Hexo博客优化之Next主题美化

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前言

有了前面几篇博客的介绍,我们就可以很容易的搭建并编辑我们的博客了,不过既然是属于自己的博客网站,自然也就想让其更加美观,更有意思,所以呢我下面介绍一下Hexo博客的主题美化操作。

1. Next主题

Hexo博客支持很多主题风格,其中Next主题是Github上Star最多的主题,其一直在更新维护,支持非常多的外部插件和功能选项。我目前使用的是Next6.0版本,下面我会介绍基于Next6主题的界面美化手法。

1.1 Next主题的安装配置

Next主题的安装方式很简单,只需要在博客主目录下执行:

git clone https://github.com/theme-next/hexo-theme-next themes/next

然后设置站点配置文件_config.yml:

theme: next

即可将我们的Hexo博客主题替换为Next主题。

1.2 主题简单配置

Next主题提供很多方便的功能,我们来一一介绍:

  • Next主题风格

    Next提供了四中主题风格scheme,可以在主题配置文件blog/themes/next/_config.yml文件中进行选择,分别是Muse、Mist、Pisces、Gemini:

    1548267375540

    1548267403909

    1548267428521

    1548267447923

    这里我选择的是Gemini主题,也就是最后一种样式;

  • Next主题一般配置

    override:false #表示是否将主题置为默认样式
    cache:
    	enable:true #表示添加缓存功能,这样浏览器后续打开我们的博客网站会更快
    menu: #设置博客各个页面的相对路径,默认根路径是blog/source
      home: / || home
      about: /about/ || user
      tags: /tags/ || tags
      categories: /categories/ || th
      archives: /archives/ || archive
      #schedule: /schedule/ || calendar #日历
      #sitemap: /sitemap.xml || sitemap #站点地图,供搜索引擎爬取
      #commonweal: /404/ || heartbeat # 腾讯公益404
    
    # Enable/Disable menu icons / item badges.
    menu_settings:
      icons: true # 是否显示各个页面的图标
      badges: true # 是否显示分类/标签/归档页的内容量
    # Schemes
    scheme: Gemini
    

    以上是Next最常规的配置,而相应的站点配置blog/_config.yml文件的基本配置为:

    title: 见渊の博客
    subtitle: 记录生活中的点点滴滴
    description: 直到这一刻微笑着说话为止,我至少留下了一公升眼泪
    keywords:
    author: 黄飘
    language: zh-CN # 主题语言
    timezone: Asia/Shanghai #中国的时区,不要乱改城市
    
    # URL
    ## If your site is put in a subdirectory, set url as 'http://yoursite.com/child' and root as '/child/'
    url: https://huangpiao.tech #绑定域名
    root: /  #默认根路径,指向实际的source
    permalink: :year/:month/:day/:title/
    permalink_defaults:
    
    # Directory
    source_dir: source
    public_dir: public
    tag_dir: tags
    archive_dir: archives
    category_dir: categories
    code_dir: downloads/code
    i18n_dir: :lang
    skip_render: README.md # 部署的时候不包含的文件
    
    # Writing
    new_post_name: :title.md # 默认的新博文名称
    default_layout: post # 默认布局
    titlecase: false # Transform title into titlecase
    external_link: true # Open external links in new tab
    filename_case: 0 #把博客名称改成小写/大写(1,2)
    render_drafts: false # 是否显示草稿
    post_asset_folder: false #是否启用资源文件夹(用来存放相对路径图片或文件)
    relative_link: false # 把链接改为与根目录的相对位址
    future: true
    highlight:
      enable: true #是否开启代码高亮
      line_number: true #是否增加代码行号
      auto_detect: true #自动判断代码语言
      tab_replace:
      
    # Home page setting
    # path: Root path for your blogs index page. (default = '')
    # per_page: Posts displayed per page. (0 = disable pagination)
    # order_by: Posts order. (Order by date descending by default)
    index_generator: #首页博客分布
      path: '' #博客的默认路径
      per_page: 10 #每页博客数量上限
      order_by: -date #博客排序
    
