adb 简要分析

前面有篇文章介绍了adb install的后面的流程,但前面的通信过程没有怎么介绍,这里主要介绍下adb 启动的流程,以及connect、install的前面流程,这里介绍的都是服务端的。

一、adb 启动流程:

首先看下服务端adb 启动的流程


adb_main主要 调用4个初始化函数:

1、init_transport_registration:初始化本地事务处理,每个client连接都会有一个专门的处理,对每个client都会在服务端有一对套接字对与该client相连的socket上的数据流进行处理。

2、install_listener(local_name, "*smartsocket*", NULL),这个函数 暂时还不知道做什么的;

3、local_init,初始化本地套接字,等待client的连接。

4、init_jdwp这个好像是跟dalvik中间的某个东东通讯的,没去研究。

5、fdevent_loop,事件处理,当相应的套接字上有数据到来时,调用注册的函数进行处理。

这里主要介绍下init_transport_registration,local_init,fdevent_loop这三个函数。

1)、init_transport_registration

void init_transport_registration(void)
{
    int s[2];

    if(adb_socketpair(s)){
        fatal_errno("cannot open transport registration socketpair");
    }

    transport_registration_send = s[0];
    transport_registration_recv = s[1];

    fdevent_install(&transport_registration_fde,
                    transport_registration_recv,
                    transport_registration_func,
                    0);

    fdevent_set(&transport_registration_fde, FDE_READ);
}

这里调用adb_socketpair建立一对匿名的已经连接的套接字,分别赋给transport_registration_send和transport_registration_recv,之后调用fdevent_install把transport_registration_recv这个套接字注册到监听到套接字里面,并把相应的处理函数设置为transport_registration_func。

2)、local_init

void local_init(int port)
{
    adb_thread_t thr;
    void* (*func)(void *);

    if(HOST) {
        func = client_socket_thread;
    } else {
        func = server_socket_thread;
    }

    D("transport: local %s init\n", HOST ? "client" : "server");

    if(adb_thread_create(&thr, func, (void *)port)) {
        fatal_errno("cannot create local socket %s thread",
                    HOST ? "client" : "server");
    }
}
这里是server端,所以这里func为server_socket_thread,这里创建了这个线程:

static void *server_socket_thread(void * arg)
{
    int serverfd, fd;
    struct sockaddr addr;
    socklen_t alen;
    int port = (int)arg;

    D("transport: server_socket_thread() starting\n");
    serverfd = -1;
    for(;;) {
        if(serverfd == -1) {
            serverfd = socket_inaddr_any_server(port, SOCK_STREAM);
            if(serverfd < 0) {
                D("server: cannot bind socket yet\n");
                adb_sleep_ms(1000);
                continue;
            }
            close_on_exec(serverfd);
        }

        alen = sizeof(addr);
        D("server: trying to get new connection from %d\n", port);
        fd = adb_socket_accept(serverfd, &addr, &alen);
        if(fd >= 0) {
            D("server: new connection on fd %d\n", fd);
            close_on_exec(fd);
            disable_tcp_nagle(fd);
            register_socket_transport(fd, "host", port, 1);
        }
    }
    D("transport: server_socket_thread() exiting\n");
    return 0;
}
这里调用socket_inaddr_any_server建立监听套接字,这里的port默认是5555,再调用adb_socket_accept等待客户连接的到来。

3)、fdevent_loop

void fdevent_loop()
{
    fdevent *fde;

    for(;;) {
#if DEBUG
        fprintf(stderr,"--- ---- waiting for events\n");
#endif
        fdevent_process();

        while((fde = fdevent_plist_dequeue())) {
            unsigned events = fde->events;
            fde->events = 0;
            fde->state &= (~FDE_PENDING);
            dump_fde(fde, "callback");
            fde->func(fde->fd, events, fde->arg);
        }
    }
}
这里先调用fdevent_process启动select或epoll检测机制,这里面会把有数据到来的套接字消息调用fdevent_plist_enqueue压入list_pending,调用fdevent_plist_dequeue从list_pending取出一条消息,并调用它的处理函数进行处理。


二、adb connect流程:

上面 我们讲server_socket_thread讲到创建了一个线程并监听等待客户连接的到来,当client连接过来的时候, 这里accept会返回,我们接着往下看,会调用register_socket_transport注册这个连接

void register_socket_transport(int s, const char *serial, int port, int local)
{
    atransport *t = calloc(1, sizeof(atransport));
    D("transport: %p init'ing for socket %d, on port %d\n", t, s, port);
    if ( init_socket_transport(t, s, port, local) < 0 ) {
        adb_close(s);
        free(t);
        return;
    }
    if(serial) {
        t->serial = strdup(serial);
    }
    register_transport(t);
}

分配了一个atransport结构并调用init_socket_transport进行初始化

int init_socket_transport(atransport *t, int s, int adb_port, int local)
{
    int  fail = 0;

    t->kick = remote_kick;
    t->close = remote_close;
    t->read_from_remote = remote_read;
    t->write_to_remote = remote_write;
    t->sfd = s;
    t->sync_token = 1;
    t->connection_state = CS_OFFLINE;
    t->type = kTransportLocal;
    t->adb_port = 0;
}
注意这里的sdf是这个连接的套接字,还有remote_read及remote_write.

接着调用register_transport注册这个事务

static void register_transport(atransport *transport)
{
    tmsg m;
    m.transport = transport;
    m.action = 1;
    D("transport: %p registered\n", transport);
    if(transport_write_action(transport_registration_send, &m)) {
        fatal_errno("cannot write transport registration socket\n");
    }
}
注意这里transport_write_action的第一个参数是transport_registration_send,是否有点印象,对的,这个fd就是我们在init_transport_registration建立的一对已连接的匿名套接字中 的一个。这样在transport_registration_recv就会有数据到来。并调用transport_registration_func,

static void transport_registration_func(int _fd, unsigned ev, void *data)
{
    tmsg m;
    adb_thread_t output_thread_ptr;
    adb_thread_t input_thread_ptr;
    int s[2];
    atransport *t;

    if(!(ev & FDE_READ)) {
        return;
    }

    if(transport_read_action(_fd, &m)) {
        fatal_errno("cannot read transport registration socket");
    }

    t = m.transport;

    if(m.action == 0){
        D("transport: %p removing and free'ing %d\n", t, t->transport_socket);

            /* IMPORTANT: the remove closes one half of the
            ** socket pair.  The close closes the other half.
            */
        fdevent_remove(&(t->transport_fde));
        adb_close(t->fd);

        adb_mutex_lock(&transport_lock);
        t->next->prev = t->prev;
        t->prev->next = t->next;
        adb_mutex_unlock(&transport_lock);

        run_transport_disconnects(t);

        if (t->product)
            free(t->product);
        if (t->serial)
            free(t->serial);

        memset(t,0xee,sizeof(atransport));
        free(t);

        update_transports();
        return;
    }

    /* don't create transport threads for inaccessible devices */
    if (t->connection_state != CS_NOPERM) {
        /* initial references are the two threads */
        t->ref_count = 2;

        if(adb_socketpair(s)) {
            fatal_errno("cannot open transport socketpair");
        }

        D("transport: %p (%d,%d) starting\n", t, s[0], s[1]);

        t->transport_socket = s[0];
        t->fd = s[1];

        D("transport: %p install %d\n", t, t->transport_socket );
        fdevent_install(&(t->transport_fde),
                        t->transport_socket,
                        transport_socket_events,
                        t);

        fdevent_set(&(t->transport_fde), FDE_READ);

        if(adb_thread_create(&input_thread_ptr, input_thread, t)){
            fatal_errno("cannot create input thread");
        }

        if(adb_thread_create(&output_thread_ptr, output_thread, t)){
            fatal_errno("cannot create output thread");
        }
    }

        /* put us on the master device list */
    adb_mutex_lock(&transport_lock);
    t->next = &transport_list;
    t->prev = transport_list.prev;
    t->next->prev = t;
    t->prev->next = t;
    adb_mutex_unlock(&transport_lock);

    t->disconnects.next = t->disconnects.prev = &t->disconnects;

    update_transports();
}

在这个函数中,先调用transport_read_action读取前面写入的tmsg数据,m.action =1,所以不执行,这里t->connection_state!= CS_NOPERM,前面赋值了为CS_OFFLINE。adb_socketpair又建立两个本地通信套接字,分别赋给t->transport_socket和t->fd,接着调用fdevent_install把t->transport_socket添加进去,创建input_thread 和output_thread两线程。

static void *input_thread(void *_t)
{
    atransport *t = _t;
    apacket *p;
    int active = 0;

