lithography,电子束平版印刷)E#3$e
EC(Embedded Controller,嵌入式控制器)J5!N"X
EDEC(Early Decode,早期解码)~'
Embedded Chips(嵌入式)!~&XY$
EPA(edge pin array,边缘针脚阵列)V"6
EPF(Embedded Processor Forum,嵌入式处理器论坛)6s
EPL(electron projection lithography,电子发射平版印刷)r^KH-N
EPM(Enhanced Power Management,增强形能源管理)Dt3z/$
EPIC(explicitly parallel instruction code,并行指令代码)I}
EUV(Extreme Ultra Violet,紫外光)H$O
EUV(extreme ultraviolet lithography,极端紫外平版印刷)W
FADD(Floationg Point Addition,浮点加)%Ar
FBGA(Fine-Pitch Ball Grid Array,精细倾斜球状网阵排列)|X>`C
FBGA(flipchip BGA,轻型芯片BGA)4rK]
FC-BGA(Flip-Chip Ball Grid Array,反转芯片球形栅格阵列)/~
FC-LGA(Flip-Chip Land Grid Array,反转接点栅格阵列).Z`st
FC-PGA(Flip-Chip Pin Grid Array,反转芯片针脚栅格阵列)>Y
FDIV(Floationg Point Divide,浮点除)V
FEMMS:Fast Entry/Exit Multimedia State,快速进入/退出多媒体状态ex}!#
FFT(fast Fourier transform,快速热欧姆转换)mrnk(s
FGM(Fine-Grained Multithreading,高级多线程)20W1J@
FID(FID:Frequency identify,频率鉴别号码)Ri
FIFO(First Input First Output,先入先出队列)^1.|
FISC(Fast Instruction Set Computer,快速指令集计算机)hZ7N3a
flip-chip(芯片反转)N 0
FLOPs(Floating Point Operations Per Second,浮点操作/秒)L_
FMT(fine-grained multithreading,纯消除多线程)J?D
FMUL(Floationg Point Multiplication,浮点乘);<Fk5
FPRs(floating-point registers,浮点寄存器)^qk@5C
FPU(Float Point Unit,浮点运算单元)9Ub
FSUB(Floationg Point Subtraction,浮点减);
GFD(Gold finger Device,金手指超频设备)!{e}i
GHC(Global History Counter,通用历史计数器)_
GTL(Gunning Transceiver Logic,射电收发逻辑电路)Kq*|9
GVPP(Generic Visual Perception Processor,常规视觉处理器)%f
HL-PBGA: 表面黏著,高耐热、轻薄型塑胶球状网阵封装fb cH
HTT(Hyper-Threading Technology,超级线程技术)k;
Hz(hertz,赫兹,频率单位)}WQ
IA(Intel Architecture,英特尔架构),S
IAA(Intel Application Accelerator,英特尔应用程序加速器)Avw5Vz
ICU(Instruction Control Unit,指令控制单元)%
ID(identify,鉴别号码)]kO10
IDF(Intel Developer Forum,英特尔开发者论坛)vTuf
IEU(Integer Execution Units,整数执行单元)^=
IHS(Integrated Heat Spreader,完整热量扩展)ewv*3
ILP(Instruction Level Parallelism,指令级平行运算)%f~{
IMM: Intel Mobile Module, 英特尔移动模块BoV
Instructions Cache,指令缓存stF
Instruction Coloring(指令分类)vU};3
IOPs(Integer Operations Per Second,整数操作/秒)Hj(+4n
IPC(Instructions Per Clock Cycle,指令/时钟周期)e_}Lq)
ISA(instruction set architecture,指令集架构)yA
ISD(inbuilt speed-throttling device,内藏速度控制设备)&]#vK
ITC(Instruction Trace Cache,指令追踪缓存)(
ITRS(International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors,国际半导体技术发展蓝图)jA/vx
KNI(Katmai New Instructions,Katmai新指令集,即SSE)8`s*`d
Latency(潜伏期)?Y
LDT(Lightning Data Transport,闪电数据传输总线)3ik
LFU(Legacy Function Unit,传统功能单元)mO8qbD
LGA(land grid array,接点栅格阵列)K~x
LN2(Liquid Nitrogen,液氮)z[
Local Interconnect(局域互连)t Y?
MAC(multiply-accumulate,累积乘法)AQ
mBGA (Micro Ball Grid Array,微型球状网阵排列)w
nm(namometer,十亿分之一米/毫微米)KiP+f2
MCA(machine check architecture,机器检查体系)^LV"
MCU(Micro-Controller Unit,微控制器单元)BsMwSr
MCT(Memory Controller,内存控制器)!K{
MESI(Modified, Exclusive, Shared, Invalid:修改、排除、共享、废弃)Pqti
MF(MicroOps Fusion,微指令合并)9}*;
mm(micron metric,微米)2w@
MMX(MultiMedia Extensions,多媒体扩展指令集)/Pc
MMU(Multimedia Unit,多媒体单元)koNrs
MMU(Memory Management Unit,内存管理单元)%|&/
MN(model numbers,型号数字)=O3
MFLOPS(Million Floationg Point/Second,每秒百万个浮点操作)"
MHz(megahertz,兆赫)#
mil(PCB 或晶片佈局的長度單位,1 mil = 千分之一英寸)ga[sY
MIPS(Million Instruction Per Second,百万条指令/秒)VD=!C<
MOESI(Modified, Owned, Exclusive, Shared or Invalid,修改、自有、排除、共享或无效)<
MOF(Micro Ops Fusion,微操作熔合)c9'H
Mops(Million Operations Per Second,百万次操作/秒)d`:8Mq
MP(Multi-Processing,多重处理器架构)oz1(V
MPF(Micro processor Forum,微处理器论坛)~A
MPU(Microprocessor Unit,微处理器)Ls
MPS(MultiProcessor Specification,多重处理器规范)Xcn
MSRs(Model-Specific Registers,特别模块寄存器)8
MSV(Multiprocessor Specification Version,多处理器规范版本)R.QD*
NAOC(no-account OverClock,无效超频)yzvpsd
NI(Non-Intel,非英特尔){I7H
NOP(no operation,非操作指令)*}R
NRE(Non-Recurring Engineering charge,非重複性工程費用)'3
OBGA(Organic Ball Grid Arral,有机球状网阵排列)v*/@
OCPL(Off Center Parting Line,远离中心部分线队列)us947z
OLGA(Organic Land Grid Array,有机平面网阵包装)z)
OoO(Out of Order,乱序执行)M$
OPC(Optical Proximity Correction,光学临近修正)cc(v/%
OPGA(Organic Pin Grid Array,有机塑料针型栅格阵列)}M
OPN(Ordering Part Number,分类零件号码)fPV%
PAT(Performance Acceleration Technology,性能加速技术) {0
PBGA(Plastic Pin Ball Grid Array,塑胶球状网阵排列)>dS|
PDIP (Plastic Dual-In-Line,塑料双重直线)ub%m
PDP(Parallel Data Processing,并行数据处理)"uI4{
PGA(Pin-Grid Array,引脚网格阵列),耗电大?r}j
PLCC (Plastic Leaded Chip Carriers,塑料行间芯片运载)C
Post-RISC(加速RISC,或后RISC)dTo,
PR(Performance Rate,性能比率)6^JIK)
PIB(Processor In a Box,盒装处理器)R&38s
PM(Pseudo-Multithreading,假多线程)rrZuN(
PPGA(Plastic Pin Grid Array,塑胶针状网阵封装)UYb9f7
PQFP(Plastic Quad Flat Package,塑料方块平面封装)x}=f
PSN(Processor Serial numbers,处理器序列号)v|52[9
QFP(Quad Flat Package,方块平面封装)V0ru
QSPS(Quick Start Power State,快速启动能源状态)c4f
RAS(Return Address Stack,返回地址堆栈)kJk
RAW(Read after Write,写后读)/z9u
REE(Rapid Execution Engine,快速执行引擎).c
Register Contention(抢占寄存器)O,"DCn
Register Pressure(寄存器不足)xs[2
Register Renaming(寄存器重命名)f
Remark(芯片频率重标识)pV?S
Resource contention(资源冲突)RQ'":9
Retirement(指令引退)uyf}7
RISC(Reduced Instruction Set Computing,精简指令集计算机)ed
ROB(Re-Order Buffer,重排序缓冲区)YfCXjg
RSE(register stack engine,寄存器堆栈引擎)2&7
RTL(Register Transfer Level,暫存器轉換層。硬體描述語言的一種描述層次)%
SC242(242-contact slot connector,242脚金手指插槽连接器)b,B
SE(Special Embedded,特别嵌入式)Q[
SEC(Single Edge Connector,单边连接器){dT>/.
SECC(Single Edge Contact Cartridge,单边接触卡盒)xlF
SEPP(Single Edge Processor Package,单边处理器封装)kJ?W:$
Shallow-trench isolation(浅槽隔离)c
SIMD(Single Instruction Multiple Data,单指令多数据流)K^Y{UB
SiO2F(Fluorided Silicon Oxide,二氧氟化硅)2c
SMI(System Management Interrupt,系统管理中断)||=T
SMM(System Management Mode,系统管理模式)SY1Nk8
SMP(Symmetric Multi-Processing,对称式多重处理架构)5q,.
SMT(Simultaneous multithreading,同步多线程)cRH
SOI(Silicon-on-insulator,绝缘体硅片)j;WA
SOIC (Plastic Small Outline,塑料小型)MS5{Q
SONC(System on a chip,系统集成芯片),'p
SPGA(Staggered Pin Grid Array、交错式针状网阵封装)yU~]
SPEC(System Performance Evaluation Corporation,系统性能评估测试)SqV
SQRT(Square Root Calculations,平方根计算))]bk
SRQ(System Request Queue,系统请求队列).'O!
SSE(Streaming SIMD Extensions,单一指令多数据流扩展)
SFF(Small form Factor,更小外形格局)mPZC
SS(Special Sizing,特殊缩放)d`u
SSP(Slipstream processing,滑流处理))crnex
SST(Special Sizing Techniques,特殊筛分技术)N
SSOP (Shrink Plastic Small Outline,缩短塑料小型),wCBi
STC(Space Time Computing,空余时间计算){
Superscalar(超标量体系结构)o
TAP(Test Access Port,测试存取端口)v/7k
TBGA(Tie Ball Grid Array,带状球形光栅阵列)U3V<ee
TCP: Tape Carrier Package(薄膜封装),发热小G6Q
TDP(Thermal Design Power,热量设计功率)?"JD
Throughput(吞吐量)SA!rV
TLB(Translate Look side Buffers,转换旁视缓冲器)Tw4Ukw
TLP(Thread-Level Parallelism,线程级并行)g
TMP(Threaded Multi-Path,线程多通道)8TYV
TPI(True Performance Initiative/index,真实性能为先/指标)IRaEn!
TQFP (Thin Plastic Quad Flat Pack,薄型方面平面封装)nNZ/
Trc(Row Cycle Time,列循环时间))C$T
TrD(Transistor Density,晶体管密度)!.
TSOP(Thin Small Outline Plastic,薄型小型塑料)(Xhzt
USWC(Uncacheabled Speculative Write Combination,无缓冲随机联合写操作)I|5yyt
VALU(Vector Arithmetic Logic Unit,向量算术逻辑单元)MW^99B
VFSD(Vertex Frequency Stream Divider,顶点频率流分隔)?
VID(VID:Voltage identify,电压鉴别号码)./
VLIW(Very Long Instruction Word,超长指令字)Zs{^
VPU(Vector Permutate Unit,向量排列单元)}itpw
VPU(vector processing units,向量处理单元,即处理MMX、SSE等SIMD指令的地方)As3W}{
VSA(Virtual System Architecture,虚拟系统架构)[pg
VTF(VIA Technical Forum,威盛技术论坛){>L ~
XBar(Crossbar,交叉口闩仲载逻辑单元)p)O@[
XP(Experience,体验)%@NbH|
XP(Extra performance,额外性能)DV
XP(eXtreme Performance,极速性能)Xsw
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散热器AC
TFT(Tiny Fin Technology,微型鳍片技术)47D
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2、主板Zk
3GIO(Third Generation Input/Output,第三代输入输出技术)i
ACR(Advanced Communications Riser,高级通讯升级卡)nZ>
ADIMM(advanced Dual In-line Memory Modules,高级双重内嵌式内存模块)S
AGTL+(Assisted Gunning Transceiver Logic,援助发射接收逻辑电路)^*gY~5
AHCI(Advanced Host Controller Interface,高级主机控制器接口)'1ii
AIMM(AGP Inline Memory Module,AGP板上内存升级模块)2[-
AMR(Audio/Modem Riser;音效/调制解调器主机板附加直立插卡)EYrfCj
AHA(Accelerated Hub Architecture,加速中心架构)TDe
AOI(Automatic Optical Inspection,自动光学检验)Y@kfM
APU(Audio Processing Unit,音频处理单元)Hm+!-z
ARF(Asynchronous Receive FIFO,异步接收先入先出)=vs6P
ASF(Alert Standards Forum,警告标准讨论)q-?*
ASK IR(Amplitude Shift Keyed Infra-Red,长波形可移动输入红外线)]78D8
AT(Advanced Technology,先进技术)xH
ATX(AT Extend,扩展型AT)U4Txn
BIOS(Basic Input/Output System,基本输入/输出系统)u"
CNR(Communication and Networking Riser,通讯和网络升级卡)*=o~8
CSA(Communication Streaming Architecture,通讯流架构)<> !V
CSE(Configuration Space Enable,可分配空间)B-;Krq
COAST(Cache-on-a-stick,条状缓存)6CcJ)
DASP(Dynamic Adaptive Speculative Pre-Processor,动态适应预测预处理器)([Z'Dz
DB: Device Bay,设备插架^v2?/S
DMI(Desktop Management Interface,桌面管理接口)FGdg
DOT(Dynamic Overclocking Technonlogy,动态超频技术)u_Ij
DPP(direct print Protocol,直接打印协议LPt_A
DRCG(Direct Rambus clock generator,直接RAMBUS时钟发生器)5@o
DVMT(Dynamic Video Memory Technology,动态视频内存技术)+
E(Economy,经济,或Entry-level,入门级)T||
EB(Expansion Bus,扩展总线)g
EFI(Extensible Firmware Interface,扩展固件接口)[QXj
EHCI(Enhanced Host Controller Interface,加强型主机端控制接口)LB$-?
EISA(Enhanced Industry Standard Architecture,增强形工业标准架构),6Ai
EMI(Electromagnetic Interference,电磁干扰)vi^
ESCD(Extended System Configuration Data,可扩展系统配置数据);+.;.7
ESR(Equivalent Series Resistance,等价系列电阻)H
FBC(Frame Buffer Cache,帧缓冲缓存)/K)
FireWire(火线,即IEEE1394标准)i-q4
FlexATX(Flexibility ATX,可扩展性ATX)&
FSB(Front Side Bus,前端总线)U2t!mP
FWH(Firmware Hub,固件中心)WKQR
GB(Garibaldi架构,Garibaldi基于ATX架构,但是也能够使用WTX构架的机箱)N&dt
GMCH(Graphics & Memory Controller Hub,图形和内存控制中心)*~
GPA(Graphics Performance Accelerator,图形性能加速卡)(r
GPIs(General Purpose Inputs,普通操作输入)@
GTL+(Gunning Transceiver Logic,发射接收逻辑电路)P<
HDIT(High Bandwidth Differential Interconnect Technology,高带宽微分互连技术)SY7>,
HSLB(High Speed Link Bus,高速链路总线)O
HT(HyperTransport,超级传输)A{L
I2C(Inter-IC)3#!xh8
I2C(Inter-Integrated Circuit,内置集成电路)<73
IA(Instantly Available,即时可用)X
IBASES(Intel Baseline AGP System Evaluation Suite,英特尔基线AGP系统评估套件)OOD9Hr
IC(integrate circuit,集成电路)?
ICH(Input/Output Controller Hub,输入/输出控制中心)kT$
ICH-S(ICH-Hance Rapids,ICH高速型)`.
ICP(Integrated Communications Processor,整合型通讯处理器)w.0[eO
IHA(Intel Hub Architecture,英特尔Hub架构)NPve
IMB(Inter Module Bus,隐藏模块总线)|e
INTIN(Interrupt Inputs,中断输入)(ol<sp
IPMAT(Intel Power Management Analysis Tool,英特尔能源管理分析工具):G
IR(infrared ray,红外线)I7ypR?