    # Date / Time format
    ## Hexo uses Moment.js to parse and display date
    ## You can customize the date format as defined in
    ## http://momentjs.com/docs/#/displaying/format/
    date_format: YYYY-MM-DD #博客日期格式
    time_format: HH:mm:ss #博客时间格式
    
    # Pagination
    ## Set per_page to 0 to disable pagination
    per_page: 10 #同上
    
    #归档页的分页设置
    archive_generator: #归档页的配置
      per_page: 30 #归档页每页博客数
      yearly: true #按年归档
      monthly: true #按月归档
    #标签页的分页设置
    tag_generator:
      per_page: 20 #标签页每页博客数
      
    theme: next6 #选择博客主题,名字为themes中选择的主题文件夹名称
    
    # Deployment
    ## Docs: https://hexo.io/docs/deployment.html
    deploy: #博客部署
      type: git
      repo: 
        github: https://github.com/nightmaredimple/nightmaredimple.github.io.git
        coding: https://git.coding.net/nightmaredimple/nightmaredimple.git
      branch: master
    

    以上的效果如下:

    1548268494890

2.添加博客自定义图标

我们博客的默认图标是H,不过Next支持修改图标,下面是我的图标:

1548268092825

博客网站的图标可以在easyiconbitbugiconfont等网站选择和制作,然后选择或者创建相应大小的图标文件,放置在blog/themes/next/sources/images目录下,并在主题配置文件中进行如下配置,只需要设置small和medium两个就可以:

favicon:
  small: /images/16x16.png
  medium: /images/32x32.png
  apple_touch_icon: /images/128x128.png
  safari_pinned_tab: /images/logo2.svg

3. 鼠标点击特效

鼠标的点击红心特效如下:

img

具体步骤如下:

/themes/next/source/js/src下新建文件 clicklove.js ,接着把下面的代码拷贝粘贴到 clicklove.js 文件中:

!function(e,t,a){function n(){c(".heart{width: 10px;height: 10px;position: fixed;background: #f00;transform: rotate(45deg);-webkit-transform: rotate(45deg);-moz-transform: rotate(45deg);}.heart:after,.heart:before{content: '';width: inherit;height: inherit;background: inherit;border-radius: 50%;-webkit-border-radius: 50%;-moz-border-radius: 50%;position: fixed;}.heart:after{top: -5px;}.heart:before{left: -5px;}"),o(),r()}function r(){for(var e=0;e<d.length;e++)d[e].alpha<=0?(t.body.removeChild(d[e].el),d.splice(e,1)):(d[e].y--,d[e].scale+=.004,d[e].alpha-=.013,d[e].el.style.cssText="left:"+d[e].x+"px;top:"+d[e].y+"px;opacity:"+d[e].alpha+";transform:scale("+d[e].scale+","+d[e].scale+") rotate(45deg);background:"+d[e].color+";z-index:99999");requestAnimationFrame(r)}function o(){var t="function"==typeof e.onclick&&e.onclick;e.onclick=function(e){t&&t(),i(e)}}function i(e){var a=t.createElement("div");a.className="heart",d.push({el:a,x:e.clientX-5,y:e.clientY-5,scale:1,alpha:1,color:s()}),t.body.appendChild(a)}function c(e){var a=t.createElement("style");a.type="text/css";try{a.appendChild(t.createTextNode(e))}catch(t){a.styleSheet.cssText=e}t.getElementsByTagName("head")[0].appendChild(a)}function s(){return"rgb("+~~(255*Math.random())+","+~~(255*Math.random())+","+~~(255*Math.random())+")"}var d=[];e.requestAnimationFrame=function(){return e.requestAnimationFrame||e.webkitRequestAnimationFrame||e.mozRequestAnimationFrame||e.oRequestAnimationFrame||e.msRequestAnimationFrame||function(e){setTimeout(e,1e3/60)}}(),n()}(window,document);

