吴恩达的机器学习编程作业 1.computeCost 计算线性回归的代价函数

function J = computeCost(X, y, theta)
%COMPUTECOST Compute cost for linear regression
%   J = COMPUTECOST(X, y, theta) computes the cost of using theta as the
%   parameter for linear regression to fit the data points in X and y

% Initialize some useful values
m = length(y); % number of training examples

% You need to return the following variables correctly 
J = 0;

% ====================== YOUR CODE HERE ======================
% Instructions: Compute the cost of a particular choice of theta
%               You should set J to the cost.

predictions = X*theta;
sqrError = (predictions - y).^2;
J = 1/(2*m)*sum(sqrError);


% =========================================================================

end

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