IrDA(infrared ray,红外线通信接口,可进行局域网存取和文件共享)u~}
ISA(Industry Standard Architecture,工业标准架构))CD@6t
ISA(instruction set architecture,工业设置架构)tQq6x;
K8HTB(K8 HyperTransport Bridge,K8闪电传输桥)O
LSI(Large Scale Integration,大规模集成电路)W
LPC(Low Pin Count,少针脚型接口)b
MAC(Media Access Controller,媒体存储控制器):^n
MBA(manage boot agent,管理启动代理)_VcVj
MC(Memory Controller,内存控制器)ud
MCA(Micro Channel Architecture,微通道架构)F
MCH(Memory Controller Hub,内存控制中心)v!s
MDC(Mobile Daughter Card,移动式子卡)t$I"GO
MII(Media Independent Interface,媒体独立接口)T)D2
MIO(Media I/O,媒体输入/输出单元)aOm*
MOSFET(metallic oxide semiconductor field effecttransistor,金属氧化物半导体场效应晶体管)`M|
MRH-R(Memory Repeater Hub,内存数据处理中心)M$M
MRH-S(SDRAM Repeater Hub,SDRAM数据处理中心)RK^Q
MRIMM(Media-RIMM,媒体RIMM扩展槽)/<.{
MSI(Message Signaled Interrupt,信息信号中断),F
MSPCE(Multiple Streams with Pipelining and Concurrent Execution,多重数据流的流水线式传输与并发执行)bun]B
MT=MegaTransfers(兆传输率)vM
MTH(Memory Transfer Hub,内存转换中心)CJoQi
MuTIOL(Multi-Threaded I/O link,多线程I/O链路)lvHj
NCQ(Native Command Qu,本地命令序列))/k"
NGIO(Next Generation Input/Output,新一代输入/输出标准)F$|
NPPA(nForce Platform Processor Architecture,nForce平台处理架构)J
OHCI(Open Host Controller Interface,开放式主控制器接口){
ORB(operation request block,操作请求块)"@r
ORS(Over Reflow Soldering,再流回焊接,SMT元件的焊接方式)W
P64H(64-bit PCI Controller Hub,64位PCI控制中心)kzR$j
PCB(printed circuit board,印刷电路板)X
PCBA(Printed Circuit Board Assembly,印刷电路板装配)w,
PCI(Peripheral Component Interconnect,互连外围设备)yXD
PCI SIG(Peripheral Component Interconnect Special Interest Group,互连外围设备专业组)GP<*,i
PDD(Performance Driven Design,性能驱动设计)UB)
PHY(Port Physical Layer,端口物理层)T~6)r
POST(Power On Self Test,加电自测试)T
PS/2(Personal System 2,第二代个人系统)n9;
PTH(Plated-Through-Hole technology,镀通孔技术)w;
RE(Read Enable,可读取)b
QP(Quad-Pumped,四倍泵)tNYe]0
RBB(Rapid BIOS Boot,快速BIOS启动)B3
RNG(Random number Generator,随机数字发生器)h'o`we
RTC(Real Time Clock,实时时钟)}h)
KBC(KeyBroad Control,键盘控制器)I#Xo
SAP(Sideband Address Port,边带寻址端口)s?"L|,
SBA(Side Band Addressing,边带寻址)P5C
SBC(single board computer,单板计算机)I
SBP-2(serial bus protocol 2,第二代串行总线协协)T
SCI(Serial Communications Interface,串行通讯接口)$/
SCK (CMOS clock,CMOS时钟)3
SDU(segment data unit,分段数据单元) t/s
SFF(Small form Factor,小尺寸架构)0+4"V
SFS(Stepless Frequency Selection,步进频率选项)"$trG
SMA(Share Memory Architecture,共享内存结构)Y
SMT(Surface Mounted Technology,表面黏贴式封装)#g-h`
SPI(Serial Peripheral Interface,串行外围设备接口)I-U
SSLL(Single Stream with Low Latency,低延迟的单独数据流传输)22RW
STD(Suspend To Disk,磁盘唤醒)tQ
STR(Suspend To RAM,内存唤醒)y
SVR(Switching Voltage Regulator,交换式电压调节)8
THT(Through Hole Technology,插入式封装技术)7}|IJo
UCHI(Universal Host Controller Interface,通用宿主控制器接口)-mR#l
UPA(Universal Platform Architecture,统一平台架构)S
UPDG(Universal Platform Design Guide,统一平台设计导刊)4Q
USART(Universal Synchronous Asynchronous Receiver Transmitter,通用同步非同步接收传送器)KH/
USB(Universal Serial Bus,通用串行总线)HCm7
USDM(Unified System Diagnostic Manager,统一系统监测管理器)-!9[2
VID(Voltage Identification Definition,电压识别认证)|[?>B
VLB(Video Electronics Standards Association Local Bus,视频电子标准协会局域总线)E
VLSI(Very Large Scale Integration,超大规模集成电路)G%)Xiz
VMAP(VIA Modular Architecture Platforms,VIA模块架构平台)1E
VSB(V Standby,待命电压)R*r%
VXB(Virtual Extended Bus,虚拟扩展总线)J"
VRM(Voltage Regulator Module,电压调整模块)~oF+Sr
WCT(Wireless Connect Technology,无线连接技术)"tiB,
WE(Write Enalbe,可写入)iu4cW9
WS(Wave Soldering,波峰焊接,THT元件的焊接方式)c%04
XT(Extended Technology,扩充技术)/
ZIF(Zero Insertion Force, 零插力插座)_
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芯片组OhuQO=
ACPI(Advanced Configuration and Power Interface,先进设置和电源管理)*wo4
AGP(Accelerated Graphics Port,图形加速接口)/OV+T
BMS(Blue Magic Slot,蓝色魔法槽)OG;0
I/O(Input/Output,输入/输出)
MIOC: Memory and I/O Bridge Controller,内存和I/O桥控制器*
NBC: North Bridge Chip(北桥芯片)V
PIIX: PCI ISA/IDE Accelerator(加速器)r~j
PSE36: Page Size Extension 36-bit,36位页面尺寸扩展模式3+Q6Q
PXB: PCI Expander Bridge,PCI增强桥zIR)d?
RCG: RAS/CAS Generator,RAS/CAS发生器M[0B
SBC: South Bridge Chip(南桥芯片)g"
SMB(System Management Bus,全系统管理总线)9>`o
SPD(Serial Presence Detect,连续存在检测装置)b#
SSB: Super South Bridge,超级南桥芯片r
TDP: Triton Data Path(数据路径)rQ~0M
TSC: Triton System Controller(系统控制器)I2d
QPA: Quad Port Acceleration(四接口加速)hP
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主板技术 jH?YE
Gigabyte.wetnm
ACOPS: Automatic CPU OverHeat Prevention System(CPU过热预防系统)f#$W
SIV: System Information Viewer(系统信息观察)bJ
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ESDJ(Easy Setting Dual Jumper,简化CPU双重跳线法)m/1L8$
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UPT(USB、PANEL、LINK、TV-OUT四重接口)0uIQ+
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C.O.P(CPU overheating protection,处理器过热保护)arX==r
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  3、显示设备0,
AD(Analog to Digitalg,模拟到数字转换)a0
ADC(Apple Display Connector,苹果专用显示器接口)/6ct$
AGC(Anti Glare Coatings,防眩光涂层)My
AMR(ATi Multi-Rendering technology,ATi多重渲染技术))
ASIC(Application Specific Integrated Circuit,特殊应用积体电路)E| z
ASC(Auto-Sizing and Centering,自动调效屏幕尺寸和中心位置)g
ASC(Anti Static Coatings,防静电涂层)'dJ/"
ASD(Auto Stereoscopic Display,自动立体显示)f
AG(Aperture Grills,栅条式金属板)}W`3,
ARC(Anti Reflect Coating,防反射涂层):XdKk
BLA: Bearn Landing Area(电子束落区)D=N+
BMC(Black Matrix Screen,超黑矩阵屏幕)|k
CCS(Cross Capacitance Sensing,交叉电容感应)/%<*he
cd/m^2(candela/平方米,亮度的单位)]A
CDRS(Curved Directional Reflection Screen,曲线方向反射屏幕)Hj
CG-Silicon(Continuous Grain Silicon,连续微粒硅)9j"5
CNT(carbon nano-tube,碳微管)(6HL,7
CRC(Cyclical Redundancy Check,循环冗余检查)8bT
CRT(Cathode Ray Tube,阴极射线管)K[J
CVS(Compute Visual Syndrome,计算机视觉综合症)*
DA(Digital to Analog,数字到模拟转换)'JvjnJ
DDC(Display Data Channel,显示数据通道)6*7
DDWG(Digital Display Working Group,数字化显示工作组))fc*gb
DEC(Direct Etching Coatings,表面蚀刻涂层)!_f
Deflection Coil(偏转线圈)>b`@
DFL(Dynamic Focus Lens,动态聚焦)/GyV
DFP(Digital Flat Panel,数字平面显示标准)8
DFPG(Digital Flat Panel Group,数字平面显示标准工作组)#s/
DFS(Digital Flex Scan,数字伸缩扫描)]gS/Z
DIC: Digital Image Control(数字图像控制)2oI$
Digital Multiscan II(数字式智能多频追踪)&Q,/P
DLP(digital Light Processing,数字光处理)a;
DMD(Digital Micromirror Device,数字微镜设备)/9,q
DOSD: Digital On Screen Display(同屏数字化显示)i
DPMS(Display Power Management Signalling,显示能源管理信号)f!
Dot Pitch(点距)Q4
DQL(Dynamic Quadrapole Lens,动态四极镜)KL
DSP(Digital Signal Processing,数字信号处理)}>F:
DSTN(Double layers Super Twisted Nematic,双层超扭曲向列,无源矩阵LCD)v-!P;
DTV(Digital TV,数字电视)3lVH
DVI(Digital Visual Interface,数字化视像接口)2A
ECD(ElectroChromic Display,电铬显示器)u
EFEAL(Extended Field Elliptical Aperture Lens,可扩展扫描椭圆孔镜头)$ZF
EL(Electro Luminescence,电镀发光体)|06#
FED(Field Emission Displays,电场发射式显示器),
Flyback Transformer(回转变压器)br]
FPD(flat panel display,平面显示器)$S=j
FRC: Frame Rate Control(帧比率控制)>Y
FSTN(Film Super Twisted Nematic,薄膜超扭曲向列)akX
GLV(grating-light-valve,光栅亮度阀)i8#
HDMI(High Definition Multimedia Interface,高精度多媒体接口):s(/)
HDTV(high definition television,高清晰度电视) @3
HVD(High Voltage Differential,高分差动)ia
IFT(Infinite FlatTube,无限平面管,三星丹娜)vc
INVAR(不胀铜)DUt
IPS(in-plane switching,平面开关)Y
LCD(liquid crystal display,液晶显示屏)'6n(e`
LCOS: Liquid Crystal On Silicon(硅上液晶)Vg
LED(light emitting diode,光学二级管)SH(R
L-SAGIC(Low Power-Small Aperture G1 wiht Impregnated Cathode,低电压光圈阴极管)|Uf
LTPS(Low-Temperature Poly-Si,低温多晶硅)wat
LVD(Low Voltage Differential,低分差动);dF
LVDS(Low Voltage Differential Signal,低分差动信号)cH9nw
LRTC(LCD Response Time Compensation,液晶响应时间补偿)-z)
LTPS(Low Temperature Polysilicon,低温多硅显示器)UP
MALS(Multi Astigmatism Lens System,多重散光聚焦系统)T&?BY
MDA(Monochrome Adapter,单色设备)Q2c/11
Monochrome Monitor(单色显示器)'~2
MS: Magnetic Sensors(磁场感应器)nU
MVA(multi-domain vertical alignment,广域垂直液晶队列)0<
OEL(organic electro-luminescent,有机电镀冷光)>K
OLED(Organic light-emitting diode,有机电激发光显示器):&I~Qj
OSD(On Screen Display,同屏显示)x
PAC(psycho-acoustic compensation,心理声学补偿)#@xV
P&D(Plug and Display,即插即显) g>!
PDP(Plasma Display Panel,等离子显示器)615O
Porous Tungsten(活性钨) k)cA
PPI(Pixel Per Inch,像素/英寸)x(d^Ar
RGB(Red、Blue、Green,红、蓝、绿三原色)4t
ROP(raster operations,光栅操作) gMp
RSDS: Reduced Swing Differential Signal(小幅度摆动差动信号)x
SC(Screen Coatings,屏幕涂层)kEM|.
Single Ended(单终结)0WjK
Shadow Mask(点状阴罩)/J*Ov
SXGA(Super eXtended Graphics Array,超级扩展型图形阵列)$Y_
STN(Super Twisted Nematic,超扭曲向列,无源矩阵)f
TCO(The Swedish Confederation of Professional Employees,瑞典专业工作人员联合会)&/
TDT(Timeing Detection Table,数据测定表)?
TMDS(Transition Minimized Differential Signaling,转换极低损耗微分信号)LlRsV/
TN(Twisted Nematic,扭曲液晶向列,无源矩阵LCD)W|
TN+film(twisted nematic and retardation film,扭曲液晶向列+延迟薄膜)N,
TICRG: Tungsten Impregnated Cathode Ray Gun(钨传输阴级射线枪)N
TFT(thin film transistor,薄膜晶体管,有源矩阵LCD)&:x Uj
Trinitron(特丽珑)C)
TSTN(triple supertwisted nematic,三倍超扭曲向列)>!N
UCC(Ultra Clear Coatings,超清晰涂层)~
UFB(Ultra-Fine&Bright,新概念超亮度液晶显示屏)_
UXGA (Ultra Extended Graphics Array,极速扩展图形阵列)V3Y
VAGP: Variable Aperature Grille Pitch(可变间距光栅)x
VBI: Vertical Blanking Interval(垂直空白间隙)6(}z
VESA(Video Electronics Standards Association,视频电子标准协会)ks
VGA(video graphics array,视频图像阵列) ;>f
VDT(Video Display Terminals,视频显示终端))6]Z<
VFD(Vacuum Fluorescent Display,真空荧光显示器)6ne0
VRR: Vertical Refresh Rate(垂直扫描频率)c,gk
VW(Virtual Window,虚拟视窗)Dx
XGA(eXtended Graphics Array,扩展型图形阵列)'-R
YUV(亮度和色差信号)|
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  4、视频hQGZ+
3D:Three Dimensional,三维S$Zv
3DCG(3D computer graphics,三维计算机图形)n
3DS(3D SubSystem,三维子系统).b
A-Buffer(Accumulation Buffer,积聚缓冲),*
AA(Accuview Antialiasing,高精度抗锯齿)t/`i
ADC(Analog to Digital Converter,模数传换器)n=EcOJ
ADI(Adaptive De-Interlacing,自适应交错化技术)JWV;
AE(Atmospheric Effects,大气雾化效果)8|
AFC(Advanced Frame Capture、高级画面捕获)4#L
AFR(Alternate  Frame Rendering,交替渲染技术)Z/<p+4
Anisotropic Filtering(各向异性过滤)MrNa
APPE(Advanced Packet Parsing Engine,增强形帧解析引擎)RPJ9!J
AR(Auto-Resume,自动恢复)$ ;F
AST(amorphous-silicon TFT,非晶硅薄膜晶体管)pm
AV(Analog Video,模拟视频)t;f
AV(Audio & Video,音频和视频)Q{C
B Splines(B样条)cao
BAC(Bad Angle Case,边角损坏采样)ni/nzg
Back Buffer,后置缓冲%<EOf}
Backface culling(隐面消除)H3.