\themes\next\layout\_layout.swig文件末尾添加:

<!-- 页面点击小红心 -->
<script type="text/javascript" src="/js/src/clicklove.js"></script>

当然,还有一种特效(只能选一个):

img

跟那个红心是差不多的,首先在themes/next/source/js/src里面建一个叫fireworks.js的文件,代码如下:

"use strict";function updateCoords(e){pointerX=(e.clientX||e.touches[0].clientX)-canvasEl.getBoundingClientRect().left,pointerY=e.clientY||e.touches[0].clientY-canvasEl.getBoundingClientRect().top}function setParticuleDirection(e){var t=anime.random(0,360)*Math.PI/180,a=anime.random(50,180),n=[-1,1][anime.random(0,1)]*a;return{x:e.x+n*Math.cos(t),y:e.y+n*Math.sin(t)}}function createParticule(e,t){var a={};return a.x=e,a.y=t,a.color=colors[anime.random(0,colors.length-1)],a.radius=anime.random(16,32),a.endPos=setParticuleDirection(a),a.draw=function(){ctx.beginPath(),ctx.arc(a.x,a.y,a.radius,0,2*Math.PI,!0),ctx.fillStyle=a.color,ctx.fill()},a}function createCircle(e,t){var a={};return a.x=e,a.y=t,a.color="#F00",a.radius=0.1,a.alpha=0.5,a.lineWidth=6,a.draw=function(){ctx.globalAlpha=a.alpha,ctx.beginPath(),ctx.arc(a.x,a.y,a.radius,0,2*Math.PI,!0),ctx.lineWidth=a.lineWidth,ctx.strokeStyle=a.color,ctx.stroke(),ctx.globalAlpha=1},a}function renderParticule(e){for(var t=0;t<e.animatables.length;t++){e.animatables[t].target.draw()}}function animateParticules(e,t){for(var a=createCircle(e,t),n=[],i=0;i<numberOfParticules;i++){n.push(createParticule(e,t))}anime.timeline().add({targets:n,x:function(e){return e.endPos.x},y:function(e){return e.endPos.y},radius:0.1,duration:anime.random(1200,1800),easing:"easeOutExpo",update:renderParticule}).add({targets:a,radius:anime.random(80,160),lineWidth:0,alpha:{value:0,easing:"linear",duration:anime.random(600,800)},duration:anime.random(1200,1800),easing:"easeOutExpo",update:renderParticule,offset:0})}function debounce(e,t){var a;return function(){var n=this,i=arguments;clearTimeout(a),a=setTimeout(function(){e.apply(n,i)},t)}}var canvasEl=document.querySelector(".fireworks");if(canvasEl){var ctx=canvasEl.getContext("2d"),numberOfParticules=30,pointerX=0,pointerY=0,tap="mousedown",colors=["#FF1461","#18FF92","#5A87FF","#FBF38C"],setCanvasSize=debounce(function(){canvasEl.width=2*window.innerWidth,canvasEl.height=2*window.innerHeight,canvasEl.style.width=window.innerWidth+"px",canvasEl.style.height=window.innerHeight+"px",canvasEl.getContext("2d").scale(2,2)},500),render=anime({duration:1/0,update:function(){ctx.clearRect(0,0,canvasEl.width,canvasEl.height)}});document.addEventListener(tap,function(e){"sidebar"!==e.target.id&&"toggle-sidebar"!==e.target.id&&"A"!==e.target.nodeName&&"IMG"!