微信小程序登陆(两种写法)

1.第一种写法, 不借助第三方工具,直接上代码

1.1Controller层代码:

import com.XXXX.service.UserService;
import com.XXXX.vo.requestVO.weiXinLoginRequestVo.WeiXinLoginRequestVO;
import io.swagger.annotations.ApiOperation;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PostMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestBody;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;


@RestController
@RequestMapping("/weixin")
public class WxLoginController {

  @Autowired
  private UserService userService;

  @ApiOperation("微信登录授权")
  @PostMapping("/login")
  public void weixinLogin(@RequestBody WeiXinLoginRequestVO weiXinLoginRequestVO) {
    userService.weixinLogin(weiXinLoginRequestVO);
  }


}

1.2Controller的WeiXinLoginRequestVO代码:



import lombok.Data;

@Data
public class WeiXinLoginRequestVO {

  // 用户登录凭证(有效期五分钟)。开发者需要在开发者服务器后台调用 auth.code2Session,使用 code 换取 openid 和 session_key 等信息
  // https://developers.weixin.qq.com/miniprogram/dev/api/open-api/login/wx.login.html
  @NotBlank(message = "code不能为空")
  private String code;


  // 不包括敏感信息的原始数据字符串,用于计算签名
  // https://developers.weixin.qq.com/miniprogram/dev/api/open-api/user-info/wx.getUserInfo.html
  @NotBlank(message = "rawData不能为空")
  private String rawData;


  // 使用 sha1( rawData + sessionkey ) 得到字符串,用于校验用户信息,详见 用户数据的签名验证和加解密
  // https://developers.weixin.qq.com/miniprogram/dev/framework/open-ability/signature.html
  @NotBlank(message = "signature不能为空")
  private String signature;


  // 加密算法的初始向量,详见 用户数据的签名验证和加解密
  // https://developers.weixin.qq.com/miniprogram/dev/framework/open-ability/signature.html#%E5%8A%A0%E5%AF%86%E6%95%B0%E6%8D%AE%E8%A7%A3%E5%AF%86%E7%AE%97%E6%B3%95
  @NotBlank(message = "iv不能为空")
  private String iv;


  // 包括敏感数据在内的完整用户信息的加密数据,详见 用户数据的签名验证和加解密
  // https://developers.weixin.qq.com/miniprogram/dev/framework/open-ability/signature.html#%E5%8A%A0%E5%AF%86%E6%95%B0%E6%8D%AE%E8%A7%A3%E5%AF%86%E7%AE%97%E6%B3%95
  @NotBlank(message = "encryptedData不能为空")
  private String encryptedData;

}

 

1.3Service层代码:

import com.alibaba.fastjson.JSONObject;
import com.XXXX.dto.WeiXinResponseUserInfoDTO;
import com.XXXX.service.UserService;
import com.XXXX.util.AESUtil;
import com.XXXX.util.Base64;
import com.XXXX.util.HttpsUtils;
import com.XXXX.util.SHAUtil;
import com.XXXX.vo.requestVO.weiXinLoginRequestVo.WeiXinLoginRequestVO;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;
import lombok.extern.slf4j.Slf4j;
import org.apache.commons.lang3.StringUtils;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;
import org.springframework.transaction.annotation.Transactional;

@Service
@Slf4j
public class UserServiceImpl implements UserService {


  @Transactional(rollbackFor = Exception.class)
  @Override
  public void weixinLogin(WeiXinLoginRequestVO weiXinLoginRequestVO) {

    // 获取前端传过来的数据start
    String code = weiXinLoginRequestVO.getCode();
    String rawData = weiXinLoginRequestVO.getRawData();
    String signature = weiXinLoginRequestVO.getSignature();
    String iv = weiXinLoginRequestVO.getIv();
    String encryptedData = weiXinLoginRequestVO.getEncryptedData();
    // 获取前端传过来的数据end

    // 获取openid和session_key  start
    Map<String, String> stringStringMap = builGetOpenIdAndSessionKeyMethod(code);
    String openid = stringStringMap.get("openid");
    String sessionKey = stringStringMap.get("session_key");
    // 获取openid和session_key  end

    // 数据签名校验start
    String signature2 = SHAUtil.SHA1(rawData + sessionKey);
    if (!StringUtils.equals(signature, signature2)) {

      log.info("数据签名校验失败");
      // 填写自己的业务逻辑..........................

    }
    // 数据签名校验end

    try {

      // 解密数据  start
      byte[] resultByte = decryptInfoMethod(encryptedData, sessionKey, iv);
      // 解密数据  end

      if (null != resultByte && resultByte.length > 0) {

        // 解密数据转成WeiXinResponseUserInfoDTO对象start
        String userInfo = new String(resultByte, "UTF-8");
        WeiXinResponseUserInfoDTO weiXinResponseUserInfoDTO = JSONObject.parseObject(userInfo, WeiXinResponseUserInfoDTO.class);
        // 解密数据转成WeiXinResponseUserInfoDTO对象end

        // 填写自己的业务逻辑..........................

      } else {

        log.info("微信登录解密用户信息失败");
        // 填写自己的业务逻辑..........................

      }
    } catch (Exception e) {

      log.info("微信登录解密用户信息异常");
      e.printStackTrace();
      // 填写自己的业务逻辑..........................

    }

  }


  private Map<String, String> builGetOpenIdAndSessionKeyMethod(String code) {

    // 构建请求微信接口获取openid和session_key的所需参数start
    Map<String, Object> pa = new HashMap<>(12);
    pa.put("appid", "填写自己的小程序的appid");
    pa.put("secret", "填写自己的小程序的secret");
    pa.put("js_code", code);
    pa.put("grant_type", "authorization_code");
    String openidUrl = "https://api.weixin.qq.com/sns/jscode2session";
    // 构建请求微信接口获取openid和session_key的所需参数end

    // 调用微信接口获取openid和session_key start
    JSONObject jsonObject = HttpsUtils.doPost(openidUrl, pa);
    String openid = jsonObject.getString("openid");
    String sessionKey = jsonObject.getString("session_key");
    // 调用微信接口获取openid和session_key end

    // 对openid和session_key进行判断start
    if (openid == null || sessionKey == null) {
      log.info("微信小程序授权失败,原因是:" + JSONObject.toJSONString(jsonObject));
      throw new RuntimeException("调用微信接口没有获取到openid或者sessionKey");
    }
    // 对openid和session_key进行判断end

    Map<String, String> result = new HashMap<>(6);
    result.put("openid", openid);
    result.put("session_key", sessionKey);
    return result;
  }


  private byte[] decryptInfoMethod(String encryptedData, String sessionKey, String iv) {

    try {

      // 解密用户信息start
      byte[] encryptedDataB = Base64.decode(encryptedData);                                             // 被加密的数据
      byte[] sessionKeyB = Base64.decode(sessionKey);                                                 // 加密秘钥
      byte[] ivB = Base64.decode(iv);                                                                   // 偏移量
      byte[] resultByte = AESUtil.instance.decrypt(encryptedDataB, sessionKeyB, ivB);
      // 解密用户信息end

      return resultByte;

    } catch (Exception e) {

      log.info("解密微信信息出错,错误信息如下:");
      e.printStackTrace();
      // 填写自己的业务逻辑..........................
    }
    return null;
  }
}

1.4Service层Base64.decode()代码:



