Flatten Nested List Iterator 扁平化嵌套列表迭代器

给定一个嵌套的整型列表。设计一个迭代器,使其能够遍历这个整型列表中的所有整数。

列表中的项或者为一个整数,或者是另一个列表。

示例 1:

输入: [[1,1],2,[1,1]]
输出: [1,1,2,1,1]
解释: 通过重复调用 next 直到 hasNext 返回false,next 返回的元素的顺序应该是: [1,1,2,1,1]

示例 2:

输入: [1,[4,[6]]]
输出: [1,4,6]
解释: 通过重复调用 next 直到 hasNext 返回false,next 返回的元素的顺序应该是: [1,4,6]

思路:这道题其实就是递归把每个嵌套的值放到一个数组中即可,但是这道题要求用栈来做,那么我们就倒着放到stack中,最后stack的栈顶元素就是数组对应的第一个元素。

参考代码:

/**
 * // This is the interface that allows for creating nested lists.
 * // You should not implement it, or speculate about its implementation
 * class NestedInteger {
 *   public:
 *     // Return true if this NestedInteger holds a single integer, rather than a nested list.
 *     bool isInteger() const;
 *
 *     // Return the single integer that this NestedInteger holds, if it holds a single integer
 *     // The result is undefined if this NestedInteger holds a nested list
 *     int getInteger() const;
 *
 *     // Return the nested list that this NestedInteger holds, if it holds a nested list
 *     // The result is undefined if this NestedInteger holds a single integer
 *     const vector<NestedInteger> &getList() const;
 * };
 */
class NestedIterator {
public:
	NestedIterator(vector<NestedInteger> &nestedList) {
		ini(nestedList, vec);
	}

	void ini(vector<NestedInteger> nestedList,stack<int> &vec) {
		for (int i = nestedList.size()-1; i >=0 ; i--) {
			if (nestedList[i].isInteger()) vec.push(nestedList[i].getInteger());
			else {
				ini(nestedList[i].getList(),vec);
			}
		}
	}
	int next() {
		int tmp = vec.top();
		vec.pop();
		return tmp;
	}

	bool hasNext() {
		if (vec.empty()) return false;
		return true;
	}
private:
	stack<int> vec;
};

/**
 * Your NestedIterator object will be instantiated and called as such:
 * NestedIterator i(nestedList);
 * while (i.hasNext()) cout << i.next();
 */

 

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