==e.target.nodeName&&(render.play(),updateCoords(e),animateParticules(pointerX,pointerY))},!1),setCanvasSize(),window.addEventListener("resize",setCanvasSize,!1)}"use strict";function updateCoords(e){pointerX=(e.clientX||e.touches[0].clientX)-canvasEl.getBoundingClientRect().left,pointerY=e.clientY||e.touches[0].clientY-canvasEl.getBoundingClientRect().top}function setParticuleDirection(e){var t=anime.random(0,360)*Math.PI/180,a=anime.random(50,180),n=[-1,1][anime.random(0,1)]*a;return{x:e.x+n*Math.cos(t),y:e.y+n*Math.sin(t)}}function createParticule(e,t){var a={};return a.x=e,a.y=t,a.color=colors[anime.random(0,colors.length-1)],a.radius=anime.random(16,32),a.endPos=setParticuleDirection(a),a.draw=function(){ctx.beginPath(),ctx.arc(a.x,a.y,a.radius,0,2*Math.PI,!0),ctx.fillStyle=a.color,ctx.fill()},a}function createCircle(e,t){var a={};return a.x=e,a.y=t,a.color="#F00",a.radius=0.1,a.alpha=0.5,a.lineWidth=6,a.draw=function(){ctx.globalAlpha=a.alpha,ctx.beginPath(),ctx.arc(a.x,a.y,a.radius,0,2*Math.PI,!0),ctx.lineWidth=a.lineWidth,ctx.strokeStyle=a.color,ctx.stroke(),ctx.globalAlpha=1},a}function renderParticule(e){for(var t=0;t<e.animatables.length;t++){e.animatables[t].target.draw()}}function animateParticules(e,t){for(var a=createCircle(e,t),n=[],i=0;i<numberOfParticules;i++){n.push(createParticule(e,t))}anime.timeline().add({targets:n,x:function(e){return e.endPos.x},y:function(e){return e.endPos.y},radius:0.1,duration:anime.random(1200,1800),easing:"easeOutExpo",update:renderParticule}).add({targets:a,radius:anime.random(80,160),lineWidth:0,alpha:{value:0,easing:"linear",duration:anime.random(600,800)},duration:anime.random(1200,1800),easing:"easeOutExpo",update:renderParticule,offset:0})}function debounce(e,t){var a;return function(){var n=this,i=arguments;clearTimeout(a),a=setTimeout(function(){e.apply(n,i)},t)}}var canvasEl=document.querySelector(".fireworks");if(canvasEl){var ctx=canvasEl.getContext("2d"),numberOfParticules=30,pointerX=0,pointerY=0,tap="mousedown",colors=["#FF1461","#18FF92","#5A87FF","#FBF38C"],setCanvasSize=debounce(function(){canvasEl.width=2*window.innerWidth,canvasEl.height=2*window.innerHeight,canvasEl.style.width=window.innerWidth+"px",canvasEl.style.height=window.innerHeight+"px",canvasEl.getContext("2d").scale(2,2)},500),render=anime({duration:1/0,update:function(){ctx.clearRect(0,0,canvasEl.width,canvasEl.height)}});document.addEventListener(tap,function(e){"sidebar"!==e.target.id&&"toggle-sidebar"!==e.target.id&&"A"!==e.target.nodeName&&"IMG"!==e.target.nodeName&&(render.play(),updateCoords(e),animateParticules(pointerX,pointerY))},!1),setCanvasSize(),window.addEventListener("resize",setCanvasSize,!1)};