/**
 * <p>Encodes and decodes to and from Base64 notation.</p>
 * <p>Homepage: <a href="http://iharder.net/base64">http://iharder.net/base64</a>.</p>
 * 
 * <p>Example:</p>
 * 
 * <code>String encoded = Base64.encode( myByteArray );</code>
 * <br />
 * <code>byte[] myByteArray = Base64.decode( encoded );</code>
 *
 * <p>The <tt>options</tt> parameter, which appears in a few places, is used to pass 
 * several pieces of information to the encoder. In the "higher level" methods such as 
 * encodeBytes( bytes, options ) the options parameter can be used to indicate such 
 * things as first gzipping the bytes before encoding them, not inserting linefeeds,
 * and encoding using the URL-safe and Ordered dialects.</p>
 *
 * <p>Note, according to <a href="http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc3548.html">RFC3548</a>,
 * Section 2.1, implementations should not add line feeds unless explicitly told
 * to do so. I've got Base64 set to this behavior now, although earlier versions
 * broke lines by default.</p>
 *
 * <p>The constants defined in Base64 can be OR-ed together to combine options, so you 
 * might make a call like this:</p>
 *
 * <code>String encoded = Base64.encodeBytes( mybytes, Base64.GZIP | Base64.DO_BREAK_LINES );</code>
 * <p>to compress the data before encoding it and then making the output have newline characters.</p>
 * <p>Also...</p>
 * <code>String encoded = Base64.encodeBytes( crazyString.getBytes() );</code>
 *
 *
 *
 * <p>
 * Change Log:
 * </p>
 * <ul>
 *  <li>v2.3.7 - Fixed subtle bug when base 64 input stream contained the
 *   value 01111111, which is an invalid base 64 character but should not
 *   throw an ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException either. Led to discovery of
 *   mishandling (or potential for better handling) of other bad input
 *   characters. You should now get an IOException if you try decoding
 *   something that has bad characters in it.</li>
 *  <li>v2.3.6 - Fixed bug when breaking lines and the final byte of the encoded
 *   string ended in the last column; the buffer was not properly shrunk and
 *   contained an extra (null) byte that made it into the string.</li>
 *  <li>v2.3.5 - Fixed bug in {@link #encodeFromFile} where estimated buffer size
 *   was wrong for files of size 31, 34, and 37 bytes.</li>
 *  <li>v2.3.4 - Fixed bug when working with gzipped streams whereby flushing
 *   the Base64.OutputStream closed the Base64 encoding (by padding with equals
 *   signs) too soon. Also added an option to suppress the automatic decoding
 *   of gzipped streams. Also added experimental support for specifying a
 *   class loader when using the
 *   {@link #decodeToObject(String, int, ClassLoader)}
 *   method.</li>
 *  <li>v2.3.3 - Changed default char encoding to US-ASCII which reduces the internal Java
 *   footprint with its CharEncoders and so forth. Fixed some javadocs that were
 *   inconsistent. Removed imports and specified things like java.io.IOException
 *   explicitly inline.</li>
 *  <li>v2.3.2 - Reduced memory footprint! Finally refined the "guessing" of how big the
 *   final encoded data will be so that the code doesn't have to create two output
 *   arrays: an oversized initial one and then a final, exact-sized one. Big win
 *   when using the {@link #encodeBytesToBytes(byte[])} family of methods (and not
 *   using the gzip options which uses a different mechanism with streams and stuff).</li>
 *  <li>v2.3.1 - Added {@link #encodeBytesToBytes(byte[], int, int, int)} and some
 *   similar helper methods to be more efficient with memory by not returning a
 *   String but just a byte array.</li>
 *  <li>v2.3 - <strong>This is not a drop-in replacement!</strong> This is two years of comments
 *   and bug fixes queued up and finally executed. Thanks to everyone who sent
 *   me stuff, and I'm sorry I wasn't able to distribute your fixes to everyone else.
 *   Much bad coding was cleaned up including throwing exceptions where necessary 
 *   instead of returning null values or something similar. Here are some changes
 *   that may affect you:
 *   <ul>
 *    <li><em>Does not break lines, by default.</em> This is to keep in compliance with
 *      <a href="http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc3548.html">RFC3548</a>.</li>
 *    <li><em>Throws exceptions instead of returning null values.</em> Because some operations
 *      (especially those that may permit the GZIP option) use IO streams, there
 *      is a possiblity of an java.io.IOException being thrown. After some discussion and
 *      thought, I've changed the behavior of the methods to throw java.io.IOExceptions
 *      rather than return null if ever there's an error. I think this is more
 *      appropriate, though it will require some changes to your code. Sorry,
 *      it should have been done this way to begin with.</li>
 *    <li><em>Removed all references to System.out, System.err, and the like.</em>
 *      Shame on me. All I can say is sorry they were ever there.</li>
 *    <li><em>Throws NullPointerExceptions and IllegalArgumentExceptions</em> as needed
 *      such as when passed arrays are null or offsets are invalid.</li>
 *    <li>Cleaned up as much javadoc as I could to avoid any javadoc warnings.
 *      This was especially annoying before for people who were thorough in their
 *      own projects and then had gobs of javadoc warnings on this file.</li>
 *   </ul>
 *  <li>v2.2.1 - Fixed bug using URL_SAFE and ORDERED encodings. Fixed bug
 *   when using very small files (~&lt; 40 bytes).</li>
 *  <li>v2.2 - Added some helper methods for encoding/decoding directly from
 *   one file to the next. Also added a main() method to support command line
 *   encoding/decoding from one file to the next. Also added these Base64 dialects:
 *   <ol>
 *   <li>The default is RFC3548 format.</li>
 *   <li>Calling Base64.setFormat(Base64.BASE64_FORMAT.URLSAFE_FORMAT) generates
 *   URL and file name friendly format as described in Section 4 of RFC3548.
 *   http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc3548.html</li>
 *   <li>Calling Base64.setFormat(Base64.BASE64_FORMAT.ORDERED_FORMAT) generates
 *   URL and file name friendly format that preserves lexical ordering as described
 *   in http://www.faqs.org/qa/rfcc-1940.html</li>
 *   </ol>
 *   Special thanks to Jim Kellerman at <a href="http://www.powerset.com/">http://www.powerset.com/</a>
 *   for contributing the new Base64 dialects.
 *  </li>
 * 
 *  <li>v2.1 - Cleaned up javadoc comments and unused variables and methods. Added
 *   some convenience methods for reading and writing to and from files.</li>
 *  <li>v2.0.2 - Now specifies UTF-8 encoding in places where the code fails on systems
 *   with other encodings (like EBCDIC).</li>
 *  <li>v2.0.1 - Fixed an error when decoding a single byte, that is, when the
 *   encoded data was a single byte.</li>
 *  <li>v2.0 - I got rid of methods that used booleans to set options. 
 *   Now everything is more consolidated and cleaner. The code now detects
 *   when data that's being decoded is gzip-compressed and will decompress it
 *   automatically. Generally things are cleaner. You'll probably have to
 *   change some method calls that you were making to support the new
 *   options format (<tt>int</tt>s that you "OR" together).</li>
 *  <li>v1.5.1 - Fixed bug when decompressing and decoding to a             
 *   byte[] using <tt>decode( String s, boolean gzipCompressed )</tt>.      
 *   Added the ability to "suspend" encoding in the Output Stream so        
 *   you can turn on and off the encoding if you need to embed base64       
 *   data in an otherwise "normal" stream (like an XML file).</li>  
 *  <li>v1.5 - Output stream pases on flush() command but doesn't do anything itself.
 *      This helps when using GZIP streams.
 *      Added the ability to GZip-compress objects before encoding them.</li>
 *  <li>v1.4 - Added helper methods to read/write files.</li>
 *  <li>v1.3.6 - Fixed OutputStream.flush() so that 'position' is reset.</li>
 *  <li>v1.3.5 - Added flag to turn on and off line breaks. Fixed bug in input stream
 *      where last buffer being read, if not completely full, was not returned.</li>
 *  <li>v1.3.4 - Fixed when "improperly padded stream" error was thrown at the wrong time.</li>
 *  <li>v1.3.3 - Fixed I/O streams which were totally messed up.</li>
 * </ul>
 *
 * <p>
 * I am placing this code in the Public Domain. Do with it as you will.
 * This software comes with no guarantees or warranties but with
 * plenty of well-wishing instead!
 * Please visit <a href="http://iharder.net/base64">http://iharder.net/base64</a>
 * periodically to check for updates or to contribute improvements.
 * </p>
 *
 * @author Robert Harder
 * @author rob@iharder.net
 * @version 2.3.7
 */
public class Base64
{
    
/* ********  P U B L I C   F I E L D S  ******** */   
    
    
    /** No options specified. Value is zero. */
    public final static int NO_OPTIONS = 0;
    
    /** Specify encoding in first bit. Value is one. */
    public final static int ENCODE = 1;
    
    
    /** Specify decoding in first bit. Value is zero. */
    public final static int DECODE = 0;
    

    /** Specify that data should be gzip-compressed in second bit. Value is two. */
    public final static int GZIP = 2;

    /** Specify that gzipped data should <em>not</em> be automatically gunzipped. */
    public final static int DONT_GUNZIP = 4;
    
    
    /** Do break lines when encoding. Value is 8. */
    public final static int DO_BREAK_LINES = 8;
	
    /** 
     * Encode using Base64-like encoding that is URL- and Filename-safe as described
     * in Section 4 of RFC3548: 
     * <a href="http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc3548.html">http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc3548.html</a>.
     * It is important to note that data encoded this way is <em>not</em> officially valid Base64, 
     * or at the very least should not be called Base64 without also specifying that is
     * was encoded using the URL- and Filename-safe dialect.
     */
     public final static int URL_SAFE = 16;


     /**
      * Encode using the special "ordered" dialect of Base64 described here:
      * <a href="http://www.faqs.org/qa/rfcc-1940.html">http://www.faqs.org/qa/rfcc-1940.html</a>.
      */
     public final static int ORDERED = 32;
    
    
/* ********  P R I V A T E   F I E L D S  ******** */  
    
    
    /** Maximum line length (76) of Base64 output. */
    private final static int MAX_LINE_LENGTH = 76;
    
    
    /** The equals sign (=) as a byte. */
    private final static byte EQUALS_SIGN = (byte)'=';
    
    
    /** The new line character (\n) as a byte. */
    private final static byte NEW_LINE = (byte)'\n';
    
    
    /** Preferred encoding. */
    private final static String PREFERRED_ENCODING = "US-ASCII";
    
	
    private final static byte WHITE_SPACE_ENC = -5; // Indicates white space in encoding
    private final static byte EQUALS_SIGN_ENC = -1; // Indicates equals sign in encoding
	
	
/* ********  S T A N D A R D   B A S E 6 4   A L P H A B E T  ******** */	
    
    /** The 64 valid Base64 values. */
    /* Host platform me be something funny like EBCDIC, so we hardcode these values. */
    private final static byte[] _STANDARD_ALPHABET = {
        (byte)'A', (byte)'B', (byte)'C', (byte)'D', (byte)'E', (byte)'F', (byte)'G',
        (byte)'H', (byte)'I', (byte)'J', (byte)'K', (byte)'L', (byte)'M', (byte)'N',
        (byte)'O', (byte)'P', (byte)'Q', (byte)'R', (byte)'S', (byte)'T', (byte)'U', 
        (byte)'V', (byte)'W', (byte)'X', (byte)'Y', (byte)'Z',
        (byte)'a', (byte)'b', (byte)'c', (byte)'d', (byte)'e', (byte)'f', (byte)'g',
        (byte)'h', (byte)'i', (byte)'j', (byte)'k', (byte)'l', (byte)'m', (byte)'n',
        (byte)'o', (byte)'p', (byte)'q', (byte)'r', (byte)'s', (byte)'t', (byte)'u', 
        (byte)'v', (byte)'w', (byte)'x', (byte)'y', (byte)'z',
        (byte)'0', (byte)'1', (byte)'2', (byte)'3', (byte)'4', (byte)'5', 
        (byte)'6', (byte)'7', (byte)'8', (byte)'9', (byte)'+', (byte)'/'
    };
	
    
    /** 
     * Translates a Base64 value to either its 6-bit reconstruction value
     * or a negative number indicating some other meaning.
     **/
    private final static byte[] _STANDARD_DECODABET = {
        -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,                 // Decimal  0 -  8
        -5,-5,                                      // Whitespace: Tab and Linefeed
        -9,-9,                                      // Decimal 11 - 12
        -5,                                         // Whitespace: Carriage Return
        -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 14 - 26
        -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,                             // Decimal 27 - 31
        -5,                                         // Whitespace: Space
        -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,              // Decimal 33 - 42
        62,                                         // Plus sign at decimal 43
        -9,-9,-9,                                   // Decimal 44 - 46
        63,                                         // Slash at decimal 47
        52,53,54,55,56,57,58,59,60,61,              // Numbers zero through nine
        -9,-9,-9,                                   // Decimal 58 - 60
        -1,                                         // Equals sign at decimal 61
        -9,-9,-9,                                      // Decimal 62 - 64
        0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,            // Letters 'A' through 'N'
        14,15,16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23,24,25,        // Letters 'O' through 'Z'
        -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,                          // Decimal 91 - 96
        26,27,28,29,30,31,32,33,34,35,36,37,38,     // Letters 'a' through 'm'
        39,40,41,42,43,44,45,46,47,48,49,50,51,     // Letters 'n' through 'z'
        -9,-9,-9,-9,-9                              // Decimal 123 - 127
        ,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,       // Decimal 128 - 139
        -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 140 - 152
        -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 153 - 165
        -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 166 - 178
        -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 179 - 191
        -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 192 - 204
        -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 205 - 217
        -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 218 - 230
        -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 231 - 243
        -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9         // Decimal 244 - 255 
    };
	
	
/* ********  U R L   S A F E   B A S E 6 4   A L P H A B E T  ******** */
	
    /**
     * Used in the URL- and Filename-safe dialect described in Section 4 of RFC3548: 
     * <a href="http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc3548.html">http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc3548.html</a>.
     * Notice that the last two bytes become "hyphen" and "underscore" instead of "plus" and "slash."
     */
    private final static byte[] _URL_SAFE_ALPHABET = {
      (byte)'A', (byte)'B', (byte)'C', (byte)'D', (byte)'E', (byte)'F', (byte)'G',
      (byte)'H', (byte)'I', (byte)'J', (byte)'K', (byte)'L', (byte)'M', (byte)'N',
      (byte)'O', (byte)'P', (byte)'Q', (byte)'R', (byte)'S', (byte)'T', (byte)'U', 
      (byte)'V', (byte)'W', (byte)'X', (byte)'Y', (byte)'Z',
      (byte)'a', (byte)'b', (byte)'c', (byte)'d', (byte)'e', (byte)'f', (byte)'g',
      (byte)'h', (byte)'i', (byte)'j', (byte)'k', (byte)'l', (byte)'m', (byte)'n',
      (byte)'o', (byte)'p', (byte)'q', (byte)'r', (byte)'s', (byte)'t', (byte)'u', 
      (byte)'v', (byte)'w', (byte)'x', (byte)'y', (byte)'z',
      (byte)'0', (byte)'1', (byte)'2', (byte)'3', (byte)'4', (byte)'5', 
      (byte)'6', (byte)'7', (byte)'8', (byte)'9', (byte)'-', (byte)'_'
    };
	