Battle for Eyeballs(眼球大战,各3D图形芯片公司为了争夺用户而作的竞争)@0
Bilinear Filtering(双线性过滤)zo&
B.O.D.E(Body、Object、Design、Envioment,人体、物体、设计、环境渲染自动识别)w)/'
BSP(Binary Space Partitioning,二进制空间分区)C
CBMC(Crossbar based memory controller,内存控制交叉装置)4a3 1
CBU(color blending unit,色彩混和单位)0
CEA(Critical Edge Angles,临界边角)vQ
CEM(cube environment mapping,立方环境映射)VC
CG(C for Graphics/GPU,用于图形/GPU的可编程语言)?(WAw
CG(Computer Graphics,计算机生成图像)}wiv
Clipping(剪贴纹理)Z+H2f
Clock Synthesizer,时钟合成器oqKxJ
compressed textures(压缩纹理)Xh
Concurrent Command Engine,协作命令引擎#G8voc
CSC(Colorspace Conversion,色彩空间转换)"38Z
CSG (constructive solid geometry,建设立体几何)Yf`,L
CSS(Content Scrambling System,内容不规则加密)2obP+
DAC(Digital to Analog Converter,数模传换器)oyxTJ&
DCD(Directional Correlational De-interlacing,方向关联解交错)p(
DCT(Display Compression Technology,显示压缩技术)/iYh
DCT(Display Compatibility Test,显示设备兼容性测试)gM
DDC(Dynamic Depth Cueing,动态深度暗示)图像]
DDP(Digital Display Port,数字输出端口);Y
DDS(Direct Draw Surface,直接绘画表面)-
Decal(印花法,用于生成一些半透明效果,如:鲜血飞溅的场面)TL
DFP(Digital Flat Panel,数字式平面显示器)SQ
DFS: Dynamic Flat Shading(动态平面描影),可用作加速03
Dithering(抖动)h
Directional Light,方向性光源`L
DM(Displacement mapping,位移贴图)`
DME(Direct Memory Execute,直接内存执行)JL|LVf
DOF(Depth of Field,多重境深)F
dot texture blending(点型纹理混和)JeN
DOT3(Dot product 3 bump mapping,点乘积凹凸映射)Z$s_)
Double Buffering(双缓冲区)}
DPBM(Dot Product Bump Mapping,点乘积凹凸映射);iU
DQUICK(DVD Qualification and Integration Kit,DVD资格和综合工具包)G{w]FU
DRA(deferred rendering architecture,延迟渲染架构)fT
DRI(Direct Rendering Infrastructure,基层直接渲染)w:e"-
DSP(Dual Streams Processor,双重流处理器)_/7
DVC(Digital Vibrance Control,数字振动控制)1
DVI(Digital Video Interface,数字视频接口)7Oz
DVMT(Dynamic Video Memory Technology,动态视频内存技术)+x
DxR: DynamicXTended Resolution(动态可扩展分辨率)|q
DXTC(Direct X Texture Compress,DirectX纹理压缩,以S3TC为基础)!-
Dynamic Z-buffering(动态Z轴缓冲区),显示物体远近,可用作远景-jh}#B
E-DDC(Enhanced Display Data Channel,增强形视频数据通道协议,定义了显示输出与主系统之间的通讯通道,能提高显示输出的画面质量),N9
Edge Anti-aliasing(边缘抗锯齿失真)}Gc
E-EDID(Enhanced Extended Identification Data,增强形扩充身份辨识数据,定义了电脑通讯视频主系统的数据格式)2].V
eFB(embedded Frame Buffer,嵌入式帧缓冲)N
eTM(embedded Texture Buffer,嵌入式纹理缓冲)@E/8z_
Execute Buffers,执行缓冲区;QS?
Embosing,浮雕Q'
EMBM(environment mapped bump mapping,环境凹凸映射)s
Extended Burst Transactions,增强式突发处理5J
Factor Alpha Blending(因子阿尔法混合)60>7(x
Fast Z-clear,快速Z缓冲清除#`;8
FB(fragment buffer,片段缓冲)Kd!5g
FL(fragment list,片段列表)f<nU[
FW(Fast Write,快写,AGP总线的特殊功能):wKo6
Front Buffer,前置缓冲[B
Flat(平面描影))b8bA
FL(Function Lookup,功能查找)SmP;=N
FMC(Frictionless Memory Control,无阻内存控制)TtXf
Frames rate is King(帧数为王)r
FRC(Frame Rate Control,帧率控制)^(
FSAA(Full Scene/Screen Anti-aliasing,全景/屏幕抗锯齿)zW
Fog(雾化效果)p,gPU'
flip double buffered(反转双缓存)1$
fog table quality(雾化表画质)C@ipa
F-Buffer(Fragment Stream FIFO Buffer,片段流先入先出缓冲区)qGaV
GPT(Graphics Performance Toolkit,图形性能工具包){w
FRJS(Fully Random Jittered Super-Sampling,完全随机移动式超级采样)B)e
Fur(软毛效果)gcXur%
GART(Graphic Address Remappng Table,图形地址重绘表)vL6
GI(Global Illumination,球形光照)]m/VC
GIC(Gold Immersion Coating,化金涂布技术,纯金材质作为PCB最终层,提升信号完整性)r%)4I`
GIF(Graphics Interchange format,图像交换格式)[.;G-
Gouraud Shading,高洛德描影,也称为内插法均匀涂色,ge^
GPU(Graphics Processing Unit,图形处理器)@X]
GTF(Generalized Timing formula,一般程序时间,定义了产生画面所需要的时间,包括了诸如画面刷新率等)CEQHu2
GTS(Giga Textel Sharder,十亿像素填充率)6"#j3W
Guard Band Support(支持保护带)7
HAL(Hardware Abstraction Layer,硬件抽像化层)# /
HDR(High Dynamic Range,高级动态范围)`9:_3
HDRL(high dynamic-range lighting,高动态范围光线)(,|3+m
HDVP(High-Definition Video Processor,高精度视频处理器)N,
HEL: Hardware Emulation Layer(硬件模拟层)*9
HLSL(High Level Shading Language,高级描影语言)9^RjOe
HMC(hardware motion compensation,硬件运动补偿)ar@
Hierarchical Z(Z分级)hLU%oZ
high triangle count(复杂三角形计数)vbhw}
HOS(Higher-Order Surfaces,高次序表面)9J
HPDR(High-Precision Dynamic-Range,高精度动态范围)y1
HRAA(High Resolution Anti-aliasing,高分辨率抗锯齿)]"/[J
HSI(High Speed Interconnect,高速内连)YhBX/Z
HSR(Hidden Surface Removal,隐藏表面移除)E?wh
HTP(Hyper Texel Pipeline,超级像素管道)Rl
HWMC(Hardware Motion Compensation,硬件运动补偿)=#L=[
ICD(Installable Client Driver,可安装客户端驱动程序)a
iDCT(inverse Discrete Cosine Transformation,负离散余弦转换)MGd
IDE(Integrated Development Environment,集成开发环境)m
Immediate Mode,直接模式"Rf?
IMMT(Intelligent Memory Manager Technology,智能内存管理技术)m)(fg
Imposters(诈欺模型)0J(Q,
IPEAK GPT(Intel Performance Evaluation and Analysis Kit - Graphics Performance Toolkit,英特尔性能评估和分析套件 - 图形性能工具包)UO[RYX
IPPR: Image Processing and Pattern Recognition(图像处理和模式识别)b
IR(Immediate Rendering,直接渲染)N@nk;A
IRA(immediate-mode rendering architecture,即时渲染架构)<DX
IQ(inverse quantization,反转量子化)Q
ITC(Internal True Color,内部真彩色)%
IVC(Indexed Vertex Cache,索引顶点缓存)v]uHy
JFAA(Jitter Free Anti Aliasing,自由跳跃进抗锯齿)w'{leD
JGSS(Jittered Grid Super-Sampling,移动式栅格超级采样)i/f&
JPRS(Jittered pseudo random sampling,抖动假取样)DXwg
Key Frame Interpolation,关键帧插补#^Jg|
large textures(大型纹理)r/b
LE(low end,低端)s@jy5
LF(Linear Filtering,线性过滤,即双线性过滤)^"yJ7-
LFB(Linear Frame-Buffer,线性帧缓冲)u
LFM(Light Field Mapping,光照区域贴图)"
lighting(光源)jJ7)*
lightmap(光线映射)W
LMA(Lightspeed memory Architecture,光速内存架构)zb+
Local Peripheral Bus(局域边缘总线)jM/%2
LOD(Levels-of-Detail,细节级).Vw%&
Lossless Z Compression,无损Z压缩0(L
LPF(Low-past filter,低通道滤波器)`a
LSR(Light Shaft Rendering,光线轴渲染)Mh
mipmapping(MIP映射)u
MAC(Mediocre Angle Case,普通角采样)DdHnyd
Matrix Vertex Blending,矩阵顶点混和m~
MCM(Multichip Module,多芯片模块) ZM;
Membrane lighting,隔膜光线GA_?
Mipmap LOD Bias Adjustment(映射LOD偏移调节){0r+%l
Modulate(调制混合)oSU
Motion Compensation,动态补偿)9H20s
motion blur(模糊移动)>4
MPPS:Million Pixels Per Second,百万个像素/秒m
MRT(Multiple Render Targets,多重渲染目标)318*[
MSAA(multisampling Scene/Screen Anti-aliasing,多重采样抗锯齿)M,
Multiplicative Texture Blending(乘法纹理混合)sw
Multi-Resolution Mesh,多重分辨率组合"?*'p
Multi Threaded Bus Master,多线程主控BIFSu
Multitexture(多重纹理)zUw
MVSD(Motion Vector Steered de-interlacing,移动向量控制解交错)p-j
MXM(Mobile PCI Express Module,移动PCI Express模块):K3_t
NURBS(Non Uniform Relational B Splines,非统一相关B样条)0[?7
nerest Mipmap(邻近MIP映射,又叫点采样技术)R?3a
NGP(Next-Generation Graphics Port,下一代图形接口)#7
NSR(nVidia Shading Rasterizer,nVidia描影光栅引擎)Q
NXL(NVIDIA XPress Link,nViadia X紧迫链路)_,D
OGSS(Ordered Grid Super-Sampling,顺序栅格超级采样)b)
ORB(Online ResultBrowser,在线分数浏览)f#IYZ
OTES(Outside Thermal Exhaust System,向外热排气系统){AsO.'
Overdraw(透支,全景渲染造成的浪费)%o)!
partial texture downloads(并行纹理传输);GC
Parallel Processing Perspective Engine(平行透视处理器)(|.
PC(pipeline combining,管道结合)q+5
Perspective Correction(透视纠正) ZhY
Perspective Divide,透视分隔l2Vyi
PGC(Parallel Graphics Configuration,并行图像设置)V(m
PureHAL(Pure Hardware Abstraction Layer,纯硬件处理层)&#>
PIP(Picture In Picture,画中画)H
pixel(Picture element,图像元素,又称P像素,屏幕上的像素点),f^|p
PM(parallax mapping,视差映射)joQ>d@
Point Primitive Support(支持原始点) G<7
point light(一般点光源)uh)q]
point sampling(点采样技术,又叫邻近MIP映射)FT
Point Sprit(点碎片纹理)/
Positional Lights(定点光源) V0r
Precise Pixel Interpolation,精确像素插值QshTwn
precomputed/preimaged(预计算/预描绘):
Procedural textures(可编程纹理)-:)3o
Projected Textrues(投射纹理)S[o
PS(Pixel Shaders,像素描影)H
PT(Projective textures,投影纹理)T/QcI
PTC(Palletized Texture Compression,并行纹理压缩)4Yq_
PVA(Patterned Vertical Alignment,图像垂直调整)mVXvA
PVPU(Programable Vertex Processing Unit,可编程顶点处理单元)<
QC(Quad Cache,四重缓存)-
QDR(Quad Data Rate,四倍速率)I>|
QDR SDRAM(Quad Data Rate,四倍速率 SDRAM)"17
RAMDAC(Random Access Memory Digital to Analog Converter,随机存储器数/模转换器)*x?q|
Range Fog(延伸雾化)ENMfi/
PB(Priority buffer,优先缓冲)`j~:nd
PJSS(programmable jitter table,可编程抖动表)]P9&
ps(picoseconds,皮秒,微微秒,百亿分之一秒)_y#
Reflection mapping(反射贴图)}uT
render(着色或渲染)"eTA3
Rendering to a Window(窗口透视)J
RGBA(Red、Blue、Green + Alpha,红、蓝、绿 + Alpha通道)V
RGSS(Rotated Grid Super-Sampling,旋转栅格超级采样)WTzT
RM(Retention Mechanism,保持机构)1p}U4m
RSAA(Random Sampling Anti aliasing,随机采样抗锯齿)Y
RTV(Real Time Video,实时视频)+Z0=
S端子(Seperate)/I
S3(Sight、Sound、Speed,视频、音频、速度)C3-
S3TC(S3 Texture Compress,S3纹理压缩,以前仅支持S3显卡)Y(3bc-
S3TL(S3 Transformation & Lighting,S3多边形转换和光源处理)e;9
SB(Shadow Buffer,描影缓冲).;F,
Screen Buffer(屏幕缓冲)F
SDTV(Standard Definition Television,标准清晰度电视)-NTE
SEM(spherical environment mapping,球形环境映射)M4/%Q
SGCT(self-gauging clock technology,自测量时钟技术)P
Shading,描影SYiDBq
SIF2(SUMA Individual Analog Filter 2,SUMA独立模拟过滤器2)aNhk
Single Pass Multi-Texturing,单通道多纹理/
SLAM(Symmetrically Loaded Acoustic Module,平衡装载声学模块)ws-
SLI(Scanline Interleave,扫描线间插,3Dfx的双Voodoo 2配合技术)DT
SLI(Scalable Link Interface,可延展连接界面,nVidia的GeForce6800双显卡技术)`-1N=?
Smart Filter(智能过滤)GtI
soft shadows(柔和阴影);X;R
soft reflections(柔和反射)MW
spot light(小型点光源)%^
SRA(Symmetric Rendering Architecture,对称渲染架构)%wc
Specular Gouraud Shading(镜面高洛德描影)yH0
SS(Smart Shader,智能描影)!
SSAA(Super-Sampling Anti-aliasing,超级采样抗锯齿)FA?3
Stencil Buffers(模板缓冲)I
Stream Processor(流线处理)""R&E
Subpixel Accurate Rasterizing(区块子像素精确光栅化)" (
Subtractive Texture Blending(反纹理混合)9YmLD
Super Sampling(超级采样)S0X1
SuperScaler Rendering,超标量渲染V@DRJ
Table Fog(雾化函数表)t7
TBFB(Tile Based Frame Buffer,碎片纹理帧缓存)y+"cFM
TBR(Tile Based rendering,瓦片纹理渲染)4U/VzZ
tessellation(镶嵌)~5.}km
texel(T像素,纹理上的像素点)Aw
Texture Alpha Blending(纹理Alpha混合)>0]
Texture Clamping(纹理箝入)}XBb
Texture Fidelity(纹理真实性)a,B:
Texture Mirroring(纹理反射)Z-`.l
texture swapping(纹理交换)6d?r
Texture Wrapping(纹理外包) pL%L^
T&L(Transform and Lighting,多边形转换与光源处理)6}K
T-Buffer(T缓冲,3dfx Voodoo5的特效,包括全景反锯齿Full-scene Anti-Aliasing、动态模糊Motion Blur、焦点模糊Depth of Field Blur、柔和阴影Soft Shadows、柔和反射Soft Reflections)eV
TCA(Twin Cache Architecture,双缓存结构)-j&T%
TIFF(Tagged Image File format,标签图像文件格式)36+6
Triangle Setup,三角形设置#.ieJ
Transparency(透明状效果)zt6
Transformation(三角形转换)?|8*
Trilinear Filtering(三线性过滤)<5VF
Texture Modes,材质模式L
TMIPM: Trilinear MIP Mapping(三次线性MIP材质贴图)=QR
TMU(Texture Map Unit,纹理映射单元)AI{:
UCA(Unified Compiler Architecture,统一编译架构)KU+
UDA(Unified Driver Architecture,统一驱动程序架构)d5x
UDOT(UltraSharp Display Output Technology,超清晰显示输出技术)oON
UMA(Unified Memory Architecture,统一内存架构)"+SVW
UMA(Unified Motherboard Architecture,统一主板架构)]?g?T
UPT(unreal performance test,虚幻引擎性能测试)DL2VK9
VA(Vernier Acuity,视敏度))85Z"2
VDM(Virtual Displacement Mapping,虚拟位移映射)u
Visualize Geometry Engine,可视化几何引擎A,m,
Vertex Alpha Blending(顶点Alpha混合)p0l^DB
Vertex Fog(顶点雾化)es@
Vertex Lighting(顶点光源)Gw3y<8
Vertical Interpolation(垂直调变)}i}g
Viewport Transform,视点转换e2H
VIP(Video Interface Port,视频接口)7Ox>
VIVO(video input/output,视频输入/输出)r9'/Hj
ViRGE: Video and Rendering Graphics Engine(视频描写图形引擎)CWj
VMR(Video Mixing Renderer,视频混合渲染器)-
VMS(Virtual Memory System,虚拟内存系统)!
VOC(Visual Online Communication,视觉在线通讯)?
Voxel(Volume pixels,立体像素,Novalogic的技术)-L}3
VP(vertex processors,顶点处理器)0
VPE(Video Processing Engine,视频处理引擎))MN,{.