    D("to_remote: starting input_thread for %p, reading from fd %d\n",
       t, t->fd);

    for(;;){
        if(read_packet(t->fd, &p)) {
            D("to_remote: failed to read apacket from transport %p on fd %d\n", 
               t, t->fd );
            break;
        }
        if(p->msg.command == A_SYNC){
            if(p->msg.arg0 == 0) {
                D("to_remote: transport %p SYNC offline\n", t);
                put_apacket(p);
                break;
            } else {
                if(p->msg.arg1 == t->sync_token) {
                    D("to_remote: transport %p SYNC online\n", t);
                    active = 1;
                } else {
                    D("to_remote: trandport %p ignoring SYNC %d != %d\n",
                      t, p->msg.arg1, t->sync_token);
                }
            }
        } else {
            if(active) {
                D("to_remote: transport %p got packet, sending to remote\n", t);
                t->write_to_remote(p, t);
            } else {
                D("to_remote: transport %p ignoring packet while offline\n", t);
            }
        }

        put_apacket(p);
    }

    // this is necessary to avoid a race condition that occured when a transport closes
    // while a client socket is still active.
    close_all_sockets(t);

    D("to_remote: thread is exiting for transport %p, fd %d\n", t, t->fd);
    kick_transport(t);
    transport_unref(t);
    return 0;
}
input_thread就是从t->fd读数据,然后调用write_to_remote,write_to_remote中有一句writex(t->sfd,&p->msg, sizeof(amessage) + length)发给远端

再来看下output_thread

static void *output_thread(void *_t)
{
    atransport *t = _t;
    apacket *p;

    D("from_remote: starting thread for transport %p, on fd %d\n", t, t->fd );

    D("from_remote: transport %p SYNC online (%d)\n", t, t->sync_token + 1);
    p = get_apacket();
    p->msg.command = A_SYNC;
    p->msg.arg0 = 1;
    p->msg.arg1 = ++(t->sync_token);
    p->msg.magic = A_SYNC ^ 0xffffffff;
    if(write_packet(t->fd, &p)) {
        put_apacket(p);
        D("from_remote: failed to write SYNC apacket to transport %p", t);
        goto oops;
    }

    D("from_remote: data pump  for transport %p\n", t);
    for(;;) {
        p = get_apacket();

        if(t->read_from_remote(p, t) == 0){
            D("from_remote: received remote packet, sending to transport %p\n",
              t);
            if(write_packet(t->fd, &p)){
                put_apacket(p);
                D("from_remote: failed to write apacket to transport %p", t);
                goto oops;
            }
        } else {
            D("from_remote: remote read failed for transport %p\n", p);
            put_apacket(p);
            break;
        }
    }

    D("from_remote: SYNC offline for transport %p\n", t);
    p = get_apacket();
    p->msg.command = A_SYNC;
    p->msg.arg0 = 0;
    p->msg.arg1 = 0;
    p->msg.magic = A_SYNC ^ 0xffffffff;
    if(write_packet(t->fd, &p)) {
        put_apacket(p);
        D("from_remote: failed to write SYNC apacket to transport %p", t);
    }

oops:
    D("from_remote: thread is exiting for transport %p\n", t);
    kick_transport(t);
    transport_unref(t);
    return 0;
}
output_thread先往t->fd写一个A_SYNC命令,然后循环调用read_from_remote,remote_read 中有(readx(t->sfd,p->data, p->msg.data_length),然后write_packet把数据写到t->fd。上面output_thread中往t->fdk中写了一个A_SYNC命令,这样就触发了t->transport_socket上的读操作,并调用transport_socket_events

static void transport_socket_events(int fd, unsigned events, void *_t)
{
    if(events & FDE_READ){
        apacket *p = 0;
        if(read_packet(fd, &p)){
            D("failed to read packet from transport socket on fd %d\n", fd);
        } else {
            handle_packet(p, (atransport *) _t);
        }
    }
}
这里先从fd读数据,然后调用handle_packet处理,对于A_SYNC,有相应的如下代码:

void handle_packet(apacket *p, atransport *t)
{
   ...
   case A_SYNC:
        if(p->msg.arg0){
            send_packet(p, t);
            if(HOST) send_connect(t);
        } else {
            t->connection_state = CS_OFFLINE;
            handle_offline(t);
            send_packet(p, t);
        }
        return;
   ...
}

p->msg.arg0= 1;所以直接send_packet,这里面会调用write_packet(t->transport_socket,&p),这样与它相应的对端就可以收到数据,在input_thread中会从t->fd读出数据并发给远端,注意这里远端连接的套接字并没有加入fdevent,而是在output_thread中阻塞在read上面,直到Client端有数据到来。客户端收到A_SYNC命令后,会发送一个connect消息过来,收到数据后就转发给t->fd,触发t->transport_socket,执行transport_socket_events同样调用handle_packet处理收到的数据。
void handle_packet(apacket *p, atransport *t)
{
    ...
    case A_CNXN: /* CONNECT(version, maxdata, "system-id-string") */
            /* XXX verify version, etc */
        if(t->connection_state != CS_OFFLINE) {
            t->connection_state = CS_OFFLINE;
            handle_offline(t);
        }
        parse_banner((char*) p->data, t);
        handle_online();
        if(!HOST) send_connect(t);
        break;
      ....
}
调用send_connect发送版本等信息到远端.


三、adb install 通讯过程

同样消息从远端的sfd送到t->fd,触发t->transport_socket执行handle_packet,这里Client先发送一条A_OPEN消息

void handle_packet(apacket *p, atransport *t)
{
   ...
   case A_OPEN: /* OPEN(local-id, 0, "destination") */
        if(t->connection_state != CS_OFFLINE) {
            char *name = (char*) p->data;
            name[p->msg.data_length > 0 ? p->msg.data_length - 1 : 0] = 0;
            s = create_local_service_socket(name);
            if(s == 0) {
                send_close(0, p->msg.arg0, t);
            } else {
                s->peer = create_remote_socket(p->msg.arg0, t);
                s->peer->peer = s;
                send_ready(s->id, s->peer->id, t);
                s->ready(s);
            }
        }
        break;
   ...
}

这里的name 是”sync:”,用于通知服务端同步读取client发送过来的文件,调用create_local_service_socket创建一个本地服务的socket

asocket *create_local_service_socket(const char *name)
{
    asocket *s;
    int fd;
    fd = service_to_fd(name);
    if(fd < 0) return 0;

    s = create_local_socket(fd);
    D("LS(%d): bound to '%s'\n", s->id, name);
    return s;
}

在service_to_fd中这里对应于create_service_thread(file_sync_service, NULL);

static int create_service_thread(void (*func)(int, void *), void *cookie)
{
    stinfo *sti;
    adb_thread_t t;
    int s[2];

    if(adb_socketpair(s)) {
        printf("cannot create service socket pair\n");
        return -1;
    }

    sti = malloc(sizeof(stinfo));
    if(sti == 0) fatal("cannot allocate stinfo");
    sti->func = func;
    sti->cookie = cookie;
    sti->fd = s[1];

    if(adb_thread_create( &t, service_bootstrap_func, sti)){
        free(sti);
        adb_close(s[0]);
        adb_close(s[1]);
        printf("cannot create service thread\n");
        return -1;
    }

    D("service thread started, %d:%d\n",s[0], s[1]);
    return s[0];
}

在这里面又调用adb_socketpair创建了两个本地通信套接字,并返回其中s[0],这里还创建一个线程:service_bootstrap_func,执行void *service_bootstrap_func(void *x)

void *service_bootstrap_func(void *x)
{
    stinfo *sti = x;
    sti->func(sti->fd, sti->cookie);
    free(sti);
    return 0;
}

