###### POJ 1579

Description
We all love recursion! Don’t we?

Consider a three-parameter recursive function w(a, b, c):

if a <= 0 or b <= 0 or c <= 0, then w(a, b, c) returns:
1

if a > 20 or b > 20 or c > 20, then w(a, b, c) returns:
w(20, 20, 20)

if a < b and b < c, then w(a, b, c) returns:
w(a, b, c-1) + w(a, b-1, c-1) - w(a, b-1, c)

otherwise it returns:
w(a-1, b, c) + w(a-1, b-1, c) + w(a-1, b, c-1) - w(a-1, b-1, c-1)

This is an easy function to implement. The problem is, if implemented directly, for moderate values of a, b and c (for example, a = 15, b = 15, c = 15), the program takes hours to run because of the massive recursion.

Input
The input for your program will be a series of integer triples, one per line, until the end-of-file flag of -1 -1 -1. Using the above technique, you are to calculate w(a, b, c) efficiently and print the result.

Output
Print the value for w(a,b,c) for each triple.

Sample Input

1 1 1
2 2 2
10 4 6
50 50 50
-1 7 18
-1 -1 -1

Sample Output

w(1, 1, 1) = 2
w(2, 2, 2) = 4
w(10, 4, 6) = 523
w(50, 50, 50) = 1048576
w(-1, 7, 18) = 1


import java.util.Scanner;

public class Main{
private static int x,y,z;
private static int[][][] dp = new int[100][100][100];
public static void main(String[] args) {
Scanner scanner = new Scanner(System.in);
while (scanner.hasNext()) {
x = scanner.nextInt();
y = scanner.nextInt();
z = scanner.nextInt();
if (x==-1&&y==-1&&z==-1)
break;
int current = dfs(x, y, z);
System.out.printf("w(%d, %d, %d) = %d\n",x,y,z,current);
}
scanner.close();
}
private static int dfs (int a,int b,int c )
{
if (a<=0||b<=0||c<=0)
return 1;
if (a>20||b>20||c>20)
return dfs(20, 20, 20);
if (dp[a][b][c]!=0)
return dp[a][b][c];
if (a<b&&b<c)
dp[a][b][c]=dfs(a, b, c-1)+dfs(a, b-1, c-1)-dfs(a, b-1, c);

return dp[a][b][c]=dfs(a-1, b, c)+dfs(a-1, b-1, c)+dfs(a-1, b, c-1)-dfs(a-1, b-1, c-1);
}
}


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