VPU(Vertex Processing Unit,顶点处理单元)oWYbd
VPU(Visual Processing Unit,视觉处理单元){e
VQTC(Vector-Quantization Texture Compression,向量纹理压缩)HYRO6
VS(Vertex Shaders,顶点描影)@L-V-a
VS(Visibility Subsystem,可见子系统)tmY
VSA(Voodoo Scalable Architecture,可升级Voodoo架构)Vs[pKt
VSU(Vertex/Scalability Unit,顶点/可量测性单元)p~07l
VSIS(Video Signal Standard,视频信号标准)^w,Kn
VSync(Vertical Sync,重直同步刷新)<D)
VT(Volume textures,体积纹理)N*%E5^
VT(Vertex Texturing,顶点纹理绘制)Yb
VTC(Volume Texture Compression,体积纹理压缩){
W-Fog(W雾化)b$uzJ
Xabre(“Sabre”(基础)+eXtraordinary(非凡)+Advanced(先进)+Brilliant(卓越)+Rapture(欢喜)+Enrichment(丰富))I!ycoi
XBA(Xtreme Bandwidth Architecture,极速带宽架构)|FU
YAB NCTC(Narrow Channel Texture compression,狭窄通道纹理压缩)LqgLbw
Z Buffer(Z缓存)pp
ZRT(Zone Rendering Technology,区域渲染技术)sZM5=
ZOC(Z-Occlusion Culling,Z闭塞选择)<;C
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  5、音频f,EF
3DPA(3D Positional Audio,3D定位音频)|
AAC(Advanced Audio Compression,高级音频压缩)@H-[,(
AC(Acoustic Edge,声学边缘).@LRk
AC(Audio Codec,音频多媒体数字信号编解码器) ]
AC-3(Audio Coding 3,第三代音响编码)bL0Zv'
AC97(Audio Codec '97,多媒体数字信号解编码器1997年标准)by0Ek
ACIRC(Advanced Cross Interleave Reed - Solomon Code,高级交叉插入里德所罗门代码) >
ADIP(ADdress In Pre-groove,地址预刻)p=ZlU
AFC(Amplitude-frequency characteristic,振幅频率特征)tvN;
AMC(audio/modem codec,音频/调制解调器多媒体数字信号编解码器))
APS(Audio Production Studio,音频生产工作室)4>m8
APX(All Position eXpansion全方位扩展)j8QNZg
ASIO(Audio Streaming Input and Output interface,音频流输入输出接口)r
ATRAC(Adaptive TRansform Acoustic Coding,可适应转换声学译码,MD专用数字声音数据压缩系统)7lF63
AUD_EXT(Audio Extension,音频扩展)F83:
AUX(Auxiliary Input,辅助输入接口)'j
CBR(Constant Bit Rate,固定比特率)/JtB
CS(Channel Separation,声道分离)G{6&LX
CMSS(Creative Multi Speaker Surround,创新多音箱环绕)QW,d
CPRM(Content Protection for recordable media,记录媒体内容保护)VS}Jm
DAB(digital audio broadcast,数字音频广播)#
DBBS(Dynamic Bass Boost System,动态低音增强系统)i
DCC(Digital Compact Cassette,数字盒式磁带)x
DDMA(Distributed DMA,分布式DMA)~MU-
DDSS(Dolby Digital Surround Sound,杜比数字环绕声))W"b7
DHT(Dolby Headphone Technology,杜比耳机技术)EC&=1
DLS(Downloadable Sounds Level,可下载音色)jH0A2
DLS-2(Downloadable Sounds Level 2,第二代可下载音色)P-5
DS3D(DirectSound 3D Streams)h_C$
DSD(Direct Stream Digital,直接数字信号流).jp
DSL(Down Loadable Sample,可下载的取样音色)B
DSO(Dynamic Sound-stage Organizer,动态声音层组建)6*w6^
DSP(Digital Sound Field Processing,数字音场处理)!sKx
DTS(Digital Theater System,数字剧院系统)D^
DTT(DeskTop Theater,桌面剧院)h/"
EAX(Environmental Audio Extensions,环境音效扩展技术)V5!FS
EFM (Eight to Fourteen Modulation,8位信号转换为14位信号) ,MgDB
ESP(Electronic-Shock Protection,电子抗震系统)SxKQuh
Extended Stereo(扩展式立体声)mF/
FM(Frequency Modulation,频率调制)p`@Ni3
FIR(finite impulse response,有限推进响应)&{-?S
FLAC(Free Lossless Audio Codec,自由无损音频解编码)p;Xf
FPS(FourPointSurround,创新的四点环绕扬声器系统)4q
FR(Frequence Response,频率响应)z
FSE(Frequency Shifter Effect,频率转换效果)<
GM(General Midi,普通MIDI)ZK#g
HDA(high-efficiency Audax High Definition Aerogel,高效高清楚气动)1U-<p
Hi-fi(high fidelity,高精度设备);H
HPF(High-Pass Filter,高通滤波器)aK;%
HRTF(Head Related Transfer Function,头部关联传输功能)a
I3DL2(Interactive 3D Level 2,第二级交互式3D音效)KNKZ0
IID(Interaural Intensity Difference,两侧声音强度差别)h.h9%
IIR(infinite impulse response,无限推进响应)p"WE*
Interactive Around-Sound(交互式环绕声)@WmX
Interactive 3D Audio(交互式3D音效)a@VlT4
ITD(Interaural Time Difference,两侧声音时间延迟差别)H
LFE(Low Frequency Sound Channel,低频声音通道)Ogm
LP(Long Play,长时间播放)i3^C~^
LPF(Low-Pass Filter,低通滤波器)X
MC(modem codec,调制解调器多媒体数字信号编解码器)n}Gw
MDLP(MiniDisc Long Play,长时间播放迷你光盘)8
MFM(Magnetic field modulation,磁场调制)=;I5&
MIDI(Musical Instrument Digital Interface,乐器数字接口)a'-95
NC(Noise Canceling,降噪)Dv(l
NDA: non-DWORD-aligned ,非DWORD排列D 3
NVH(Noise、Vibration、Harshness,噪声、振动和刺耳声)92|`
QEM(Qsound Environmental Modeling,Qsound环境建模扬声器组)z(
QMSS(QSound Multi Speaker System,Qsound多音箱系统)Q&E,da
Raw PCM: Raw Pulse Code Modulated(元脉码调制)GcHx
RMA: RealMedia Architecture(实媒体架构)a~j9
RMAA(Right Mark Audio Analyzer,公正标识音频分析软件)5}6@HF
RTSP: Real Time Streaming  Protocol(实时流协议)a
SACD(Super Audio CD,超级音乐CD)tXb
SCMS(Serial Copy Management System,连续复制管理系统,限制数字拷贝)J
SDMI(Secure Digital Music Initiative,安全式数字音乐))'_
SNR(Signal to Noise Ratio,信噪比)*
S/PDIF(Sony/Phillips Digital Interface,索尼/飞利普数字接口)Kp`p
SP(Stream Processor,音频流处理器)tt/bWV
SPU(Sound Processor Unit,声音处理器)D2#4.
SPX(Sound Production Experience,声音生成体验)zl
SPX(Sound Production eXtensions,声音生成扩展)L
SRC(Sampling Rate Convertor,采样率转换器,把48KHz转为MD适用的44.1KHz)(
SRS(Sound Retrieval System,声音修复系统)h
Surround Sound(环绕立体声)-VO
Super Intelligent Sound ASIC(超级智能音频集成电路)Ko
TAD(Telephone Answering Device,电话应答设备)915h~
TC(Time Scaling,时间缩放)m<d
TDMA(Transparent DMA,透明DMA)*N `1
THD+N(Total Harmonic Distortion plus Noise,总谐波失真加噪音)&/
TOC (Table Of Contents,MD内容表,包括磁盘名称、轨数、演奏时间) q*?|
VPT(Virtual Phone Technology C Acoustic Engine,虚拟耳机音效技术音响动力引擎)J&fv}X
TVA(Time Variable Amplitude,可随时间变化的音量)@wo,|
TVF(Time Variable Filter,可随时间变化的滤波器)gj
UDAC-MB(universal distribution with access control-media base,通用分配存取控制媒体基准)m
UTOC (User Table of Contents,可录式MD内容表) Fs
VBR(Variable Bit Rate,动态比特率)+A
WG(Wave Guide,波导合成)I_iVo~
WT(Wave Table,波表合成)u0_
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  6、RAM & ROM+
ABB(Advanced Boot Block,高级启动块)R
ABP: Address Bit Permuting,地址位序列改变~NUKyl
ADT(Advanced DRAM Technology,先进DRAM技术联盟)7
AL(Additive Latency,附加反应时间)-
ALDC(Adaptive Lossless Data Compression,适应无损数据压缩)8
APM(Automated Precision Manufacturing,自动化精确生产)Whk
ATC(Access Time from Clock,时钟存取时间)/[?
ATP(Active to Precharge,激活到预充电)r3'
BEDO(Burst Enhanced Data-Out RAM,突发型数据增强输出内存)0s1
BPA(Bit Packing Architecture,位封包架构)*,LD
AFC media(antiferromagnetically coupled media,反铁磁性耦合介质)Z
BLP(Bottom Leaded Package,底部导向封装)du
BSRAM(Burst pipelined synchronous static RAM,突发式管道同步静态存储器)U!$cG
CAS(Column Address Strobe,列地址控制器)nMpdVF
CCT(Clock Cycle Time,时钟周期)cH*ky
CDRAM(Cache DRAM,附加缓存型DRAM)-Vrq
CL(CAS Latency,CAS反应时间)m^
CMR(Colossal Magnetoresistive,巨磁阻抗)fuzKS
CPA(Close Page Autoprecharge,接近页自动预充电)'H4EBA
CSP(Chip Size Package,芯片尺寸封装)FGJz`k
CTR(CAS to RAS,列地址到行地址延迟时间)"d
DB: Deep Buffer(深度缓冲)gK3#
DD(Double Side,双面内存)-C!
DDBGA(Die Dimension Ball Grid Array,内核密度球状矩阵排列)]Od^^%
DDR(Double Date Rate,上下行双数据率)de{G
DDR SDRAM(Double Date Rate,上下行双数据率SDRAM)r
DRCG(Direct Rambus Clock Generator,直接RAMBUS时钟发生器)99
DIL(dual-in-line){v&L
DIVA(Data IntensiVe Architecture,数据加强架构)sj]<n
DIMM(Dual In-line Memory Modules,双重内嵌式内存模块)3s@6G
DLL(Delay-Locked Loop,延时锁定循环电路)1
DQS(Bidirectional data strobe,双向数据滤波)I
DRAM(Dynamic Random Access Memory,动态随机存储器)m
DRDRAM(Direct RAMBUS DRAM,直接内存总线DRAM)su_
DRSL(Direct RAMBUS Signaling Level,直接RAMBUS信号级)75O
DRSL(Differential Rambus Signaling Levels,微分RAMBUS信号级)>8Q
DSM(Distributed shared memory,分布式共享内存)x
ECC(Error Checking and Correction,错误检查修正)-Wk
ED(Execution driven,执行驱动){x}
EDO(Enhanced Data-Out RAM,数据增强输出内存)Xr}"
EHSDRAM(Enhanced High Speed DRAM,增强型超高速内存)Y
EL DDR(Enhanced Latency DDR,增强反应周期DDR内存) Rr),R
EMS(Enhanced Memory System,增强内存系统)rh`]'
EMS(Expanded Memory Specification,扩充内存规格)q
EOL(End of Life,最终完成产品)z#J
EPROM(erasable, programmable ROM,可擦写可编程ROM)L
EPOC(Elevated Package Over CSP,CSP架空封装)4]:B
EPV(Extended Voltage Proteciton,扩展电压保护)}4wcO
ESDRAM(Enhanced SDRAM,增强型SDRAM)SMS
ESRAM(Enhanced SRAM,增强型SRAM)asW
EEPROM(Electrically Erasable Programmable ROM,电擦写可编程只读存储器)sGFG
FCRAM(Fast Cycle RAM,快周期随机存储器)]Nx=2'
FEMMA(Foldable Electronic Memory Module Assembly,折叠电子内存模块装配)L7B
FM(Flash Memory,快闪存储器)i U9
FMD ROM (Fluorescent Material Read Only Memory,荧光质只读存储器) Do}qy
FPM(Fast Page Mode,快页模式内存)[
HDSS( Holographic Data Storage System,全息数据存储系统)cnRaQ}
HMC(holographic media card,全息媒体卡)KZl2y@
HMD(holographic media disk,全息媒体磁盘)ft
HSDRAM(High Speed DRAM,超高速内存)x(bJ<
LRU(least recently used,最少最近使用)ZU(K
MADP(Memory Address Data Path,内存地址数据路径)CS]TE&
MDRAM(Multi Bank Random Access Memory,多储蓄库随机存储器) %%?g,
MRAM(Magnetic Random Access Memory,磁性随机存取存储器)k^-2
ns(nanosecond,纳秒,毫微秒,10亿分之一秒)&@Dj
NVRAM(Non-Volatile RAM,非可变性RAM))AgS>|
NWX(no write transfer,非写转换)G
ODR(Octal Data Rate,八倍数据率)1Wr$*t
ODT(on-die termination,片内终结器)htQ6WZ
OP(Open Page,开放页)7{O:
PIROM:Processor Information ROM,处理器信息ROM,&
PLEDM: Phase-state Low Electron(hole)-number Drive Memory F4
PLL(Phase Lock Loop,相位锁定环).
PRISM(Photorefractive Information Storage Material,摄影折射信息存储原料)UI+-
PROM(Programmable Read Only Memory,可编程只读存储器)ovGpd
PTA(Precharge to Active,预充电到激活)C)
QBM(Quad Band Memory,四倍边带内存)(|mg'
QRSL(Quad Rambus Signaling Levels,四倍RAMBUS信号级)yvQY
RAC(Rambus Asic Cell,Rambus集成电路单元)rrz
RAC(Row Access Time,行存取时间)Q[E
RAM(Random Access Memory,随机存储器)U/
RAS(Row Address Strobe,行地址控制器)4kgx
RAT(Precharge to Active Trp,预充电到激活时间)j
RCD(Row to Cas Delay,行地址到列地址控制器延迟时间)?E+A1]
RDF(Rambus Developer Forum,RAMBUS发展商论坛)VQ
RDRAM(Rambus Direct RAM,直接型RambusRAM)L[7$6
RIMM(RAMBUS In-line Memory Modules,RAMBUS内嵌式内存模块)sfM`.
ROM(read-only memory,只读存储器)W];lld
RRAM(Resistance RAM,非挥发性阻抗存储器)tG
RP(RAS Pre-charge Times,行地址预充电时间)Ksx
RL(Read Latency,读取反应时间)P7I*|
SCP(CHIP SCALE PACKGE,芯片比例封装)J
SD(Single Side,单面内存)l3MZ
SDRAM(Synchronous Dynamic RAM,同步动态内存)@o
SDR(Single Date Rate,单数据率)}!0g
SDR SDRAM(Single Date Rate,单数据率SDRAM)j{jsX$
SGRAM(synchronous graphics RAM,同步图形随机储存器)s:/5p
SIMM(Single Inline Memory Module,单边直线内存模块)R!Vo
SLM(Spatial Light Modulator,空间光线调节器)>}s
SM(Smart Media,智能存储卡)T
SMRAM(System Management RAM,系统管理内存);p|*
SODIMM(Small Outline Dual In-line Memory Modules,小型双重内嵌式内存模块)bUv`2j
SPD(Serial Presence Detect,串行存在检查)`M."
SRAM(Static Random Access Memory,静态随机存储器)ts(#%
SRAM(single-transistor DRAM,单晶体管DRAM)o:2>s5
SSFDC(Solid State Floppy Disk Card,固态软盘卡,通常指Smart Media) <
SSTL(Stub Series Terminated Logic,残余连续终结逻辑电路)Y/@/R
TCP(Tape Carrier Packaging,带载封装)E1xT
TCSR(temperature compensated self refresh,温度补偿自刷新)r;
TD(Trace driven,追踪驱动)_>u9PJ
TOM(Top of main memory,主内存顶端)X
TSOPs(thin small outline packages,小型薄型封装)33l
UMA(Upper Memory Area,上部内存区)j^c
ULVS(ultra low voltage signal,超低电压信号)K#
USWV(Uncacheable, Speculative, Write-Combining非缓冲随机混合写入);j b
VCRAM(Virtual Channel Memory,虚拟通道内存)T,G)c
VCMA(Virtual Channel Memory architecture,虚拟通道内存结构)"o/
VCSDRAM(Virtual Channel SDRAM,虚拟通道内存)FkCw%,
VM(Virtual Memory,虚拟存储器)yi8^D|
VR(Virtual Register,虚拟寄存器):py
WBGA(Windows-BGA,WBGA的面积尺寸为传统TSOP封装的36.52%,重量为传统TSOP的23.37%,整个WBGA的面积与内核的比例为128%,也就是说,封装的面积仅比管芯大28%。y5^
WL(Write Latency,写反应时间)Q/^N`]
WORM(write-once/read many,写一次读多次介质)GJr:mp
XDR(eXtreme Data Rate,极速数据率)P
XMS(Extended Memory,扩展内存)d<"f#
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  7、磁盘,P$w
AAT(Average access time,平均存取时间)21mmkJ
ABS(Auto Balance System,自动平衡系统)zUw
AM(Acoustic Management,声音管理)q{bO9
ASC(Advanced Size Check,高级尺寸检查)TO*T q
ASMO(Advanced Storage Magneto-Optical,增强形光学存储器)[8Ji
AST(Average Seek time,平均寻道时间)BD
ATA(Advanced Technology Attachment,高级技术附加装置)CqW"{J
ATOMM(Advanced super Thin-layer and high-Output Metal Media,增强形超薄高速金属媒体).