这里的func是file_sync_service,sti->fd= s[1]。

void file_sync_service(int fd, void *cookie)
{
    syncmsg msg;
    char name[1025];
    unsigned namelen;

    char *buffer = malloc(SYNC_DATA_MAX);
    if(buffer == 0) goto fail;

    for(;;) {
        D("sync: waiting for command\n");

        if(readx(fd, &msg.req, sizeof(msg.req))) {
            fail_message(fd, "command read failure");
            break;
        }
        namelen = ltohl(msg.req.namelen);
        if(namelen > 1024) {
            fail_message(fd, "invalid namelen");
            break;
        }
        if(readx(fd, name, namelen)) {
            fail_message(fd, "filename read failure");
            break;
        }
        name[namelen] = 0;

        msg.req.namelen = 0;
        D("sync: '%s' '%s'\n", (char*) &msg.req, name);

        switch(msg.req.id) {
        case ID_STAT:
            if(do_stat(fd, name)) goto fail;
            break;
        case ID_LIST:
            if(do_list(fd, name)) goto fail;
            break;
        case ID_SEND:
            if(do_send(fd, name, buffer)) goto fail;
            break;
        case ID_RECV:
            if(do_recv(fd, name, buffer)) goto fail;
            break;
        case ID_QUIT:
            goto fail;
        default:
            fail_message(fd, "unknown command");
            goto fail;
        }
    }

fail:
    if(buffer != 0) free(buffer);
    D("sync: done\n");
    adb_close(fd);
}
这里就阻塞在读上面了,等待套接字上数据的到来。

回到create_local_service_socket,继续调用create_local_socket,并把刚返回的s[0]传进来了

asocket *create_local_socket(int fd)
{
    asocket *s = calloc(1, sizeof(asocket));
    if(s == 0) fatal("cannot allocate socket");
    install_local_socket(s);
    s->fd = fd;
    s->enqueue = local_socket_enqueue;
    s->ready = local_socket_ready;
    s->close = local_socket_close;

    fdevent_install(&s->fde, fd, local_socket_event_func, s);
/*    fdevent_add(&s->fde, FDE_ERROR); */
    //fprintf(stderr, "Created local socket in create_local_socket \n");
    D("LS(%d): created (fd=%d)\n", s->id, s->fd);
    return s;
}

注意这里asocket类型变量t的enqueue为local_socket_enqueue,这里fd就是前面 返回的s[0],安装到fdevent,这里的处理函数是local_socket_event_func.,这里的local_socket_event_func函数是在s[1],即进行文件操作的那端需要往对端发送消息时触发的。

回到handle_packet,再调用create_remote_socket,创建一个asocket,初始化,把这个peer初始化为他的对端。

asocket *create_remote_socket(unsigned id, atransport *t)
{
    asocket *s = calloc(1, sizeof(aremotesocket));
    adisconnect*  dis = &((aremotesocket*)s)->disconnect;

    if(s == 0) fatal("cannot allocate socket");
    s->id = id;
    s->enqueue = remote_socket_enqueue;
    s->ready = remote_socket_ready;
    s->close = remote_socket_close;
    s->transport = t;

    dis->func   = remote_socket_disconnect;
    dis->opaque = s;
    add_transport_disconnect( t, dis );
    D("RS(%d): created\n", s->id);
    return s;
}

赋值给s->peer;然后调用send_ready发送A_OKAY,最后调用s->ready把s->fd加入fdevent


A_OPEN处理完了,就会在与Client连接的套接字字上收到A_WRTE,

void handle_packet(apacket *p, atransport *t)
{
    asocket *s;
    ...
    case A_WRTE:
        if(t->connection_state != CS_OFFLINE) {
            if((s = find_local_socket(p->msg.arg1))) {
                unsigned rid = p->msg.arg0;
                p->len = p->msg.data_length;

                if(s->enqueue(s, p) == 0) {
                    D("Enqueue the socket\n");
                    send_ready(s->id, rid, t);
                }
                return;
            }
        }
        break;
    ....
}

先调用find_local_socket找到前面建立的local_service_socket,调用s->enqueue,这里调用local_socket_enqueue

static int local_socket_enqueue(asocket *s, apacket *p)
{
   ...
       while(p->len > 0) {
        int r = adb_write(s->fd, p->ptr, p->len);
        if(r > 0) {
            p->len -= r;
            p->ptr += r;
            continue;
        }
        if((r == 0) || (errno != EAGAIN)) {
            D( "LS(%d): not ready, errno=%d: %s\n", s->id, errno, strerror(errno) );
            s->close(s);
            return 1; /* not ready (error) */
        } else {
            break;
        }
    }
   ...
}

