python习题及答案

                                    作业四
按要求编写程序(任选三题)
1、 编写一个从 1 加到 end 的当型循环。变量 end 的值由键盘输入。假如输入 end
的值为 6,则代码输出的结果应该是 21,也就是 1+2+3+4+5+6 的结果(不要用
sum 作为变量,因为它是内置函数)。

a = input()
b=int(a)
total = 0
for i in range(b+1):
    total = i+total
print(total)
 

2、从键盘输入一个整数,判断该数字能否被 2 和 3 同时整除,能否被 2 整除,能否被 3 整除,不能被 2 和 3 整除。输出相应信息。

a = input()
b=int(a)
if b%2==0 and b%3==0:
    print('该数字能被 2 和 3 同时整除')
elif b%2==0:
    print('该数字能被 2 整除')
elif b%3==0:
    print('该数字能被 3 整除')
else :
    print('该数字不能被 2 和 3 整除')

 


3、 一个数如果恰好等于它的因子之和,这个数就称为“完数”,例如, 6 的因子
为 1、 2、 3,而 6=1+2+3,因此 6 是“完数”。编程序找出 1000 之内的所有完数,
并按下面的格式输出其因子:
6 its factors are 1, 2, 3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
 
 
 

 

 

 

for i in range(1001): if i==0: continue s = 0 for j in range(i): if j==0: continue if i%j==0: s=s+j if s==i: print('{} its factors are '.format(i),end='') for j in range(i): if j == 0: continue if i % j == 0: print(j,end=' ') print('\n')

4、打印出所有的“水仙花数”,所谓“水仙花数”是指一个 3 位数,其各位数字立方和等于该数本身。例如, 153 是一个水仙花数,因为 153=13+53+33

 

 

for i in range(1000):
    if i<100:
        continue
    s = 0
    a = int(i//100)
    b = int(i//10%10)
    c = int(i%10)
    s = a**3+b**3+c**3
    if s == i:
        print("{} 是水仙花数".format(i))

作业六
说明:第四题选作
一、 输出 1~100 之间不能被 7 整除的数,每行输出 10 个数字,要求应用字符
串格式化方法(任何一种均可) 美化输出格式。 输出效果为:

j=0
for i in range(101):  #循环
    if i>0 and i % 7 == 0: #如果能整除7,则再执行循环
        continue
    elif i>0:    #如果大于0并且不能被7整除,输出;
        print("{:3d}".format(i), end=' ')
        j += 1   #j用来控制每行输出是否是10个
        if j % 10 == 0:
            print('\n')
            j = 0
    else:
         continue;

作业八

 

一、 创建文本文件FarewellCambridge.txt。内容为:

Very quietly I take my leave

As quietly as I came here;

Quietly I wave good-bye

To the rosy clouds in the western sky.

The golden willows by the riverside

Are young brides in the setting sun;

Their reflections on the shimmering waves

Always linger in the depth of my heart.

The floating heart growing in the sludge

Sways leisurely under the water;

In the gentle waves of Cambridge

I would be a water plant!

That pool under the shade of elm trees

Holds not water but the rainbow from the sky;

Shattered to pieces among the duckweeds

Is the sediment of a rainbow-like dream?

To seek a dream? Just to pole a boat upstream

To where the green grass is more verdant;

Or to have the boat fully loaded with starlight

And sing aloud in the splendor of starlight.

But I cannot sing aloud

Quietness is my farewell music;

Even summer insects heap silence for me

Silent is Cambridge tonight!

 

并用写字板查看(注意:直接将上述诗句拷贝到程序中,不需要自己再次录入)。

file = open('C:/Users/uestc2020/Desktop/hanzhengqiang.txt','w')
#在桌面新建一个韩正强.txt文本文档,并且是写的模式
#在文本中写入文字:
file.write('''Very quietly I take my leave
As quietly as I came here;
Quietly I wave good-bye
To the rosy clouds in the western sky.
The golden willows by the riverside
Are young brides in the setting sun;
Their reflections on the shimmering waves
Always linger in the depth of my heart.
The floating heart growing in the sludge
Sways leisurely under the water;
In the gentle waves of Cambridge
I would be a water plant!
That pool under the shade of elm trees
Holds not water but the rainbow from the sky;
Shattered to pieces among the duckweeds
Is the sediment of a rainbow-like dream?
To seek a dream? Just to pole a boat upstream
To where the green grass is more verdant;
Or to have the boat fully loaded with starlight
And sing aloud in the splendor of starlight.
But I cannot sing aloud
Quietness is my farewell music;
Even summer insects heap silence for me
Silent is Cambridge tonight!''')