    /**
     * Used in decoding URL- and Filename-safe dialects of Base64.
     */
    private final static byte[] _URL_SAFE_DECODABET = {
      -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,                 // Decimal  0 -  8
      -5,-5,                                      // Whitespace: Tab and Linefeed
      -9,-9,                                      // Decimal 11 - 12
      -5,                                         // Whitespace: Carriage Return
      -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 14 - 26
      -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,                             // Decimal 27 - 31
      -5,                                         // Whitespace: Space
      -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,              // Decimal 33 - 42
      -9,                                         // Plus sign at decimal 43
      -9,                                         // Decimal 44
      62,                                         // Minus sign at decimal 45
      -9,                                         // Decimal 46
      -9,                                         // Slash at decimal 47
      52,53,54,55,56,57,58,59,60,61,              // Numbers zero through nine
      -9,-9,-9,                                   // Decimal 58 - 60
      -1,                                         // Equals sign at decimal 61
      -9,-9,-9,                                   // Decimal 62 - 64
      0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,            // Letters 'A' through 'N'
      14,15,16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23,24,25,        // Letters 'O' through 'Z'
      -9,-9,-9,-9,                                // Decimal 91 - 94
      63,                                         // Underscore at decimal 95
      -9,                                         // Decimal 96
      26,27,28,29,30,31,32,33,34,35,36,37,38,     // Letters 'a' through 'm'
      39,40,41,42,43,44,45,46,47,48,49,50,51,     // Letters 'n' through 'z'
      -9,-9,-9,-9,-9                              // Decimal 123 - 127
      ,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 128 - 139
      -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 140 - 152
      -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 153 - 165
      -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 166 - 178
      -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 179 - 191
      -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 192 - 204
      -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 205 - 217
      -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 218 - 230
      -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 231 - 243
      -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9         // Decimal 244 - 255 
    };



/* ********  O R D E R E D   B A S E 6 4   A L P H A B E T  ******** */

    /**
     * I don't get the point of this technique, but someone requested it,
     * and it is described here:
     * <a href="http://www.faqs.org/qa/rfcc-1940.html">http://www.faqs.org/qa/rfcc-1940.html</a>.
     */
    private final static byte[] _ORDERED_ALPHABET = {
      (byte)'-',
      (byte)'0', (byte)'1', (byte)'2', (byte)'3', (byte)'4',
      (byte)'5', (byte)'6', (byte)'7', (byte)'8', (byte)'9',
      (byte)'A', (byte)'B', (byte)'C', (byte)'D', (byte)'E', (byte)'F', (byte)'G',
      (byte)'H', (byte)'I', (byte)'J', (byte)'K', (byte)'L', (byte)'M', (byte)'N',
      (byte)'O', (byte)'P', (byte)'Q', (byte)'R', (byte)'S', (byte)'T', (byte)'U',
      (byte)'V', (byte)'W', (byte)'X', (byte)'Y', (byte)'Z',
      (byte)'_',
      (byte)'a', (byte)'b', (byte)'c', (byte)'d', (byte)'e', (byte)'f', (byte)'g',
      (byte)'h', (byte)'i', (byte)'j', (byte)'k', (byte)'l', (byte)'m', (byte)'n',
      (byte)'o', (byte)'p', (byte)'q', (byte)'r', (byte)'s', (byte)'t', (byte)'u',
      (byte)'v', (byte)'w', (byte)'x', (byte)'y', (byte)'z'
    };
	
    /**
     * Used in decoding the "ordered" dialect of Base64.
     */
    private final static byte[] _ORDERED_DECODABET = {
      -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,                 // Decimal  0 -  8
      -5,-5,                                      // Whitespace: Tab and Linefeed
      -9,-9,                                      // Decimal 11 - 12
      -5,                                         // Whitespace: Carriage Return
      -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 14 - 26
      -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,                             // Decimal 27 - 31
      -5,                                         // Whitespace: Space
      -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,              // Decimal 33 - 42
      -9,                                         // Plus sign at decimal 43
      -9,                                         // Decimal 44
      0,                                          // Minus sign at decimal 45
      -9,                                         // Decimal 46
      -9,                                         // Slash at decimal 47
      1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,                       // Numbers zero through nine
      -9,-9,-9,                                   // Decimal 58 - 60
      -1,                                         // Equals sign at decimal 61
      -9,-9,-9,                                   // Decimal 62 - 64
      11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23,     // Letters 'A' through 'M'
      24,25,26,27,28,29,30,31,32,33,34,35,36,     // Letters 'N' through 'Z'
      -9,-9,-9,-9,                                // Decimal 91 - 94
      37,                                         // Underscore at decimal 95
      -9,                                         // Decimal 96
      38,39,40,41,42,43,44,45,46,47,48,49,50,     // Letters 'a' through 'm'
      51,52,53,54,55,56,57,58,59,60,61,62,63,     // Letters 'n' through 'z'
      -9,-9,-9,-9,-9                                 // Decimal 123 - 127
       ,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 128 - 139
        -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 140 - 152
        -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 153 - 165
        -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 166 - 178
        -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 179 - 191
        -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 192 - 204
        -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 205 - 217
        -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 218 - 230
        -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 231 - 243
        -9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9         // Decimal 244 - 255 
    };

	
/* ********  D E T E R M I N E   W H I C H   A L H A B E T  ******** */


    /**
     * Returns one of the _SOMETHING_ALPHABET byte arrays depending on
     * the options specified.
     * It's possible, though silly, to specify ORDERED <b>and</b> URLSAFE
     * in which case one of them will be picked, though there is
     * no guarantee as to which one will be picked.
     */
    private final static byte[] getAlphabet( int options ) {
        if ((options & URL_SAFE) == URL_SAFE) {
            return _URL_SAFE_ALPHABET;
        } else if ((options & ORDERED) == ORDERED) {
            return _ORDERED_ALPHABET;
        } else {
            return _STANDARD_ALPHABET;
        }
    }	// end getAlphabet


    /**
     * Returns one of the _SOMETHING_DECODABET byte arrays depending on
     * the options specified.
     * It's possible, though silly, to specify ORDERED and URL_SAFE
     * in which case one of them will be picked, though there is
     * no guarantee as to which one will be picked.
     */
    private final static byte[] getDecodabet( int options ) {
        if( (options & URL_SAFE) == URL_SAFE) {
            return _URL_SAFE_DECODABET;
        } else if ((options & ORDERED) == ORDERED) {
            return _ORDERED_DECODABET;
        } else {
            return _STANDARD_DECODABET;
        }
    }	// end getAlphabet


    
    /** Defeats instantiation. */
    private Base64(){}
    

    
    
/* ********  E N C O D I N G   M E T H O D S  ******** */    
    
    
    /**
     * Encodes up to the first three bytes of array <var>threeBytes</var>
     * and returns a four-byte array in Base64 notation.
     * The actual number of significant bytes in your array is
     * given by <var>numSigBytes</var>.
     * The array <var>threeBytes</var> needs only be as big as
     * <var>numSigBytes</var>.
     * Code can reuse a byte array by passing a four-byte array as <var>b4</var>.
     *
     * @param b4 A reusable byte array to reduce array instantiation
     * @param threeBytes the array to convert
     * @param numSigBytes the number of significant bytes in your array
     * @return four byte array in Base64 notation.
     * @since 1.5.1
     */
    private static byte[] encode3to4( byte[] b4, byte[] threeBytes, int numSigBytes, int options ) {
        encode3to4( threeBytes, 0, numSigBytes, b4, 0, options );
        return b4;
    }   // end encode3to4

    
    /**
     * <p>Encodes up to three bytes of the array <var>source</var>
     * and writes the resulting four Base64 bytes to <var>destination</var>.
     * The source and destination arrays can be manipulated
     * anywhere along their length by specifying 
     * <var>srcOffset</var> and <var>destOffset</var>.
     * This method does not check to make sure your arrays
     * are large enough to accomodate <var>srcOffset</var> + 3 for
     * the <var>source</var> array or <var>destOffset</var> + 4 for
     * the <var>destination</var> array.
     * The actual number of significant bytes in your array is
     * given by <var>numSigBytes</var>.</p>
	 * <p>This is the lowest level of the encoding methods with
	 * all possible parameters.</p>
     *
     * @param source the array to convert
     * @param srcOffset the index where conversion begins
     * @param numSigBytes the number of significant bytes in your array
     * @param destination the array to hold the conversion
     * @param destOffset the index where output will be put
     * @return the <var>destination</var> array
     * @since 1.3
     */
    private static byte[] encode3to4( 
    byte[] source, int srcOffset, int numSigBytes,
    byte[] destination, int destOffset, int options ) {
        
	byte[] ALPHABET = getAlphabet( options ); 
	
        //           1         2         3  
        // 01234567890123456789012345678901 Bit position
        // --------000000001111111122222222 Array position from threeBytes
        // --------|    ||    ||    ||    | Six bit groups to index ALPHABET
        //          >>18  >>12  >> 6  >> 0  Right shift necessary
        //                0x3f  0x3f  0x3f  Additional AND
        
        // Create buffer with zero-padding if there are only one or two
        // significant bytes passed in the array.
        // We have to shift left 24 in order to flush out the 1's that appear
        // when Java treats a value as negative that is cast from a byte to an int.
        int inBuff =   ( numSigBytes > 0 ? ((source[ srcOffset     ] << 24) >>>  8) : 0 )
                     | ( numSigBytes > 1 ? ((source[ srcOffset + 1 ] << 24) >>> 16) : 0 )
                     | ( numSigBytes > 2 ? ((source[ srcOffset + 2 ] << 24) >>> 24) : 0 );

        switch( numSigBytes )
        {
            case 3:
                destination[ destOffset     ] = ALPHABET[ (inBuff >>> 18)        ];
                destination[ destOffset + 1 ] = ALPHABET[ (inBuff >>> 12) & 0x3f ];
                destination[ destOffset + 2 ] = ALPHABET[ (inBuff >>>  6) & 0x3f ];
                destination[ destOffset + 3 ] = ALPHABET[ (inBuff       ) & 0x3f ];
                return destination;
                
            case 2:
                destination[ destOffset     ] = ALPHABET[ (inBuff >>> 18)        ];
                destination[ destOffset + 1 ] = ALPHABET[ (inBuff >>> 12) & 0x3f ];
                destination[ destOffset + 2 ] = ALPHABET[ (inBuff >>>  6) & 0x3f ];
                destination[ destOffset + 3 ] = EQUALS_SIGN;
                return destination;
                
            case 1:
                destination[ destOffset     ] = ALPHABET[ (inBuff >>> 18)        ];
                destination[ destOffset + 1 ] = ALPHABET[ (inBuff >>> 12) & 0x3f ];
                destination[ destOffset + 2 ] = EQUALS_SIGN;
                destination[ destOffset + 3 ] = EQUALS_SIGN;
                return destination;
                
            default:
                return destination;
        }   // end switch
    }   // end encode3to4



    /**
     * Performs Base64 encoding on the <code>raw</code> ByteBuffer,
     * writing it to the <code>encoded</code> ByteBuffer.
     * This is an experimental feature. Currently it does not
     * pass along any options (such as {@link #DO_BREAK_LINES}
     * or {@link #GZIP}.
     *
     * @param raw input buffer
     * @param encoded output buffer
     * @since 2.3
     */
    public static void encode( java.nio.ByteBuffer raw, java.nio.ByteBuffer encoded ){
        byte[] raw3 = new byte[3];
        byte[] enc4 = new byte[4];

        while( raw.hasRemaining() ){
            int rem = Math.min(3,raw.remaining());
            raw.get(raw3,0,rem);
            Base64.encode3to4(enc4, raw3, rem, Base64.NO_OPTIONS );
            encoded.put(enc4);
        }   // end input remaining
    }