BBS(BIOS Boot Specification,基本输入/输出系统启动规范)L1V
BPI(Bit Per Inch,位/英寸)C(4D
bps(bit per second,位/秒)W=-OW
bps(byte per second,字节/秒)H(
CAM(Common Access Model,公共存取模型)tn
CF(CompactFlash Card,紧凑型闪存卡)B$7
CHS(Cylinders、Heads、Sectors,柱面、磁头、扇区)|n/n6_
CSS(Common Command Set,通用指令集)`
DBI(dynamic bus inversion,动态总线倒置)s
DIT(Disk Inspection Test,磁盘检查测试)c/rr-
DMA(Direct Memory Access,直接内存存取)f8
DTR(Disk Transfer Rate,磁盘传输率)42(
EIDE(enhanced Integrated Drive Electronics,增强形电子集成驱动器),&ZC
eSATA(External Serial ATA,扩展型串行ATA)I^je8-
FDB(fluid-dynamic bearings,动态轴承)h";/%
FAT(File Allocation Tables,文件分配表)ST b
FC(Fibre Channel,光纤通道)bh(.v
FDBM(Fluid dynamic bearing motors,液态轴承马达)8j
FDB(Fluid Dynamic Bearing,非固定动态轴承)5j
FDC(Floppy Disk Controller,软盘驱动器控制装置)?v|n
FDD(Floppy Disk Driver,软盘驱动器)"
GMR(giant magnetoresistive,巨型磁阻)e^
HDA(Head Disk Assembly,头盘组件)}Q
HiFD(high-capacity floppy disk,高容量软盘)+@
IDE(Integrated Drive Electronics,电子集成驱动器)CH]}
IPEAK SPT(Intel Performance Evaluation and Analysis Kit - Storage Performance Toolkit,英特尔性能评估和分析套件 - 存储性能工具包)sG;
JBOD(Just a Bunch Of Disks,磁盘连续捆束阵列)@
LBA(Logical Block Addressing,逻辑块寻址)[w`Tw^
MR(Magneto-resistive Heads,磁阻磁头)w)e
MBR(Master Boot Record,主引导记录)[r&:?
ms(Millisecond,毫秒)g3
MSR(Magnetically induced Super Resolution,磁感应超分辨率)z
MTBF(Mean Time Before Failure,平均无故障时间)E94X
NQC(Native Queuing Command,内部序列命令)ehdu
NTFS(Net Technology File System,新技术文件系统)jZIml
OTF(on-the-fly,高速数据传输错误纠正)ThzV2
PCBA(Pring Circuit Board Assembly,印刷电路电路板组件)0
PIO(Programmed Input Output,可编程输入输出模式)o,NW
PRML(Partial Response Maximum Likelihood,最大可能部分反应,用于提高磁盘读写传输率)VHN;
RAID(Redundant Array of Independent Disks,独立磁盘冗余阵列)4^@
RAID(Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks ,廉价磁盘冗余阵列)]C}f
RPM(Rotation Per Minute,转/分)B6p:_
RSD: Removable Storage Device(移动式存储设备)ekt7iY
RST(Read Service Times,读取服务时间)CfV2.A
SAMS(Seagate's Advanced Multi Drive System,希捷高级多硬盘系统)/3NB2*
SAS(Serial Attached SCSI,串行SCSI)W`s=
SATA(Serial ATA,串行ATA)4;
SBT(sound barrier technology,声音阻碍技术)#z9
SCSI(Small Computer System Interface,小型计算机系统接口) X=D
SCMA:SCSI Configured Auto Magically,SCSI自动配置315_
SLDRAM(Synchnonous Link DRAM,同步链路内存)2
S.M.A.R.T.(Self-Monitoring, Analysis and Reporting Technology,自动监测、分析和报告技术)<{S
SPS(Shock Protection System,抗震保护系统)/o
SSO(simultaneously switching outputs,同时开关输出))<-
STA(SCSI Trade Association,SCSI同业公会)~|~"l
STR(sequential transfer rates,连续内部数据传输率)uS
TCQ(tagged command queuing,标签命令序列)h
TFI(Thin-Film Inducted Heads,薄膜感应磁头)eEe~l
TPI (Track Per Inch,磁道/英寸)sMp_
Ultra CF(Ultra CompactFlash Card,超级紧凑型闪存卡)/nu
Ultra DMA(Ultra Direct Memory Access,超高速直接内存存取)Zs<@-}
LVD(Low Voltage Differential)l=]
Wpcom(Write-Precompensation Cylinders,写电流补偿柱面数)]73W.t
WST(Write Service Times,写入服务时间)^{*@
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Seagate硬盘技术$:K
AAM(Automatic Acoustic Management,自动机械声学管理)p &ge
CBDS(Continuous Background Defect Scanning,连续后台错误扫描)f,=
DiscWizard(磁盘控制软件)wU1]r
DST(Drive Self Test,磁盘自检程序);
SeaShield(防静电防撞击外壳)    E;
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  8、光驱Wl.C-
ADIP(Address In Pre-Groove,预凹槽寻址)`;28
ASPI(Advanced SCSI Programming Interface,高级SCSI可编程接口)
ATAPI(AT Attachment Packet Interface,AT扩展包接口)W,Pc
BCF(Boot Catalog File,启动目录文件)/So!=
BURN-Proof(Buffer UnderRuN-Proof,防止缓冲区溢出,三洋的刻录保护技术)yF
BIF(Boot Image File,启动映像文件)z
CAV(Constant Angular Velocity,恒定角速度)em{W*
CD(Compact Disc,紧密型光盘)O
CDR(CD Recordable,可记录光盘)W
CD-ROM/XA(CD-ROM eXtended Architecture,唯读光盘增强形架构)X:
CDRW(CD-Rewritable,可重复刻录光盘)Ai
CLV(Constant Linear Velocity,恒定线速度)J!6
DAE(digital Audio Extraction,数据音频抓取)>nvJ
DAO(Disc At Once,整盘刻录)Q
DAO-RAW(Disc At Once Read after Write,整盘刻录-写后读)A
DDSS(Double Dynamic Suspension System,双悬浮动态减震系统),-owC
DDSS II(Double Dynamic Suspension System II,第二代双层动力悬吊系统)P_Rq
DSD(Direct Stream Digital,直接比特流数码)f
DVD(Digital Video/Versatile Disk,数字视频/万能光盘)RUb
DVD-R(DVD Recordable,可记录DVD盘)&
DVD-RW(DVD Rewritable,可重复刻录DVD盘):ZKXIY
DVD-RAM(Digital Video/Versatile Disk - Random Access Memory,随机存储数字视频/万能光盘)KwE0iP
DWDD(Domain Wall Displacement Detection,磁畴壁移动检测)E7
ESER(EAC Secure Extract Ripping,EAC安全抓取复制)ID
GM(Glass Mould,玻璃铸制)DK
GSM(Galvanization Superconductive Material,电镀锌超导材料)z:ga,7
IPW(Incremental Packet Writing,增量包刻录)%(,
LIMDOW(Light Intensity Modulation Direct OverWrite,光学调制直接覆盖)s[
LD(Laser Disc,激光视盘,大碟)9
LG(Land Groove,岸地凹槽)2"MZ
MAMMOS(magnetic amplifying magneto-optical system,磁畴放大播放系统)*8E`(/
MD(MiniDisc,微型光盘)n
ML(multi-level,多层光盘技术)H-2g
MO(Magneto Optical,磁光盘)&GuVu,
OTF(On The Fly,飞速刻录)M
OWSC(Optimum Write Speed Control、优化写入速度控制)BCL!;
PCAV(Part Constant Angular Velocity,部分恒定角速度){
PPLS(Pure Phase Laser System,纯相位激光系统)O"
RS-PC(Reed-Solomon Product Code,里德所罗门编码)^OR
RLL(Run Length limited,运行长度限制码)@|'
SACD(Super Audio CD,超级音频CD)t|[m
SAO(Sessino At Once,区段刻录)
SARC(Super-Advanced Rapid Cooling,超高级快速冷却)9n+/j
SC(Spin Coat,旋转覆盖)sE5T^
SCM(Spin Coat Method,旋压覆盖法)U
SLL(SeamLess Link,无缝连接)Pg:6P
SMT(Superconductive Microtherm Technology,超导体散热材料)28OM~@
Super RENS(super resolution near-field structure,超精细近场结构)m
TAO(Track At Once,轨道刻录)?5x?
TBW(Thermo Balanced Writing,热电平衡写入)k>
VCD(Video COMPACT DISC,视频CD)t;X
VIPC(Intelligent Variable Power Correct,智能变功纠错技术)PB^@
WD(Working Distance,工作距离)#*T9@Q
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特殊技术'd5
SOS(Smart Object Salvation,智能目标分析拯救系统)kJ
TADS(Target Acquisition and Designantion For DVD,DVD目标获取和指定)~F!~
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  9、打印机1TAi
AAS(Automatic Area Seagment?)Eh'
dpi(dot per inch,每英寸的打印像素)AgZ?l.
ECP(Extended Capabilities Port,延长能力端口)f
EPP(Enhanced Parallel Port,增强形平行接口)_
IPP(Internet Printing Protocol,因特网打印协议)#)D,`'
MPT(Micro Piezo Technology,微针点压电)x|A%
ppm(paper per minute,页/分)C7Vw_E
SPP(Standard Parallel Port,标准并行口)# &~3J
TA(Thermo Autochrome,全彩色感热式热感打印)PsgM
TB(Thermal Bubble,热泡式)o
TET(Text Enhanced Technology,文本增强技术)La
USBDCDPD(Universal Serial Bus Device Class Definition for Printing Devices,打印设备的通用串行总线级标准)a
VD(Variable Dot,变点式列印)mc65"
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  10、扫描仪DZWYa
CIS(Contact Image Sensors,接触图像传感器)d/D
TWAIN(Toolkit Without An Interesting Name,无注名工具包协议)]_E
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  11、公司名称1m_DRe
3Nod(三诺)k6>8!
10MOONS(天敏)$Wk
A4tech(双飞燕)nKo'
ABIT(升技)DVL
Acer(宏基)(笔记本以及品牌电脑使用的牌子)zNQ@
Accolade(崇盛){`J)W
Acorp(佰钰)f
ACTIMA(长谷)u
AD(Analog Device Inc,类比设备公司)&TD
Addonics(花王)LFSU
ADI(诚洲)j
AGFA(爱克发)N~
Airwebs(联尚)TPU6
Aiwa(爱华)+#q
AL(Advanced Logic Inc,先进逻辑公司)?kO_B
Albatron(青云))
AMAZON(亚马逊)SCLkf-
Amax(中宇)Fd_
AMC(Applied Microsystems, Corp,实用微系统公司)}h1NT
AMD(Advanced Micro Device,超微半导体)q
AMI(American Megatrends Incorporated,美国趋势科技)&_6_rS
AOC(冠捷)uqQ~v-
AOPen(Acer Open,建碁)<L6xg
Apacer(宇瞻)O
APC(American Power Conversion,美国能源转换)d9W .
Apple(苹果)uEt1/
APT(中达国际)kd?-7S
ArtMedia(亚美达)_ s(N>
ASF(Applied Science Fiction)i@Fy
Asion(亚逊)4dfF
ASUS(华硕)+:*% &
ATi(治天,扬智)2/zfo
Asource(源兴)L
Atrend(中凌)y*n.a
AVC(Asian Vital Components,奇鈜科技,亚洲关键部件生产商){y>
Award(爱华)0
Aztech(爱捷特)I'uq.
Bell(贝尔)p8`
Benq(Bring Enjoyment and Quality to Life,明基,传达资讯生活真善美)]5
BETOP(北通)o`(
Bigata(百佳泰)s9k2
BIGHAND(大手)4K*[
BioStar(映泰).kQ
BOE(Beijing Over East,京东方))Ge <H
Brother(兄弟)wct`
BTC(英群)[[wA36
BUDDY(霸迪)f`Ay)
C&T(Chips and Technologies, Inc. 芯片和技术公司)(7qc
Canon(佳能)Z~a[B
Casio(卡西欧)?yE
Cardex(耕宇)-/m1X}
Cellink(浩年)l
Chaintech(承启)6aK%
Chaoyi-tech(超意数码)j
Chic(业盛):JUt/s
China(Sciences Group 中科s/h
Cisco(思科)>Ss/R
CL(Cirrus Logic)ge+
CMedia(骅讯)TE(4lg
color(七彩虹)@L
Creative(创新)-_6N
Creative(Idea(创新锐)W@
Compaq(康柏){QgbK
CSUN(世讯)8
CTX(中强){
CVICSE(中创)ev o)K
DataExpert(联讯)'8&!
Dataland(迪兰恒进)T!o
Daywoo(大宇)2a({
DDD(三帝,秦众QinZhong)RU
DDD(Dynamic Digital Depth Inc.,动态数字境深公司,http://www.ddd.com)oO"fA
DEC(Digital Equipment Corp. 数据设备公司)Vs
DELL(戴尔)Y
delta(台达)"0'~Ub
DESHARK(帝鲨),&f/b-
DFI(友通,钻石)|]1R
Diamond(帝盟)ic
DGC(大吉)py$#MO
Diamond(帝盟)6
DTI(Dimension Technologies Inc,维度技术公司)O8:B
DTK(创宏)O
EAR(Extreme Audio Reality)ZQN
Ecom(龙维)3
ECS(精英)]
Eagles(金鹰)'&.b
EagleTec(鹰泰)xN NV
EMC(唯冠,华冠)bq`jow
EPO(仪宝)g
EPOX(磐英  现正更名为“磐正”)y&||b
Epson(爱普生)y}
Ericsson(爱立信)tX;^:
Etech(力宜)v(%N
ETOP(顶坚)aU[!=
FIC(First International Computer,Inc.第一国际计算机公司)大众#hOgf?
FLY(福扬)1u$BaS
FMI(Fujitsu Microelectronics, Inc.)富士通微电子71
Founder(北大方正)Cl@MH
Freetech(富棋)esM
FST(Future Sound Technologies)未来音乐技术-g;AZ6
Fujistu(富士通)4_:
FujiFilm(富士林)-{
Gadmei(佳的美)$'.k]
Gainward(耕宇)8qm_`
Gamtec(和跃)Sd
Geil(Gold Empire International Ltd,金皇国际有限公司)C
Genius(胜盈)N^v`B
Genuine(捷元)1In=w
Gigabyte(技嘉)K2#
GoldSun(高圣)A6]
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GreatWall(长城)d/g
Guillemot&Hercules(大力神)zA0yO]
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Haier(海尔)|P{/
Hanwang(汉王)T"jgYo
Hardlink(固网)OIa(p
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HighPower(海霸)Pp]?
Hitachi(日立)a
Hoxtek(富本)[zn|
HP(Hewlett-Packard,美国惠普公司)rjY
HP-Link(和平)VoN}Lv
HuaWei(华为)Jtow
Huaqi(华旗)"XIpK
Hyundai(现代)RpKt
IBM (International Business Machine Corp.,国际商业机器)=&GZvR
IDG(International Data Group,国际数据集团)*x{
IDT(Integrated Device Technology, Inc. 综合设备技术公司)?<eb
ICS(Integrated Circuit Systems,集成电路系统)gMGL*
IIYAMA(饭山)5Y~N"G
Imagic(梦想家)y
Intel(英特尔)Hem.}
Iwill(艾崴)Vu
IMS: International Meta Systemqbw
Infineon(亿恒,英飞凌))Eu
Iomega(艾美加)6.E
ITE(Integrated Technology Express, Inc. 综合技术加速公司)P4|U@'
JetBoard(捷波)$
Jetway(捷锐)i?