 

 

 

 

 

二、 对于上一题建立的文本文件,使用read()读文件,并在屏幕上显示。

file = open('C:/Users/uestc2020/Desktop/hanzhengqiang.txt','r')
#在桌面打开一个韩正强.txt文本文档,并且是读的模式
#读取文件,并且输出:
s=file.read()
print(s)

三、 根据给定的文本文件words.txt(可将该文件存放在任意目录,注意打开文件时要加入正确的路径)编写函数loadWords(),words.txt包含若干小写英文单词。要求:

1) 读入该文件,统计并输出单词的个数

 

 

2) 返回单词列表(注意:指返回单词列表即可,不要在屏幕上显示)

import re
#统计单词个数:
def count_words(file_path):
    with open(file_path) as file:
        text = file.read()
        words = re.findall(r'[a-zA-Z]+', text)
        count = len(words)
        return count
print(count_words('C:/Users/uestc2020/Desktop/words.txt'))

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

习题十

 

一、 编写函数devide(x, y),x为被除数,y为除数。要求考虑异常情况的处理。

1、 被零除时,输出"division by zero! ";

2、 类型不一致时,强制转换为整数再调用本函数;

3、 若没有上述异常则输出计算结果。

 

def test(password, earning, age):
    #assert 1<0
    assert password[0] not in ['0','1','2','3','4','5','6','7','8','9']
    assert int(earning)>=0 and int(earning)<=20000
    assert int(age)>=18 and int(age)<=70
    return True
print(test('as','11','30'))

 

二、 编写函数test(password, earning, age)用于检测输入错误。要求输入密码password第一个符号不能是数字,工资earnings的范围是0—20000,工作年龄的范围是18—70。使用断言来实现检查,若三项检查都通过则返回True。

 

def test(password, earning, age):
    #assert 1<0
    assert password[0] not in ['0','1','2','3','4','5','6','7','8','9']
    assert int(earning)>=0 and int(earning)<=20000
    assert int(age)>=18 and int(age)<=70
    return True

 

习题十一

 

一、 使用tkinter库完成下列程序

1、编程实现如下GUI(只显示,没有回调函数)

 

 

import tkinter

root = tkinter.Tk()
root.title('tk')
theLabel=tkinter.Label(root,text='Welcome to Python Tkinter')
theLabel.pack()
root.geometry('500x300+300+300')
button = tkinter.Button(root,text='Click Me')
button.pack()
root.mainloop()

 

 

 

2、 编程响应用户事件。“OK”按钮前景为红色,按下“OK”按钮显示"OK button is clicked",”Cancel“按钮背景为黄色,按下”Cancel“按钮显示"Cancel button is clicked"。

 

import tkinter

def ok_on_click():
    print('OK button is clicked')
def cancel_on_click():
    print('Cancel button is clicked')
root = tkinter.Tk()
root.title('zy')
label = tkinter.Label(root)
buttonok = tkinter.Button(root,text='OK',fg='red')
buttonok['command']=ok_on_click
label.pack()
buttonok.pack()
root.geometry('500x300+300+300')
buttoncancel = tkinter.Button(root,text='Cancel',bg='yellow')
buttoncancel['command']=cancel_on_click
label.pack()
buttoncancel.pack()
root.mainloop()

 

 

 

 

二、 使用Turtle库完成下列程序

1、绘制一个红色的五角星图形,如图所示。

 

import  turtle as tk
tk.fillcolor("red")
tk.begin_fill()
while True:
    tk.forward(200)
    tk.right(144)
    if abs(tk.pos()) < 1:
            break
tk.end_fill()
input()

 

 

 

2、螺旋线绘制(每一圈是四个线段组成,一共绘制100个线段)。绘制一个螺旋线的图形,如图所示。

 

 

 

import turtle
import time
turtle.pensize(1)
for x in range(100):
    turtle.forward(x)
    turtle.left(90)
time.sleep(100)

 


 

 

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