    /**
     * Performs Base64 encoding on the <code>raw</code> ByteBuffer,
     * writing it to the <code>encoded</code> CharBuffer.
     * This is an experimental feature. Currently it does not
     * pass along any options (such as {@link #DO_BREAK_LINES}
     * or {@link #GZIP}.
     *
     * @param raw input buffer
     * @param encoded output buffer
     * @since 2.3
     */
    public static void encode( java.nio.ByteBuffer raw, java.nio.CharBuffer encoded ){
        byte[] raw3 = new byte[3];
        byte[] enc4 = new byte[4];

        while( raw.hasRemaining() ){
            int rem = Math.min(3,raw.remaining());
            raw.get(raw3,0,rem);
            Base64.encode3to4(enc4, raw3, rem, Base64.NO_OPTIONS );
            for( int i = 0; i < 4; i++ ){
                encoded.put( (char)(enc4[i] & 0xFF) );
            }
        }   // end input remaining
    }


    
    
    /**
     * Serializes an object and returns the Base64-encoded
     * version of that serialized object.  
     *  
     * <p>As of v 2.3, if the object
     * cannot be serialized or there is another error,
     * the method will throw an java.io.IOException. <b>This is new to v2.3!</b>
     * In earlier versions, it just returned a null value, but
     * in retrospect that's a pretty poor way to handle it.</p>
     * 
     * The object is not GZip-compressed before being encoded.
     *
     * @param serializableObject The object to encode
     * @return The Base64-encoded object
     * @throws java.io.IOException if there is an error
     * @throws NullPointerException if serializedObject is null
     * @since 1.4
     */
    public static String encodeObject( java.io.Serializable serializableObject )
    throws java.io.IOException {
        return encodeObject( serializableObject, NO_OPTIONS );
    }   // end encodeObject
    


    /**
     * Serializes an object and returns the Base64-encoded
     * version of that serialized object.
     *  
     * <p>As of v 2.3, if the object
     * cannot be serialized or there is another error,
     * the method will throw an java.io.IOException. <b>This is new to v2.3!</b>
     * In earlier versions, it just returned a null value, but
     * in retrospect that's a pretty poor way to handle it.</p>
     * 
     * The object is not GZip-compressed before being encoded.
     * <p>
     * Example options:<pre>
     *   GZIP: gzip-compresses object before encoding it.
     *   DO_BREAK_LINES: break lines at 76 characters
     * </pre>
     * <p>
     * Example: <code>encodeObject( myObj, Base64.GZIP )</code> or
     * <p>
     * Example: <code>encodeObject( myObj, Base64.GZIP | Base64.DO_BREAK_LINES )</code>
     *
     * @param serializableObject The object to encode
     * @param options Specified options
     * @return The Base64-encoded object
     * @see com.jd.app.server.security.Base64#GZIP
     * @see com.jd.app.server.security.Base64#DO_BREAK_LINES
     * @throws java.io.IOException if there is an error
     * @since 2.0
     */
    public static String encodeObject( java.io.Serializable serializableObject, int options )
    throws java.io.IOException {

        if( serializableObject == null ){
            throw new NullPointerException( "Cannot serialize a null object." );
        }   // end if: null
        
        // Streams
        java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream  baos  = null; 
        java.io.OutputStream           b64os = null;
        java.util.zip.GZIPOutputStream gzos  = null;
        java.io.ObjectOutputStream     oos   = null;
        
        
        try {
            // ObjectOutputStream -> (GZIP) -> Base64 -> ByteArrayOutputStream
            baos  = new java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream();
            b64os = new OutputStream( baos, ENCODE | options );
            if( (options & GZIP) != 0 ){
                // Gzip
                gzos = new java.util.zip.GZIPOutputStream(b64os);
                oos = new java.io.ObjectOutputStream( gzos );
            } else {
                // Not gzipped
                oos = new java.io.ObjectOutputStream( b64os );
            }
            oos.writeObject( serializableObject );
        }   // end try
        catch( java.io.IOException e ) {
            // Catch it and then throw it immediately so that
            // the finally{} block is called for cleanup.
            throw e;
        }   // end catch
        finally {
            try{ oos.close();   } catch( Exception e ){}
            try{ gzos.close();  } catch( Exception e ){}
            try{ b64os.close(); } catch( Exception e ){}
            try{ baos.close();  } catch( Exception e ){}
        }   // end finally
        
        // Return value according to relevant encoding.
        try {
            return new String( baos.toByteArray(), PREFERRED_ENCODING );
        }   // end try
        catch (java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException uue){
            // Fall back to some Java default
            return new String( baos.toByteArray() );
        }   // end catch
        
    }   // end encode
    
    

    /**
     * Encodes a byte array into Base64 notation.
     * Does not GZip-compress data.
     *  
     * @param source The data to convert
     * @return The data in Base64-encoded form
     * @throws NullPointerException if source array is null
     * @since 1.4
     */
    public static String encodeBytes( byte[] source ) {
        // Since we're not going to have the GZIP encoding turned on,
        // we're not going to have an java.io.IOException thrown, so
        // we should not force the user to have to catch it.
        String encoded = null;
        try {
            encoded = encodeBytes(source, 0, source.length, NO_OPTIONS);
        } catch (java.io.IOException ex) {
            assert false : ex.getMessage();
        }   // end catch
        assert encoded != null;
        return encoded;
    }   // end encodeBytes
    


    /**
     * Encodes a byte array into Base64 notation.
     * <p>
     * Example options:<pre>
     *   GZIP: gzip-compresses object before encoding it.
     *   DO_BREAK_LINES: break lines at 76 characters
     *     <i>Note: Technically, this makes your encoding non-compliant.</i>
     * </pre>
     * <p>
     * Example: <code>encodeBytes( myData, Base64.GZIP )</code> or
     * <p>
     * Example: <code>encodeBytes( myData, Base64.GZIP | Base64.DO_BREAK_LINES )</code>
     *
     *  
     * <p>As of v 2.3, if there is an error with the GZIP stream,
     * the method will throw an java.io.IOException. <b>This is new to v2.3!</b>
     * In earlier versions, it just returned a null value, but
     * in retrospect that's a pretty poor way to handle it.</p>
     * 
     *
     * @param source The data to convert
     * @param options Specified options
     * @return The Base64-encoded data as a String
     * @see com.jd.app.server.security.Base64#GZIP
     * @see com.jd.app.server.security.Base64#DO_BREAK_LINES
     * @throws java.io.IOException if there is an error
     * @throws NullPointerException if source array is null
     * @since 2.0
     */
    public static String encodeBytes( byte[] source, int options ) throws java.io.IOException {
        return encodeBytes( source, 0, source.length, options );
    }   // end encodeBytes
    
    
    /**
     * Encodes a byte array into Base64 notation.
     * Does not GZip-compress data.
     *  
     * <p>As of v 2.3, if there is an error,
     * the method will throw an java.io.IOException. <b>This is new to v2.3!</b>
     * In earlier versions, it just returned a null value, but
     * in retrospect that's a pretty poor way to handle it.</p>
     * 
     *
     * @param source The data to convert
     * @param off Offset in array where conversion should begin
     * @param len Length of data to convert
     * @return The Base64-encoded data as a String
     * @throws NullPointerException if source array is null
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException if source array, offset, or length are invalid
     * @since 1.4
     */
    public static String encodeBytes( byte[] source, int off, int len ) {
        // Since we're not going to have the GZIP encoding turned on,
        // we're not going to have an java.io.IOException thrown, so
        // we should not force the user to have to catch it.
        String encoded = null;
        try {
            encoded = encodeBytes( source, off, len, NO_OPTIONS );
        } catch (java.io.IOException ex) {
            assert false : ex.getMessage();
        }   // end catch
        assert encoded != null;
        return encoded;
    }   // end encodeBytes
    
    

    /**
     * Encodes a byte array into Base64 notation.
     * <p>
     * Example options:<pre>
     *   GZIP: gzip-compresses object before encoding it.
     *   DO_BREAK_LINES: break lines at 76 characters
     *     <i>Note: Technically, this makes your encoding non-compliant.</i>
     * </pre>
     * <p>
     * Example: <code>encodeBytes( myData, Base64.GZIP )</code> or
     * <p>
     * Example: <code>encodeBytes( myData, Base64.GZIP | Base64.DO_BREAK_LINES )</code>
     *
     *  
     * <p>As of v 2.3, if there is an error with the GZIP stream,
     * the method will throw an java.io.IOException. <b>This is new to v2.3!</b>
     * In earlier versions, it just returned a null value, but
     * in retrospect that's a pretty poor way to handle it.</p>
     * 
     *
     * @param source The data to convert
     * @param off Offset in array where conversion should begin
     * @param len Length of data to convert
     * @param options Specified options
     * @return The Base64-encoded data as a String
     * @see com.jd.app.server.security.Base64#GZIP
     * @see com.jd.app.server.security.Base64#DO_BREAK_LINES
     * @throws java.io.IOException if there is an error
     * @throws NullPointerException if source array is null
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException if source array, offset, or length are invalid
     * @since 2.0
     */
    public static String encodeBytes( byte[] source, int off, int len, int options ) throws java.io.IOException {
        byte[] encoded = encodeBytesToBytes( source, off, len, options );

        // Return value according to relevant encoding.
        try {
            return new String( encoded, PREFERRED_ENCODING );
        }   // end try
        catch (java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException uue) {
            return new String( encoded );
        }   // end catch
        
    }   // end encodeBytes




    /**
     * Similar to {@link #encodeBytes(byte[])} but returns
     * a byte array instead of instantiating a String. This is more efficient
     * if you're working with I/O streams and have large data sets to encode.
     *
     *
     * @param source The data to convert
     * @return The Base64-encoded data as a byte[] (of ASCII characters)
     * @throws NullPointerException if source array is null
     * @since 2.3.1
     */
    public static byte[] encodeBytesToBytes( byte[] source ) {
        byte[] encoded = null;
        try {
            encoded = encodeBytesToBytes( source, 0, source.length, Base64.NO_OPTIONS );
        } catch( java.io.IOException ex ) {
            assert false : "IOExceptions only come from GZipping, which is turned off: " + ex.getMessage();
        }
        return encoded;
    }


    /**
     * Similar to {@link #encodeBytes(byte[], int, int, int)} but returns
     * a byte array instead of instantiating a String. This is more efficient
     * if you're working with I/O streams and have large data sets to encode.
     *
     *
     * @param source The data to convert
     * @param off Offset in array where conversion should begin
     * @param len Length of data to convert
     * @param options Specified options
     * @return The Base64-encoded data as a String
     * @see com.jd.app.server.security.Base64#GZIP
     * @see com.jd.app.server.security.Base64#DO_BREAK_LINES
     * @throws java.io.IOException if there is an error
     * @throws NullPointerException if source array is null
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException if source array, offset, or length are invalid
     * @since 2.3.1
     */
    public static byte[] encodeBytesToBytes( byte[] source, int off, int len, int options ) throws java.io.IOException {

        if( source == null ){
            throw new NullPointerException( "Cannot serialize a null array." );
        }   // end if: null

        if( off < 0 ){
            throw new IllegalArgumentException( "Cannot have negative offset: " + off );
        }   // end if: off < 0

        if( len < 0 ){
            throw new IllegalArgumentException( "Cannot have length offset: " + len );
        }   // end if: len < 0

        if( off + len > source.length  ){
            throw new IllegalArgumentException(
            String.format( "Cannot have offset of %d and length of %d with array of length %d", off,len,source.length));
        }   // end if: off < 0