打开themes/next/layout/_layout.swig,在</body>上面写下如下代码:

{% if theme.fireworks %}
   <canvas class="fireworks" style="position: fixed;left: 0;top: 0;z-index: 1; pointer-events: none;" ></canvas> 
   <script type="text/javascript" src="//cdn.bootcss.com/animejs/2.2.0/anime.min.js"></script> 
   <script type="text/javascript" src="/js/src/fireworks.js"></script>
{% endif %}

打开主题配置文件,在里面最后写下:

# Fireworks
fireworks: true

4.添加动态背景

img

上面这种只是其中一种动态背景,新版的Next主题集成了该功能,只需要在主题配置中设置如下即可,下面每个模块只设置其中一个为true,具体效果如何可自己尝试:

# Canvas-nest
# Dependencies: https://github.com/theme-next/theme-next-canvas-nest
canvas_nest: # 网络背景
  enable: true
  onmobile: true # display on mobile or not
  color: '0,0,0' # RGB values, use ',' to separate
  opacity: 0.5 # the opacity of line: 0~1
  zIndex: -1 # z-index property of the background
  count: 150 # the number of lines

# JavaScript 3D library.
# Dependencies: https://github.com/theme-next/theme-next-three
# three_waves
three_waves: false
# canvas_lines
canvas_lines: false
# canvas_sphere
canvas_sphere: false

# Canvas-ribbon
# Dependencies: https://github.com/theme-next/theme-next-canvas-ribbon
# size: The width of the ribbon.
# alpha: The transparency of the ribbon.
# zIndex: The display level of the ribbon.
canvas_ribbon:
  enable: false
  size: 300
  alpha: 0.6
  zIndex: -1

另外需要在blog中下载相应资源包,具体见上面的链接,下面我给出canvas_nest的下载方式:

git clone https://github.com/theme-next/theme-next-canvas-nest themes/next/source/lib/canvas-nest

5. 修改标签样式

博客底部的标签样式默认为#tag,我们可以将其改成:

1548273942824

只需要修改模板/themes/next/layout/_macro/post.swig,搜索 rel="tag">#,将 # 换成<i class="fa fa-tag"></i>

6. 作者头像设置

1548274016625

可以设置当鼠标放置在头像上时,头像自动旋转,具体设置如下:

avatar:
  # in theme directory(source/images): /images/avatar.gif
  # in site  directory(source/uploads): /uploads/avatar.gif
  # You can also use other linking images.
  url: /images/author.jpg  #将我们的头像图片放置在blog/themes/next/source/images目录下,填写具体地址
  # If true, the avatar would be dispalyed in circle.
  rounded: true #鼠标放在头像上时是否旋转
  # The value of opacity should be choose from 0 to 1 to set the opacity of the avatar.
  opacity: 1 #头像放缩指数
  # If true, the avatar would be rotated with the cursor.
  rotated: true #头像是否设为圆形,否则为矩形

7.文章结束标志

1548274181405

在路径 \themes\next\layout\_macro 中新建 passage-end-tag.swig 文件,并添加以下内容:

<div>
    {% if not is_index %}
        <div style="text-align:center;color: #ccc;font-size:14px;">-------------本文结束<i class="fa fa-paw"></i>感谢您的阅读-------------</div>
    {% endif %}
</div>

接着打开\themes\next\layout\_macro\post.swig文件,在post-body 之后(END POST BODY), post-footer 之前添加如代码:

<div>
  {% if not is_index %}
    {% include 'passage-end-tag.swig' %}
  {% endif %}
</div>

然后打开主题配置文件(_config.yml),在末尾添加:

# 文章末尾添加“本文结束”标记
passage_end_tag:
  enabled: true

8.侧边栏设置

1548274885067

设置主题配置文件,其中social表示社交信息,我们可以填入我们相关的链接,格式为链接名:链接地址 || 链接图标,其中链接图标必须是FontAwesome网站中存在的图标名。

# Posts / Categories / Tags in sidebar.
site_state: true # 是否在侧边栏加入日志、分类、标签等跳转链接

# Social Links
# Usage: `Key: permalink || icon`
# Key is the link label showing to end users.
# Value before `||` delimeter is the target permalink.
# Value after `||` delimeter is the name of FontAwesome icon. If icon (with or without delimeter) is not specified, globe icon will be loaded.
social:
  GitHub: https://github.com/nightmaredimple || github #
  CSDN: https://blog.csdn.net/nightmare_dimple || crosshairs
  #E-Mail: mailto:yourname@gmail.com || envelope
  #Weibo: https://weibo.com/yourname || weibo
  #Google: https://plus.google.com/yourname || google
  #Twitter: https://twitter.com/yourname || twitter
  #FB Page: https://www.facebook.com/yourname || facebook
  #VK Group: https://vk.com/yourname || vk
  #StackOverflow: https://stackoverflow.com/yourname || stack-overflow
  #YouTube: https://youtube.com/yourname || youtube
  #Instagram: https://instagram.com/yourname || instagram
  #Skype: skype:yourname?call|chat || skype

social_icons:
  enable: true #是否显示社交图标
  icons_only: false #是否仅显示社交图标
  transition: true 