Jhncc(华鑫)V)
JNC(捷讯)^%
Joytech(阿波罗)2
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Kingfore(金佛)2
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Kingstone(金仕顿)Y-tgl
Kodak(柯达);(
lander(建达蓝德)&/
LangChao(浪潮)R_(
Leaktek(丽台)XBxoW0
Legend(联想)C[]5[
LEMEL(联强)G
LEO(大众)]y
Lexmark(利盟)cNn
LG(乐金)(Goldstar,高士达)]9}f~u
Liteon(建兴)W)
Longway(龙维)>WuOz"
Lucent(朗讯)Xvk:
LuckyStar(联胜)]-
MagicPro(辉煌)"
MAG(美格)q5FG3/
MANLI(万丽)?
Matsonic(松力)XunRJ
Maxtor(迈拓)<cDo(K
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Megastar(皇朝)m/Y+
Megtron(美创)4iZp
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Mitsubshi(三菱)WQk9F
Mitsumi(美上美)KA"
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NAI: Network Associates Incorporation,前身为McAfee。vF
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NETAC(朗科)}
Nightingale(夜莺)dM
Nikon(尼康)P3g`?
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NMC(New Media Communication,新型媒体通信)93]^k
NOKIA(诺基亚)x}?Ld
Norcent(宏盛)"*]Qe
NS(National Semiconductor,国家半导体)XyzC
NTC(Nanya Technology Corp. ,南亚科技)L
NTT(nippon telegraph and telephone,日本电报和电话公司)/
NumberNine(第9)D7k/
OAK(海洋)BG*
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Olympas(奥林巴斯)7yL,
OMEGA(奥米加)M9d
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Panasonic(松下)n"9#?i
Paradise(奔驰/新天下)w
pcchips(明致/鑫明)Gq
PenPower(蒙恬)5
Penrod(彭路得)75 q&8
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Philips Semiconductors(飞利普半导体)$:}N/
Pilotide(旗舰)@]wW
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PMI: Pacific Magtron International"?^
PowerColor(憾讯)Rb
PROCOMP(博达)]:m-X
QDI(Quality Delivery Innovation,品质递送创新,联想)~aHE
QDI(Quantum Design Incorporation,量子设计公司)2
Quanta(广达)
Quantum(昆腾)~!@
Quantum3D(昆腾3D)G
Qxcomm(全向)En^I
RCC(Reliance Computer Corporation,信心计算机公司,ServerWorks的前身)X8^
Realtek(瑞昱)Vy
Redfox(红狐)-
Ricoh(理光)I~W|
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RPE(Royal Philips Electronics,皇家飞利浦电子公司)YhC
Samaung(三星)$iK7
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SAST(先科)c%
SBELL(上海贝尔)v6|d=9
SCE(sony computer entertainment,索尼计算机娱乐部)NJ7JZJ
Seagate(希捷)p~
Seagull(海鸥)i54
SeeThru(世和资讯)yA5#f`
SGI(Silicon Graphics Inc,硅图形公司)n
SMC(Standard Microsystems Corp. 标准微系统公司)N@
SMIC(Semiconductor Manufacturing International Corporation,中芯国际集成电路制造有限公司)dP?
Shuttle(浩鑫)WZ?m5M
Siemens(西门子)r>`2R6
SIPIX(矽峰)yQ3[Y
SiS(Silicon Integrated Systems,硅片综合系统公司,矽统)m4m3;
Soltek(硕泰克)42,i/O
Sony(索尼)S
Soyo(梅捷)U`.(
Sparkle(旌宇)=
Speedy(讯怡)p
Start(Star,实达)A
STM(STMicroelectronics,意法半导体,由意大利SGS Microelettronica及法国Thomsom半导体公司合并而成)C
Stones(四通利方)Z_/sE
Sun Microsystems(升阳/太阳微系统)wW
SuperMicro(超微)rAJ
Superpower(上普){
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Teclast(台电)hFV
Tekram(建邦)5vPed0
TENDA(吉顺通)A&7AI>
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TI(Texas Instruments Inc. 德州仪器)PzB
Titan(提坦);_
Togotech(岛谷科技)%GDG
Tontru(同创)i
TopStar(国傲通,顶星)_DL
TORiSAN(三井)0@/LY
Toshiba(东芝)"6gN
TP-link(普瑞尔)*S8*
Transmeta(全美达)/sSgl.
Trident(泰鼑)2
Triplex(启亨);mFF
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TW(同维)kP
TwinMOS(勤茂)ygj
Transcend(创建、宇瞻)v
Twinhead(伦飞)>
Tyan(泰安)k&B@h4
UEI(Universal Electronics Inc.,世界电器)`f;NH
Umax(力捷)#
UMC(United Microelectronics Corporation,台湾联华电子公司,半导体制造商)/8vj|
Uniark(天虹)V
Unika(双敏)un0e:;
USI(Universal Scientific Industrial,通用科学工业) }r+
USTC(Union Semiconductor Technology Corp,联合半导体技术公司):m7
V^3(V Cubed Semiconductor,V立方半导体)k]
VIA(威盛)k22~
ViewSonic(优派国际)%L>
Viguar(伟格)>g>|
VuegoBrisa(明基电通)#
WD(Western Digital,西部数据)mw%
Winbond(华邦)GI&h
Wintime(富品)Z
Winward()6*VI
Xerox(施乐)!LzX
XGI(Xabre Graphic Inc,前图强,SiS的独立的图形芯片业务部门)j
Xoceco(厦华)d~:Vn
Yamaha(雅马哈)q
Yuan(小影霸)I<
ZD(Ziff-Davis出版公司)/
Zeling(则灵)Jgn))s
Zida(华基):pQGH!
Zoltrix(速捷时)a@
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  12、组织和会议rKf,;
ADT(Advanced DRAM Technology,高级内存技术)4`G
ANSI(American National Standards Institute,美国国立标准协会)sQf/
BAD(Best Amiga Dominators)NxL4
CBF: Cable Broadband Forum,电缆宽带论坛uUN
CEA(Consumer Electronics Association,消费者电子协会)ECNa
CEMA(Consumer Electronics Manufacturing Association(消费者电子制造业协会)]>
CPE: Customer Premise Equipment(用户预定设备)7p|[
CSA(Canadian Standards Association,加拿大标准协会).
DCA: Defense Communication Agency,国防部通信局4{qQi.
DOJ: Department of Justice(反不正当竞争部门)V_
DSP: Delivery Service Partner(交付服务合伙人)qB$zE
DVB:Digital Video Broadcasting,数字视频广播D
E3(Electronic Entertainment Expo,电子娱乐展览会)J`f|xQ
EFF: Electronic Frontier Foundation(电子前线基金会)1^9
EPA(Environmental Protection Agency,美国环境保护局)p6s
ETRI(Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute,电子和电信研究协会)C7
FCC(Federal Communications Commission,联邦通信委员会)}$@=A4
FTC(Federal Trade Commission,联邦商业委员会)=o/
GDC(Game Developer Conference,游戏发展商会议)U=
HTTC(HyperTransport Technology Consortium,HyperTransport技术协?/span>_OL_AA
12、组织和会议]g
ADT(Advanced DRAM Technology,高级内存技术)ST
ANSI(American National Standards Institute,美国国立标准协会)+Ov
BAD(Best Amiga Dominators)d[cs
CBF: Cable Broadband Forum,电缆宽带论坛hKM`x
CEA(Consumer Electronics Association,消费者电子协会)O?
CEMA(Consumer Electronics Manufacturing Association(消费者电子制造业协会)kNMb@
CPE: Customer Premise Equipment(用户预定设备)C8Q
CSA(Canadian Standards Association,加拿大标准协会)A8VAH
DCA: Defense Communication Agency,国防部通信局Tb9D"`
DOJ: Department of Justice(反不正当竞争部门)j/J9
DSP: Delivery Service Partner(交付服务合伙人)>+&-
DVB:Digital Video Broadcasting,数字视频广播bz
E3(Electronic Entertainment Expo,电子娱乐展览会)<yA
EFF: Electronic Frontier Foundation(电子前线基金会)K[
EPA(Environmental Protection Agency,美国环境保护局)0NcN
ETRI(Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute,电子和电信研究协会)u
FCC(Federal Communications Commission,联邦通信委员会)~KlAn
FTC(Federal Trade Commission,联邦商业委员会)&lbS9
GDC(Game Developer Conference,游戏发展商会议)z{ka,
HTTC(HyperTransport Technology Consortium,HyperTransport技术协会)7]v=u
ICT(Information and Communications Technology,信息和通讯技术)}&L31k
IEC(International Electrotechnical Commission,国际电子技术委员会)H+:
ISSCC(International Solid-State Circuits Conference,国际晶体管电路讨论会)U%.+;
ICSA: International Computer Security Association(国际计算机安全协会),它的前身为NCSA(National Computer }
Security Association,国家计算机安全协会)1bg7B{
ITU(International Telecommunications Union,国际电信同盟)g}~-(
IEEE(Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers,电子电路工程师协会)+
IETF(Internet Engineering Task Force,因特网工程任务组)vY
IFWP: International Forum White Paper,国际白皮书论坛c:6
ISC(International Steering Committee,国际筹划指导委员会)Ul^=
ISO/MPEG: International Standard Organization's Moving Picture Expert Group(国际标准化组织的活动图片专家组)E-13
ISOM(International Symposium on Optical Memory,光盘国际会议)geo
ISSCC(IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference,IEEE国际固态电路协议)O{h@
ITAA: Information Technology Association of American,美国信息技术协会2]'!j:
ITWG(international technology working groups,国际技术工作组)e-)I>e
JCIA(Japan Camera Industry Association,日本摄影机工业协会)K/Jg o
JEDEC(Joint Electronic Device Engineering Council,联合电子设备工程委员会)~C9J-
JEITA(Japan Electronic Information Technology Association,日本电子信息技术产业协会)V/f
JPEG(Joint Photographic Experts Group,联合图像专家组开发的一种图像压缩格式)?"'L4u
MAC(Mobile Advisory Council)V
MCSP: Microsoft Certified Solution Providers,微软认证解决方案供应商Vw-
MJPEG(Motion Joint Photographic Experts Group,移动式连续图像专家组)rmZ
MMA: MIDI Manufacturer Association(MIDI制造商联盟)x4/
Naturckydds(The Swedish Society for Nature Conservation,瑞典环境保护协会)!@
NCITS(National Committee on Information Technology Standards,信息技术标准国立委会员) zgU
NCTA: National Cable Television Association,美国电缆电视协会d|}y
NBITD(National Board for Industrual and Technical Development,瑞典国立工业和技术发展委员会制订)I
NIA: Networking Interoperatility Alliance(网络互操作联盟)OC)I
NUTEK(由National Board for Industrual and Technical Development,瑞典国立工业和技术发展委员会制订).|8uX9
OAAF:Open Arcade Architecture Forum,开放式Arcade体系论坛:c
OEM(Original Equipment Manufacturer,原始设备制造商)*
OIF: Optical Internetworking Forum,光纤互连网络论坛6I6U#
PCI-SIG(PCI Special Interest Group,PCI利益集团)`
PCMCIA(Personal Computer Memory Card International Association,个人计算机存储卡国际协会)i
PSS(Public Solutions Seminar,公众解决方案研讨会)NX|
RIAA(Recording Industry Association of America,美国唱片工业协会)wPq$
RIO: Redistributed Internet Object(因特网分配组织)_
RTA(RapidIO Trade Association,RapidIO行业协会)~HQEQH
SIA(The Semiconductor Industries Association,半导体工业协会)s7
SID(Society for Information Display,信息显示研讨会))e)k9^
Siggraph(Special Interest Group on Computer Graphics,美国计算机协会计算机绘图专业组)#
SPA: Software Publishers Association,软件出版商协会U
TMG(Technology and Manufacturing Group,技术和制造组)&
TSOWU(The Swedish office worker's union,瑞典办公人员联合会,以制订TCO标准著称)C<%
UAWG: Universal ADSL Working Group(通用ADSL工作组)m1#1f`
UCAID:University Corporation for Advanced Internet Developmentgtw%V
UL(Underwriter`s Laboratories,新产品承诺实验室)qN(Q
VAR: value Added Resellers(增值分销商)k[jD^
W3C(World Wide Web Consortium,万维网协会)L$|?"J
WECA(Wireless Ethernet Compatibility Alliance,无线以太网兼容联盟)4T)
WHQL(Microsoft Windows Hardware Quality Lab,微软公司视窗硬件质量实验室)@PwD
WinHEC: Windows Hardware Engineering Conference,视窗硬件工程会议0a/6kI
WPC(WORLD PC EXPO,世界PC展览会)2
WTO(World Trade Organization,世界贸易组织)/
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13、编程PY%a(
API(Application Programming Interfaces,应用程序接口)^Iy
ASCII(American Standard Code for Information Interchange,美国国家标准信息交换代码)M
ATL: ActiveX Template Library(ActiveX模板库)6
BASIC:Beginner's All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code(初学者通用指令代码)otX,H^
COM: Component Object Model(组件对象模式)WNLNr-
DNA: Distributed Internet Application(分布式因特网应用程序)8s@ZZk
HLL(high level language,高级语言)F}
HLLCA(High-Level Language Computing Architecture,高级语言计算架构)ZEv
MFC: Microsoft Foundation Classes(微软基础类库)j]
NVSDK(nVidia Software Development Kit,nvidia软件开发工具包),
SDK(Software Development Kit,软件开发工具包)CD"@
STL(Standard Template Library,标准模版库)y|i]
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14、WindowsP8s<
AES(Attachment Execution Service,附件执行服务)^
ASF(Advanced Streaming format,高级数据流格式)SUcT
ASP(Active Server Pages,活动服务页)t^#>F
BRC(Beta Release Candidate,测试发布候选版0)V6Ch.
CE(Consumer Electronics,消费电子)"d".7
DCOM(Distributing Component Object Model,分布式组成物体模块)Wv6;S
DEP(data execution prevention,数据执行预防)`D}
DHCP(Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol,动态主机分配协议) CD
DID(Device ID,设备ID)RWq
dll(dynamic link library,动态链接库)eME
DMF: Distribution Media formatluFB)-
DMT(Discreet Monitor Timing,智能型显示器调速)HD
DOM(Document Object Model,文档目标模型)(>wxC
DUN(Dial-Up Networking,拨号网络)Et^
E-WDM(Enhanced Windows Driver Model,增强型视窗驱动程序模块)B
EULA(End-User License Agreement,最终用户释放协议)8L[m
EPM(enterprise project manage)ZF9/
ERD(Emergency Repair Disk,应急修理磁盘)0b
GDI(Graphics Device Interface,图形设备接口)lq"An3
GUI(Graphics User Interface,图形用户界面)Oy5VoS
GPF(General protect fault,一般保护性错误)<
GTF(General Timing formula,普通调速方程式)%y
HCL(Hardware Compatibility List,硬件兼容性列表)>
HCRP(Hardcopy Cable Replacement Profile,硬复制电缆复位协议子集)WOc
HE(Home Edition,家庭版)d)nRXb
HTA: HyperText Application,超文本应用程序{mR
IAS(Internet Authentication Service,因特网证明服务)V
ICF(Internet Connection Firewall,因特网连接防火墙)Zfj
IIS(Internet Information Server,因特网信息服务器)c.X}_
INF File(Information File,信息文件)up@o<P
INI File(Initialization File,初始化文件),OgYC(
IOMON(Intel WDM I/O Subsystem Performance Monitor,英特尔WDM输入/输出子系统性能监视)Z
LOB(Large Object,大型对象)OglG}h
MBSA(Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer,微软基准安全分析器)ka
ME(Millennium Edition,千年版)!v2BcK
MMC(Microsoft Management Console,微软管理控制台)/
MMC(MultiMedia Controler,多媒体控制器)h:
MTP(Microsoft Multimedia Transport Protocol,微软多媒体传输器协议)|LGN
MUI(Multilingual User Interface,多语言用户接口)^g
NDIS: Network Driver Interface Specification,网络驱动程序接口规范m
NT(New Technology,新技术):
OLE(Object Linking and Embedding,对象链接和嵌入)L^b
OPP(Object Push Profile,物体推拉传输协议)mR/
PAN(Personal Area Networking,个人区域网络)1 I^wd
Qos(Quality of Service,服务质量)Z[
RC(Release Candidate,候补释放版))
RDP(Remote Desktop Protocol,远程桌面协议)?s'g
RMS(Rights Management Services,版权管理服务).-;lx
RPC(remote procedure calls,远程程序呼叫)A3PE
RRVP: Resource ReserVation Protocol(资源保留协议)x{sz
RsoP(Resultant Set of Policy,方针结果规定):mx
RTM(release to manufacture,厂商版,公开发行批量生产)K4~_OM
RTOS(Real Time Operating Systems,实时操作系统)oJzN
SBFS: Simple Boot Flag Specification,简单引导标记规范2*VU96
SDP(Service Discovery Protocol,服务发现协议)-
SHS(Shell Scrap Object,外壳剪贴对象)BI
SID(Subsystem ID,子系统ID)v
SIP(Session Initiation Protocol,会议起始协议) -}R"b
SMS(Systems Management Server,系统管理服务器)b
SP(Service Pack,服务工具包)BJnX8
SVID(Subsystem Vendor ID,子系统销售者ID).PA
VBA(Visual Basic for Applications,应用程序可视化Basic)56gv
VEFAT: Virtual File Allocation Table(虚拟文件分配表)!n}
VSDS(Visual Studio development System ,虚拟工作室发展系统)Cv/Aj/
VxD(Virtual device drivers,虚拟设备驱动程序)K
VID(Vendor ID,销售者ID)d
VLK(Volume License,大量授权企业版)9,~BB
WebDAV(Web-based Distributed Authoring and Versioning,基于网页的分布式创造和翻译)@
WDM(Windows Driver Model,视窗驱动程序模块)BYy@]
WGF(Windows Graphic Foundation,视窗图形基础)+i
Winsock: Windows Socket,视窗套接口b
WFP(Windows File Protection,视窗文件保护),VQjb
WHQL: Windows Hardware Quality Labs,Windows硬件质量实验室69|p
WHS: Windows Scripting Host,视窗脚本程序aAN4r[
WMA(Windows Media Audio,视窗媒体音频)?Y/=
WMP(Windows Media Player,视窗媒体播放器)GL:!