        // Compress?
        if( (options & GZIP) != 0 ) {
            java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream  baos  = null;
            java.util.zip.GZIPOutputStream gzos  = null;
            OutputStream            b64os = null;

            try {
                // GZip -> Base64 -> ByteArray
                baos = new java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream();
                b64os = new OutputStream( baos, ENCODE | options );
                gzos  = new java.util.zip.GZIPOutputStream( b64os );

                gzos.write( source, off, len );
                gzos.close();
            }   // end try
            catch( java.io.IOException e ) {
                // Catch it and then throw it immediately so that
                // the finally{} block is called for cleanup.
                throw e;
            }   // end catch
            finally {
                try{ gzos.close();  } catch( Exception e ){}
                try{ b64os.close(); } catch( Exception e ){}
                try{ baos.close();  } catch( Exception e ){}
            }   // end finally

            return baos.toByteArray();
        }   // end if: compress

        // Else, don't compress. Better not to use streams at all then.
        else {
            boolean breakLines = (options & DO_BREAK_LINES) != 0;

            //int    len43   = len * 4 / 3;
            //byte[] outBuff = new byte[   ( len43 )                      // Main 4:3
            //                           + ( (len % 3) > 0 ? 4 : 0 )      // Account for padding
            //                           + (breakLines ? ( len43 / MAX_LINE_LENGTH ) : 0) ]; // New lines
            // Try to determine more precisely how big the array needs to be.
            // If we get it right, we don't have to do an array copy, and
            // we save a bunch of memory.
            int encLen = ( len / 3 ) * 4 + ( len % 3 > 0 ? 4 : 0 ); // Bytes needed for actual encoding
            if( breakLines ){
                encLen += encLen / MAX_LINE_LENGTH; // Plus extra newline characters
            }
            byte[] outBuff = new byte[ encLen ];


            int d = 0;
            int e = 0;
            int len2 = len - 2;
            int lineLength = 0;
            for( ; d < len2; d+=3, e+=4 ) {
                encode3to4( source, d+off, 3, outBuff, e, options );

                lineLength += 4;
                if( breakLines && lineLength >= MAX_LINE_LENGTH )
                {
                    outBuff[e+4] = NEW_LINE;
                    e++;
                    lineLength = 0;
                }   // end if: end of line
            }   // en dfor: each piece of array

            if( d < len ) {
                encode3to4( source, d+off, len - d, outBuff, e, options );
                e += 4;
            }   // end if: some padding needed


            // Only resize array if we didn't guess it right.
            if( e <= outBuff.length - 1 ){
                // If breaking lines and the last byte falls right at
                // the line length (76 bytes per line), there will be
                // one extra byte, and the array will need to be resized.
                // Not too bad of an estimate on array size, I'd say.
                byte[] finalOut = new byte[e];
                System.arraycopy(outBuff,0, finalOut,0,e);
                //System.err.println("Having to resize array from " + outBuff.length + " to " + e );
                return finalOut;
            } else {
                //System.err.println("No need to resize array.");
                return outBuff;
            }
        
        }   // end else: don't compress

    }   // end encodeBytesToBytes
    

    
    
    
/* ********  D E C O D I N G   M E T H O D S  ******** */
    
    
    /**
     * Decodes four bytes from array <var>source</var>
     * and writes the resulting bytes (up to three of them)
     * to <var>destination</var>.
     * The source and destination arrays can be manipulated
     * anywhere along their length by specifying 
     * <var>srcOffset</var> and <var>destOffset</var>.
     * This method does not check to make sure your arrays
     * are large enough to accomodate <var>srcOffset</var> + 4 for
     * the <var>source</var> array or <var>destOffset</var> + 3 for
     * the <var>destination</var> array.
     * This method returns the actual number of bytes that 
     * were converted from the Base64 encoding.
	 * <p>This is the lowest level of the decoding methods with
	 * all possible parameters.</p>
     * 
     *
     * @param source the array to convert
     * @param srcOffset the index where conversion begins
     * @param destination the array to hold the conversion
     * @param destOffset the index where output will be put
	 * @param options alphabet type is pulled from this (standard, url-safe, ordered)
     * @return the number of decoded bytes converted
     * @throws NullPointerException if source or destination arrays are null
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException if srcOffset or destOffset are invalid
     *         or there is not enough room in the array.
     * @since 1.3
     */
    private static int decode4to3( 
    byte[] source, int srcOffset, 
    byte[] destination, int destOffset, int options ) {
        
        // Lots of error checking and exception throwing
        if( source == null ){
            throw new NullPointerException( "Source array was null." );
        }   // end if
        if( destination == null ){
            throw new NullPointerException( "Destination array was null." );
        }   // end if
        if( srcOffset < 0 || srcOffset + 3 >= source.length ){
            throw new IllegalArgumentException( String.format(
            "Source array with length %d cannot have offset of %d and still process four bytes.", source.length, srcOffset ) );
        }   // end if
        if( destOffset < 0 || destOffset +2 >= destination.length ){
            throw new IllegalArgumentException( String.format(
            "Destination array with length %d cannot have offset of %d and still store three bytes.", destination.length, destOffset ) );
        }   // end if
        
        
        byte[] DECODABET = getDecodabet( options ); 
	
        // Example: Dk==
        if( source[ srcOffset + 2] == EQUALS_SIGN ) {
            // Two ways to do the same thing. Don't know which way I like best.
          //int outBuff =   ( ( DECODABET[ source[ srcOffset    ] ] << 24 ) >>>  6 )
          //              | ( ( DECODABET[ source[ srcOffset + 1] ] << 24 ) >>> 12 );
            int outBuff =   ( ( DECODABET[ source[ srcOffset    ] ] & 0xFF ) << 18 )
                          | ( ( DECODABET[ source[ srcOffset + 1] ] & 0xFF ) << 12 );
            
            destination[ destOffset ] = (byte)( outBuff >>> 16 );
            return 1;
        }
        
        // Example: DkL=
        else if( source[ srcOffset + 3 ] == EQUALS_SIGN ) {
            // Two ways to do the same thing. Don't know which way I like best.
          //int outBuff =   ( ( DECODABET[ source[ srcOffset     ] ] << 24 ) >>>  6 )
          //              | ( ( DECODABET[ source[ srcOffset + 1 ] ] << 24 ) >>> 12 )
          //              | ( ( DECODABET[ source[ srcOffset + 2 ] ] << 24 ) >>> 18 );
            int outBuff =   ( ( DECODABET[ source[ srcOffset     ] ] & 0xFF ) << 18 )
                          | ( ( DECODABET[ source[ srcOffset + 1 ] ] & 0xFF ) << 12 )
                          | ( ( DECODABET[ source[ srcOffset + 2 ] ] & 0xFF ) <<  6 );
            
            destination[ destOffset     ] = (byte)( outBuff >>> 16 );
            destination[ destOffset + 1 ] = (byte)( outBuff >>>  8 );
            return 2;
        }
        
        // Example: DkLE
        else {
            // Two ways to do the same thing. Don't know which way I like best.
          //int outBuff =   ( ( DECODABET[ source[ srcOffset     ] ] << 24 ) >>>  6 )
          //              | ( ( DECODABET[ source[ srcOffset + 1 ] ] << 24 ) >>> 12 )
          //              | ( ( DECODABET[ source[ srcOffset + 2 ] ] << 24 ) >>> 18 )
          //              | ( ( DECODABET[ source[ srcOffset + 3 ] ] << 24 ) >>> 24 );
            int outBuff =   ( ( DECODABET[ source[ srcOffset     ] ] & 0xFF ) << 18 )
                          | ( ( DECODABET[ source[ srcOffset + 1 ] ] & 0xFF ) << 12 )
                          | ( ( DECODABET[ source[ srcOffset + 2 ] ] & 0xFF ) <<  6)
                          | ( ( DECODABET[ source[ srcOffset + 3 ] ] & 0xFF )      );

            
            destination[ destOffset     ] = (byte)( outBuff >> 16 );
            destination[ destOffset + 1 ] = (byte)( outBuff >>  8 );
            destination[ destOffset + 2 ] = (byte)( outBuff       );

            return 3;
        }
    }   // end decodeToBytes
    




    /**
     * Low-level access to decoding ASCII characters in
     * the form of a byte array. <strong>Ignores GUNZIP option, if
     * it's set.</strong> This is not generally a recommended method,
     * although it is used internally as part of the decoding process.
     * Special case: if len = 0, an empty array is returned. Still,
     * if you need more speed and reduced memory footprint (and aren't
     * gzipping), consider this method.
     *
     * @param source The Base64 encoded data
     * @return decoded data
     * @since 2.3.1
     */
    public static byte[] decode( byte[] source )
    throws java.io.IOException {
        byte[] decoded = null;
//        try {
            decoded = decode( source, 0, source.length, Base64.NO_OPTIONS );
//        } catch( java.io.IOException ex ) {
//            assert false : "IOExceptions only come from GZipping, which is turned off: " + ex.getMessage();
//        }
        return decoded;
    }

    
    
    /**
     * Low-level access to decoding ASCII characters in
     * the form of a byte array. <strong>Ignores GUNZIP option, if
     * it's set.</strong> This is not generally a recommended method,
     * although it is used internally as part of the decoding process.
     * Special case: if len = 0, an empty array is returned. Still,
     * if you need more speed and reduced memory footprint (and aren't
     * gzipping), consider this method.
     *
     * @param source The Base64 encoded data
     * @param off    The offset of where to begin decoding
     * @param len    The length of characters to decode
     * @param options Can specify options such as alphabet type to use
     * @return decoded data
     * @throws java.io.IOException If bogus characters exist in source data
     * @since 1.3
     */
    public static byte[] decode( byte[] source, int off, int len, int options )
    throws java.io.IOException {
        
        // Lots of error checking and exception throwing
        if( source == null ){
            throw new NullPointerException( "Cannot decode null source array." );
        }   // end if
        if( off < 0 || off + len > source.length ){
            throw new IllegalArgumentException( String.format(
            "Source array with length %d cannot have offset of %d and process %d bytes.", source.length, off, len ) );
        }   // end if
        
        if( len == 0 ){
            return new byte[0];
        }else if( len < 4 ){
            throw new IllegalArgumentException( 
            "Base64-encoded string must have at least four characters, but length specified was " + len );
        }   // end if
        
        byte[] DECODABET = getDecodabet( options );
	
        int    len34   = len * 3 / 4;       // Estimate on array size
        byte[] outBuff = new byte[ len34 ]; // Upper limit on size of output
        int    outBuffPosn = 0;             // Keep track of where we're writing
        
        byte[] b4        = new byte[4];     // Four byte buffer from source, eliminating white space
        int    b4Posn    = 0;               // Keep track of four byte input buffer
        int    i         = 0;               // Source array counter
        byte   sbiDecode = 0;               // Special value from DECODABET
        
        for( i = off; i < off+len; i++ ) {  // Loop through source
            
            sbiDecode = DECODABET[ source[i]&0xFF ];
            
            // White space, Equals sign, or legit Base64 character
            // Note the values such as -5 and -9 in the
            // DECODABETs at the top of the file.
            if( sbiDecode >= WHITE_SPACE_ENC )  {
                if( sbiDecode >= EQUALS_SIGN_ENC ) {
                    b4[ b4Posn++ ] = source[i];         // Save non-whitespace
                    if( b4Posn > 3 ) {                  // Time to decode?
                        outBuffPosn += decode4to3( b4, 0, outBuff, outBuffPosn, options );
                        b4Posn = 0;
                        