# Follow me on GitHub banner in right-top corner.
# Usage: `permalink || title`
# Value before `||` delimeter is the target permalink.
# Value after `||` delimeter is the title and aria-label name.
github_banner: https://github.com/nightmaredimple || Follow me on GitHub #添加右上角github绑带

# Blog rolls
links_icon: link
links_title: Links
links_layout: block
#links_layout: inline
#links:
  #Title: http://example.com

# Sidebar Avatar
avatar: #头像设置
  # in theme directory(source/images): /images/avatar.gif
  # in site  directory(source/uploads): /uploads/avatar.gif
  # You can also use other linking images.
  url: /images/author.jpg
  # If true, the avatar would be dispalyed in circle.
  rounded: true
  # The value of opacity should be choose from 0 to 1 to set the opacity of the avatar.
  opacity: 1
  # If true, the avatar would be rotated with the cursor.
  rotated: true

# Table Of Contents in the Sidebar
toc:
  enable: true #是否自动生成目录
  # Automatically add list number to toc.
  number: false #目录是否自动产生编号
  # If true, all words will placed on next lines if header width longer then sidebar width.
  wrap: false #标题过长是否换行
  # Maximum heading depth of generated toc. You can set it in one post through `toc_max_depth` var.
  max_depth: 6 #最大标题深度

sidebar:
  # Sidebar Position, available values: left | right (only for Pisces | Gemini).
  position: left #侧边栏位置
  #position: right

  # Manual define the sidebar width.
  # If commented, will be default for:
  # Muse | Mist: 320
  # Pisces | Gemini: 240
  #width: 300

  # Sidebar Display, available values (only for Muse | Mist):
  #  - post    expand on posts automatically. Default.
  #  - always  expand for all pages automatically
  #  - hide    expand only when click on the sidebar toggle icon.
  #  - remove  Totally remove sidebar including sidebar toggle.
  display: post
  #display: always
  #display: hide
  #display: remove

  # Sidebar offset from top menubar in pixels (only for Pisces | Gemini).
  offset: 12 #侧边栏相对主菜单像素距离
  # Back to top in sidebar.
  b2t: true #是否提供一键置顶
  # Scroll percent label in b2t button.
  scrollpercent: true #是否显示当前阅读进度
  # Enable sidebar on narrow view (only for Muse | Mist).
  onmobile: false #手机上是否显示侧边栏

9.文章阴影设置

img

打开\themes\next\source\css\_custom\custom.styl,向里面加入:

// 主页文章添加阴影效果
 .post {
   margin-top: 60px;
   margin-bottom: 60px;
   padding: 25px;
   -webkit-box-shadow: 0 0 5px rgba(202, 203, 203, .5);
   -moz-box-shadow: 0 0 5px rgba(202, 203, 204, .5);
  }

10. 添加文章版权信息

1548336818289

要想开启博客的版权功能,需要设置主题配置文件:

creative_commons:
  license: by-nc-sa
  sidebar: true
  post: true

11.设置博客底部布局

1548338104016

这一部分对应主题配置文件中的:

footer:
  # Specify the date when the site was setup.
  # If not defined, current year will be used.
  since: 2019 #建站时间

  # Icon between year and copyright info.
  icon:
    # Icon name in fontawesome, see: https://fontawesome.com/v4.7.0/icons/
    # `heart` is recommended with animation in red (#ff0000).
    name: heart  #作者图标(默认是author人像)
    # If you want to animate the icon, set it to true.
    animated: true #图标是否闪动
    # Change the color of icon, using Hex Code.
    color: "#808080" #图标颜色