这里把数据写到s->fd,也即前面的s[0],往s[0]写数据时候会触发file_sync_service读数据,这个函数阻塞在readx读数据,上面写了数据后,这里就会去读。所有数据都处理完了则发送send_ready

数据的发送过程:



先发送ID_STAT,查看文件是否存在,不存在的话再发送ID_SEND发送文件,文件发送完毕发送ID_QUIT退出,关关闭套接字

这里在client发送了ID_STAT时会回一个消息给client,就是通过往s[1]里面写,而s[0]是加到了select或poll中监听的,这个时候 s[0]就会触发,执行local_socket_event_func

static void local_socket_event_func(int fd, unsigned ev, void *_s)
{
     ....
    if(ev & FDE_READ){
        apacket *p = get_apacket();
        unsigned char *x = p->data;
        size_t avail = MAX_PAYLOAD;
        int r;
        int is_eof = 0;

        while(avail > 0) {
            r = adb_read(fd, x, avail);
            if(r > 0) {
                avail -= r;
                x += r;
                continue;
            }
            if(r < 0) {
                if(errno == EAGAIN) break;
                if(errno == EINTR) continue;
            }

                /* r = 0 or unhandled error */
            is_eof = 1;
            break;
        }

        if((avail == MAX_PAYLOAD) || (s->peer == 0)) {
            put_apacket(p);
        } else {
            p->len = MAX_PAYLOAD - avail;

            r = s->peer->enqueue(s->peer, p);

            if(r < 0) {
                    /* error return means they closed us as a side-effect
                    ** and we must return immediately.
                    **
                    ** note that if we still have buffered packets, the
                    ** socket will be placed on the closing socket list.
                    ** this handler function will be called again
                    ** to process FDE_WRITE events.
                    */
                return;
            }
       }
     ....
}
这里的s->peer->enpueue即是remote_socket_enqueue

static int remote_socket_enqueue(asocket *s, apacket *p)
{
    D("Calling remote_socket_enqueue\n");
    p->msg.command = A_WRTE;
    p->msg.arg0 = s->peer->id;
    p->msg.arg1 = s->id;
    p->msg.data_length = p->len;
    send_packet(p, s->transport);
    return 1;
}
这里往transport写数据又回到了前面的流程了,会在input_thread中会从t->fd读出数据并发给远端。


具体文件接收过程:


先接收消息头,判断是否为文件内容消息,以及是否发送完毕消息:

如果是文件内容消息,则接收数据并盘入文件

如果是发送完毕消息,则跳出循环,发送ID_OKAY消息。

文件接收完毕,Client会再发个A_OPEN消息name = shell:pm install /data/local/tmp/sipDemo.apk,这个时候会重新建立一个create_local_socket,最后调用create_subprocess,这里会打开伪终端/dev/ptmx。( 通过函数open()打开设备“/dev/ptmx”,可以得到一对伪终端的主从设备,得到的fd是主设备的文件描述符)在父进程里使用fd,子进程中打开从设备的设备名可以通过函数ptsname(),在子进程中重定位标准输出到伪终端,这样子进程中的有输出父进程就能得到,注意在pm.java  runInstall函数中有这样几行代码


    private void runInstall() {
    .....
  PackageInstallObserver obs = new PackageInstallObserver();
        try {
            mPm.installPackage(Uri.fromFile(new File(apkFilePath)), obs, installFlags,
                    installerPackageName);

            synchronized (obs) {
                while (!obs.finished) {
                    try {
                        obs.wait();
                    } catch (InterruptedException e) {
                    }
                }
                if (obs.result == PackageManager.INSTALL_SUCCEEDED) {
                    System.out.println("Success");
                } else {
                    System.err.println("Failure ["
                            + installFailureToString(obs.result)
                            + "]");
                }
            }
        } catch (RemoteException e) {
            System.err.println(e.toString());
            System.err.println(PM_NOT_RUNNING_ERR);
        }
  ...,
}
这里用System.err.println就是打到标准输出设备,也就是伪终端了

安装完毕后,发送结果给Client,Client还会发一个A_OPEN消息,name = shell:rm /data/local/tmp/sipDemo.apk,删除这个apk最后发送A_CLSE删除这个连接

Adb处理install流程:


参考:

http://blog.chinaunix.net/uid-20514606-id-375756.html

http://blog.csdn.net/yinlijun2004/article/details/7008952


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