WMS(Windows Media Services,视窗媒体服务)c
ZAM: Zero Administration for Windows,零管理视窗系统(g$D?g
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15、软件Q}D
DOS(Disk Operating System,磁盘操作系统)IH{:n
OS(Operating System,操作系统)zkk
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15、加密}}
ECC: Elliptic Curve Crypto(椭圆曲线加密)`
SET: Secure Electronic Transaction(安全电子交易)NHd
WAPI(WLAN Authentication and Privacy Infrastructure,无线局域网鉴别与保密基础架构)0e
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16、语言5kN
CSS(Cascading style Sheets,层叠格式表)(OIje'
DCD: Document Content Description for XML: XML文件内容描述l)hw9
DTD: Document Type Definition,文件类型定义7
DTXS(Decryption Transform for XML Signature,XML签名解密转换)8
HTML(HyperText Markup Language,超文本标记语言)8
JVM(Java Virtual Machine, Java虚拟机)66]
OJI: Open Java VM Interface,开放JAVA虚拟机接口~
SDML(Small Device Markup Language,小型设备标示语言)Wm])/
SGML: Standard Generalized Markup Language,标准通用标记语言I5RaN%
SMIL: Synchronous Multimedia Integrate Language(同步多媒体集成语言)o!u|bM
VRML:Virtual Reality Makeup Language,虚拟现实结构化语言4sL'_T
VXML(Voice eXtensible Markup Language,语音扩展标记语言))/
XML: Extensible Markup Language(可扩展标记语言)i-d
XMLESP(XML Encryption Syntax and Processing,XML加密语法和处理)xn75[!
XSL(Extensible style Sheet Language,可扩展设计语言)&D&(C
XSLT(Extensible stylesheet Language Transformation,可扩展式表语言转换)~jg$
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17、网络NetQ
ACS(Access Control Software,存取控制软件)2
ADSL(Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line,不对称数字订阅线路)L&K=.,
AES-OCB(Advanced Encryption Standard-Operation Cipher Block ,高级加密标准-操作密码块)93[BT+
AFE(Analog Front End,模拟前置)^|50-
AH: Authentication Header,鉴定文件头7i-
AMR(Audio/Modem Riser,音效/数据主机板附加直立插卡)[
AOL(Alert On LAN,局域网警告)k
ARP(Address Resolution Protocol,地址解析协议)j
ASP(Application Service Provider,应用服务提供商)2W
ATM(Asynchronous Transfer Mode,异步传输模式)[tk3!+
BOD(Bandwidth On Demand,弹性带宽运用)?Pm>:
CBR(Committed Burst Rate,约定突发速率)[m
CCIRNCoordinating Committee for Intercontinental Research Networking,洲5/.=@
际研究网络协调委员会v
CCM(Call Control Manager,拨号控制管理)27
CDSL: Consumer Digital Subscriber Line(消费者数字订阅线路);b3+G
CGI(Common Gateway Interface,通用网关接口)8c=
CIEA(Commercial Internet Exchange Association,商业因特网交易协会)XaT
CNPS(Computer Noise Prevention System,计算机噪音预防系统)'x/%
CIR(Committed Infomation Rate,约定信息速率)X
CTS(Clear to Send,清除发送)f6i7]'
DBS-PC: Direct Broadcast Satellite PC(人造卫星直接广播式PC)e+
DCE: Data Circuit Terminal Equipment,数据通信设备Jg"`Z
DDE(dynamic data exchange,动态数据交换)Rhkg^
DES(ata Encryption Standard,数据加密标准)o
DMT: Discrete Multi - Tone,不连续多基频模式,Z
DNS(Domain Name System,域名解析系统)R/f6k
DOCSIS(Data Over Cable Service Interface Specifications,线缆服务接口数据规格)x
DoS(Denial of Service,拒绝服务)&u8#1O
DRM(Digital rights management,数字版权保护)* K
DSVD(Digital Simulataneous Voice and Data){5Lk~
DTE: Data Terminal Equipment,数据终端设备3
EAP(Extensible Authentication Protocol,扩展证明协议)WMF'7
EBR(Excess Burst Rate,超额突发速率).b
ESP: Encapsulating Security Payload,压缩安全有效载荷@D0/I
FDM: Frequency Division Multi,频率分离-B,r
Flow-control流控制mok*
FRICC: Federal Research Internet Coordinating Committee,联邦调查因特网协调委员会'!cCw
FTP(File Transfer Protocol,文件传输协议)LCa?
Ghost:(General Hardware Oriented System Transfer,全面硬件导向系统转移)Z;MgC<
HDSL: High bit rate DSL,高比特率数字订阅线路yc/Z
HCF(Host Controller,主体控制处理)mqeI@J
HSP(Host Signal Processing,主体信号处理)SjD5
Home PNA(Home Private Network Adapter,家庭私人网络适配器)v
HPNA(home phoneline networking,家庭电话线网络)VD[
HSF(Host Signal,主体信号处理)A
HTTP(HyperText Transfer Protocol,超文本传输协议)UyuMSw
IAS(Internet Authentication Service,因特网证明服务器)79eK
ICMP(Internet Control Message Protocol,因特网信息控制协议)P
ICS(Internet Connection Sharing,因特网连接共享)e=`
IETF(Internet Engineering Task Framework,因特网工程任务组)Fj~5kP
IHW(Information High Way,信息高速公路){D:2-W
IKE: Internet Key Exchange,因特网密钥交换协议/Ihj
IM(Instant Message,即时信息)'
IMAP4: Internet Message Access Protocol Version 4,第四版因特网信息存取协议S
iMOVE(Internet Mobile ObserVation Equipment,因特网移动观察装置),lWi9x
Internet(因特网)|B`/VK
IP(Internet Protocol,网际协议)F`XxhH
IPSec(Internet Protocol security,因特网协议安全性)y
IPv4(TCP/IP version 4)z
IPv6(TCP/IP version 6)+R%
ISDN(Integrated Service Digital Network,综合服务数字网络)@vX
ISOC: Internet Society,因特网协会ay1,
ISP(Internet Service Provider,因特网服务提供商)W
JUMP(Java User Move Path,Java用户移植路径)B
LAN(Local Area Network,局域网)k1A
LDAP: Lightweight Directory Access Protocol,轻权目录访问协议+$n^XJ
LOM(LAN-on-Montherboard)lU6+ki
IAB: Internet Activities Board,因特网工作委员会5xQC*
IETF: Internet Engineering Task Force,因特网工程作业推动G-W
IXA(Internet Exchange Architecture,英特尔交换架构)rt5
L2TP(Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol,二级通道协议)rG&s
LMDS: Local Multipoint Distributed System,局域多点分布式系统:l
MIC(Message Integrity Check,信息完整性检查)!M_H?C
MIME: Multipurpose Internet Mail Extension,多用途因特网邮件扩展协议_).q`
MMS(Metadirectory Services,网络资源目录服务)%_
MNP: Microcom Networking Protocal?oM
MODEM(Modulator Demodulator,调制解调器)%
MOH(Modem-on-Hold,Modem状态保留)^"*m;
MSP(Music Service Providers,音乐服务提供商)t
MSS(Maximum Segment Size,最大数据段尺寸)B
MSMQ(Microsoft Message Queue,微软消息队列)$Ja
NAT(Network Address Translation,网络地址转换)!D[3
NC(Network Computer,网络计算机)HvE"Vq
MCS(Microsoft Certificate Server,微软认证服务器)V=b>
NCS(Networking Communications System,网络通信系统)7eH)s
NDS: Novell Directory Service,Novell目录服务_d}1
NIC(Network Interface Controller,网络接口控制卡)ec=
NIC(Network Information Center, 网络信息中心)S*[yq
NNTP: Network News Transfer Protocol,网络新闻传输协议w;
MSN: Microsoft Network,微软网络_S
OFDM(orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,直角频率部分多路复用)YNH
P3P(Privacy Preference Project,个人私隐安全平台)#)jl
PBC(packet binary convolutional Code,封包二进制回旋编码)0
PEAP(Protected EAP,保护性EAP)/
PDS: Public Directory Support,公众目录支持#k
PGP: Pretty Good Privacy,优良保密协议?ymC{
PIC(Personal Internet Communicator,个人因特网通讯器))QqZH
PICS: Platform for Internet Content Selection,因特网内容选择平台y
PLC(platform LAN connection,平台间局域网连接)zh
POF: Polymer Optical Fiber,聚合体光纤+ -
POP3: Post Office Protocol Version 3,第三版电子邮局协议",}
PPTP: Point to Point Tunneling Protocol,点对点通道协议${V]
QAM(Quadrature Amplitude Modulation,正交振幅调制)y
RADIUS(Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service,远程证明拨入用户服务)Qos(
RADSL: Rate Adaptive DSL,速率自适应数字订阅线路!x
RARP(Reverse Address Resolution Protocol,反向地址解析协议)|A1PJO
RDF: Resource Description Framework,资源描述框架%[U[@1
RIS(Remote Installation Services,远程安装服务)H
RSA(Rivest Shamir Adlemen,一种因特网加密和认证体系)]CL d
RTS(Request To Send,需求发送)7:L+
SAVD(Simulataneous Audio Voice and Data),又称为AudioSpano
SDSL(symmetric Digital Subscriber Line,对称式数字订阅线路)bYl#-
SIP(Session Initiation Protocol,会议开始协议)o
SIS: Switched Internetworking Services(交换式网络互联服务)0hx!y
S/MIME: Secure MIME,安全多用途因特网邮件扩展协议yS8
SNMP(Simple Network Management Protocol,简单网络管理协议)/
SMTP(Simple Mail Transfer Protocol,简单邮件传输协议)d*
SKIP: Simple Key Exchange Internet Protocol,因特网简单密钥交换协议bMRL
SPTS(SharePoint Team Services,共享点团组服务)$uSL
SSL(Secure Sockets Layer,安全扩展槽层)`@ey9.
SUA(Single User Account,单用户帐号):
SVG(Scalable Vector Graphics,可缩放向量图形)L}8
TCP(Transmission Control Protocol,传输控制协议)gJf>U
TKIP(Temporal Key Integrity Protocol,暂时密钥完整性协议)^*C/K
TLS(Transport Layer Security,传输层安全性)Ev,
UART(Universal Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter,通用异步接收/发送装置)V
UDP(User Datagram Protocol,用户数据报协议)m(
ULS: User Location Service,用户定位服务?9w
UMTS(Universal Mobile Telecommunication System,全球移动通信系统)Wt82
URL(Uniform Resource Locator,统一资源定位)iI
VDSL(Very High DSL,超高速DSL)|dGc~I
VOD(Video On Demand,视频点播)4hl
VPN(virtual private network,虚拟局域网)PtH{4Z
WAN(Wide Area Network,广域网)nh
WLAN(Wireless Local Area Network,无线局域网)L1J3
WOR(Wake On Ring,响铃唤醒)eY
WPA(Windows Product Activation,视窗产品激活)D/
WWAN(Wireless Wide Area Network,无线宽域网)skH_(
WWW(World Wide Web,万维网,是因特网的一部分)-UKhF
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18、通信O[kxGQ
3C(China Compulsory Certification,中国强制性产品认证制度)'mK3!?
CSD(Circuit Switched Data,电路切换数据通话)?
CTI:Computer Telephone Integration,计算机电话综合技术hx
DBS: Direct Broadcast Satellite,直接卫星广播R%e$
DRM(Digital Rights Management,数字适当管理){<V/]C
DWDM: Dense WaveLength Division Multiplex,波长密集型复用技术uBoc5
EMS(Enhanced Message Service,扩展型信息服务)dZ%zUb
FSTN(Film compensated Super Twisted liquid crystal,带补偿膜超扭曲相列)"1|Ii
GPRS(General Packet Raice,整合封包无线服务)g"
HSCSD(High-Speed Circuit-Switched Data,高速巡回开关数据)0i
IMEI(International Mobile Equipment Identity,国际移动设备身分码){UA
J2ME(Java 2 Platform, Micro Edition,JAVA2平台微型版)y
MIDP(Mobile Information Device Profile,移动信息设备组)WYBD
MMDS: Multichannel Multipoint Distribution Service,多波段多点分发服务ZP(
MMS(Multimedia Messaging Services,多媒体信息服务)0`rr
PBX(Private Branch eXchange,企業內部電話交換系統)Km!jj
PCD(Personal Communication Device,个人通讯设备)9yuG
PCM(Pulse Code Modulation,脉冲编码调制)#FMY
PSTN(Public Switched Telephone Network,公用交换式电话网)Ori
SMS(Short Messaging Service,短消息服务)7k2k
STK(SIM TOOL KIT,用户识别应用发展工具)}#8UL^
TAM(Telephone Answering Machine,电话应答机)$
TAPI: Telephony Application Programming Interface,电话应用程序接口"n
TSAPI: Telephony Services Application Programming Interface,电话服务应用程序接口gpGf
WAP(Wireless Application Protocol,无线通讯协议)n
WDM: WaveLength Division Multiplex,波分多路复用uH
WiMax(World Interoperability for Microwave Access,全球微波接入互操作性网络)w!~%
WGE(Wireless Game Engine,无线游戏引擎)`k
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19、游戏机MJT',K
ACT(Action,动作类游戏)SDK{
AGBS(Advance GameBoy development System,高级GameBoy发展系统)-(K
ARPG(Action Role Play Games,动作角色扮演游戏)~
AVG(Adventure Genre,冒险类游戏);M'
Cosplay(costume play,道具玩,动漫真人秀)>
CP(command processor,指令处理器)6=#eG1
CPI(count per inch,每英寸计数)-)p#(
DAN(Dance,跳舞类游戏,包括跳舞机、吉它机、打鼓机等)2s[DdR
DC(Dreamcast,世嘉64位游戏机)t#
DIY(Do it Yourself,自己装机)e$
DMAC(Direct Memory Access Controller,直接内存存取控制器)'
DOA2:HC(Deal or Live 2:hardcore,生与死2完整版)yA
DTL(Developer Tool,发展工具包)uqH
EC(Early Childhood,学龄前儿童)Be
EE(Emotion Engine,情感引擎)<2
ETC(etc,其它类游戏,包括模拟飞行)/f~k
FFB(Force Feedback,力量反匮技术)F (
FFJ: Force Feedback Joystick(力量反匮式操纵杆)<Mf
FMA(full-motion animated backdrops)*g
EFU(Elemntary Functional Unit,增强功能单元)S
FPS(First Person Shooters,第一人称射击游戏)Ni^
FTG(Fighting Game,格斗类游戏)+aZB
GB(Game Boy,任天堂4位手提游戏机)R$7!