                        // If that was the equals sign, break out of 'for' loop
                        if( source[i] == EQUALS_SIGN ) {
                            break;
                        }   // end if: equals sign
                    }   // end if: quartet built
                }   // end if: equals sign or better
            }   // end if: white space, equals sign or better
            else {
                // There's a bad input character in the Base64 stream.
                throw new java.io.IOException( String.format(
                "Bad Base64 input character decimal %d in array position %d", ((int)source[i])&0xFF, i ) );
            }   // end else: 
        }   // each input character
                                   
        byte[] out = new byte[ outBuffPosn ];
        System.arraycopy( outBuff, 0, out, 0, outBuffPosn ); 
        return out;
    }   // end decode
    
    
	
	
    /**
     * Decodes data from Base64 notation, automatically
     * detecting gzip-compressed data and decompressing it.
     *
     * @param s the string to decode
     * @return the decoded data
     * @throws java.io.IOException If there is a problem
     * @since 1.4
     */
    public static byte[] decode( String s ) throws java.io.IOException {
    	return decode( s, NO_OPTIONS );
    }

    /**
     * Decodes data from Base64 notation, automatically
     * detecting gzip-compressed data and decompressing it.
     *
     * @param s the string to decode
     * @return the decoded data
     * @throws java.io.IOException If there is a problem
     * @since 1.4
     */
    public static byte[] decode( String s, String charset ) throws java.io.IOException {
    	return s.getBytes(charset);
    }
    
    /**
     * Decodes data from Base64 notation, automatically
     * detecting gzip-compressed data and decompressing it.
     *
     * @param s the string to decode
     * @param options encode options such as URL_SAFE
     * @return the decoded data
     * @throws java.io.IOException if there is an error
     * @throws NullPointerException if <tt>s</tt> is null
     * @since 1.4
     */
    public static byte[] decode( String s, int options ) throws java.io.IOException {
        
        if( s == null ){
            throw new NullPointerException( "Input string was null." );
        }   // end if
        
        byte[] bytes;
        try {
            bytes = s.getBytes( PREFERRED_ENCODING );
        }   // end try
        catch( java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException uee ) {
            bytes = s.getBytes();
        }   // end catch
		//</change>
        
        // Decode
        bytes = decode( bytes, 0, bytes.length, options );
        
        // Check to see if it's gzip-compressed
        // GZIP Magic Two-Byte Number: 0x8b1f (35615)
        boolean dontGunzip = (options & DONT_GUNZIP) != 0;
        if( (bytes != null) && (bytes.length >= 4) && (!dontGunzip) ) {
            
            int head = ((int)bytes[0] & 0xff) | ((bytes[1] << 8) & 0xff00);
            if( java.util.zip.GZIPInputStream.GZIP_MAGIC == head )  {
                java.io.ByteArrayInputStream  bais = null;
                java.util.zip.GZIPInputStream gzis = null;
                java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream baos = null;
                byte[] buffer = new byte[2048];
                int    length = 0;

                try {
                    baos = new java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream();
                    bais = new java.io.ByteArrayInputStream( bytes );
                    gzis = new java.util.zip.GZIPInputStream( bais );

                    while( ( length = gzis.read( buffer ) ) >= 0 ) {
                        baos.write(buffer,0,length);
                    }   // end while: reading input

                    // No error? Get new bytes.
                    bytes = baos.toByteArray();

                }   // end try
                catch( java.io.IOException e ) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                    // Just return originally-decoded bytes
                }   // end catch
                finally {
                    try{ baos.close(); } catch( Exception e ){}
                    try{ gzis.close(); } catch( Exception e ){}
                    try{ bais.close(); } catch( Exception e ){}
                }   // end finally

            }   // end if: gzipped
        }   // end if: bytes.length >= 2
        
        return bytes;
    }   // end decode



    /**
     * Attempts to decode Base64 data and deserialize a Java
     * Object within. Returns <tt>null</tt> if there was an error.
     *
     * @param encodedObject The Base64 data to decode
     * @return The decoded and deserialized object
     * @throws NullPointerException if encodedObject is null
     * @throws java.io.IOException if there is a general error
     * @throws ClassNotFoundException if the decoded object is of a
     *         class that cannot be found by the JVM
     * @since 1.5
     */
    public static Object decodeToObject( String encodedObject )
    throws java.io.IOException, ClassNotFoundException {
        return decodeToObject(encodedObject,NO_OPTIONS,null);
    }
    

    /**
     * Attempts to decode Base64 data and deserialize a Java
     * Object within. Returns <tt>null</tt> if there was an error.
     * If <tt>loader</tt> is not null, it will be the class loader
     * used when deserializing.
     *
     * @param encodedObject The Base64 data to decode
     * @param options Various parameters related to decoding
     * @param loader Optional class loader to use in deserializing classes.
     * @return The decoded and deserialized object
     * @throws NullPointerException if encodedObject is null
     * @throws java.io.IOException if there is a general error
     * @throws ClassNotFoundException if the decoded object is of a 
     *         class that cannot be found by the JVM
     * @since 2.3.4
     */
    public static Object decodeToObject( 
    String encodedObject, int options, final ClassLoader loader )
    throws java.io.IOException, ClassNotFoundException {
        
        // Decode and gunzip if necessary
        byte[] objBytes = decode( encodedObject, options );
        
        java.io.ByteArrayInputStream  bais = null;
        java.io.ObjectInputStream     ois  = null;
        Object obj = null;
        
        try {
            bais = new java.io.ByteArrayInputStream( objBytes );

            // If no custom class loader is provided, use Java's builtin OIS.
            if( loader == null ){
                ois  = new java.io.ObjectInputStream( bais );
            }   // end if: no loader provided

            // Else make a customized object input stream that uses
            // the provided class loader.
            else {
                ois = new java.io.ObjectInputStream(bais){
                    @Override
                    public Class<?> resolveClass(java.io.ObjectStreamClass streamClass)
                    throws java.io.IOException, ClassNotFoundException {
                        Class c = Class.forName(streamClass.getName(), false, loader);
                        if( c == null ){
                            return super.resolveClass(streamClass);
                        } else {
                            return c;   // Class loader knows of this class.
                        }   // end else: not null
                    }   // end resolveClass
                };  // end ois
            }   // end else: no custom class loader
        
            obj = ois.readObject();
        }   // end try
        catch( java.io.IOException e ) {
            throw e;    // Catch and throw in order to execute finally{}
        }   // end catch
        catch( ClassNotFoundException e ) {
            throw e;    // Catch and throw in order to execute finally{}
        }   // end catch
        finally {
            try{ bais.close(); } catch( Exception e ){}
            try{ ois.close();  } catch( Exception e ){}
        }   // end finally
        
        return obj;
    }   // end decodeObject
    
    
    
    /**
     * Convenience method for encoding data to a file.
     *
     * <p>As of v 2.3, if there is a error,
     * the method will throw an java.io.IOException. <b>This is new to v2.3!</b>
     * In earlier versions, it just returned false, but
     * in retrospect that's a pretty poor way to handle it.</p>
     * 
     * @param dataToEncode byte array of data to encode in base64 form
     * @param filename Filename for saving encoded data
     * @throws java.io.IOException if there is an error
     * @throws NullPointerException if dataToEncode is null
     * @since 2.1
     */
    public static void encodeToFile( byte[] dataToEncode, String filename )
    throws java.io.IOException {
        
        if( dataToEncode == null ){
            throw new NullPointerException( "Data to encode was null." );
        }   // end iff
        
        OutputStream bos = null;
        try {
            bos = new OutputStream(
                  new java.io.FileOutputStream( filename ), Base64.ENCODE );
            bos.write( dataToEncode );
        }   // end try
        catch( java.io.IOException e ) {
            throw e; // Catch and throw to execute finally{} block
        }   // end catch: java.io.IOException
        finally {
            try{ bos.close(); } catch( Exception e ){}
        }   // end finally
        
    }   // end encodeToFile
    
    
    /**
     * Convenience method for decoding data to a file.
     *
     * <p>As of v 2.3, if there is a error,
     * the method will throw an java.io.IOException. <b>This is new to v2.3!</b>
     * In earlier versions, it just returned false, but
     * in retrospect that's a pretty poor way to handle it.</p>
     * 
     * @param dataToDecode Base64-encoded data as a string
     * @param filename Filename for saving decoded data
     * @throws java.io.IOException if there is an error
     * @since 2.1
     */
    public static void decodeToFile( String dataToDecode, String filename )
    throws java.io.IOException {
        
        OutputStream bos = null;
        try{
            bos = new OutputStream(
                      new java.io.FileOutputStream( filename ), Base64.DECODE );
            bos.write( dataToDecode.getBytes( PREFERRED_ENCODING ) );
        }   // end try
        catch( java.io.IOException e ) {
            throw e; // Catch and throw to execute finally{} block
        }   // end catch: java.io.IOException
        finally {
                try{ bos.close(); } catch( Exception e ){}
        }   // end finally
        
    }   // end decodeToFile
    
    
    
    
    /**
     * Convenience method for reading a base64-encoded
     * file and decoding it.
     *
     * <p>As of v 2.3, if there is a error,
     * the method will throw an java.io.IOException. <b>This is new to v2.3!</b>
     * In earlier versions, it just returned false, but
     * in retrospect that's a pretty poor way to handle it.</p>
     * 
     * @param filename Filename for reading encoded data
     * @return decoded byte array
     * @throws java.io.IOException if there is an error
     * @since 2.1
     */
    public static byte[] decodeFromFile( String filename )
    throws java.io.IOException {
        
        byte[] decodedData = null;
        InputStream bis = null;
        try
        {
            // Set up some useful variables
            java.io.File file = new java.io.File( filename );
            byte[] buffer = null;
            int length   = 0;
            int numBytes = 0;
            
            // Check for size of file
            if( file.length() > Integer.MAX_VALUE )
            {
                throw new java.io.IOException( "File is too big for this convenience method (" + file.length() + " bytes)." );
            }   // end if: file too big for int index
            buffer = new byte[ (int)file.length() ];
            
            // Open a stream
            bis = new InputStream(
                      new java.io.BufferedInputStream( 
                      new java.io.FileInputStream( file ) ), Base64.DECODE );
            
            // Read until done
            while( ( numBytes = bis.read( buffer, length, 4096 ) ) >= 0 ) {
                length += numBytes;
            }   // end while
            
            // Save in a variable to return
            decodedData = new byte[ length ];
            System.arraycopy( buffer, 0, decodedData, 0, length );
            
        }   // end try
        catch( java.io.IOException e ) {
            throw e; // Catch and release to execute finally{}
        }   // end catch: java.io.IOException
        finally {
            try{ bis.close(); } catch( Exception e) {}
        }   // end finally
        
        return decodedData;
    }   // end decodeFromFile
    
    
    
    /**
     * Convenience method for reading a binary file
     * and base64-encoding it.
     *
     * <p>As of v 2.3, if there is a error,
     * the method will throw an java.io.IOException. <b>This is new to v2.3!</b>
     * In earlier versions, it just returned false, but
     * in retrospect that's a pretty poor way to handle it.</p>
     * 
     * @param filename Filename for reading binary data
     * @return base64-encoded string
     * @throws java.io.IOException if there is an error
     * @since 2.1
     */
    public static String encodeFromFile( String filename )
    throws java.io.IOException {
        