  # If not defined, `author` from Hexo main config will be used.
  copyright: 黄飘 #别填bool型,最后显示的东西是copyright || author,即左边没有设置的话就显示作者
  # -------------------------------------------------------------
  powered:
    # Hexo link (Powered by Hexo).
    enable: false #是否显示 Powered by hexo
    # Version info of Hexo after Hexo link (vX.X.X).
    version: false #是否显示Hexo版本

  theme:
    # Theme & scheme info link (Theme - NexT.scheme).
    enable: false #是否显示主题信息
    # Version info of NexT after scheme info (vX.X.X).
    version: false #是否显示主题版本
  # -------------------------------------------------------------
  # Beian icp information for Chinese users. In China, every legal website should have a beian icp in website footer.
  # http://www.miitbeian.gov.cn
  beian:
    enable: false #是否显示网站备案信息
    icp:

  # -------------------------------------------------------------
  # Any custom text can be defined here.
  #custom_text: Hosted by <a href="https://pages.coding.me" class="theme-link" rel="noopener" target="_blank">Coding Pages</a>

12. 添加打赏

1548338764886

在主题配置文件中设置如下:

reward:
  enable: true
  comment: 坚持原创技术分享,您的支持将鼓励我继续创作!
  wechatpay: /images/wechatpay.jpg
  alipay: /images/alipay.jpg
  #bitcoin: /images/bitcoin.jpg

自己获取自己的支付收款码,放置在next/source/images中

13. 添加页面宠物

1548338832593

首先在博客目录下执行:

npm install -save hexo-helper-live2d

然后在站点配置文件中加入:

live2d:
  enable: true
  scriptFrom: local
  pluginRootPath: live2dw/
  pluginJsPath: lib/
  pluginModelPath: assets/
  tagMode: false
  model:
    use: live2d-widget-model-wanko  #选择哪种模型
  display: #放置位置和大小
    position: right
    width: 150
    height: 300
  mobile:
    show: false #是否在手机端显示

上面模型的选择可在lived2d中选择,并下载相应的模型:

npm install live2d-widget-model-wanko

14.设置代码块样式

1548340016692

代码块的行号显示在上面已经介绍了,位于站点配置文件,对于代码块的主题我么还能设置其背景,增加复制按钮等,可修改主题配置文件如下:

# Code Highlight theme
# Available values: normal | night | night eighties | night blue | night bright
# https://github.com/chriskempson/tomorrow-theme
highlight_theme: night
codeblock:
  # Manual define the border radius in codeblock
  # Leave it empty for the default 1
  border_radius:
  # Add copy button on codeblock
  copy_button:
    enable: true
    # Show text copy result
    show_result: true

15.设置博客摘要显示

1548340037906

对于摘要显示,首先我们需要开启摘要功能,修改主题配置文件:

# Automatically scroll page to section which is under <!-- more --> mark.
scroll_to_more: true #选取博客正文<!--more-->前的内容

# Automatically saving scroll position on each post/page in cookies.
save_scroll: false

# Automatically excerpt description in homepage as preamble text.
excerpt_description: true #自动截取摘要

# Automatically Excerpt. Not recommend.
# Use <!-- more --> in the post to control excerpt accurately.
auto_excerpt: 
  enable: false #自动截取一定程度的摘要
  length: 150

# Read more button
# If true, the read more button would be displayed in excerpt section.
read_more_btn: true #显示阅读全文按钮

1548340204881

16.设置RSS订阅

img

在博客主目录下执行:

npm install --save hexo-generator-feed

在站点配置文件中修改:

# Extensions
## Plugins: http://hexo.io/plugins/
plugins: hexo-generate-feed

然后设置主题配置文件:

# Set rss to false to disable feed link.
# Leave rss as empty to use site's feed link.
# Set rss to specific value if you have burned your feed already.
rss: /atom.xml

17.修改文章链接样式

img

修改文件 themes\next\source\css\_common\components\post\post.styl,在末尾添加如下css样式,:

// 文章内链接文本样式
.post-body p a{
  color: #0593d3;
  border-bottom: none;
  border-bottom: 1px solid #0593d3;
  &:hover {
    color: #fc6423;
    border-bottom: none;
    border-bottom: 1px solid #fc6423;
  }
}

18.增加阅读次数/时长和访客数

Next6版本集成了多种相关功能,除了已有的busuanzi,目前又加入了symbols-count-time,二者在主题配置文件中的相关设置方法如下:

# Post wordcount display settings
# Dependencies: https://github.com/theme-next/hexo-symbols-count-time
symbols_count_time:
  separated_meta: true #分隔符|
  item_text_post: true #是否统计站点总字数
  item_text_total: true #是否同级文章总字数
  awl: 2 #平均每个字符的长度
  wpm: 300 #words per minute
 
busuanzi_count:
  enable: true  #是否开启不蒜子统计功能
  total_visitors: true #是否统计总访客数
  total_visitors_icon: user #访客数图标为人像
  total_views: true #是否同级总访问数
  total_views_icon: eye #访问数图标为眼睛
  post_views: true #是否统计文章访问数
  post_views_icon: eye #访问数图标为眼睛

其中前者还需在站点配置文件中加入:

symbols_count_time:
  symbols: true #是否统计字数
  time: false #是否统计阅读时长
  total_symbols: true #是否统计总字数
  total_time: false #是否统计总阅读时长

相关依赖如下:

npm install hexo-symbols-count-time --save

不过symbols-count-time的数字经常不显示,不知道是不是我配置的问题,不过不担心,因为busuanzi自带了这些功能(除了阅读时长,不过这个意义不大),只需要修改next/layout/_partials/footer.swig文件如下:

<script async src="https://busuanzi.ibruce.info/busuanzi/2.3/busuanzi.pure.mini.js"></script>
  {% if config.symbols_count_time.total_symbols %}
    <span class="post-meta-divider">|</span>
    <span class="post-meta-item-icon">
      <i class="fa fa-area-chart"></i>
    </span>
    {% if theme.symbols_count_time.item_text_total %}
      <span class="post-meta-item-text">{{ __('symbols_count_time.count_total') + __('symbol.colon') }}</span>
    {% endif %}
	<span title="{{ __('post.totalcount') }}">
     {{ totalcount(site, '0,0.0a') }}字 </span>
    <!--<span title="{{ __('symbols_count_time.count_total') }}">{{symbolsCountTotal(site)}}</span>-->
  {% endif %}

以及修改next/layout/_macro/post.swig文件中的symbol部分:

          {% if config.symbols_count_time.symbols or config.symbols_count_time.time %}
            <div class="post-symbolscount">
              {% if not theme.symbols_count_time.separated_meta %}
                <span class="post-meta-divider">|</span>
              {% endif %}

              {% if config.symbols_count_time.symbols %}
                <span class="post-meta-item-icon">
                  <i class="fa fa-file-word-o"></i>
                </span>
                {% if theme.symbols_count_time.item_text_post %}
                  <span class="post-meta-item-text">{{ __('symbols_count_time.count') + __('symbol.colon') }}</span>
                {% endif %}
                <!-- <span title="{{ __('symbols_count_time.count') }}">{#
                #}{{ symbolsCount(post.content) }}{#
              #}</span> -->
			  <span title="{{ __('symbols_count_time.count') }}">
                  {{ wordcount(post.content) }}字
                </span>
              {% endif %}

最终效果如下:

1548342001495

1548342014674

19.加入网易云音乐播放器

首先在网页搜索网易云音乐,选择音乐,并生成外链:

1548351757165

然后得到外链html代码:

1548351853181

将代码粘贴到一个合适的位置,建议放在侧边栏,在Blog/themes/next/layout/_macro/sidebar.swig文件下,选择位置复制进去,不同位置效果不同:

1548351938639

20. 参考资料

  1. http://shenzekun.cn/hexo的next主题个性化配置教程.html
  2. https://www.jianshu.com/p/1ff2fcbdd155

来源:我的博客

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