GBA(Game Boy Advanced,任天堂增强型手提游戏机)X'
GBC(Game Boy Color,任天堂手提16色游戏机)u
GBL(GameBoy Light,GB夜光型)QF!Anm
GBP(GameBoy Pocket,GB口袋型)+jQC$d
GG(Game Gear,世嘉彩色手提游戏机)HT
GIF(Graphics Interface unit,图形接口单元)gU
GPRs(General Purpose Registers,通用寄存器)^<^JhM
GS(Graphic Synthesizer,图形合成器)P4n
FC(Famicom,任天堂8位游戏机)4
FFB(Force FeedBack,力回馈)2
FLS(Front Light Screen,前发光屏幕) ,02=#
FMAC(Floating-Point Multiply-Accumulators,浮点累积乘单元)nHu
fps(frames per second,帧/秒)WG
FR(Frames Rate,游戏运行帧数)./_vW
FSR(force sensor resistance,动力感应电阻),A
GS(Graphics Synthesizer,图形合成器)&
IGP(Integrated Graphics Processor,整合图形处理器)O}
IHE(Inertial Harmonic Drive Engine,惯性谐振驱动引擎)Nn
IOP(I/O Processor,输入/输出处理器)JBx-
IPU(Image Processing Unit,图像处理单元)P#}[)t
K-A(Kids to Adults,小孩至成年人)6LEu4B
MAC(Macintosh,苹果电脑)S)~%|
MAME(Multiple Arcade Machine Emulator,多种街机模拟器)"bIW({
MCP(Media and Communications Processor,媒体/通讯处理器)nh
MCPX(Media and Communications Processor X,媒体/通讯处理器X,Xbox专用)a/>27
MEMS(Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems,微型电子机械系统)5!0
MMOFPS(Massively Multiplayer Online First Person Shooters,大型多人在线第一人称射击游戏)tE
MMORTS(Massively Multiplayer Online Real-Time Strategy Game,大型多人在线即时战略游戏)U[
MMORPG(Massively Multiplayer Online Role-Playing Game,即大型多人在线角色扮演游戏)ti
MS(Memory Stick,内存棒)Q
MP(Memory Paks,内存包) `$
MUD(Multiple User Dimension,多用户空间)lUD
N64(Nintendo 64,任天堂64位游戏机)GPo
NGC(Nintendo GameCube,任天堂游戏立方)LRVW_
NPC(No Player Control,非玩家控制对象)VV{iG
SFC(Super Famicom,超级任天堂16位游戏机)3a
SLG(Simulation Game,模拟类游戏) H
SPG(Sports Games,运动类游戏)2Yxg"
SPRAM(Scratch Pad RAM,附加便携RAM)YlT"(
SRPG(Strategies Role Play Games,战略角色扮演游戏)'J]&:]
STG(Shoot Game,射击类游戏)=+;$t2
SS(Sega Saturn,世嘉土星32位游戏机)$R4MU
PC(Personal Computer,个人计算机)=
PUZ(puzzle game,解迷游戏)r,u
PS(Play Station,索尼32位游戏机)ct(<G
PS(Pocket Station,索尼手提游戏机)CcpU[e
RAC(race,赛车类游戏)?o1
RTCW(Return to Castle Wolfenstein,重返狼穴)PGvB
RTS(Real Time Strategies,实时战略)agP-eX
RPG(Role Play Games,角色扮演游戏)V9=
RPS(Role Play Strategies Games,角色扮演策略游戏)Dc&.
SD(Secure Digital,安全数据)Xex`
TAB(Table Chess,桌棋类游戏))
TCG(texture coordinate generator,纹理坐标生成器)P;S@
VU(Vecotr Unit,向量单元)mk@M
XDK(Xbox Development Kit,Xbox发展工具包))tdK
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  22、数码设备aF6pI#
AE(Auto Focus,自动测光)ziB
AF(Auto Focus,自动对焦)0
DC(Digital Camera,数码相机)8k
DV(Digital Vidicon,数码摄录机)3i
DVFM(Dynamic Voltage and Frequency Management,动态电压和频率管理)wXpT
EPOC(Electronic Piece of Cheese,小型电子块)Jg
EVF(Electronic Viewfinder,电子取景窗)]
HPC(Hand held PC,手持电脑设备)ez4
InfoLithium(带电池使用时间信息的可充锂电池)#";
Intel PCA(Intel Personal Internet Client Architecture,英特尔个人因特网客户机架构)`w
MO(Mobile Office,移动办公)]
MTF(Modulation Transfer Function/Factor,调制转换功能/元素)?z)
OIS(Optical Image Stabilizer,光学影像稳定技术)Z
PCA(Personal Internet Client Architecture,个人网络终端架构)cGY
PDA(Personal Digital Assistant,个人数字助理)3-jb^
PVP(Portable Video Player,便携式视频播放器)+C96"
SHAD(Super Hole Accumulation Diode,超级孔状积累二极管)0QE4i
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21、服务器/yV
C2C: card-to-card interleaving,卡到卡交错存取E/We
cc-NUMA(cache-coherent non uniform memory access,连贯缓冲非统一内存寻址)UHCcl
CHRP(Common Hardware Reference Platform,共用硬件平台,IBM为PowerPC制定的标准,可以兼容Mac OS, Windows NT, Solaris, OS/2, Linux和AIX等多种操作系统)14
EMP: Emergency Management Port,紧急事件管理端口
GWS(graphics workstations,图形工作站)6p
ICMB: Inter-Chassis Management Bus, 内部管理总线 /55
MPP(Massive Parallel Processing,巨量平行处理架构)7RhL
MUX: Data Path Multiplexor,多重路径数据访问|_P2IG
PPC(peer to peer Computing,同位计算)56V4
RPC(Remote Procedure Call,远程软件呼叫)VP
SOS(Server Operating Systems,服务器操作系统)ddhv
TLP(Thread Level Parallelism,内部处理器并行运算)"[X
TPS:transactions per second,每秒处理事项数;5lI
UPA: Ultra Port Architecture,超级端口结构2u
VIS(Visual Instruction Set,视觉指令集,Sun的SIMD指令群)C kcp
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  22、维护方式,
NBD(Next Business Day,下一个工作日)I^e<@
POW(Part on warranty,保修期内部件)gm
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23、其它M]as(`
ACCP(Applied Computing Platform Providers,应用计算平台提供商)!R4</
AGPS(Assisted Global Positioning System,援助全球定位系统)%Le
AI(Artificial Intelligence,人工智能)_
AL(Artificial Life,人工生命)/
APM(Advanced Power Management,高级能源管理)g
ARR(Annual Return Rate,年返修率)y(5{#
ASCI(The 10-year Accelerated Strategic Computing Initiative,领先10年战略加速计算机)]ka1
ASPI(Advanced SCSI Program Interface, 高级SCSI编程接口。它定义了当和SCSI主机适配器通讯时应用程序使用的一系列软件命令)>JK.[R
ATM(Automatic Teller Machine,自动提款机)`lH
ATSC(Advanced Television Systems Committee,高级电视系统委员会)myO,xX
AVI(Audio Video Interleave,音频视频插入)lU1_
BDP(Benchmark Development Program,基准测试发展程序)3
Benchmarks:基准测试程序数值*oGz
BOPS:Billion Operations Per Second,十亿次运算/秒Nj
BSD(Berkeley Software Distribution,伯克利软件分配代号)X7S
BTO(Build-To-Order,按序构建,相对于台式机Barebone)PO=I5
CAD(computer-aided design,计算机辅助设计)1/+a[P
CAM(Computer-aided manufacturing,计算机辅助制造)I
CCD(Charge Coupled Device,电荷连接设备)b;YF
CCS(Cut Change System)TO
COMDEX : Computer Distribution Exposition(计算机代理分销业展览会)S@p}j
CDPD(Cellular digital Packet data,细胞数字信息包数据)_z
CEO(Chief Executive Officer,首席执行官)@HkwEV
CG(Computer Graphics,计算机动画)s@
COO(Chief Organizer Officer,首席管理官)4
CRM(Customer Relationship Management,顾客关系管理)km
CTO(Chief Technology Officer,首席技术官)'/
CTS(Carpal Tunnel Sydrome,计算机腕管综合症)}L
CPS: Certification Practice Statement(使用证明书)z
CVS(Compute Visual Syndrome,计算机视觉综合症)P(BV
DAC: Dual Address Cycle, 双重地址周期aJ/Xx
DCC(Digital Content Creation,数字内容创造)l7d
DHHF(Dual Head - High Fidelity,高精度第四代双头)M
DMB(Digital Multimedia Broadcasting,数字多媒体广播)h_Kz
DOC(Disk On Chip,芯片磁盘){rM
DPC(Desktop PC,桌面PC)CJoF
DRF(Digital radio frequency,数字无线电频率)<Pi
DSL: Data Strobe Link,数据选通连接)9@w Y
EDA(Electronic Design Automatic,电子设计自动化)Z7w
ES(Engineering Sample,工程样品)W1w=i[
ESD(electro-static discharge,静电释放)7bI2
ESP(Embedded System Platform,嵌入式系统平台) `
EMC(Electron Magnetic Compatibility,电磁兼容)BSOK0
EMF(Electron Magnetic Field,电磁场)/m]&-
ERP(Enterprise Requirement Planning,企业需求计划)nI5y
ERP(Enterprise Resource Planning,企业资源计划);?
ERP(estimated retail price,估计零售价)Yp
EOS(eBookMan Operating System,电子书操作系统)2V[S
ES(Energy Star,能源之星)Ckl>
FAQ(Frequently Asked Questions,常见问题回答)}0l-c
FLIR(Forward Looking Infra-Red,前视红外)|.t~h$
GPL(GNU Public License,GNU公众授权)!,
GPS(Global Positioning System,全球定位系统))
HCI: Host Controller Interface,主机控制接口5{yu
HCT:Hardware Compatibility Test,硬件兼容性测试.[+Be
HID(Human Interface Device,人机对话接口设备)H
HID(Host Interface Device,主机接口设备)3yq0'
HPTC(high performance technical computing,高性能技术运算)81>b#u
HPS(High Performance Server,高性能服务器)oX&6H0
HPW(High Performance Workstation,高性能工作站)FBq(7Q
IA(information appliance,信息器具)nLeYV
IP(intellectual property,知识产权)ht
IT(Information Technology,信息技术)Z/DM|
IHVs(Independent Hardware Vendors,独立硬件销售商).E6X7A
IRQ(Interrupt Request,中断请求)YA
ISVs(Independent Software Vendors,独立软件销售商)0YJDcL
JIT: Just In Time,准时制生产f?M4C7
JTAG(Joint Test Action Group,连结测试行动小组,主要由 JTAG 組織發展,正式名稱為 IEEE 1149.1 的晶片設計規範)yy*{
MCAD(Machine computer-aided design,计算机辅助机械设计)=48
MCM(Multi Chip Module,多芯片集成模组)jX.j
MEM(Micro-Electrical Mechanical,微电子机械)Rb20
MFD: Multi Function Device(多功能设备)4+
mAh(milli ampere/hours,毫安/小时)m?~5~
MiPad(Multimodal Interactive Notepad,多语态互动式记事本)'
MMC(Multimedia Card,多媒体扩展卡)d)M%K
MMS(Media Management System,媒体管理系统)wv-
MMVF(Multi-Media Video File,多媒体视频文件)RrT
MRP: Material Requirement Planning,物料需求计划eC
MRP II: Manufacturing Resource Planning,制造资源计划C{(
MRS(Midrange Server,中型服务器)kqy s
MRW(Midrange Workststion,中型工作站)s5=K0l
MSP: Media Stream Processor(媒体流处理器)UwYtyt
MSRP(Manufacturer's Suggested Retail Price,厂商建议零售价)D~hHI.
MTVPAK(Microsoft TV Platform Adaptation Kit,微软TV平台适配套件)U6AL^
NGSCB(Next-Generation Secure Computing Base,下一代安全计算机基础)a
NX bit(No eXecute bit,无执行位反病毒)D~$
OA(Office Automation,办公自动化)$'
OLTP(online transaction processing,在线交易处理)v/
OCR(Optical Character Recognition,光学字符识别)SYF7
OPT: Optimized Production Technology,优化生产技术>cg
OSVs(Operation System Vendors,操作系统销售商)><xW
PCOC(PC On Chip,芯片上的个人电脑)R3oIZ
PFC(Power Factor Correction,功率因数校正)^
PIC(Programmable Interrupt Controller,可编程中断控制器)3
PIM(Personal Information Management,个人信息管理)dz`'
PIN (personal identify number,个人鉴别号码)-:!.<
PMC(Potable Media Center,便携式媒体中心)q~
PNP(Plug and Play,即插即用)u
POS(Point Of Sells,电子收款机系统)&
POW(Part on warranty,零件保修)t-D{
PSU(Power Supply Unit,计算机电源)L
PVC(Poly Vinyl Chloride,聚氯乙烯)!t/;
PVR(personal video recorders,个人视频录像机)#e?xR
QCS(Quick Charging System,快速充电系统)u{APM
Q-desk(Q-desk是BenQ on desk的缩写,Q还代表Quality生活品质和Cute快乐)6
REMA:Realtime Exclusive Mode Applications,实时高级应用&@8RA
RF(Radio Frequency,无线电频率)r@<
RMA(Return Material Authorization,返回材料认可)q
RS(report/sec,报告速度/秒)[Z
RSMMC(Reduced-Size Multi-Media Card,小体积多媒体卡)u@(
RTOS(Real Time Operating System,即時作業系統)-%E}V$
SAM(sales available market,可发售市场)r6:i
Sandra(System ANalyser, Diagnostic and Reporting Assistant,系统分析、诊断和报告助理)oE
SAR(Specific Absorption Rate,比吸收率,单位时间内单位质量的物质吸收的电磁辐射能量)Er
SCS(Single Chip System,单芯片系统)N,9S/
SCT:Software Compatibility Test,软件兼容性测试dF1}i
SD(Security Digital Card,安全数字卡)CH
SDI(Strategic Defense Initiative,主动战略防御)+}
SHP(Super high-band Processor,超级高频处理器){T
SIM(security identification module,安全辩认模块)d)/
SM(Smartmedia,智能卡)X
SMD: Surface Mount Device,表面安装设备O($ij
SMM(System Management Mode,系统管理模式)C/
SMP:GSymmetic Multi-Processorl-Xk<C
SOAC(System On a Chip,系统集成多功能芯片)W
SOAC(System on a card,全系统升级卡)+M
SoC(System on Chip,集成在芯片上的系统)V^q
SOHO(Small Office and Home Office,小型办公室和家庭办公室) RS8
SSCT(Surface Stability Cholesteric Texture,表面稳定胆缁型液晶架构)Nm
STB(Set Top Boxes,电视顶置盒)`hCJ
TCO(Total Cost of Ownership,拥有总成本)a
TI(Technical Inspection,技术检查)Oj?}L
TPM(Trusted Platform Module,信任平台模块)uP_1S(
TSID( Technical Support Identification Number,技术支持代码)5xw(N
TSO(total system cost,系统总成本)9
TTL(Transistor-Transistor Logic,晶体管to晶体管逻辑电路)H+n>
TTS(text-to-speech,文本语音朗读)CI
TQM: Total Quality Management,全面质量管理eOTOAv
UL(Underwriters Laboratories Inc.保险实验室,是一个非盈利安全测试和认证机构)Q3xMi4
UPS(Uninterruptable Power Supply,不间断电源)9ctu
VBI: Vertical Blanking Interval,垂直空白间隔*q22
VCD(value Change Dump - 硬體描述語言模擬結果的標準輸出格式)^U
VCR(Video Casstte Recorder,录像机)4n
VDTM(Virus Definition Transport Method,病毒定义码传送方法)?arJiP
VHS(Video Home System,视频家用系统)G"b/A0
VNL(Virtual National Laboratory,虚拟国家实验室)_kY
WDA(Wireless Digital Assistant,无线数字助理)5Cz
WfM: Wired for Management,有线管理'q
Wintel(Windows & Intel,微软和英特尔联盟)7
WMI(Wired for Management Initiative,主动式管理线路)m!gf.R
WOL(Wake On Lan,局域网唤醒)q_UyT
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纳米科技<j;
AFM(Atomic Force Microscope,原子力显微镜).f'5
LOC(Lab on chip,芯片实验室)fk2sx
SNFOM(Scanning Near-field Optical Microscope,近场光学显微镜)l!&
SPM(Scanning Probe Microscope,扫描探针显微镜)xtU
STM(Scanning Tunneling Microscope,扫描隧道显微镜)z7"&
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PA(Protection grade against UVA,抗UVA保护级)y9]?4
SPF(Sun Protection Factor,太阳保护因素)lrweg
UV(Ultraviolet Radiation,紫外光)mThYlk

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