        String encodedData = null;
        InputStream bis = null;
        try
        {
            // Set up some useful variables
            java.io.File file = new java.io.File( filename );
            byte[] buffer = new byte[ Math.max((int)(file.length() * 1.4+1),40) ]; // Need max() for math on small files (v2.2.1); Need +1 for a few corner cases (v2.3.5)
            int length   = 0;
            int numBytes = 0;
            
            // Open a stream
            bis = new InputStream(
                      new java.io.BufferedInputStream( 
                      new java.io.FileInputStream( file ) ), Base64.ENCODE );
            
            // Read until done
            while( ( numBytes = bis.read( buffer, length, 4096 ) ) >= 0 ) {
                length += numBytes;
            }   // end while
            
            // Save in a variable to return
            encodedData = new String( buffer, 0, length, Base64.PREFERRED_ENCODING );
                
        }   // end try
        catch( java.io.IOException e ) {
            throw e; // Catch and release to execute finally{}
        }   // end catch: java.io.IOException
        finally {
            try{ bis.close(); } catch( Exception e) {}
        }   // end finally
        
        return encodedData;
        }   // end encodeFromFile
    
    /**
     * Reads <tt>infile</tt> and encodes it to <tt>outfile</tt>.
     *
     * @param infile Input file
     * @param outfile Output file
     * @throws java.io.IOException if there is an error
     * @since 2.2
     */
    public static void encodeFileToFile( String infile, String outfile )
    throws java.io.IOException {
        
        String encoded = Base64.encodeFromFile( infile );
        java.io.OutputStream out = null;
        try{
            out = new java.io.BufferedOutputStream(
                  new java.io.FileOutputStream( outfile ) );
            out.write( encoded.getBytes("US-ASCII") ); // Strict, 7-bit output.
        }   // end try
        catch( java.io.IOException e ) {
            throw e; // Catch and release to execute finally{}
        }   // end catch
        finally {
            try { out.close(); }
            catch( Exception ex ){}
        }   // end finally    
    }   // end encodeFileToFile


    /**
     * Reads <tt>infile</tt> and decodes it to <tt>outfile</tt>.
     *
     * @param infile Input file
     * @param outfile Output file
     * @throws java.io.IOException if there is an error
     * @since 2.2
     */
    public static void decodeFileToFile( String infile, String outfile )
    throws java.io.IOException {
        
        byte[] decoded = Base64.decodeFromFile( infile );
        java.io.OutputStream out = null;
        try{
            out = new java.io.BufferedOutputStream(
                  new java.io.FileOutputStream( outfile ) );
            out.write( decoded );
        }   // end try
        catch( java.io.IOException e ) {
            throw e; // Catch and release to execute finally{}
        }   // end catch
        finally {
            try { out.close(); }
            catch( Exception ex ){}
        }   // end finally    
    }   // end decodeFileToFile
    
    
    /* ********  I N N E R   C L A S S   I N P U T S T R E A M  ******** */
    
    
    
    /**
     * A {@link com.jd.app.server.security.Base64.InputStream} will read data from another
     * <tt>java.io.InputStream</tt>, given in the constructor,
     * and encode/decode to/from Base64 notation on the fly.
     *
     * @see com.jd.app.server.security.Base64
     * @since 1.3
     */
    public static class InputStream extends java.io.FilterInputStream {
        
        private boolean encode;         // Encoding or decoding
        private int     position;       // Current position in the buffer
        private byte[]  buffer;         // Small buffer holding converted data
        private int     bufferLength;   // Length of buffer (3 or 4)
        private int     numSigBytes;    // Number of meaningful bytes in the buffer
        private int     lineLength;
        private boolean breakLines;     // Break lines at less than 80 characters
        private int     options;        // Record options used to create the stream.
        private byte[]  decodabet;      // Local copies to avoid extra method calls
        
        
        /**
         * Constructs a {@link com.jd.app.server.security.Base64.InputStream} in DECODE mode.
         *
         * @param in the <tt>java.io.InputStream</tt> from which to read data.
         * @since 1.3
         */
        public InputStream( java.io.InputStream in ) {
            this( in, DECODE );
        }   // end constructor
        
        
        /**
         * Constructs a {@link com.jd.app.server.security.Base64.InputStream} in
         * either ENCODE or DECODE mode.
         * <p>
         * Valid options:<pre>
         *   ENCODE or DECODE: Encode or Decode as data is read.
         *   DO_BREAK_LINES: break lines at 76 characters
         *     (only meaningful when encoding)</i>
         * </pre>
         * <p>
         * Example: <code>new Base64.InputStream( in, Base64.DECODE )</code>
         *
         *
         * @param in the <tt>java.io.InputStream</tt> from which to read data.
         * @param options Specified options
         * @see com.jd.app.server.security.Base64#ENCODE
         * @see com.jd.app.server.security.Base64#DECODE
         * @see com.jd.app.server.security.Base64#DO_BREAK_LINES
         * @since 2.0
         */
        public InputStream( java.io.InputStream in, int options ) {
            
            super( in );
            this.options      = options; // Record for later
            this.breakLines   = (options & DO_BREAK_LINES) > 0;
            this.encode       = (options & ENCODE) > 0;
            this.bufferLength = encode ? 4 : 3;
            this.buffer       = new byte[ bufferLength ];
            this.position     = -1;
            this.lineLength   = 0;
            this.decodabet    = getDecodabet(options);
        }   // end constructor
        
        /**
         * Reads enough of the input stream to convert
         * to/from Base64 and returns the next byte.
         *
         * @return next byte
         * @since 1.3
         */
        @Override
        public int read() throws java.io.IOException  {
            
            // Do we need to get data?
            if( position < 0 ) {
                if( encode ) {
                    byte[] b3 = new byte[3];
                    int numBinaryBytes = 0;
                    for( int i = 0; i < 3; i++ ) {
                        int b = in.read();

                        // If end of stream, b is -1.
                        if( b >= 0 ) {
                            b3[i] = (byte)b;
                            numBinaryBytes++;
                        } else {
                            break; // out of for loop
                        }   // end else: end of stream
                            
                    }   // end for: each needed input byte
                    
                    if( numBinaryBytes > 0 ) {
                        encode3to4( b3, 0, numBinaryBytes, buffer, 0, options );
                        position = 0;
                        numSigBytes = 4;
                    }   // end if: got data
                    else {
                        return -1;  // Must be end of stream
                    }   // end else
                }   // end if: encoding
                
                // Else decoding
                else {
                    byte[] b4 = new byte[4];
                    int i = 0;
                    for( i = 0; i < 4; i++ ) {
                        // Read four "meaningful" bytes:
                        int b = 0;
                        do{ b = in.read(); }
                        while( b >= 0 && decodabet[ b & 0x7f ] <= WHITE_SPACE_ENC );
                        
                        if( b < 0 ) {
                            break; // Reads a -1 if end of stream
                        }   // end if: end of stream
                        
                        b4[i] = (byte)b;
                    }   // end for: each needed input byte
                    
                    if( i == 4 ) {
                        numSigBytes = decode4to3( b4, 0, buffer, 0, options );
                        position = 0;
                    }   // end if: got four characters
                    else if( i == 0 ){
                        return -1;
                    }   // end else if: also padded correctly
                    else {
                        // Must have broken out from above.
                        throw new java.io.IOException( "Improperly padded Base64 input." );
                    }   // end 
                    
                }   // end else: decode
            }   // end else: get data
            
            // Got data?
            if( position >= 0 ) {
                // End of relevant data?
                if( /*!encode &&*/ position >= numSigBytes ){
                    return -1;
                }   // end if: got data
                
                if( encode && breakLines && lineLength >= MAX_LINE_LENGTH ) {
                    lineLength = 0;
                    return '\n';
                }   // end if
                else {
                    lineLength++;   // This isn't important when decoding
                                    // but throwing an extra "if" seems
                                    // just as wasteful.
                    
                    int b = buffer[ position++ ];

                    if( position >= bufferLength ) {
                        position = -1;
                    }   // end if: end

                    return b & 0xFF; // This is how you "cast" a byte that's
                                     // intended to be unsigned.
                }   // end else
            }   // end if: position >= 0
            
            // Else error
            else {
                throw new java.io.IOException( "Error in Base64 code reading stream." );
            }   // end else
        }   // end read
        
        
        /**
         * Calls {@link #read()} repeatedly until the end of stream
         * is reached or <var>len</var> bytes are read.
         * Returns number of bytes read into array or -1 if
         * end of stream is encountered.
         *
         * @param dest array to hold values
         * @param off offset for array
         * @param len max number of bytes to read into array
         * @return bytes read into array or -1 if end of stream is encountered.
         * @since 1.3
         */
        @Override
        public int read( byte[] dest, int off, int len ) 
        throws java.io.IOException {
            int i;
            int b;
            for( i = 0; i < len; i++ ) {
                b = read();
                
                if( b >= 0 ) {
                    dest[off + i] = (byte) b;
                }
                else if( i == 0 ) {
                    return -1;
                }
                else {
                    break; // Out of 'for' loop
                } // Out of 'for' loop
            }   // end for: each byte read
            return i;
        }   // end read
        
    }   // end inner class InputStream
    
    
    
    
    
    
    /* ********  I N N E R   C L A S S   O U T P U T S T R E A M  ******** */
    
    
    
    /**
     * A {@link com.jd.app.server.security.Base64.OutputStream} will write data to another
     * <tt>java.io.OutputStream</tt>, given in the constructor,
     * and encode/decode to/from Base64 notation on the fly.
     *
     * @see com.jd.app.server.security.Base64
     * @since 1.3
     */
    public static class OutputStream extends java.io.FilterOutputStream {
        
        private boolean encode;
        private int     position;
        private byte[]  buffer;
        private int     bufferLength;
        private int     lineLength;
        private boolean breakLines;
        private byte[]  b4;         // Scratch used in a few places
        private boolean suspendEncoding;
        private int     options;    // Record for later
        private byte[]  decodabet;  // Local copies to avoid extra method calls
        
        /**
         * Constructs a {@link com.jd.app.server.security.Base64.OutputStream} in ENCODE mode.
         *
         * @param out the <tt>java.io.OutputStream</tt> to which data will be written.
         * @since 1.3
         */
        public OutputStream( java.io.OutputStream out ) {
            this( out, ENCODE );
        }   // end constructor
        
        
        /**
         * Constructs a {@link com.jd.app.server.security.Base64.OutputStream} in
         * either ENCODE or DECODE mode.
         * <p>
         * Valid options:<pre>
         *   ENCODE or DECODE: Encode or Decode as data is read.
         *   DO_BREAK_LINES: don't break lines at 76 characters
         *     (only meaningful when encoding)</i>
         * </pre>
         * <p>
         * Example: <code>new Base64.OutputStream( out, Base64.ENCODE )</code>
         *
         * @param out the <tt>java.io.OutputStream</tt> to which data will be written.
         * @param options Specified options.
         * @see com.jd.app.server.security.Base64#ENCODE
         * @see com.jd.app.server.security.Base64#DECODE
         * @see com.jd.app.server.security.Base64#DO_BREAK_LINES
         * @since 1.3
         */
        public OutputStream( java.io.OutputStream out, int options ) {
            super( out );
            this.breakLines   = (options & DO_BREAK_LINES) != 0;
            this.encode       = (options & ENCODE) != 0;
            this.bufferLength = encode ? 3 : 4;
            this.buffer       = new byte[ bufferLength ];
            this.position     = 0;
            this.lineLength   = 0;
            this.suspendEncoding = false;
            this.b4           = new byte[4];
            this.options      = options;
            this.decodabet    = getDecodabet(options);
        }   // end constructor
        
        
        /**
         * Writes the byte to the output stream after
         * converting to/from Base64 notation.
         * When encoding, bytes are buffered three
         * at a time before the output stream actually
         * gets a write() call.
         * When decoding, bytes are buffered four
         * at a time.
         *
         * @param theByte the byte to write
         * @since 1.3
         */
        @Override
        public void write(int theByte) 
        throws java.io.IOException {
            // Encoding suspended?
            if( suspendEncoding ) {
                this.out.write( theByte );
                return;
            }   // end if: supsended
            
            // Encode?
            if( encode ) {
                buffer[ position++ ] = (byte)theByte;
                if( position >= bufferLength ) { // Enough to encode.
                
                    this.out.write( encode3to4( b4, buffer, bufferLength, options ) );

                    lineLength += 4;
                    if( breakLines && lineLength >= MAX_LINE_LENGTH ) {
                        this.out.write( NEW_LINE );
                        lineLength = 0;
                    }   // end if: end of line

                    position = 0;
                }   // end if: enough to output
            }   // end if: encoding

            // Else, Decoding
            else {
                // Meaningful Base64 character?
                if( decodabet[ theByte & 0x7f ] > WHITE_SPACE_ENC ) {
                    buffer[ position++ ] = (byte)theByte;
                    if( position >= bufferLength ) { // Enough to output.
                    
                        int len = Base64.decode4to3( buffer, 0, b4, 0, options );
                        out.write( b4, 0, len );
                        position = 0;
                    }   // end if: enough to output
                }   // end if: meaningful base64 character
                else if( decodabet[ theByte & 0x7f ] != WHITE_SPACE_ENC ) {
                    throw new java.io.IOException( "Invalid character in Base64 data." );
                }   // end else: not white space either
            }   // end else: decoding
        }   // end write
        
        
        
        /**
         * Calls {@link #write(int)} repeatedly until <var>len</var> 
         * bytes are written.
         *
         * @param theBytes array from which to read bytes
         * @param off offset for array
         * @param len max number of bytes to read into array
         * @since 1.3
         */
        @Override
        public void write( byte[] theBytes, int off, int len ) 
        throws java.io.IOException {
            // Encoding suspended?
            if( suspendEncoding ) {
                this.out.write( theBytes, off, len );
                return;
            }   // end if: supsended
            
            for( int i = 0; i < len; i++ ) {
                write( theBytes[ off + i ] );
            }   // end for: each byte written
            
        }   // end write
        
        
        
        /**
         * Method added by PHIL. [Thanks, PHIL. -Rob]
         * This pads the buffer without closing the stream.
         * @throws java.io.IOException  if there's an error.
         */
        public void flushBase64() throws java.io.IOException  {
            if( position > 0 ) {
                if( encode ) {
                    out.write( encode3to4( b4, buffer, position, options ) );
                    position = 0;
                }   // end if: encoding
                else {
                    throw new java.io.IOException( "Base64 input not properly padded." );
                }   // end else: decoding
            }   // end if: buffer partially full

        }   // end flush

        
        /** 
         * Flushes and closes (I think, in the superclass) the stream. 
         *
         * @since 1.3
         */
        @Override
        public void close() throws java.io.IOException {
            // 1. Ensure that pending characters are written
            flushBase64();

            // 2. Actually close the stream
            // Base class both flushes and closes.
            super.close();
            
            buffer = null;
            out    = null;
        }   // end close
        
        
        
        /**
         * Suspends encoding of the stream.
         * May be helpful if you need to embed a piece of
         * base64-encoded data in a stream.
         *
         * @throws java.io.IOException  if there's an error flushing
         * @since 1.5.1
         */
        public void suspendEncoding() throws java.io.IOException  {
            flushBase64();
            this.suspendEncoding = true;
        }   // end suspendEncoding
        
        
        /**
         * Resumes encoding of the stream.
         * May be helpful if you need to embed a piece of
         * base64-encoded data in a stream.
         *
         * @since 1.5.1
         */
        public void resumeEncoding() {
            this.suspendEncoding = false;
        }   // end resumeEncoding
        
        
        
    }   // end inner class OutputStream
    
    
}   // end class Base64

 

1.5Service层AESUtil.instance.decrypt(encryptedDataB, sessionKeyB, ivB)代码:

import java.security.Key;
import java.security.Security;
import javax.crypto.Cipher;
import javax.crypto.spec.IvParameterSpec;
import javax.crypto.spec.SecretKeySpec;
import org.bouncycastle.jce.provider.BouncyCastleProvider;

public class AESUtil {

  public static final AESUtil instance = new AESUtil();

  public static boolean initialized = false;

  /**
   * AES解密
   *
   * @param content 密文
   */
  public byte[] decrypt(byte[] content, byte[] keyByte, byte[] ivByte) {

    initialize();

    try {

      Cipher cipher = Cipher.getInstance("AES/CBC/PKCS7Padding");

      Key sKeySpec = new SecretKeySpec(keyByte, "AES");

      IvParameterSpec ivspec = new IvParameterSpec(ivByte);

      cipher.init(Cipher.DECRYPT_MODE, sKeySpec, ivspec);

      byte[] result = cipher.doFinal(content);

      return result;

    } catch (Exception e) {
      e.printStackTrace();
    }
    return null;
  }

  public static void initialize() {
    if (initialized) {
      return;
    }
    Security.addProvider(new BouncyCastleProvider());
    initialized = true;
  }

}

 

1.6Service层SHAUtil.SHA1(rawData + sessionKey)代码:

import java.security.MessageDigest;
import java.security.NoSuchAlgorithmException;

public class SHAUtil {

  public static String SHA1(String str) {
    try {
      MessageDigest digest = MessageDigest.getInstance("SHA-1"); //如果是SHA加密只需要将"SHA-1"改成"SHA"即可
      digest.update(str.getBytes());
      byte messageDigest[] = digest.digest();
      // Create Hex String
      StringBuffer hexStr = new StringBuffer();
      // 字节数组转换为 十六进制 数
      for (int i = 0; i < messageDigest.length; i++) {
        String shaHex = Integer.toHexString(messageDigest[i] & 0xFF);
        if (shaHex.length() < 2) {
          hexStr.append(0);
        }
        hexStr.append(shaHex);
      }
      return hexStr.toString();

    } catch (NoSuchAlgorithmException e) {
      e.printStackTrace();
    }
    return null;
  }

}

1.7Service层WeiXinResponseUserInfoDTO代码:

import io.swagger.annotations.ApiModelProperty;
import lombok.Data;


@Data
public class WeiXinResponseUserInfoDTO {


  @ApiModelProperty("用户的微信昵称")
  private String nickName;


  @ApiModelProperty("性别")
  private Integer gender;


  @ApiModelProperty("用户的微信头像url")
  private String avatarUrl;


  @ApiModelProperty("用户的微信小程序的openid")
  private String openid;


  @ApiModelProperty("用户的微信小程序的unionId")
  private String unionId;


  @ApiModelProperty("国家")
  private String country;


  @ApiModelProperty("省份")
  private String province;


  @ApiModelProperty("城市")
  private String city;

}

 

2.第二种写法, 借助第三方工具Hutool官网, 直接上代码

2.1 与第一种写法的1.1Controller层代码一样

2.2 与第一种写法的1.2WeiXinLoginRequestVO代码一样

2.3 与第一种写法的1.3Service层代码有2处不一样

    2.3.1 第40行代码变成Hutool的写法:

String signature2 = SecureUtil.sha1(rawData + sessionKey);

    2.3.2第117行到120行代码变成Hutool的写法:

      byte[] encryptedDataB = cn.hutool.core.codec.Base64.decode(encryptedData);                                             // 被加密的数据
      byte[] sessionKeyB = cn.hutool.core.codec.Base64.decode(sessionKey);                                                  // 加密秘钥
      byte[] ivB = cn.hutool.core.codec.Base64.decode(iv);                                                                   // 偏移量
      AES aes = new AES(Mode.CBC, Padding.PKCS5Padding, sessionKeyB, ivB);
      byte[] resultByte = aes.decrypt(encryptedDataB);

2.4 删除1.4的代码 ,第二种写法不需要这个

2.5 删除1.5的代码, 第二种写法不需要这个

2.6 删除1.6的代码, 第二种写法不需要这个

2.7 与第一种写法的1.7Service层WeiXinResponseUserInfoDTO代码一样

 

PS: 如果有错误, 欢迎评论指出来, 感谢大家!

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史上最全的整合第三方登录的工具,目前已支持Github、Gitee、微博、钉钉、百度、Coding、腾讯云开发者平台、OSChina、支付宝、QQ、微信、淘宝、Google、Facebook、抖音、领英、米、微软和今日头条等第三方平台的授权登录。 Login, so easy!JustAuth,如你所见,它仅仅是一个第三方授权登录的工具类库,它可以让我们脱离繁琐的第三方登录SDK,让登录变得So easy!项目开源地址:gitee | github特点废话不多说,就俩字:全:已集成十多家第三方平台(国内外常用的基本都已包含),后续依然还有扩展计划!简:API就是奔着最简单去设计的(见后面快速开始),尽量让您用起来没有障碍感!快速开始引入依赖     me.zhyd.oauth     JustAuth     1.8.0 调用api// 创建授权request AuthRequest authRequest = new AuthGiteeRequest(AuthConfig.builder()         .clientId("clientId")         .clientSecret("clientSecret")         .redirectUri("redirectUri")         .state("state")         .build()); // 生成授权页面 authRequest.authorize(); // 授权登录后会返回code(auth_code(仅限支付宝))、state,1.8.0版本后,可以用AuthCallback类作为回调接口的参数 authRequest.login(callback);注:1.8.0版本后,增加了state参数校验,用于防止CSRF。强烈建议,保证单次流程内state的唯一性,且每个state只可用一次。配套Demo:JustAuth-demo具体的例子可以参考:实现Gitee授权登录实现Github授权登录API列表平台API类 SDKAuthGiteeRequest参考文档AuthGithubRequest参考文档AuthWeiboRequest参考文档AuthDingTalkRequest参考文档AuthBaiduRequest参考文档AuthCodingRequest参考文档AuthTencentCloudRequest参考文档AuthOschinaRequest参考文档AuthAlipayRequest参考文档AuthQqRequest参考文档AuthWeChatRequest参考文档AuthTaobaoRequest参考文档AuthGoogleRequest参考文档AuthFacebookRequest参考文档AuthDouyinRequest参考文档AuthLinkedinRequest参考文档AuthMicrosoftRequest参考文档AuthMiRequest参考文档AuthToutiaoRequest参考文档AuthCsdnRequest无请知悉:经咨询CSDN官方客服得知,CSDN的授权开放平台已经下线。如果以前申请过的应用,可以继续使用,但是不再支持申请新的应用。so, 本项目中的CSDN登录只能针对少部分用户使用了后续开发计划参考:[开发计划] 待扩展的第三方平台另外,期待您和我一起完善这个项目!贡献代码fork本项目到自己的repo把fork过去的项目也就是你仓库中的项目clone到你的本地修改代码commit后push到自己的库发起PR(pull request) 请求等待作者合并致谢在项目立项初期,也对当前开源圈的一些相同类型的项目作过调研,同时本项目也参考过这些项目,再次感谢开源圈内的朋友。YurunOAuthLogin: PHP 第三方登录授权 SDK阿里妈妈MUX倾力打造的矢量图标库-iconfont: 本文档中的图标大部分取自该平台

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